1936 in poetry

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List of years in poetry (table)
In literature

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).


The olive tree near Alfacar where Federico García Lorca is executed on August 19, as it is in 1999. Many people have left quotations from his works in its branches.[1]

Works published in English[edit]


India, in English[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

  • Ursula Bethell, Time and Place: poems by the author of 'From a garden in the Antipodes, Christchurch: Caxton Press[13]
  • Robin Hyde:
    • Passport to Hell
    • Check To Your King

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

Other in English[edit]

Works published in other languages[edit]


Indian subcontinent[edit]

Including all of the British colonies that later became India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Listed alphabetically by first name, regardless of surname:


  • Mohitlal Majumdar, Smara-garal, Bengali[12]
  • Rabindranath Tagore, in these two works as well as in some others of the mid- and early 1930s, the author introduced a new rhythm in poetry that "had a tremendous impact on the modern poets", according to Indian academic Sisir Kumar Das:[12]


Translation, commentary and crical appreciation of Pas Cheh Bayad Kard and Masnavi Musafir in Urdu by Dr Elahi Bakhsh Akhtar Awan, publishers University Book Agency Peshawar Pakistan, 1960.

Other Indian languages[edit]

Spanish language[edit]



  • Federico García Lorca (killed this year; see deaths, below):
    • Diván del Tamarit (Spanish for "The Diván of Tamarit") written this year, will be published in 1941);
    • Sonetos del amor oscuro ("Sonnets of Dark Love") published this year
    • Primeras canciones ("First Songs") published this year
  • Jorge Guillén, Cántico, second, enlarged edition, with 125 poems in seven sections (first edition, with 75 poems, 1928)[26]
  • Miguel Hernández, El rayo que no cesa
  • Pedro Salinas, Razón d'amor ("Reason for Love")[26]
  • Luis Felipe Vivanco, Cantos de primavera ("Songs of Springtime")[26]

Other languages[edit]

  • Gottfried Benn, Ausgewählte Gedichte ("Selected Poems"); when first published in May, the book contains two poems that are deleted for the next edition in November : "Mann und Frau gehen durch die Krebsbaracke" and "D-Zug". The vast majority of the first editions are collected and destroyed.
  • Paul la Cour, Dette er vort Liv ("This Is Our Life"), Denmark[27]
  • Martinus Nijhoff, Het Uur U, Netherlands
  • Millosh Gjergj Nikolla ('Migjeni'), Vargjet e lira ("Free Verses"), suppressed by government censors; enlarged edition with two poems deleted published in 1944, Albania
  • Cesare Pavese, Lavorare stanca ("Hard Work"), shortened by four poems deleted by Fascist censors; enlarged edition nearly double in size published in 1942; Florence: Solaria, Italy[17]
  • August Sang, Üks noormees otsib õnne, Estonia

Awards and honors[edit]


Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:


A. E. Housman's grave at St. Laurence's Church in Ludlow

Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gibson, Ian (1992). Lorca's Granada. ISBN 0-571-16489-7. 
  2. ^ Template:Last=Gnarowsky
  3. ^ Mac Liammoir, Michael; Boland, Eavan (1971). W. B. Yeats. Thames and Hudson Literary Lives. London: Thames and Hudson. pp. 121–122. 
  4. ^ Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "Canadian Poetry" article, English "History and Criticism" section, p 164
  5. ^ Burris Devanney, Sandra Campbell and Domenico Di Nardo. "Kenneth Leslie: A Preliminary Bibliography." Canadian Poetry: Studies/Documents/Reviews No.05 (Fall/Winter 1979), UWO, Web, Apr. 15, 2011
  6. ^ Michael Gnarowski, "New Provinces: Poems of Several Authors," Canadian Encyclopedia (Hurtig: Edmonton, 1988), 1479.
  7. ^ a b Gustafson, Ralph, The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse, revised edition, 1967, Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books
  8. ^ Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 316, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
  9. ^ Naik, M. K., Perspectives on Indian poetry in English, p. 230, (published by Abhinav Publications, 1984, ISBN 0-391-03286-0, ISBN 978-0-391-03286-6), retrieved via Google Books, June 12, 2009
  10. ^ a b Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 322, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
  11. ^ Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 319, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Das, Sisir Kumar, "A Chronology of Literary Events / 1911–1956", in Das, Sisir Kumar and various, History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956: struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy, Volume 2, 1995, published by Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9, retrieved via Google Books on December 23, 2008
  13. ^ Web page titled "Ursula Bethell / New Zealand Literature File" at the University of Auckland Library website, accessed April 30, 2008
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Cox, Michael, editor, The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-860634-6
  15. ^ a b Richard Ellmann and Robert O'Clair, editors, The Norton Anthology of Modern Poetry, W. W. Norton & Company, 1973, ISBN 0-393-09357-3
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Ludwig, Richard M., and Clifford A. Nault, Jr., Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press
  17. ^ a b c Web page titled "Wallace Stevens (1879 - 1955)" at the Poetry Foundation website, retrieved April 9, 2009. Archived 2009-05-04.
  18. ^ "Ingamells, Reginald Charles (Rex) (1913 - 1955)", article, Australian Dictionary of Biography online edition, retrieved May 12, 2009. Archived 2009-05-14.
  19. ^ a b c d Auster, Paul, editor, The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry: with Translations by American and British Poets, New York: Random House, 1982 ISBN 0-394-52197-8
  20. ^ Web page titled "POET Francis Jammes (1868 - 1938)", at The Poetry Foundation website, retrieved August 30, 2009
  21. ^ Web page titled "Saint-John Perse: The Nobel Prize in Literature 1960: Bibliography" at the Nobel Prize Website, retrieved July 20, 2009. Archived 2009-07-24.
  22. ^ a b c Paniker, Ayyappa, "Modern Malayalam Literature" chapter in George, K. M., editor, Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology, pp 231–255, published by Sahitya Akademi, 1992, retrieved January 10, 2009
  23. ^ Web page titled "Rafael Méndez Dorich," Sol Negro website, retrieved August 20, 2011
  24. ^ a b Fitts, Dudley, editor, Anthology of Contemporary Latin-American Poetry/Antología de la Poesía Americana Contemporánea Norfolk, Conn., New Directions, (also London: The Falcoln Press, but this book was "Printed in U.S.A.), 1947, p 635
  25. ^ Web page titled "César Vallejo" at the website of the Academy of American Poets, retrieved August 28, 2011
  26. ^ a b c Debicki, Andrew P., Spanish Poetry of the Twentieth Century: Modernity and Beyond, p 43, University Press of Kentucky, 1995, ISBN 978-0-8131-0835-3, retrieved via Google Books, November 21, 2009
  27. ^ "Danish Poetry" in Preminger, Alex; Brogan, T. V. F. et al., The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. New York: MJF Books/Fine Communications, 1993. p. 272.