From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1968 in and science technology involved some significant events, listed below.
Astronomy [ edit ]
Computer science [ edit ]
April – First book printed completely using electronic composition, the United States edition of
Andrew Garve's thriller . The Long Short Cut   July 18 – The
semiconductor chip company Intel is founded by Gordon E. Moore and Robert Noyce in Mountain View, California. December 9 – In what becomes retrospectively known as "
The Mother of All Demos", Douglas Engelbart of Stanford Research Institute's Augmentation Research Center demonstrates for the first time the computer mouse, the video conference, teleconferencing, hypertext, word processing, hypermedia, object addressing, the dynamic linker and a collaborative real-time editor using NLS.   
Medicine [ edit ]
Physics [ edit ]
Psychology [ edit ]
Robotics [ edit ]
Space exploration [ edit ]
Technology [ edit ]
Publications [ edit ]
February 22 –
May Smith (born 1879), English experimental psychologist. March 27 –
Yuri Gagarin (born 1934), Russian cosmonaut, the first man in space. April 1 –
Lev Davidovich Landau (born 1908), Russian physicist. July 22 –
Muthulakshmi Reddi (born 1886), Indian physician and social reformer. July 28 –
Otto Hahn (born 1879), German chemist who received the 1944 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. October 27 –
Lise Meitner (born 1878), German physicist, discoverer in 1939, with Otto Hahn, of nuclear fission.
References [ edit ]
^ Nature 218 pp. 731–732.
^ Altbach, Philip Gabriel; Hoshino, Edith S. (1995). . Garland Publishing. p. 65. International Book Publishing: An Encyclopedia ISBN 978-0-8153-0786-0.
^ Kane, Joseph Nathan (1997). Famous First Facts: A Record of First Happenings, Discoveries, and Inventions in American History (5th ed.). The H.W. Wilson Company. p. 67. ISBN 0-8242-0930-3.
^ English, W. K.; Engelbart, D. C. (1968-12-09). "A Research Center for Augmenting Human Intellect". AFIPS Conference Proceedings of the 1968 Fall Joint Computer Conference. Augment. 33. San Francisco. pp. 395–410. 3954.
^ Tweney, Dylan (2008-09-12). "Dec. 9, 1968: The Mother of All Demos". Wired News . Retrieved . 2011-01-24
^ Metz, Cade (2008-12-11). "The Mother of All Demos — 150 years ahead of its time". The Register . Retrieved . 2011-01-24
^ "A definition of irreversible coma: report of the Ad Hoc Committee of the Harvard Medical School to examine the definition of brain death". . Journal of the American Medical Association 205 (6): 337–340. 1968. doi: 10.1001/jama.205.6.337.
^ Machado, Calixto (2005). "The first organ transplant from a brain-dead donor". . Neurology 64 (11): 1938–42. doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000163515.09793.cb.
^ DiGeorge, A. M. (1968), Congenital absence of the thymus and its immunologic consequences: concurrence with congenital hypoparathyroidism, IV (1), White Plains, NY: March of Dimes-Birth Defects Foundation, pp. 116–21.
^ Restivo, Angelo; Sarkozy, Anna; Digilio, Maria Cristina; Dallapiccola, Bruno; Marino, Bruno (2006). "22q11 Deletion syndrome: a review of some developmental biology aspects of the cardiovascular system". Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine. 7: 77–85. PMID 16645366. doi: 10.2459/01.JCM.0000203848.90267.3e.
^ "1968: Georges Charpak revolutionizes detection". CERN. 2008 . Retrieved . 2011-02-28
^ Darley, J. M. & Latané, B. (1968). "Bystander intervention in emergencies: Diffusion of responsibility". . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 8: 377–383. doi: 10.1037/h0025589.
^ US 3297025 .