1976 American League Championship Series
|1976 American League Championship Series|
|Dates||October 9 – 14|
|Umpires||Joe Brinkman, Larry Barnett, George Maloney, Bill Haller, Art Frantz, Larry McCoy|
|TV announcers||Bob Uecker (Game 1), Keith Jackson (Games 2–5), Howard Cosell and Reggie Jackson|
|Radio announcers||Ernie Harwell and Ned Martin|
New York Yankees vs. Kansas City Royals
New York won the series, 3–2.
|1||October 9||New York Yankees – 4, Kansas City Royals – 1||Royals Stadium||2:09||41,077|
|2||October 10||New York Yankees – 3, Kansas City Royals – 7||Royals Stadium||2:45||41,091|
|3||October 12||Kansas City Royals – 3, New York Yankees – 5||Yankee Stadium (I)||3:00||56,808|
|4||October 13||Kansas City Royals – 7, New York Yankees – 4||Yankee Stadium (I)||2:50||56,355|
|5||October 14||Kansas City Royals – 6, New York Yankees – 7||Yankee Stadium (I)||3:13||56,821|
|WP: Catfish Hunter (1–0) LP: Larry Gura (0–1)|
The opener was played on a bright Saturday afternoon at Royals Stadium and pitted Yankee ace Jim "Catfish" Hunter against left-hander and ex-Yankee Larry Gura. The Yankees got off to a quick start, scoring two in the first aided by a pair of George Brett throwing errors. Hunter was in top form and went the distance, not going to a three-ball count the entire game. While the Royals were able to halve that margin going into the ninth, Roy White's two-run double in the top of the frame gave the Yanks two insurance runs that were the final scoring in a tidy 4–1 win.
|WP: Paul Splittorff (1–0) LP: Ed Figueroa (0–1)|
Five Yankee errors helped key the Royals series-tying win. Lefty Paul Splittorff was solid with 5 2⁄3 innings of work in relief of Brooklyn native Dennis Leonard, while Yankee reliever Dick Tidrow was ineffective and permitted three more KC runs to score in the eighth after relieving starter Ed Figueroa with one out in the sixth. The series, now tied at one, moved to New York and newly remodelled Yankee Stadium for the remaining three games.
|WP: Dock Ellis (1–0) LP: Andy Hassler (0–1) Sv: Sparky Lyle (1)
NYY: Chris Chambliss (1)
The first Yankee post-season home game since 1964 started ominously for the Bombers, as the Royals tagged righty Dock Ellis for three runs in the first. He settled down immediately after though and went eight solid innings, aided by several double plays and two base runners caught stealing. The Yankees narrowed the margin to one in the fourth on Chris Chambliss two-run homer off Andy Hassler and then tacked on three more in the sixth, as KC manager Whitey Herzog carted in four relievers in that inning alone. Sparky Lyle got the save by pitching a scoreless ninth inning, as the Bronx Bombers took a two games to one lead.
|WP: Doug Bird (1–0) LP: Catfish Hunter (1–1) Sv: Steve Mingori (1)
NYY: Graig Nettles 2 (2)
Hoping to wrap up the series in four, Yankee manager Billy Martin brought back Catfish Hunter on three days rest while the Royals did the same, bringing back Larry Gura. Neither fared well, as Gura gave up six hits and two runs in two innings, while Hunter lasted three and surrendered five runs on five hits. Though the Yankee bullpen was able to hold KC to only two runs over six innings, winning pitcher Doug Bird only gave up one in 4 2⁄3, while lefty Steve Mingori pitched 2 1⁄3 and allowed only one tally, picking up the save. The Yankee offense was highlighted by Graig Nettles' two homers and three RBI. The series was now knotted at two, with a deciding Game 5 to be played the next night.
|WP: Dick Tidrow (1–0) LP: Mark Littell (0–1)
KC: John Mayberry (1), George Brett (1)
NYY: Chris Chambliss (2)
The deciding game was a fitting ending to a thrilling series, as both teams fought tooth and nail to bring home the AL flag. It culminated in a moment of sheer, unbridled joy for the winners and stunned disbelief for the losers. The Yankees started Ed Figueroa on three days rest, as the Royals did likewise, starting Dennis Leonard. The Royals jumped out on top in the first, as Brett doubled and scored on John Mayberry's two-run homer. The Yankees quickly countered in their half, with Mickey Rivers tripling and scoring on Roy White's infield single. White went to third after Thurman Munson singled. Herzog removed Leonard and brought in Game 2 winner Paul Splittorff, who limited the damage by allowing only Chambliss' sacrifice fly. The Royals countered with one in the second, but the Yanks jumped ahead in the third, as they tacked on two; one on a Munson single and the other on a Chambliss' ground out. The Yanks added on in the sixth, scoring twice; once on a Munson single and a second time on a Brett throwing error. Figueroa held that lead going into the eighth. After Al Cowens led off with a single, Billy Martin brought in lefty Grant Jackson. He allowed a single to pinch hitter Jim Wohlford. Brett then stunned the sell-out crowd of 56,821 by planting Jackson's second pitch just over the short right-field wall, tying the game at six. All this was a prelude to the bottom of the ninth inning, when, at 11:43 pm, Chris Chambliss hit KC reliever Mark Littell's first pitch over the right center field wall. Thousands of fans vaulted over the dugouts and walls and celebrated. Chambliss reached second, then dodged hordes of spectators in trying to reach third. He then proceeded to make a beeline towards the safety of the clubhouse, as the area around home plate and much of the field was covered with celebrating fans. Some time later, Chambliss was escorted back out onto the field to touch home, but the plate had been stolen. He touched the area where the plate had been. He was later informed by the umpires that given the circumstances of the situation, they would have counted the run regardless.
|New York Yankees||4||3||4||2||0||5||1||0||4||23||55||6|
|Kansas City Royals||7||4||0||2||0||3||0||8||0||24||40||4|
|Total attendance: 252,152 Average attendance: 50,430|
Chambliss was later cornered in the Yankee locker room by Graig Nettles, who asked him if he had touched home. Chambliss responded that he had not, because there were too many people in the way. Nettles then told him that home plate umpire Art Frantz was waiting for him out on the field for him to touch home so that the home run could be ruled official. Chambliss was then escorted out to the field and touched the area where home had been.
KC manager Whitey Herzog did not attempt to contest the home run, although major league rules state that a player must touch all the bases on any hit or when running the bases. In this case, the mayhem on the field made that task impossible, and the magnitude of the game was such that Herzog would have never tried to have it restarted or protested it due to a technicality.
As a result, MLB amended rule 4.09 calling it "The Chris Chambliss Rule"  The exception states: Rule 4.09(b) Comment: An exception will be if fans rush onto the field and physically prevent the runner from touching home plate or the batter from touching first base. In such cases, the umpires shall award the runner the base because of the obstruction by the fans.
Brett's home run was the first of nine that he would hit in ALCS competition. Six of those came against the Yankees: one in 1976, three in 1978, and two in 1980. Interestingly, his other three ALCS home runs, which came in the 1985 ALCS, were all against one pitcher, Doyle Alexander of the Blue Jays. Alexander was a Yankee in 1976. He warmed up in the bullpen during Game 5, and started the first game of the World Series for them against the Cincinnati Reds.
The series also contained some interesting side stories. KC pitcher Larry Gura publicly criticized Yankee manager Billy Martin prior to the series, saying that Martin treated him shabbily in the short time Martin was his manager in New York. Gura was on the Yankees roster from spring training till the time he was traded to KC, on May 16. He did not appear in one game for the Yanks in that time. Martin responded by saying that if he had him there with the Yankees at that moment, he'd get rid of him again. George Brett also had harsh words for Martin, as he claimed that Martin had lied to his brother, pitcher Ken Brett, when Ken spent the first two months of 1976 with the Yanks. George's brother appeared in two games for the Yankees over two months, and was then traded to the Chicago White Sox.
This was the first of three consecutive ALCS between the two teams. They would also go head to head in 1977 and 1978, with the Yankees coming out on top again. The Royals, however, exacted a big measure of revenge when they met again in the 1980 ALCS and swept the Bombers in three straight.
- "1976 ALCS Game 1 – New York Yankees vs. Kansas City Royals". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1976 ALCS Game 2 – New York Yankees vs. Kansas City Royals". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1976 ALCS Game 3 – Kansas City Royals vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1976 ALCS Game 4 – Kansas City Royals vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1976 ALCS Game 5 – Kansas City Royals vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- Catfish: My Life in Baseball. Mcgraw-Hill by Jim "Catfish" Hunter, Armen Keteyian(April 1, 1988) ISBN 0-07-031371-7
- 50 Greatest Yankee Games, Fifty Greatest Yankee Games. John Wiley & Sons Inc by Cecilia Tan (04/01/2005) ISBN 0-471-65938-X
- Dog Days : The New York Yankees' Fall from Grace and Return to Glory, 1964–1976. iUniverse, Incorporated – Paperback October 2000 by Philip Bashe. ISBN 0-595-14122-6
- Yankees Century : 100 Years of New York Yankees Baseball. Houghton Mifflin 09/01/02 by Richard A. Johnson and Glenn Stout ISBN 0-618-08527-0