2-Methyl-1-butanol

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2-Methyl-1-butanol[1][2]
2-Methyl-1-butanol.svg
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
2-Methylbutan-1-ol
Other names
2-Methyl-1-butanol
Active amyl alcohol
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.004.809
UNII
Properties
C5H12O
Molar mass 88.148 g/mol
Appearance colorless liquid
Density 0.8152 g/cm3
Melting point −117.2 °C (−179.0 °F; 156.0 K)
Boiling point 127.5 °C (261.5 °F; 400.6 K)
31 g/L
Solubility miscible with ethanol, diethyl ether; very soluble in acetone
Vapor pressure 3 mm Hg
Viscosity 4.453 mPa·s
Thermochemistry
-356.6 kJ·mol−1 (liquid)
-301.4 kJ·mol−1 (gas)
Hazards
385 °C (725 °F; 658 K)
Related compounds
Related compounds
Amyl alcohol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

2-Methyl-1-butanol (IUPAC name, also called active amyl alcohol) is an organic chemical compound.

It is one of the components of the aroma of Tuber melanosporum, the black truffle.

Uses[edit]

It is used as a solvent and an intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals. 2-Methyl-1-butanol is a component of many mixtures of amyl alcohols sold industrially.

Reactions[edit]

2-Methyl-1-butanol can be derived from fusel oil (because it occurs naturally in fruits such as grapes[3]) or manufactured by either the oxo process or via the halogenation of pentane.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 3–374, 5–42, 6–188, 8–102, 16–22, ISBN 0-8493-0594-2 
  2. ^ a b McKetta, John J.; Cunningham, William Aaron (1977), Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design, 3, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 279–280, ISBN 978-0-8247-2480-1, retrieved 2009-12-14 
  3. ^ Howard, Philip H. (1993), Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data for Organic Chemicals, 4, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 392–396, ISBN 978-0-87371-413-6, retrieved 2009-12-14