2008 Rugby League World Cup
|Number of teams||10|
|Winner||New Zealand (1st title)|
|Attendance||293,442 (16,302 per match)|
|Points scored||890 (49.44 per match)|
|Top scorer||Johnathan Thurston (50)|
|Top try scorer||Billy Slater (7)|
The 2008 Rugby League World Cup was the thirteenth staging of the Rugby League World Cup since its inauguration in 1954, and the first since the 2000 tournament. The tournament was held in Australia from 26 October, culminating in the final between Australia and New Zealand on 22 November.
2008 was the fourth time that the World Cup was held in Australia, the first being in 1957. The tournament was won by New Zealand, who defeated Australia 34–20 in the final in one of the greatest upsets in the history of the sport. The tournament featured the best ten teams around the globe which were split into three groups. A total of eighteen matches took place in twelve different venues across four Australian states. The tournament ended a year of celebrations commemorating the centenary of the game in the southern hemisphere and was part of the Festival of World Cups.
The thirteenth Cup was scheduled to be held in Australia in 2004, however the lack of international success by Great Britain and New Zealand after the 2000 World Cup and the rise of the Tri-Nations tournament meant that it was delayed for a further four years. The Rugby League International Federation officially announced this tournament on 6 May 2006, with further details on scheduling and dates following on 19 April 2007.
The first match took place in Townsville between England and Papua New Guinea, although the official opening ceremony of the competition occurred before the Australia and New Zealand match the following day in Sydney. The final took place at Lang Park (Suncorp Stadium) in Brisbane.
The tournament proved a commercial success, delivering a profit of A$5 million and re-establishing the credibility of the competition.
- 1 Format
- 2 Teams
- 3 Match officials
- 4 Venues
- 5 Opening ceremony
- 6 Group stage
- 7 Knockout stage
- 8 Playoff bracket
- 9 Try scorers
- 10 Criticism and controversy
- 11 Tickets
- 12 Sponsorship
- 13 "Heroes Here 08" campaign
- 14 Broadcasting
- 15 Sources
- 16 References
- 17 External links
The draw, after being confirmed by the RLIF on 19 April 2007, involved three groups. The first group was made up of four teams; Australia, England, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea. Whilst the other two groups involved three teams each. The semi finals were made up of the first three teams in the first group and the winner of a playoff between the winners of the second and third groups.
The draw was put into doubt after the Papua New Guinea team claimed that it was unfair to them and threatened to boycott the tournament should it not be changed. Marcus Bai, former Papua New Guinean winger and captain, said:
They have to change it and if they don't, we won't come. We will ring up the other island nations and teams elsewhere who don't qualify and we can have our own competition. They have shown no respect for our country or for our efforts to promote the game up there.
Fortunately for the tournament, this separate island competition did not eventuate. Papua New Guinea still remained upset with the draw, seeing it as a huge challenge but one which would have seen them be rewarded if they had won. The draw was finalised on 4 October 2007.
Teams received 2 points for a win, and 1-point for a draw. This meant that, unlike in the Australasian National Rugby League, there was no "golden point" rule enforced. In group stages, if two teams had the same number of points then positions were determined on points difference, the number of points scored minus the number of points conceded.
After group matches were completed, a match featuring the second placed teams in Group B and Group C took place with the winner receiving 7th place. Similarly the third placed teams in Group B and Group C played off for 9th place. It was believed that these results were to be taken into account in the 2009 RLIF World Rankings.
|Team||Nickname||Coach||Captain||RLIF Rank||Final Rank|
|Australia||The Kangaroos||Ricky Stuart||Darren Lockyer||1||2|
|England||The Lions||Tony Smith||Jamie Peacock||3||3|
|Fiji||The Bati||Joe Dakuitoga||Wes Naiqama||6||4|
|France||Les Chanticleers||John Monie||Jerome Guisset||5||10|
|Ireland||The Wolfhounds||Andy Kelly||Scott Grix||9||6|
|New Zealand||The Kiwis||Stephen Kearney||Nathan Cayless||2||1|
|Papua New Guinea||The Kumuls||Adrian Lam||John Wilshere||7||5|
|Samoa||Toa Samoa||John Ackland||Nigel Vagana||12||9|
|Scotland||The Bravehearts||Steve McCormack||Danny Brough||11||8|
|Tonga||Mate Ma'a Tonga||Jim Dymock||Lopini Paea||4||7|
The following teams were given automatic entry into the World Cup:
- Pacific Qualifying Group
- Europe group one
- Winner Scotland
- Europe group two
- Winner Ireland
- Repechage Winner
- Winner Samoa
The five remaining places in the World Cup were determined by qualification rounds. Two European rounds and Pacific, Atlantic and Repêchage rounds were scheduled. Tonga and Fiji became the first two nations to qualify after Tonga defeated Samoa 18–10 in Leeds on 22 October, forcing Samoa to enter the repêchage. In the European Group Two, Ireland drew 16–16 with Lebanon to ensure qualification, while Lebanon were forced to enter the repêchage. The final automatic place went to Scotland, who defeated Wales 37–32 on aggregate after two legs. Wales then faced Lebanon in the repêchage semi-final, where they lost in a surprise 50–26 defeat, to knock them out of World Cup Qualifying. Lebanon then faced Samoa, who beat USA 42–10 in the first semi-final, on 14 November for the final qualifying position. The game was won by Samoa, 38–16, and so they booked the tenth and final place. Many qualification matches were broadcast live by Sky Sports in the United Kingdom and New Zealand, whilst BigPondTV broadcast matches online for other fans around the world.
Six referees from four countries controlled matches in the tournament. These four nations also provided touch judges while England and Australia provided the video referees.
Pink charity shirts
In support of the Australian National Breast Cancer Foundation referees wore pastel pink shirts while officiating matches to raise awareness. The shirts, which carried the NBCF logo on the collar, were signed by the team captains at each World Cup game and were later auctioned off with the proceeds going to the NBCF.
Due to Rugby League World Cup rules prohibiting the use of commercial venue names, all venues were known by their non-commercial names, e.g. Suncorp Stadium was known as Lang Park during the tournament. Lang Park would also host the World Cup Final.
|Lang Park||Docklands Stadium||Sydney Football Stadium||Robina Stadium|
|Capacity: 52,500||Capacity: 56,347||Capacity: 42,500||Capacity: 27,400|
|Willows Sports Complex||Newcastle International Sports Centre||Canberra Stadium||Wollongong Showground|
|Capacity: 26,500||Capacity: 26,126||Capacity: 25,011||Capacity: 23,000|
|Penrith Stadium||Parramatta Stadium||Central Coast Stadium||Browne Park|
|Capacity: 22,500||Capacity: 21,500||Capacity: 20,059||Capacity: 8,000|
On Sunday night, 26 October, the Sydney Football Stadium hosted the Opening Ceremony of the World Cup. It started with Greg Inglis reciting a speech about "Playing Fair". Following Inglis' speech there was an Aboriginal Smoking ceremony to welcome all the athletes and participants. This included a rather large sized Rainbow Serpent which represented the Aboriginal Dreamtime. The last part of the ceremony involved a performance of the Rugby League World Cup anthem "Hero" by Natalie Bassingthwaighte. A curtain raiser to the Australia vs. New Zealand match included an Indigenous Australian squad playing against New Zealand Māori which featured several prominent NRL players and rising stars, including Chris Sandow, Wairangi Koopu, Preston Campbell, Sam Thaiday, Shaun Kenny-Dowall and Carl Webb.
Welcome to the Country Match
26 October 2008
|Try: Wesser (2)
Goal: Soward (5)
Goal: Goodwin (2)
Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney
Referee/s: Tony Archer
The 2008 Rugby League World Cup's eighteen matches were played during October and November in various locations throughout the east coast of Australia. The tournament's teams were divided into three pool groups. The teams finishing highest amongst those groups progressed to the play-offs.
All teams from group A (shaded in green) with the exception of the bottom qualifying team progressed to the semi-finals, the other two groups the top finisher progressed to a playoff match, in which the winner would qualify to the semi-finals.
|Key to colours in group tables|
|Advances to knockout stage|
|Papua New Guinea||3||0||0||3||34||126||-92||0|
|25 October 2008||England||32–22||Papua New Guinea||Willows Sports Complex, Townsville|
|26 October 2008||Australia||30–6||New Zealand||Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney|
|1 November 2008||New Zealand||48–6||Papua New Guinea||Robina Stadium, Gold Coast|
|2 November 2008||Australia||52–4||England||Docklands Stadium, Melbourne|
|8 November 2008||England||24–36||New Zealand||Newcastle International Sports Centre, Newcastle|
|9 November 2008||Australia||46–6||Papua New Guinea||Willows Sports Complex, Townsville|
|26 October 2008||France||36–18||Scotland||Canberra Stadium, Canberra|
|1 November 2008||Fiji||42–6||France||Wollongong Showground, Wollongong|
|5 November 2008||Scotland||18–16||Fiji||Central Coast Stadium, Gosford|
|27 October 2008||Tonga||22–20||Ireland||Parramatta Stadium, Sydney|
|31 October 2008||Samoa||20–12||Tonga||Penrith Stadium, Sydney|
|5 November 2008||Ireland||34–16||Samoa||Parramatta Stadium, Sydney|
8 November 2008
|Report||Try: Vuna (2)
Goal: Williams (7)
9 November 2008
Goal: Roberts (3)
10 November 2008
|Try: Uate (2)
Goals: Naiqama (5/6)
|Report||Try: Blanch (2)
Goals: Richards (1/4)
15 November 2008
|Try: Ropati (2)
Goal: Smith (3)
|Report||Try: McGuire (2)
Goal: Burrow (3)
16 November 2008
|Try: Paul Gallen 2'
Brent Tate 5', 16'
Billy Slater 9', 38', 49'
Johnathan Thurston 62', 66', 72'
Greg Inglis 77'
Goal: Johnathan Thurston (6)
|Australia||20 – 34||New Zealand|
Darren Lockyer (2)
Johnathan Thurston (2/4)
Lance Hohaia (2)
Isaac Luke (3/3)
Benji Marshall (2/3)
- Pre match: The game started off with the traditional haka after the national anthems. During the haka the Australian team advanced towards the New Zealand team so that they were standing face to face.
- 1st Minute: Australia kicked off to New Zealand who had the first set of six.
- 5th Minute: Benji Marshall almost opened the scoring for New Zealand after he ran on to a Nathan Fien grubber. However, he knocked the ball on upon further inspection and the video referee, Steve Ganson ruled no-try.
- 11th Minute: New Zealand's good start to the game came to nothing when Billy Slater received the ball on the 40 metre line. He was able to cut through two defenders and run 30 metres before getting a ball away to Darren Lockyer who scored. Johnathan Thurston then missed the conversion. Australia 4-0 New Zealand
- 15th Minute: David Williams raced down the right hand touchline to score. Thurston kicked the conversion. Australia 10-0 New Zealand
- 20th Minute: Australia had the chance to effectively put the game out of reach when Darren Lockyer looked to have got on the end of a Cameron Smith grubber kick. Yet, when referee Ashley Klein went to the video referee it was clear that Lockyer had not grounded the ball and the try was not awarded.
- 24th Minute: Jeremy Smith went on a barnstorming run from ten metres out to score under the posts. Isaac Luke added the conversion and New Zealand were now back in the game. Australia 10-6 New Zealand
- 28th Minute: Benji Marshall looked to have lost the ball before David Fa'alogo was able to run away and put Jerome Ropati in to score. However, upon inspection from the video referee the ball was stripped out of Marshall's hands. Therefore, the try stood and, when Luke added the conversion, New Zealand were in the lead for the first time in the match. Australia 10-12 New Zealand
- 35th Minute: Multiple passes between the Australian players and Lockyer eventually finds room to go over and score. The conversion was added and Australia were back in the lead. Australia 16-12 New Zealand
- 40th Minute: The halftime siren sounded. New Zealand had surprised many by keeping the score close but many would have believed that Australia would have run away with the game in the second half.
At halftime Justin Morgan said on the BBC "It has been a great display from both teams in the first half. The Kiwis have been a little unlucky but they are still in the game and I would like to see them put the ball in the air more in the second half and see if they can get some results."
- 41 Mins: New Zealand winger Manu Vatuvei is ruled to have put his shoulder on the corner flag as he was going into score a try. Therefore, the try was ruled out.
- 47 Mins: Lance Hohaia receives the ball after New Zealand received a penalty and stepped past Lockyer before scoring in the tackle. The conversion was added and New Zealand re-took the lead. Australia 16-18 New Zealand
- 58 Mins: Israel Folau is held up over the line after picking up a bouncing ball.
- 59 Mins: Lance Hohaia is bundled towards the New Zealand in-goal after Klein had already called held. Therefore, New Zealand are awarded a penalty under their own goal posts.
- 60 Mins: On the fourth play, Marshall kicked the ball, Slater gathered it in but, under pressure from Manu Vatuvei, threw the ball in field where Marshall picked the ball up and scored out wide. The kick was unconverted. Australia 16-22 New Zealand
- 64 Mins: Australia hit back through a try from Greg Inglis in the corner, Thurston, however, could not add the conversion and New Zealand remained in the lead. Australia 20-22 New Zealand
- 70 Mins: Nathan Fein grubber kicked the ball through on the last tackle. Lance Hohaia, who was marginally on side ran through to try to catch the ball. The ball bounced awkwardly above the head of the Australian defender Joel Monaghan who could only react by putting out a swinging arm. The ball was then taken by Slater who was tackled in the in goal. After several looks from the video referee it was decided that Hohaia probably would have scored had he not been tackled so a penalty try was awarded. The conversion which would be taken from right under the posts was kicked and New Zealand had an 8-point lead. Australia 20-28 New Zealand
- 72 Mins With the Australians desperate to score Thurston make a line break but with an open line in front of him is ankle tapped by Jeremy Smith and Thurston knocked on. Time was now running out for Australia.
- 75 Mins Fein kicks for the corner but the ball came loose before Adam Blair eventually picked up and scored. After some looks at the video it was clear that it was a fair try. The conversion was added and New Zealand had effectively won the world cup.
- 80 Mins The siren for full-time went and the New Zealand players started celebrating. Australia 20-34 New Zealand 
The game was the Australian team's first loss since Great Britain defeated them in November 2006 and their first loss to New Zealand since November 2005. It was also their first loss in a World Cup match since 1995 and in a final since 1972. 1.2 million Australians watched the game live on television.
- Israel Folau
- Anthony Laffranchi
- Darren Lockyer
- Brent Tate
- Rob Burrow
- Ade Gardner
- Danny McGuire
- Jayson Bukuya
- Semi Tadulala
- John Wilson
- Adam Blair
- Simon Mannering
- Benji Marshall
- George Keppa
- George Carmont
- Francis Meli
- Misi Taulapapa
- Ben Te'o
- Matt Utai
- Nigel Vagana
- Jon Steel
- Oliver Wilkes
- Etuate Uaisele
- Paul Gallen
- Anthony Tupou
- Jamie Peacock
- Mickey Higham
- James Roby
- Christophe Moly
- Sébastien Planas
- Sébastien Raguin
- Jared Taylor
- Iowane Divavesi
- Semisi Tora
- Wes Naiqama
- Liam Finn
- Simon Finnigan
- Sean Gleeson
- Scott Grix
- Michael Platt
- Greg Eastwood
- David Fa'alogo
- Nathan Fien
- Bronson Harrison
- Issac Luke
- Sika Manu
- Jason Nightingale
- Paul Aiton
- Jason Chan
- Rod Griffin
- Menzie Yere
- Joseph Paulo
- Frank Puletua
- Ben Roberts
- David Solomona
- Paddy Coupar
- Michael Robertson
- Tevita Leo-Latu
- Feleti Mateo
- Eddie Paea
- Fetuli Talanoa
- Esikeli Tonga
- Tony Williams
Criticism and controversy
Due to the generally poor response of the 2000 World Cup, there were several key criticisms of the tournament before any matches had kicked off. The RLIF were forced to defend the credibility of the tournament in October 2007 after New Zealand, one of the favourites for the competition, were heavily beaten in a Test match 58–0 in Wellington against Australia. Another concern was whether there would be enough competitiveness throughout the ten teams, with some fans worried about the possibility of too many one-sided matches, which was a common sight in the Group Stages of the 2000 tournament.
Ricky Stuart, coach of the Australian team, was reported to be so incensed by his team's defeat in the final that he verbally attacked Geoff Carr, the chief executive of Australian Rugby League, claiming that tournament organisers and match officials conspired to cause the Australian loss. The next morning he had a chance meeting with Ashley Klein, who refereed the final, and Stuart Cummings, the Rugby Football League's director of match officials, at their hotel. He reportedly abused both officials in front of a number of witnesses, calling Klein a cheat, and behaved in an aggressive and physically intimidating manner. Stuart later apologised for his behaviour and resigned from his post.
Tickets for Australian residents went on sale 7 November 2007 and internationally on 18 February. However tickets were not distributed until 3 March. Ticketek were announced as the official ticketing agency for the competition, selling tickets for all matches. Ticketmaster and Pilbeam Theatre were selling tickets to the Telstra Dome and Browne Park matches respectively.
The World Cup Final sold out months in advance.
The Official Sponsors of the Rugby League World Cup 2008 were:
- Jetstar: Official Airline
- Foster's: Official Beer
- Bundaberg Rum: Official Spirit
- AAMI: Official referee sponsor
- Telstra: Official Telecommunications sponsor
- Gillette: Official Male products
- Holiday Inn: Official Accommodation Supplier
- Coca-Cola: Official Soft drink
- Harvey Norman: Official retailer
- Bic: Official stationery
"Heroes Here 08" campaign
The World Cup's "Heroes Here 08" promotional campaign was launched at the Sydney Opera House on 6 May 2008. At the launch, Paul Kind, the World Cup Director of Marketing, explained, "Heroes Here 08 underlines that fact that the international game, and particularly this tournament, will bring out the best in every player who takes part. It will create heroes."
Natalie Bassingthwaighte recorded an "Australian version" of the Mariah Carey song "Hero" which accompanied the "Heroes 08" promotional video and other World Cup advertising. The World Cup Opening Ceremony featured a live performance of the song by Bassingthwaighte.
Filming of visuals for the promotional video began in Leeds during the worldwide ticketing launch for the event in November 2007.
Advertising agency MJW, celebrity photographer Garry Heery and production company Engine worked together to combine the latest digital animation with a dark and determined set that highlighted the passion players feel in representing their country on the international stage.
The Heroes campaign featured Mark Gasnier (Australia), Roy Asotasi (New Zealand), Rob Burrow (England), Keith Peters (PNG), Waisale Sukanaveita (Fiji), Nigel Vagana (Samoa), Jerome Guisset (France), Lee Paterson (Scotland), Stuart Littler (Ireland) and Lopini Paea (Tonga). Gasnier was later removed from some of the promotional material after he left the sport mid-season and was replaced by Darren Lockyer.
The video also appeared in the video game Rugby League 2: World Cup Edition, which featured a world cup mode based on the event.
The 2008 World Cup had 26 separate television deals taking coverage to 127 countries and generating more than $20 million income. A global television audience of 19.2 million made it the most widely broadcast event in the game's history.
Channel 9 broadcast all Group A matches and the Knockout Stage matches in Australia. Fox Sports broadcast all Group B and C matches plus Ranking Stage matches live. In the United Kingdom, Sky Sports broadcast all matches live, meaning that all were shown in the morning and some as early as 06:00 am with highlights being shown on the BBC. Sky Sport showed all games live across New Zealand. Mai TV broadcast all matches live in Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Samoa, Cook Islands and the Solomon Islands. Orange Sport provided coverage of all matches live in France.
Coverage of the competition also extended to countries not taking part. Showtime showed all matches live across the Middle East. G offered coverage of all games in many countries in Africa. Astro showed all matches in Malaysia, and ESPN360 showed all matches in the United States. In Brazil, some matches were broadcast by Bandsports.
The only participating country with no television coverage of the matches was Tonga; the RLIF were hoping to secure a deal before the World Cup started, but this never happened.
BigPondTV, an online television station, broadcast all matches live and also repeated matches. This service was available to everyone for free.
- UK – BBC Radio 5 Live and its sister station BBC Radio 5 Live Sports Extra broadcast selected games.
- UK – some non-rights holders used Australian freelance reporter Tim Stackpool to report on games for UK broadcasters. An extensive archive can be heard here: RLWC Archive
- AUS – ABC and 2GB Radio broadcast selected games.
- NZ – Radio Sport broadcast the Kiwi's games, including the Kiwi's victory in the final.
- "World Cup Moved To End of Season", BBC website. Retrieved 4 May 2006.
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- "Lewis backs Australia for World Cup", telegraph.co.uk website. Retrieved 8 May 2006
- Top point scorer[permanent dead link]
- Top try scorers
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- Papua New Guinea Threaten Boycott
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-  Archived 7 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
-  Archived 9 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
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- [dead link]
- Sky Sports Broadcasting Bid
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