Hero (Mariah Carey song)
|Single by Mariah Carey|
|from the album Music Box|
|B-side||"Everything Fades Away"|
|Released||October 19, 1993|
|Mariah Carey singles chronology|
"Hero" is a song by American singer and songwriter Mariah Carey. It was released on October 19, 1993 via Columbia Records as the second single from Carey's third studio album, Music Box (1993). Originally intended for Gloria Estefan, the song was written by Mariah and produced by her and Walter Afanasieff. While writing the song, Carey did not connect to its style or sound, therefore forfeiting it over to the soundtrack of the film of the same name. However, after being convinced to keep it, she personalized it, giving it a more pop and R&B melody, as well as changing some of the lyrics to more precisely fit her personality. Lyrically, the song is regarded as one of Carey's most inspirational and personal ballads, with its protagonist declaring that even though we may feel discouraged or down at times, in reality we are "heroes" if we look inside ourselves and see our own inner strength; in time, it will help us "find the way."
The song received mixed reviews by contemporary music critics for its lyrical content, while Carey's vocal performance was praised. Aside from its lyrics, "Hero" derived its hook and sound from several musical instruments such as the guitar, piano and organ. The song experienced strong success in several international markets, and also became Carey's eighth chart topper on the Billboard Hot 100. Additionally, it was ranked number 53 on the Decade-End Chart. Outside the United States, "Hero" enjoyed strong charting, reaching the top five in Canada, France, Ireland, New Zealand and Norway and the top ten in Australia and the United Kingdom.
Due to fan requests and letters, as well as their connection to its personal meaning and content, the song remains one of Carey's most performed songs. Deemed by many as her signature song, the song was originally performed on The Arsenio Hall Show, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, and Hey Hey It's Saturday during its original chart run. Additionally, Carey performed it on several live telethons and specials, such as Pavarotti and Friends and Michael Jackson & Friends in 1999, America: A Tribute to Heroes in 2001, Live 8 in 2005, and the inaugural ball for Barack Obama in 2009. Additionally, the song was featured on the set-lists of all of Carey's tours, usually serving as the encore or closing number, and making its debut during the album's accompanying set of concerts, the Music Box Tour. The song was included on several of Carey's compilation albums, #1's (1998), Greatest Hits (2001), The Ballads (2008), and #1 to Infinity (2015).
Throughout the course of her career, Carey has re-recorded the song twice, and filmed other music videos aside from the original. The first music video for the song was filmed by Larry Jordan in July 1993 during a private concert at Proctor's Theatre, later released on the home video Here Is Mariah Carey. In 2001, following the September 11 attacks, Carey re-recorded the song as a mash-up single titled "Never Too Far/Hero Medley," a medley with her single at the time, "Never Too Far." Additionally, prior to the release of her compilation album The Ballads, Carey re-recorded "Hero" and filmed a new video featuring behind the scenes footage of the studio. "Hero" won two ASCAP Rhythm & Soul Music Awards, one ASCAP Pop Music Award and one BMI Pop Award for the Songwriter Award. The song has been covered many times during both studio and live recordings, such as on global singing competitions.
- 1 Background
- 2 Writing and recording
- 3 Composition and lyrical content
- 4 Copyright lawsuits
- 5 Reception
- 6 Music videos and re-recordings
- 7 Live performances
- 8 Cover versions and uses
- 9 Track listings
- 10 Credits and personnel
- 11 Charts and certifications
- 12 The X Factor UK 2008 finalists version
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 Works Cited
- 16 External links
Mariah Carey's second studio album, Emotions (1991), contained influences from mostly 1950's, 1960s and 1970s balladry and gospel, as well as her continued work of R&B and soul. The album, while praised by some as more mature and raw, failed to reach the critical or commercial heights of her debut effort, and could not introduce Carey to a different market. Following these events, Columbia decided to market the singer in a similar fashion to her debut, only have her produce a more commercial and radio-friendly album. Their plans were to tone down Carey's vocals, and soften the album's production, leaving a more contemporary pop record. Agreeing to the change, Carey and producer Walter Afanasieff began writing and recording material for her third studio effort, Music Box (1993).
Writing and recording
Aside from her work as a vocalist and record artist, Carey was becoming known as a songwriter, having penned and produced all of her own material throughout her career. During the production of Music Box, she was approached by Epic Records to write and record a song alongside Afanasieff, and release it on the soundtrack to the 1992 film Hero, featuring Dustin Hoffman and Geena Davis. While Carey was interested in the project, Mottola was very adamant over allowing Carey to take part in anything involving film, fearing it would hurt her career. Additionally, Columbia felt uneasy about allowing their highest-selling recording artist to contribute to another label, even a branch of the same parent company, Sony. So they wanted to try the next best thing, which was to have us write something." Still interested in working for the film, Carey agreed to pen the feature song for the film, intended for fellow female singer, Gloria Estefan. Carey and Afanasieff sat together in a studio in New York, and over the course of two hours, composed the song's melody, lyric and concept. In an interview with Fred Bronson, Afanasieff discussed the process in which they had completed the rough version of the song:
I went to New York and we were in the studio and came to a break. I was sitting at the piano and told Mariah about this movie. Within two hours, we had this incredible seed for this song, 'Hero'. It was never meant for Mariah to sing. In her mind, we were writing a song for Gloria Estefan for this movie. And we went into an area that Mariah didn't really go into-in her words, it was a little bit too schmaltzy or too ballady or too old-fashioned as far as melody and lyrics.
As they completed the song's demo, Tommy Mottola, CEO of Sony Music Entertainment and Carey's fiancé, walked into the studio. After hearing the rough version of the song, on which they were still working on, he became interested in it, asking what project the song belonged to. Carey explained to him the concept and how the song would be used for the film Hero. Mottola immediately took an intense liking to the song, responding, "Are you kidding me? You can't give this song to this movie. This is too good. Mariah, you have to take this song. You have to do it." Initially, Carey was guided by the subject of the film, but Afanasieff acknowledged that she made it a very personal song after deciding to keep it, altering some of the lyrics, key and instrumentation. After their decision to keep "Hero," Afanasieff went back to the staff at Epic and told them that they had failed to come up with a song for the soundtrack. Estefan never heard the tune was originally meant for her, and the song that ended up in the soundtrack was "Heart of a Hero," written, produced and recorded by Luther Vandross. In the following weeks, after completing the song, Afanasieff spoke with Bronson about its recording, and how Carey created several versions of the track:
There was a simpler performance on tape and a more difficult one, with Mariah singing out more, with more licks. But we chose a happy medium. The song really calls for not anything really fancy. But she's always fighting the forces inside of her because she's her own devil's advocate. She wants to do something that's so over the top and use her talents and the voice she has. But she also knows she has to restrain herself and do what the music really calls for.
Composition and lyrical content
A 25-second sample of "Hero", featuring the song's second chorus, as well as its instrumentation and inspirational lyrics.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
"Hero" is a mid-tempo ballad. It was written and produced by Carey and Afanasieff, and was released as the second single from her third studio album, Music Box. It incorporates music from several musical instruments, including the piano, guitar and organ. According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by Alfred Music Publishing, the song is set in common time with a moderate tempo of 62 beats per minute. It is composed in the key of E major with Carey's vocal range spanning from the low-note of G♯3 to the high-note of E5. The song's chorus has a basic chord progression of Gsus2–G–G/F♯–Em7–G/D–C-G/B–Am7. Originally, Carey felt the song was "too schmaltzy" and over the top for her, and not in line with her other work. However, after being convinced by Mottola to keep the song, Carey changed the song and personalized it, during which time she grew to feel a connection to the song and its lyrics. According to author Chris Nickson, "Hero" is one of Carey's most personal and inspirational ballads. Carey has described how the song was never her favorite, however, after all the fan letters and messages she received about the song, she felt the need to perform it as often as possible. In an interview with Fred Bronson, Carey described the song's meaning to her and to fans:
One person could say that 'hero' is a schmaltzy piece of garbage, but another person can write to me a letter and say, 'I've considered committing suicide everyday of my life for the last ten years until I heard that song and I realized after all I can be my own hero.' And that, that's an unexplainable feeling, like I've done something with my life, y'know?... It meant something to someone.
The song's lyrics describe of the individual power that lies inside every person, their ability to be their own hero. According to author Carol K. Ingall, the song inspires anyone to be a hero. Ingall continued how due to a hero's power to transform and inspire those around them, so too every person has inside of them the light and force needed to help change the world. Similarly, author Darlene Wade connects the song's lyrical content to the power within the soul, however also with the inclusion of God.
According to Maryellen Moffitt, author of "See It, Be It, Write It", "Hero" is about looking into oneself and discovering the inner courage inside each individual, and being strong and believing in oneself through times of trouble and adversity. Morffitt claims the song personally helped him get through difficult moments when "the answers seemed so far away." Following her taped performance of "One Sweet Day" at the Honda Center in Anaheim, California during The Adventures of Mimi Tour, Carey described the song's importance to her and her fans:
I wrote a song a while back even before "One Sweet Day" and it was not my favorite song in the world, but I wrote it. Someone asked me to write a song and they told me the story, and you know it was kind of a moving concept or whatever. And I did it, and I was like you know it’s not necessarily what I like per se, but after doing the song over and over again and having people coming up to and saying, thank you for writing ‘Hero’ because it saved my life or it saved my father’s life or my brothers or sisters life, or something of that nature, I said I always have to sing that song when I’m performing because if I don’t, you never know who I’m leaving out and you know what, in times of my life I’ve had to turn to that song lyrically and flip it onto my own life and sing it to myself. So its from the ‘Music Box’ album, and it’s called ‘Hero', this is for you.
"Hero" was the subject of two copyright plagiarism cases; one by Christopher Selletti and the other by Rhonda Dimmer, filed in 1993 and 1996. Selletti claimed he had written the song's lyrics in the form of a poem. One day, as he drove Sly Stone in a limousine to Long Island, he claimed to have shown him the poem. Selletti claimed Stone complimented the poem, taking it and promising to patent it and earn him royalties. After many months, the pair fell out of contact, leading Selletti to mail himself the envelope and poem, performing a "poor man's copyright." Three years later in 1996, he claimed to have listened to Carey's album Music Box and was shocked when he noted the song's similar lyrics. He filed a lawsuit against Carey, Stone, Sony and Stone's manager Jerry Goldstein. Selletti claimed that Stone must have sold or contributed the lyrics to Carey during the recording of the album in late 1992. However, since Stone did not receive songwriting credits on "Hero", Selletti then dropped the suit against Stone, leaving him against Carey and Sony. Prior to their court room meeting, Carey told New York Daily News "I feel totally victimized. 'Hero' is my creation and it holds a very special meaning to me. I have every intention of fighting this all the way." In court, Carey provided evidence to her innocence, in the form of a dated lyrical and music notebook, with conceptual info on the song dated back to November 20, 1992, prior to Selletti's meeting with Stone. Additionally, Carey stated the fact that she had originally written it for the film Hero alongside Afanasieff, making their connection or the involvement of his material impossible. Judge Denny Chin found Carey innocent, and ordered Selletti to pay her a fine.
Years later, after consulting with another lawyer, Selletti made another attempt at suing Carey and Sony. His lawyer, Jeffrey Levitt, had uncovered the fact that the film was released in October 1992, a full six weeks prior to the November 22 dating in Carey's notebook. Additionally, "Heart of a Hero", which was written by Luther Vandross for the film, was submitted in January 1992, making it impossible for "Hero" to have been the original choice of song for the soundtrack. After uncovering further tapes from the studio dating to the summer of 1992, recordings provided evidence that Carey and Afansieff had indeed discussed and had parts of the song completed well before the film's October release. Following the evidence from both parties, the judge dismissed the case, ruling in Carey's favor for the second time. Following the dismissal of the case, Rhonda Dimmie, another songwriter and an independent singer, filed a lawsuit against Carey, this time claiming the song to have borrowed heavily from her song "Be Your Own Hero". During the short deposition made by Carey, Afanasieff revealed that they had written the song in two days during the summer of 1992, "within a matter of hours." Soon after, the case was dismissed, with the judge claiming there to not be sufficient evidence on Dimmie's behalf. Following the lawsuits, in 2001 Selletti made further hints to plan another lawsuit, as well as a forensic team of specialists to conduct research on the incident. Following the suits, Cindy Berger, Carey's publicist released the following statement: "This case has been thrown out of court three times. The federal judge after hearing Selletti's story and considering all the evidence ruled the case was a 'complete fabrication' and that it was filed 'to extort a settlement from deep-pocket defendants."
Nathan Brackett from Rolling Stone called Carey's vocal tone "golden" and regarded the song as a standard for weddings, funerals and singing auditions. The Baltimore Sun critic J.D. Considine praised "Hero", writing "[Hero] is a lavish, soul-stirring ballad, the sort of thing other singers would pay Diane Warren to write." Additionally, she called its chorus "uplifting" and "soaring," following praise towards Carey's vocal performance. The song received a mixed review from The Washington Post editor Mike Joyce, who while impressed, claimed it was not as good as competing ballads of the time. Paul Gettelmen of the Orlando Sentinel criticized the song, calling it a "rip-off" of Whitney Houston's "Greatest Love of All". Stephen Holden, another editor from Rolling Stone also noted an inspiration and similarity to "Greatest Love of All" and calling its lyrics "made up entirely of pop and soul clichés."
"Hero" became Carey's eighth chart topper on the US Billboard Hot 100. It reached the number one position in its tenth week and spent four weeks at the top, from December 25, 1993 to January 15, 1994. It replaced "Again" by Janet Jackson, and was replaced by Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting's "All for Love". In total, the song remained in the top 40 for 25 weeks, with 14 of those spent in the top ten. On the Billboard year-end Charts for 1994, "Hero" finished at number five, number 53 on the decade-end chart and number three on the year-end Airplay Chart. "Hero" has been certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), denoting shipments of over one million units throughout the country. Prior to the song's recital at Carey's concert at Madison Square Garden on December 10, 1993 during her Music Box Tour, she announced that the proceeds from the stateside sales of the single were to be donated to the families of the victims of the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) shootings. The song was dedicated to the three men who subdued the shooter on stage that night, three days after the tragedy. Carey was a frequent rider on the LIRR rush hour service out of Penn Station when she lived on Long Island. In Canada, the song debuted at number 64 on the Canadian RPM Singles Chart during the week of November 6, 1993. During the week of December 4, 1993, "Hero" reached its peak position of number three, staying there for three consecutive weeks, and a total of 21 weeks within the top 100. "Hero" finished at numbers 48 and 22 on the Canadian year-end charts for 1993 and 1994.
The song entered the Australian Singles Chart at number 47 on the issue dated November 14, 1993, and eventually spent three weeks at its peak position of number seven. "Hero" was certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA), denoting shipments of over 70,000 units throughout the country. In France, "Hero" entered the single chart at number 24 during the week dated March 19, 1994. After staying six consecutive weeks at its peak position of number five, and a total of 21 weeks in the chart, the song was certified silver by the Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (SNEP), denoting shipments of over 200,000 units. In the Netherlands, the song peaked at number 13 on the Single Top 100 chart, spending eight weeks fluctuating within the chart. "Hero" peaked at number five on the Irish Singles Chart, spending a combined 14 weeks within the chart. In New Zealand, the song peaked at number two on the singles chart, spending five consecutive weeks at the position, and a total of 20 weeks on the chart. "Hero" was certified Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand (RIANZ), denoting shipments of 15,000 units. During the week of January 21, 1994, the song peaked at number two on the Norwegian Singles Chart, spending a total of eight weeks in the chart and being certified gold by the VG-lista. On November 11, 1993, the song entered the UK Singles Chart at number eight. The following week, it reached its peak position of number seven, spending a total of 15 weeks in the chart during its original chart run. On November 8, 2008, following the release of the "Hero" by the X Factor finalists, it re-entered the chart at number 100. Two weeks later, "Hero" managed to reach number 67 on the chart, before plummeting outside the top 100 the following week. As of 2010, MTV estimates sales of "Hero" in the United Kingdom to be at 270,000 units.
Awards and accolades
"Hero" was awarded and nominated for awards throughout the music industry. At the 12th ASCAP Awards, Carey took home the award for "Rhythm & Soul Songwriter". The following year, at the 13th annual ceremony, "Hero" won Carey awards for "Rhythm & Soul Songwriter" and "Pop Songwriter." The song was awarded a BMI Pop Award at the ceremony in 1995. Additionally, it was nominated for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance at the 37th annual Grammy Awards, losing to Sheryl Crow's "All I Wanna Do".
Music videos and re-recordings
Prior to the song's release towards the end of 1993, Carey performed an intimate concert at Proctor Theatre, New York on July 15, 1993. Following its taping, the concert was released as the home video titled, Here Is Mariah Carey (1993). Carey's performance of the song that night was edited and commissioned as the official music video, directed by Larry Jordan. The video was included on Carey's DVD #1's (1998). The video features her in a long dark dress, sporting long curly hair. On few international versions of the album, a Spanish version of the song was included, such as on the Mexican and Argentinian versions. It was titled "Héroe", and featured translation by Jorge Luis Piloto, a Spanish musician who had come to briefly work with Carey.
In 2001, following the September 11 Attacks, Carey re-recorded the song as a medley with "Never Too Far", her single at the time. Titled "Never Too Far/Hero Medley", it was released as a charity single throughout October of that year. In an interview with MTV, Carey described the idea behind the medley:
"I started [performing] at different charity events where I did a combination of 'Never Too Far' and 'Hero'. We made it into a medley and kinda put them both in the same key and just made it work, and people responded really well to it. It's been interesting for me, since the events of September 11, the way people have been playing 'Hero' and talking to me about 'Never Too Far,' 'cause that song is also about loss. I figured that it would be a nice thing to do, to put them both out for Christmas. ... I feel like it's our responsibility to do what we can right now in terms of music, just being artists and being human beings."
In 2008, prior to the release of Carey's compilation album The Ballads, Carey recorded a version of "Hero" with new vocals, releasing it on the stateside version of the album. Additionally, a music video was filmed and released for the 2008 version, featuring behind the scenes footage of the song's recording, as well as Carey's writing music in the studio.
Due to fan requests and its personal lyrical content, Carey has performed "Hero" on several occasions throughout her career. She first performed the song in July 1993 at the Proctor's Theater, later to be released as Here Is Mariah Carey. Later, she performed the song live on The Arsenio Hall Show in November 1993, appearing on stage after a short interview wearing a mid-length black gown and sporting long brown locks. She was joined by three back-up vocalists, Trey Lorenz, Cindi Mizelle and Melodie Daniels. Carey continued stateside promotion of the song with a performance on The Jay Leno Show the following week. Throughout Europe and Australasia, Carey made appearances on Sacrée Soirée in France, Platendaagse in the Netherlands, Sale El Dia in Spain, Sontagsoppet in Sweden, and Hey Hey It's Saturday in Australia. On May 15, 1996, at the Annual National Peace Officers Memorial Service, held in the grounds of the US Capitol Building, Carey performed Hero in tribute to police officers killed in the line of duty. In attendance was the US president at the time, Bill Clinton. Following the release of her sixth studio album Butterfly, Carey performed it alongside "Butterfly" on The Oprah Winfrey Show on September 22, 1997. In between both performances, Winfrey interviewed Carey over her failed marriage to Mottola, as well as the several negative rumors that followed their divorce. Two years later, she performed "Hero" together with Luciano Pavarotti in Modena, Italy during the summer of 1999. Carey appeared on stage alongside him, wearing a long pink evening gown and sporting a long straightened hairstyle. The performance was filmed and released on VHS as Pavarotti and Friends.
Carey sang "Hero" in Korea in September of that year during the Michael Jackson & friends benefit concert, which raised money for several charitable organizations. On September 21, 2001, following the September 11 attacks, Carey sang "Hero" as part of the America: A Tribute to Heroes telethon. Her appearance on the telethon was her first public appearance since her publicized breakdown and hospitalization, prior to the release of Glitter. In 2003, Carey performed a medley of songs from her album, Charmbracelet (2002), during Michael Jordan's final NBA All-Star Game in 2003 Following the medley, she included "Hero" onto the short set-list, followed by Jordan's final game. On July 2, 2005, a benefit concert was held in Hyde Park, London titled Live 8. The televised event was watched by over 9.6 million British citizens, and held a live audience of over 200,000. Carey performed a three song set-list, opening with "Make It Happen" and "Hero", which featured a live choir of African children, and followed by "We Belong Together", accompanied by actors Chris Barrie, Judy Flynn, Michael Burns and Julia St. John. During a promotional tour for her eleventh studio effort E=MC2 in 2008, the song was re-recorded by the 2008 UK X Factor finalists and released as a single. Prior to its release, Carey appeared on the program, where she performed her single at the time "I Stay in Love", followed by a duet of "Hero" in between her and the finalists. In 2009, during the inaugural ball for Barack Obama, Carey opened the televised event with a live rendition of "Hero", wearing a long black evening gown while sporting a long wavy hairstyle. On June 5, 2010, Carey performed the song alongside "We Belong Together" at the Walmart shareholders meeting. Following the performance, Carey gained heavy media coverage for her apparent weight gain, leading many to suspect her pregnancy with husband Nick Cannon.
Aside from the several live televised performances, Carey included "Hero" on the set-lists on all of her tours, usually serving as one of the closing numbers. In an interview, Carey said that although it is not one of her favorite songs, she tries to perform it on each of her shows due to its powerful message, fearing that if she doesn't, she might miss out on the opportunity to help someone. She first performed the song in concert during her stateside Music Box Tour. During the song's recital, Carey donned a black gown and matching sandals, while sporting her signature golden locks of the time. During her performances at the Tokyo Dome on her Daydream World Tour (1996), Carey performed the song as one of the closing numbers. Prior to the song, Carey introduced Afanasieff, who played the organ throughout the tour. Carey appeared on stage with a straightened hairstyle, and a long black evening gown. On her Butterfly World Tour in 1998, Carey performed "Hero" as the eighth song on the set-list. Unlike her previous tour, Afanasieff was not present, due to the pair's continued personal dispute. During the song, Carey was backed up by three vocalists, and wore a long sequined black gown. In 2000, during her Rainbow World Tour, Carey used "Hero" as the tour's closing number, leaving the stage to meet and greet fans during the song's performance. Similarly, "Hero" served as the closing number on her Charmbracelet World Tour (2002–03), where she wore a long beige gown and feathered frock tail. In 2006, during The Adventures of Mimi Tour, Carey performed "Hero" as the penultimate song on the set-list. She wore a blue floor-length mid-bearing gown, and received vocal back up from four background singers. Following the release of her twelfth studio effort, Carey embarked on the Angels Advocate Tour. After performing the regular set-list, Carey exited the arena, only to make one re-entry for "Hero" as the encore performance. She also performed the song regularly as a part of her 2014 The Elusive Chanteuse Show world tour, and her first annual Christmas show at New York City's Beacon Theater, entitled All I Want For Christmas Is You, A Night of Joy & Festivity. In addition, she included the song in her 2015 Las Vegas residency, Mariah Carey Number 1's, a chronicle of her 18 US number 1 hits. The song was performed 8th in her setlist. She sang on a circular platform on the stage, donning a short white dress.
Cover versions and uses
"Hero" has been covered several times through live performances, as well as recorded studio versions. Additionally, since its debut, it has achieved strong media attention. In 2009, prior to the election results, Barack Obama's wife Michelle played him the song to give him strength and inner support. A source close to Carey claimed that hearing the song's use meant a lot to her, saying "She was blown away when she heard. She is so honoured to have played her part in such an occasion." At the 1994 Essence Awards, Aretha Franklin performed a live rendition of the song as a tribute to The Reverend Jesse Jackson. In 2001, Neal Schon performed an instrumental version on the album Voice. Filipino singers Regine Velasquez and Sarah Geronimo both performed the song live on television, with the former playing a medley of the song alongside Carey's "Anytime You Need a Friend". International male operatic pop group Il Divo included the Spanish version of the song on their second studio album, Ancora (2005). Australian singer and actress Natalie Bassingthwaighte performed a live version of the song at the Rugby League World Cup Heroes 08 Campaign. Michael Ball, British singer, actor and radio personality, covered "Hero" for his album titled One Voice (2006). In 1994, Japanese singer Miho Nakayama released the song as a single with Japanese lyrics written by herself and became a big hit. American Idol season 5 contestant Heather Cox performed the song during the top 20 performances week, only to be voted off that night for not being able to successfully carry the song. Similarly, season 7 contestant Brooke White performed the song during the Mariah Carey themed week, while season 8 contestant Danny Gokey performed the song in the top 36 performances. season 10 contestant Karen Rodriguez performed the song in both English and Spanish versions in the top 24 performances, making it into the top 13 the following night. Japanese-American singer Yuna Ito included her rendition of "Hero" on her compilation album Love -Singles Best 2005–2010. Barbadian R&B singer Rihanna sang "Hero" during a live talent show at her high school in Barbados when she was 15. Soon after, she was signed by Jay-Z to Def Jam. The X Factor winner Melanie Amaro performed the song during the first season of the show, as a song chosen for her by the public. In 2013, Dami Im recorded a version for her album Dami Im. The album was #1 in Australia.
Credits and personnel
Credits adapted from the Music Box liner notes.
- Mariah Carey – co-production, songwriting, vocals
- Walter Afanasieff – co-production, songwriting, keyboards, synthesizer, rhythm programming, acoustic guitar
- Michael Landau – guitar
- Dana Jon Chappelle – vocal engineering
- David Gleeson – engineering
- Mick Guzauski – mixing
- Bob Ludwig – mastering
Charts and certifications
Certifications and sales
The X Factor UK 2008 finalists version
|Single by The X Factor finalists 2008|
|Released||27 October 2008|
The twelve finalists from the fifth series of the UK TV talent show The X Factor released a cover of the song on October 27, 2008 for the Help for Heroes and The Royal British Legion charities. The release was backed by, and originally suggested by, The Sun newspaper. The finalists performed the single for the first time alongside Mariah Carey on October 25, 2008 during a week when only Carey's material could be sung. The single was released on download on 26October 2008, followed by the physical release the day after.
On 30 October, it was announced that the British Chancellor of the Exchequer, Alistair Darling, would waive all tax on copies sold on the single. He said, "I support the efforts being made by the X Factor contestants and in recognition of that I'm proposing effectively to waive the VAT on the sale of these singles. We will do that by making a donation equivalent to the value of the VAT." Following the single's release, the music video was sent to music channels on 8 November before the fifth live show, when the finalists (excluding Diana Vickers, absent because of illness) sang it again. All the finalists appeared in the video, which also showed still images of soldiers in Iraq.
Upon its release, the single was expected to top the charts in the United Kingdom, due to strong promotional push from Cowell and his management. On November 2, 2008, it debuted atop of the UK Singles Chart, staying there for three consecutive weeks and becoming the fastest-selling single of 2008. The song sold 100,000 copies in the first day of its release and 313,244 copies by the end of the week. It raised over £1 million for Help for Heroes.
It was suggested that the song would become one of the biggest-selling releases of the decade, with HMV spokesman Gennaro Castaldo saying: "This is proving to be one of the biggest single releases for years if not the decade. Only Leona Lewis's debut hit "A Moment Like This", which sold over 500,000 copies in its first week, can compare. It's selling more than most Christmas No 1s would, and HMV has placed an urgent order for more copies." On December 28, 2008, the UK Singles Chart listed it as the second biggest selling single for the year end countdown and the nineteenth best-selling single of the decade. The British Phonographic Industry (BPI) certified the song double-platinum, denoting shipments of over 1.2 million copies within the country.
Charts and certifications
- List of Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles of 1993
- List of Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles of 1994
- Nickson 1998, p. 55
- Nickson 1998, p. 57
- Nickson 1998, p. 80
- Nickson 1998, p. 86
- Nickson 1998, pp. 100–102
- Shapiro 2001, pp. 72–73
- Bronson 2003, p. 823
- Considine, J. D. (1998-11-17). "The Stars Align; It Is A Rare Day Indeed That Brings New Releases By Chart Toppers Garth Brooks, Jewel and Mariah Carey. We're All Ears.". The Baltimore Sun. Tribune Company. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- Mariah Carey, Walter Afanasieff (Composers and Lyricists) (1993). "Hero: Mariah Carey Digital Sheet Music" (Musicnotes). Musicnotes.com. Alfred Music Publishing. MN0049680 (Product Number). Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- Fox, Dan (February 21, 2007). World's Greatest Love Songs: 57 of the Most Popular Love Songs Ever Written. Alfred Music Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7390-4432-2.
- Nickson 1998, pp. 113
- Ingall 1997, pp. 137
- Wade 2010, pp. 110
- Morffitt 2010, pp. 73
- The Adventures of Mimi Tour DVD (American DVD liner notes). Mariah Carey. Island Records. 2006. 659444-9.
- Friedman, Roger (1998-12-12). "The Sound of Sameness". Spin. Bob Guccione, Jr. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- Friedman, Roger (2001-06-26). "Mariah Carey's 'Hero': The Envelope Please". Fox News. Fox Entertainment Group. News Corporation. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- Walker 2008, p. 55
- Brackett, Nathan. "Mariah Carey". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- Joyce, Mike (1993-09-03). "Big Voices Are Back: Carey, Braxton and Dayne". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- Gettelmem, Paul (1993-09-03). "Mariah Carey". Orlando Sentinel. Tribune Company. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- Holden, Stephen (1993-08-31). "Music Box by Mariah Carey". Rolling Stone (Wenner Media). Retrieved 2010-08-30.
- "Mariah Carey Album & Song Chart History". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- Nickson 1998, p. 50
- "Hot 100 Singles of the '90s". Billboard. December 25, 1999. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
- "The Year in Music". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 1994-12-24. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "RIAA – Gold & Platinum > Search Results (singles)". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- Nickson 1998, pp. 130
- "Top Singles – Volume 58, No. 17, November 06 1993". RPM. 1993-11-06. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "Top Singles – Volume 59, No. 22, December 11, 1993". RPM. 1993-12-25. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "The RPM Top 100 Hit Tracks of 1993". RPM. 1993-12-18. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "The RPM Top 100 Hit Tracks of 1993". RPM. 1993-12-25. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "Mariah Carey – Hero". ARIA Charts. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- Kent, David (2003). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Mariah Carey – Hero". French Singles Chart. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "Certifications Singles Argent – année 1994" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
- "Mariah Carey – Hero". Dutch Top 40. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "Search The Charts". The Irish Charts. Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- "Mariah Carey – Hero". New Zealand Singles Chart. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- Scapolo, Dean (2007). The Complete New Zealand Music Charts 1966–2006. ISBN 978-1-877443-00-8.
- "Mariah Carey – Hero". VG-lista. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "Norsk Platenbransje". VG-lista. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "Top 40 Official UK Singles Archive". The Official Charts Company. British Phonographic Industry. 1993-11-06. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "Top 40 Official UK Singles Archive". The Official Charts Company. British Phonographic Industry. 1993-11-13. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "Top 40 Official UK Singles Archive". The Official Charts Company. British Phonographic Industry. 2008-11-08. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "Top 40 Official UK Singles Archive". The Official Charts Company. British Phonographic Industry. 2008-11-22. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "Mariah Carey Official Top 20 Best Selling Singles in the UK". MTV. MTV Networks Europe. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved 2010-11-10.
- Shapiro 2001, p. 161
- "BMI: Repertoire Search". BMI Foundation. Broadcast Music Incorporated. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- "Mariah Carey: Hero". Mexican Singles Chart. Hung Medien. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- Mayfield, Geoff (2001-12-21). "Between the Bullets". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- Shaheem, Reid (2001-11-16). "Mariah Insists Her Greatest Work Isn't Always Most Popular". MTV News. MTV. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- Rolio, Sarah (2008-10-31). "Mariah Announces 'Ballads' Album". Digital Spy. Hachette Filipacchi Médias. Retrieved 2011-04-13. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "blk" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "blk" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- "Mariah Carey - Bio - C-SPAN Video Library". C-SPAN - Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network. CSPAN. 2010-11-22. Retrieved 2014-01-14.
- Nickson 1998, pp. 166
- Shapiro 2001, p. 124
- Schumacher-Rasmussen, Eric (2001-09-22). "Mariah Carey, Springsteen, Other Stars Sing For America On Telethon". MTV News. MTV. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- Mariotti, Jay (2003-02-07). "Freeze Out Melts Into Myth". Chicago Sun-Times. Sun-Times Media Group. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "Live 8 attracts 9.6m UK viewers". BBC News. BBC. 2005-07-04. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "Live 8: All the Backstage Gossip". BBC. 2005-07-04. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "Laura White is voted off X Factor". BBC News. BBC. 2008-11-08. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "Mariah Carey, Beyonce reveal Inaugural Songs". MSNBC. NBCUniversal. 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "Mariah Carey Performs for Walmart". Rap-Up. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- Argenson 2008, p. 20
- Argenson 2008, p. 27
- Argenson 2008, p. 35
- Argenson 2008, p. 40
- Argenson 2008, p. 45
- Argenson 2008, p. 52
- Argenson 2008, p. 58
- "Mariah Carey is Barack Obama's New Hero". Daily Mirror. Trinity Mirror. 2008-06-11. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- Holden, Stephen (1994-11-05). "Pop Review; Playful Aretha Franklin Plumbs Roots of Soul". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "The Night of the Champions: Regine Velasquez, Sarah Geronimo, Mark Bautista & Raymond Manalo... ready to wow Winnipeg!". The Filipino Journal. 2006-04-21. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- "Ancora". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2010-11-10.
- Murray, Elicia (2008-05-07). "Don't Look To Brian For Any Booty Tips". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- "Ancora". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2010-11-10.
- Greenfeld, Karl Taro (1993-09-23). "The Obsession of the Otaku Japan's Techo Kids Have Fashioned a World Driven By Trivia-and Barren of Human Contact". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- "'Idol' Viewers Are Holding Out For A Hero". MSNBC. NBCUniversal. 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- Cordova, Randy (2008-04-17). "Danny Gokey Is The Night’s ‘Hero’ On ‘Idol’". The Arizona Republic. Gannett Company. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- "Danny Gokey Is The Night’s ‘Hero’ On ‘Idol’". MSNBC. NBCUniversal. 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- Mansfield, Brian (2011-03-17). "Which Idol Goes Home". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "Love – Singles Best 2005–2010". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2010-11-10.
- Neos 2011, p. 8
- Hero (European CD Single liner notes). Mariah Carey. Columbia Records. 1993. 659734 1.
- Hero (European Maxi CD Single liner notes). Mariah Carey. Columbia Records. 1993. COL 659734 2.
- Hero (Japanese CD Single liner notes). Mariah Carey. Sony Records. 1993. SRDS 8267.
- Hero (U.S. Maxi CD Single liner notes). Mariah Carey. Columbia Records. 1993. 44K 77225.
- Carey, Mariah (1993). Music Box (Liner Notes) (Compact Disc). Mariah Carey. New York City, New York: Columbia Records.
- "Australian-charts.com – Mariah Carey – Hero". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Ultratop.be – Mariah Carey – Hero" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Hits of the World" (PDF). Billboard. February 12, 1994. p. 82. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- "Top RPM Singles: Issue 2326." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Top RPM Adult Contemporary: Issue 2376." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved May 31, 2015.
- "Hits of the World" (PDF). Billboard. November 27, 1993. p. 90. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- "Lescharts.com – Mariah Carey – Hero" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Mariah Carey - Hero" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Hero". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- マライア・キャリーのアルバム売り上げランキング (in Japanese). Oricon. Archived from the original on November 8, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 50, 1993" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Mariah Carey – Hero" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
- "Charts.org.nz – Mariah Carey – Hero". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – Mariah Carey – Hero". VG-lista. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Mariah Carey – Hero". Singles Top 100. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Mariah Carey: Artist Chart History" Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 20, 2015. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "sc_UKsinglesbyname_Mariah_Carey" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- "Mariah Carey – Chart history" Billboard Hot 100 for Mariah Carey. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Mariah Carey – Chart history" Billboard Adult Contemporary for Mariah Carey. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Mariah Carey – Chart history" Billboard Hot Latin Songs for Mariah Carey. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- "Mariah Carey – Chart history" Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs for Mariah Carey. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Mariah Carey – Chart history" Billboard Pop Songs for Mariah Carey. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Mariah Carey – Chart history" Billboard Rhythmic Songs for Mariah Carey. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "The RPM Top 100 AC Tracks of 1993". RPM. 18 December 1993. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- "Jaarlijsten 1993" (in Dutch). Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Najlepsze single na UK Top 40-1993 wg sprzedaży" (in Polish). Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 11, 2015.
- "The ARIA Australian Top 100 Singles 1994". Australian Record Industry Association Ltd. Archived from the original on 2015-10-25. Retrieved 2015-10-25.
- "RPM Top 100 AC Tracks of 1994". RPM. December 12, 1994. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Classement Singles - année 1994" (in French). SNEP. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Top 100 Single-Jahrescharts" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- "Jaarlijsten 1994" (in Dutch). Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "Top Selling Singles of 1994". RIANZ. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "The Year in Music: 1994" (PDF). Billboard. December 24, 1994. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- David Kent (2006). Australian Chart Book 1993-2005. Australia: Turramurra, N.S.W. : Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-45889-2.
- "Certifications Singles Argent - année 1994" (in French). SNEP. Archived from the original on March 3, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "New Zealand single certifications – Mariah Carey – Hero". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "IFPI Norsk platebransje" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway. Archived from the original on July 25, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- "British single certifications – Mariah Carey – Hero". British Phonographic Industry. Enter Hero in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Select Silver in the field By Award. Click Search
- "American single certifications – Mariah Carey – Hero". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2012-12-12. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
- Trust, Gary (February 19, 2014). "Ask Billboard: Katy Perry Regains No. 1 Momentum". Billboard. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- Nathan, Sarah (4 October 2008). "A Song for Heroes". The Sun. News UK. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
- "X Factor Single Hero Tops The Charts". The Daily Telegraph. Press Holdings. 2008-11-02. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "X Factor Secret Single Revealed". Daily Star. Richard Desmond. 2008-10-04. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "X Factor Song To Be The Fastest Seller?". Entertainment UK. EMI Records. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
- Nathan, Sarah (2008-10-04). "Be a Hero". The Sun. News International. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "Duffy and Burke top 2008 charts". BBC News (BBC). 2008-12-29. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "Certified Awards Search". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- Blackler, Zoe (2008-11-03). "X Factor charity single Hero Goes to No. 1". The Times. News Corporation. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "British single certifications – X-Factor Finalists – Hero". British Phonographic Industry. Enter Hero in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Select Platinum in the field By Award. Click Search
- Argenson, Jim (2008), Mariah Carey Concert Tours, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 1-155-56204-6
- Bronson, Fred (2003), The Billboard Book of Number 1 Hits, Billboard Books, ISBN 0-8230-7677-6
- Ingall, Carol (1997), Metaphors, Maps, and Mirrors, Praeger, ISBN 9781567503012
- Moffitt, Maryellen (2010), See It, Be It, Write It, Free Spirit Publishing, ISBN 1-57542-347-2
- Neos, Bridget (2011), Rihanna, Rosen Central, ISBN 1-4488-2262-9
- Nickson, Chris (1998), Mariah Carey revisited: her story, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 9780312195120
- Shapiro, Marc (2001), Mariah Carey: The Unauthorized Biography, ECW Press, ISBN 9781554904440
- Wade, Darlene (2010), I Am Not Afraid of the Boogey Man, Xulon Press, ISBN 978-1609573225
- Walker, James (2008), This Business of Urban Music, Billboard Books, ISBN 1-4502-4644-3