Abd al-Qadir Qaddura

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Abd al-Qadir Qaddura
عبد القادر قدورة
Speaker of the People's Council
In office
1999–2002
Preceded by Abd al-Qadir Qaddura
Succeeded by Muhammad Naji al-Otari
In office
10 September 1994 – 9 September 1998
Preceded by Abd al-Qadir Qaddura
Succeeded by Abd al-Qadir Qaddura
In office
11 June 1990 – 10 June 1994
Preceded by Abd al-Qadir Qaddura
Succeeded by Abd al-Qadir Qaddura
In office
19 February 1988 – 16 February 1990
Preceded by Mahmoud Zuabi
Succeeded by Abd al-Qadir Qaddura
Member of the Regional Command of the Syrian Regional Branch
Personal details
Born 1935
Al-Braika
Died 2013
Nationality Syrian
Political party Syrian Regional Branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party

Abd al-Qadir Qaddura (عبد القادر قدورة) is a Syrian politician. He was formerly a leading member of the Syria-based wing of the Ba'ath Party, in the era of President Hafez al-Assad (in power 1970-2000). Qaddura served as speaker of the People's Council—the Syrian parliament—for much of the 1990s. He lost his post on the Ba'ath Party's leading board, the Regional Command, in 2005, as President Bashar al-Assad retired several main names from the Hafiz era.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in 1935 in the Circassian village of al-Braika, Qaddura was the son of Ibrahim al-Mughribi, chief of the Damascus Police during the era of President Mohammad Ali al-Abid(1932-1936). Mughrabi, of Libyan origin, often advised his son not to work in politics, saying, "A stranger should behave...what do you think you are going to become, another Shukri al-Quwatli?"

Qaddura studied briefly at the American University of Beirut, then went into the Chemistry Department at Damascus University. During the 1950s, Qaddura rose to fame as a student activist in the Ba'ath Party, long before it came to power, and co-staged demonstrations to bring down the regime of President Adib al-Shishakli in 1954. During the early years of Ba'ath Party rule, he was arrested twice, spending a total of two years in jail, and was expelled from the party by its strongman, Salah Jadid, only to be released after the Arab-Israeli War of 1967. During his prison term, he spent time at the infamous Tadmor prison with ranking pre-Ba'ath politicians like Rushdi al-Kikhia, of the Aleppo-based, People's Party.

Career[edit]

Qadddura become a ranking member of the Syrian government after Hafiz al-Assad came to power in 1970. He served in the state-run public sector, as CEO of Tameco, manufacturing medicine, and became Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs in 1980-1985. Twice he served as Acting Prime Minister but left his job to become Head of the Economic Bureau at the Regional Command of the Ba'ath Party in the 1980s. Qaddura became Speaker of the Syrian Parliament in 1987,[1] and held this job non-stop, until he was replaced in 2003.[2] Qaddura is the longest serving speaker in Syrian history, followed immediately by Faris al-Khoury, who stayed at the job for 9-years.

Personal life[edit]

He is married to a Damascene lady from the Jouakhi family and has four children, Nourallah, Louai, Azzah, and Layla. His eldest son Nourallah, is active as a medical doctor, poet, and musician, and married to the niece of current Ambassador to the UK, Sami Khiyami. His eldest son Qays died in a car accident in 1992, while studying medicine at Damascus University.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zisser, Eyal (2001). Asad's legacy: Syria in transition. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. p. 187. ISBN 1-85065-450-6. 
  2. ^ Zîser, Eyāl (2007). Commanding Syria: Bashar al-Asad and the first years in power. I.B.Tauris. p. 70. ISBN 1-84511-153-2.