|Population||19,430 (ward. Adel and Wharfedale)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Adel is a suburb of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. To its immediate south is Weetwood, to the west are Cookridge and Holt Park, to the east are Alwoodley and Moortown, and to the north are Bramhope, Arthington and Eccup.
In common with many areas of Leeds it is not easy to define the boundaries of Adel, but Adel Church and the two schools are well to the east of Otley Road, the A660, although the post office is on that road.
Adel is situated near the site of a Roman fort, the ancient road from Tadcaster to Ilkley passing nearby. (The footpath by the side of Long Causeway was said to be made from the original Roman stones, until they were removed by the council in the 1960s because they were unsafe. Some of the footpath has been replaced, starting at the junction between Long Causeway and Stairfoot Lane, and continuing up to the entrance of Bedquilts playing fields.) Several inscribed stones from the Romano-British period were discovered in Adel, also a number of Anglo-Saxon stones were discovered in the church foundations during restoration work in 1864. Some of these items are on display in the Leeds City Museum, Cookridge Street.
The Roman name for the area is long thought to have been Burgodunum, but the Yorkshire Archaeological Society argues that this is "dubious". An alternative name is also Burgodurum, meaning the Fort by the Waterway. It has also been suggested that this was shortened to Burden, which is similar in sound to the Celtic Verdun, found in Belgium. It is probable that an Angle village sprang up around the fort and that a church was built in the village. Adel is mentioned in the 1086 Domesday Book as Adele. Another spelling used until 1816 is Addle. Most recent authorities derive the name from the Old English adela ‘dirty, muddy place’, but arguments have also been made for a personal name Ada (or similar Anglo-Saxon names such as Eadda, Eada or Ædda) + Old English lēah 'open ground, lea' (compare the terminus spelling of nearby Headingley DB: Hedingelei & hedingeleia).
In 1152, the nearby Cistercian abbey at Kirkstall was founded. At the same time, the church of St John the Baptist was built in Adel to replace the older Saxon building. Although the present church is Norman, it looks quite similar to the late 7th century Anglo-Saxon church in Ledsham village, "the oldest church (and the oldest building) standing in West Yorkshire".
The Church of St John the Baptist, Adel parish church, is described as "one of the best and most complete Norman churches in Yorkshire". It is a Grade I listed building; the sundial, mounting block and several memorials are Grade II listed.
It was built in Romanesque style around 1150–1170 and has been little altered since, although a bell-cote was added in 1838–39 by R. D. Chantrell. The doorway, protected by a modern wooden roof, has an ornately carved arch with animals heads and zig-zag patterns; inside, there are 81 decorative corbels on the north and south walls with animals and representations of Christ's baptism and crucifixion, and the chancel arch has 37 grotesque beakheads and zig-zag decoration. Above the south doorway, the gable was filled with panels with the Evangelists and Christ in Majesty.
The medieval font has an oak canopy by Eric Gill, and possibly a leper's window survives in the chancel though the evidence for this is poor given the nearest Leper Colony was some distance away and other churches were much closer.
The Romanesque bronze doorknocker, often referred to as a Sanctuary Ring, is a replica, as the original was stolen in 2002. It was 'probably made in York c. 1200 (cf. All Saints' Pavement, York)' and 'was of excellent quality ... with a monster's head, probably a lion, clasping the ring and a man's head protruding from its mouth'. The sculpture has been understood to represent the animal swallowing a person, a warning of mankind's fate at the Day of Judgment, but it has also been suggested that 'there is nothing exaggeratedly fearsome about this lion that we should assume the man is being eaten ... he could be waking up, taking a breath, coming out of the mouth rather than being chewed or swallowed'.
Because of thefts of stones from the graveyard, all the church's paving stones are engraved with crosses.
Adel Dam, a wildlife reserve owned and operated by Yorkshire Wildlife Trust, was opened in May 1968. The reserve covers 19 acres and there are two hides. Leeds Birdwatchers' Club originally developed the site and the Yorkshire Wildlife Trust acquired the reserve in 1987.
Adel is a mainly residential area of Leeds close to Adel Crags and the Meanwood Valley Trail and has a distinctive countryside feel. Adel also has two primary schools, St John the Baptist Primary School and Adel Primary School.
Close to Adel Church is York Gate, an old farmhouse with a landscaped garden and a pavement maze in the driveway. The gardens, owned by Perennial, the Gardeners' Royal Benevolent Society, are open to the public on regular occasions.
Also close to the church is the Adel Memorial Hall and sports ground. The hall was opened on 14 November 1928 as a memorial to those killed in the First World War. The engraved 20 ton stone outside the hall was moved from Adel Moor in May 1922 and erected on the site of the then future hall. The hall is home to the Bowmen of Adel, who hosted the Scorton Arrow in 1962, 1967, 1970 and 1988, and also Adel Players, an amateur dramatics group founded in 1945 that puts on three productions a year.
Leeds Adel Hockey Club a large hockey club with men's, women's, mixed and junior teams is based here.
Asda in Holt Park is incorrectly called "Asda at Adel", perhaps because, although geographically incorrect, the term Adel is a historical term that can be traced back many centuries, whereas the term "Holt Park" does not predate the area itself.
Adel Crag located near Adel Woods Car Park is an isolated rocky outcrop featuring two crags made of gritstone. There are currently 17 climbable routes that have been recorded by climbers who visit Adel Crag for bouldering.
- Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Adel Settlement Archived 1 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 1 January 2018
- A. L. F. Rivet and Colin Smith, however this is unsubstantiated and has never been proven absolutely.
- The Place-Names of Roman Britain (London: Batsford, 1979), pp. 510–14.
- Mills, A. D. (2003). Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-852758-6.
- Harry Parkin, Your City's Place-Names: Leeds, English Place-Name Society City-Names Series, 3 (Nottingham: English Place-Names Society, 2017), p. 12.
- Alaric Hall, 'On the Etymology of Adel', in Wawnarstræti (alla leið til Íslands) lagt Andrew Wawn 65 ára 27. október 2009, ed. by Robert Cook, Terry Gunnell, Margrét Eggertsdóttir and Þórunn Sigurðardóttir (Reykjavík: Menningar- og minningjasjóður Mette Magnussen, 2009), pp. 39–42; http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/10184/.
- Wrathmell, Susan; Minnis, John (2005). Leeds. Pevsner architectural guides. Yale U.P. p. 268. ISBN 0-300-10736-6.
- Historic England. "Church, grade I listed (1255610)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- Historic England. "Sundial, grade II listed (1255616)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- Historic England. "Mounting block, grade II listed (1255583)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- Historic England. "Memorial to Zinai Wormald, grade II listed (1255582)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- Historic England. "Memorial to Audus Hirst, grade II listed (1255620)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- Historic England. "Memorial to Eliza and William Hill, grade II listed (1255581)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- Linstrum, Derek (1969). Historic Architecture of Leeds. Oriel Press. p. 8.
- Wrathmell, Susan; Minnis, John (2005). Leeds. Pevsner architectural guides. Yale U.P. pp. 268–70. ISBN 0-300-10736-6.
- Rita Wood, 'The Romanesque Sculpture at Adel Church, West Riding — A Suggested Interpretation', Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, 85 (2013), 97–130 (p. 108).
- Wrathmell, Susan; Minnis, John (2005). Leeds. Pevsner architectural guides. Yale U.P. p. 269. ISBN 0-300-10736-6.
- Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Yorkshire, West Riding, 2nd edn by Enid Radcliffe (London: Penguin, 1967), p. 339.
- Reitwiesner, William Addams; Wood, Michael J. "The Ancestry of Kate Middleton". wargs.com. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
- "Adel Dam Nature Reserve". Yorkshire Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
- North Leeds Life, May 2018
- York Gate Garden, accessed 13 January 2016
- Adel Methodist Church Archived 5 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 13 January 2016
- Leeds Quakers - Adel History, accessed 13 January 2016
- "Adel Crag". Logbook. UK Climbing. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
- Adel Crag Community Association website, local information
- St John's church website
-  Adel Methodist Church
- Adel Quaker Meeting
- Yorkgate garden website
- Bowmen of Adel
- Adel Players
- Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture in Britain and Ireland scholarly description of church carvings including many detailed photographs
- The ancient parish of Adel: historical and genealogical information at GENUKI.
- Leodis View photographs of Adel on the Leeds photographic archive.
- Adel in the Domesday Book
- Major Romano-British Settlement Adel, West Yorkshire
- The Old Stones of Adel Church
- Adel Primary School