Moreira in concert in 2007
|Birth name||Airto Guimorvan Moreira|
August 5, 1941|
|Genres||Jazz, jazz fusion, Brazilian jazz, pop|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, bandleader, composer|
|Labels||One Way, CTI, Arista, Warner Music Japan|
|Associated acts||Flora Purim, Return to Forever, Miles Davis, Hermeto Pascoal, Heraldo do Monte|
Airto Moreira was born in Itaiópolis, Brazil, into a family of folk healers, and raised in Curitiba and São Paulo. Showing an extraordinary talent for music at a young age, he became a professional musician at age 13, noticed first as a member of the samba jazz pioneers Sambalanço Trio and for his landmark recording with Hermeto Pascoal in Quarteto Novo in 1967. Shortly after, he followed his wife Flora Purim to the United States.
After moving to the US, Moreira began playing regularly with jazz musicians in New York, including the bassist Walter Booker. Through Booker, Moreira began playing with Joe Zawinul, who in turn introduced him to Miles Davis. At this time Davis was experimenting with electronic instruments and rock and funk rhythms, a form which would soon come to be called jazz fusion. Moreira was to participate in several of the most important projects of this emerging musical form. He stayed with Davis for about two years, touring and participating in the creation of the seminal fusion recording Bitches Brew (1970).
Shortly after leaving Davis, Moreira joined other Davis alumni Zawinul, Wayne Shorter and Miroslav Vitous in their group Weather Report, playing percussion on their first album (1971). He left Weather Report (replaced by Dom Um Romão and Muruga Booker for their Sweetnighter album) to join fellow Davis alumnus Chick Corea's new band Return to Forever. He played drums on Return to Forever's first two albums: Return to Forever and Light as a Feather in 1972.
Moreira was a contributor to many of Grateful Dead percussionist Mickey Hart's world music/percussion albums in Rykodisc's The World collection, including The Apocalypse Now Sessions, Dafos, Supralingua, and Planet Drum, which won a World Music Grammy in 1991. He can be heard playing congas on Eumir Deodato's 1970s space-funk hit "Also sprach Zarathustra" on the album Prelude.
Moreira has played with many of the greatest names in jazz including Cannonball Adderley, Lee Morgan, Paul Desmond, Dave Holland, Jack DeJohnette, John McLaughlin, Keith Jarrett, Al Di Meola, Zakir Hussain, George Duke and Mickey Hart. He has also played with the Latin/fusion rock band Santana, with symphony orchestras, and as a solo percussionist. During live performances he often includes a samba solo, where he emulates the sound of an entire band using just a single pandeiro.
In addition to jazz concerts and recordings, he has composed and contributed music to film and television (including scores for Apocalypse Now and Last Tango in Paris), played at the re-opening of the Library of Alexandria, Egypt (along with fellow professor of ethnomusicology Halim El-Dabh), and taught at UCLA and the California Brazil Camp.
Moreira is known to play pandeiro, cuica, congas, bongos, shekere, talking drum, tambourine, maracas, shaker, triangle, cowbell,Metal Percussion instruments built by Pete Engelhart, caxixi, drums, Afoxé, tubular bells, snare drum, berimbau, temple blocks, ganza, surdo, bell tree, wood blocks, jam block, mark tree, cymbals, cabasa, bass drum, timbales, gong, tamborim, drum machine, vibraphone, djembe, floor tom, whistles, conch shell, tom-tom, bells, tabla, hi-hats, sleigh bells, agogo bells, guiro, marimba, castanets and beat box. He is also a capable singer.
- Moreira was voted the number one percussionist in "Down Beat Magazine's Critics Poll" for the years 1975 through 1982 and most recently in 1993.
- In September 2002, Brazil's President Fernando Henrique Cardoso added Moreira and Purim to the "Order of Rio Branco", one of Brazil's highest honors.
- 1970: Natural Feelings (Buddah/One Way) – Flora Purim, Hermeto Pascoal, Ron Carter and Sivuca.
- 1971: Seeds on the Ground (Buddah/One Way ) – Purim, Pascoal, Carter, Sivuca, Dom Um Romão, and Severino de Oliveira.
- 1972: Free (CTI) – featuring Purim, Chick Corea, Keith Jarrett, Stanley Clarke
- 1973: Fingers (CTI) – Purim, David Amaro, Hugo Fattoruso, Osvaldo Fattoruso and Ringo Thielmann
- 1974: Virgin Land (CTI) Purim, Amaro, Clarke, Alex Blake, Eddie Daniels, Gaye DeLorme, George Duke, George Marge, Jane Taylor, Kenny Ascher, and Milcho Leviev
- 1975: Identity – Purim, Amaro, Egberto Gismonti, Herbie Hancock, John Heard, John Williams, Luis Johnson, Raúl de Souza, Roberto, Ted Lo and Wayne Shorter
- 1976: Promises of the Sun (Arista) – Purim, de Souza, Hugo Fattoruso, Milton Nascimento, Novelli, and Toninho Horta
- 1977: I'm Fine, How Are You? (Warner Music Japan) – featuring Hugo Fattoruso, de Souza, Ruben Rada, Jaco Pastorius on "Nativity"
- 1979: Touching You… Touching Me (Warner Music Japan) – Purim, Fatturoso, Al Ciner, Alphonso Johnson, Bayette, George Duke, George Sopuch, Herb Alpert, Joe Farrell, Jose Bertrami, Laudir de Oliveira, Manolo Badrena, Marcos Valle, Michael Boddicker, Nivaldo Ornellas, Peter Bunetta, Richard Feldman and The Sweet Inspirations
- 1984: Misa Espiritual: Airto's Brazilian Mass (Harmonia Mundi) – Gil Evans, WDR Big Band, WDR Strings, Marcos Silva
- 1985: Three-way Mirror – with Purim and Joe Farrell (his last recording)
- 1986: Latino: Aqui Se Puede (Montuno) – Purim, Alphonso Johnson, Cachete Maldonado, Donaldo Alias, Frank Colon, Geni da Silva, Giovanni Hidalgo, Jeff Elliot, Farrell, Jorge Dalto, Kei Akagi, Keith Jones, Larry Nass, Laudir de Oliveira, Neves, Rafael Jose, de Souza, Tite Curet Alonso and Tony Moreno
- 1988: Samba De Flora (Montuno) – Purim, Johnson, Angel Maldonado, Bruce Bigenho, David Tolegian, Dom Camardella, Alias, Colon, Hidalgo, Eliot, Jill Avery, Farrell, Dalto, Akagi, Jones, Nass, de Oliveira, Luiz Munoz, Michael Shapiro, Jose, Randy Tico, de Souza, Roland Bautista, Rolando Gingras and Moreno
- 1989: Struck by Lightning (Venture) – Purim, Bob Harrison, Corea, Gary Meek, Hancock, Jose Neto, Junior Homrich, Marcos Silva, Mark Egan, Mike Shapiro, Randy Tico and Stanley Clarke
- 1989: Killer Bees (B&W Music BW041) – Purim, Corea, Meek, Hancock, Hiram Bullock, Mark Egan and Clarke
- 1992: The Other Side of This (Rykodisc) – for Mickey Hart's The World series
- 1993: Revenge of the Killer Bees (remix of Killer Bees) (Electric Melt)
- 1999: Homeless (MELT 2000)
- 1999: Code: Brasil Target: Recife (MELT 2000)
- 2003: Life After That with daughter Diana, Purim, plus Oscar Castro Neves and others
- 2017: Aluê with Diana Purim, Carlos Ezequiel, José Neto, Sizão Machado, Vítor Alcântara, Fabio Leandro. (Selo Sesc, Brazil)
With Fourth World
- Fourth World Recorded live at Ronnie Scott's (1992)
- Fourth World (1994)
- Fourth World (Live) (1995)
- Encounters of the Fourth World (1995)
- Last Journey (1999)
As band member
With Quarteto Novo
- Quarteto Novo (1967)
With Cannonball Adderley
- Phenix (Fantasy, 1975)
With Antonio Carlos Jobim
- "Jobim"' (1973)
With Jacob Anderskov
- Ears to the Ground (2008)
With Gato Barbieri
With George Benson
- White Rabbit (CTI, 1972)
With Kenny Burrell
- God Bless the Child (CTI, 1971)
With Donald Byrd
- Kofi (1969)
- Electric Byrd (1970)
With Hank Crawford
- Help Me Make it Through the Night (Kudu, 1972)
With Miles Davis
- The Complete Bitches Brew Sessions (1969–70)
- The Complete Jack Johnson Sessions (1969–70)
- Live at the Fillmore East, March 7, 1970: It's About that Time (Recorded 1970)
- Black Beauty: Live at the Fillmore West (Recorded 1970)
- Miles Davis at Fillmore (Recorded 1970)
- Bitches Brew Live (Recorded 1969–1970)
- The Cellar Door Sessions (1970)
- Live-Evil (1971)
- Big Fun (1974)
- Get Up With It (1975)
- Miles at the Fillmore - Miles Davis 1970: The Bootleg Series Vol. 3 (Columbia Legacy, 2014)
With Eumir Deodato
- Prelude (CTI, 1973)
With Paul Desmond
- Summertime (A&M/CTI, 1968)
- From the Hot Afternoon (A&M/CTI, 1969)
- Bridge Over Troubled Water (A&M/CTI, 1970)
With Al Di Meola
With Frank Foster
- The Loud Minority (Mainstream, 1972)
With Andreas Georgiou
- Asate (2003)
With Stan Getz
- Captain Marvel (Verve, 1972)
With Astrud Gilberto
With Dizzy Gillespie
With Jim Hall
- Where Would I Be? (Milestone, 1971)
With Johnny Hammond
- Breakout (Kudu, 1971)
With Mickey Hart
- The Apocalypse Now Sessions: The Rhythm Devils Play River Music (Passport, 1980)
- Däfos (1983)
- At the Edge (1990)
- Planet Drum (1991)
- Mickey Hart's Mystery Box (1996)
- Supralingua (1998)
- Betwixt & Between (A&M/CTI, 1969)
With Stephen Kent
- Stephen Kent Live at Starwood (2005)
With Hubert Laws
With Edu Lobo
- Sergio Mendes Presents Lobo (A&M, 1970)
- Cantiga de Longe (1971)
With Milton Nascimento
- Courage (A&M/CTI, 1969)
- Goldenwings (1976)
With Hermeto Pascoal
- Slaves Mass (1976)
With Duke Pearson
- How Insensitive (1969)
With Flora Purim
- Butterfly Dreams (1973)
With Return to Forever
With Lawson Rollins
- Infinita (2008)
- Espirito (2010)
- Borboletta (Columbia, 1974)
With Don Sebesky
- Giant Box (CTI, 1973)
With Buddy Terry
- Pure Dynamite (Mainstream, 1972)
With Belinda Underwood
- Underwood Uncurling (2005)
With Weather Report
- Weather Report (1971)
With Randy Weston
- Blue Moses (CTI, 1972)
With Dee Dee Bridgewater
- Just Family (Elektra, 1977)
With Joni Mitchell
- Don Juan's Reckless Daughter (surdo on "The Tenth World" and "Dreamland") (Asylum, 1977)
- 2006: Airto & Flora Purim: The Latin Jazz All-Stars
- Mei, Giancarlo (2017). Spiriti Liberi. L'Avventura Brasiliana Di Flora Purim & Airto Moreira (official biography) (in Italian). Rome, Italy: Arcana Jazz. ISBN 978-8862319546.
- Yanow, Scott. "Airto Moreira". AllMusic. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
- "M.E.L.T. 2000 artist's bio". Melt2000.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-22.
- "Europe Jazz Network Bio". Ejn.it. September 30, 2003. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
- Seachrist, Denise A. (2003). The Musical World of Halim El-Dabh. Kent, Ohio, United States: Kent State University Press 296 pp ISBN 0-87338-752-X
- "Downbeat Magazine: check the years mentioned". Downbeat.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
- "VIEW Listing". View.com. Retrieved 2011-10-22.