Monufia Governorate on the map of Egypt
|Seat||Shibin El Kom|
|• Governor||Dr. Hesham Abdel Baset |
|• Total||2,543.03 km2 (981.87 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
Monufia Governorate  (Egyptian Arabic: محافظة المنوفية El El Monofeya IPA: [elmenoˈfejjæ, -monoˈ-]) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is located in the northern part of the country in the Nile Delta, to the south of Gharbia governorate and to the north of Cairo. The governorate is named after Menouf, an ancient city which was the capital of the governorate until 1826. The current governor is doctor Ashraf Helal.
The capital of the Monufia Governorate is the city of Shibin El Kom. The main cities of the governorate are Quesna, Tala, Bagour, Menouf, Ashmoun and Sers El Lyan. It is a mainly an agricultural governorate, but it also has three industrial zones with factories specialized in manufacturing textiles, steel and ceramics. The three industrial zones are located in Shibin El Kom, Sadat City and Quesna.
In 1826 Mohammed Ali transferred the capital of Monufia from Menouf to Shibin El Kom as the later fell exactly in the center of the governorate. Other than Shibin El Kom, the governorate had four other administrative divisions which are Quesna, Tala, Menouf and Ashmoun. In 1942, El Shohada became a new administrative division and included parts from Shibin El Kom and Tala. In 1947, Bagour was created to encompass regions from Menouf, Ashmoun, Quesna and Shibin El Kom. In 1955, five villages were taken from Tala and redistributed to Tanta. in 1960, Berket El Sabe'e (Lake of the Lion) was established and consisted of former towns and villages of Tala, Quesna and Shibin El Kom. In 1975, Sers El Lyan became a city rather than a village after it was separated from Menouf. In 1991, the Sadat City was annexed to Monufia being its only region west of the Rosetta branch. In the final round of the 2012 Egyptian presidential election, Monufia had the highest voter turnout rate of all governorates (61.5%) as well as the most overwhelming support for candidate Ahmed Shafik (71.5%).
The governorate is famous for the production of crops like cotton, maize and wheat as well as vegetable crops such as potatoes and green beans of which a large part is exported. Agricultural land is irrigated with water from the Rosetta and Damietta branches of the Nile. Agriculture is generally the main activity of the population due to the fertile land in the Nile Delta.
In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS), under the auspices of USAID, had several water, road, and other projects, going on in several markazes in the Monufia Governorate.
- "Egypt's Government Governorates Directory". Retrieved 17 October 2017. Check date values in:
- "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015". CAPMAS.
- "الصفحة الرئيسية - دليل المناطق الصناعية". www.monofeya.gov.eg. Retrieved 2016-03-26. horizontal tab character in
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- "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program" (PDF). USAID. Retrieved 19 October 2016.