Arif Hussain Hussaini
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|Arif Hussain al Hussaini|
|Religion||Usuli Twelver Shia Islam|
|Other names||Arabic: عارف حسين الحسيني
Urdu: علامه عارف حسين الحسينى
November 25, 1946|
|Died||5 August 1988
|Cause of death||Assassination|
|Based in||Parachinar, Pakistan|
|Period in office||1984–1988|
|Predecessor||Mufti Jafar Hussain|
|Post||Leader of Tehrik-e-Jafaria|
Arif Hussain al-Hussaini was born on 25 November 1946 in the Village Piwaar of Kurram Agency, Parachinar into the house of Fazal Hussain Shah. His family belongs to the Husseini branch of Syeds, which trace descent to the fourth Shi'a imam, Zayn al-‘Ābidīn. The specific local branch name was Duparzai. Arif received his primary education at his home town government primary school and later went on to Parachinar to complete his matriculation. Later he got admission into the Madressa Jafria Parachinar from where he went to the Iraqi city of Najaf for further studies, where he also studied under Ayatollah Khomeini in Iraq. In 1973 he returned home and married, and a year later went to the holy city of Qom, Iran to join the Hauza Ilmia. In 1975 and 1977 he went on Haj. Due to the his involvement [clarification needed] in Kurrum Agency and also for Madressah-e-Jaffaria in Parachinar, Abid Hussain al Hussaini[who?] called him for help.
He was sent back to Pakistan in 1977 to mobilize the Shia community, and also in that year was the first person to recite a majlis in Pashto, unusual in that the great majority of Pashtuns are Sunni rather than Shia. He also leveraged funding from the Shia Pakistani diaspora in the Persian Gulf to create the Alamdar Foundation in his hometown of Parachinar.
Leadership of Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan
In a meeting of 28 persons called in Bhakkar, Punjab, Arif Hussain was given the leadership of Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan, five months after the death of Mufti Jafar Hussain on February 10, 1984 in Bhakkar. He was recommended by Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Hussain Najafi and other.
Hussaini was killed in Peshawar on August 5, 1988. After having prayed at a local mosque, he was confronted by two gunmen and shot; The attackers escaped but were later arrested. Hussaini died of his wounds while being transported by ambulance to a local hospital.
His body was taken from Peshawar to his native village of Peiwar by helicopter. The former President General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and special representatives of the Iranian government participated in his funeral rites. The Iranian government supported the construction of a mazar over his grave in Peshawar.
- Mufti Jafar Hussain
- Muhammad Hussain Najafi
- Muhammad Nawaz Irfani
- Sheikh Rajab Ali
- Sheikh Ali Madad
- Sheikh Fida Hussain Muzahiri
- Alessandro Monsutti; Silvia Naef; Farian Sabahi (2007). The Other Shiites: From the Mediterranean to Central Asia. Peter Lang. pp. 106–. ISBN 978-3-03911-289-0.