Fazlul Haque Amini

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Mufti Fazlul Hoque Amini
Born c. 1945[a]
Dhaka
Died 12 December 2012(2012-12-12)[1]
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Alma mater Jamia Binoria, Karachi University, Punjab University
Era Modern era
Region Islamic scholar
School Sunni Hanafi Deobandi
Main interests
Hadith, Islamic jurisprudence, writer

Fazlul Hoque Amini (c.1945 – 12 December 2012)[a] was an Islamic scholar and politician from Bangladesh. He served as a MP in the Parliament of Bangladesh[7] from 2002 to 2007. He was an expert in the fields of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh), hadith and tasawwuf. He also held a number of positions on the boards of qaumi madrasahs. He was also the principal of Jamia Qurania Arabia Lalbagh in Lalbagh, Dhaka, one of the largest Deobandi Islamic schools of Bangladesh.

Career[edit]

Mufti Amini was the chairman of a faction of Islami Oikya Jote (IOJ),[1] and also a leader of Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat. He was a former component of the BNP-led four-party alliance.

Views[edit]

He has been a voice against the Women Development Policy of 2011[8] and the Education Policy of 2012[9] formulated by the Awami League government after coming to power in January 2009, saying those were anti-Islamic.[10] Demanding cancellation of the policies, mainly for the women one, he campaigned among the Islamist parties and groups, and enforced shutdowns[11] in April–May 2011 under the banner of Islami Ain Bastobayon Committee (coalition of parties to implement the Islamic laws).

On women, Amini, in his booklet, termed[10] anti-Islamic the policy's section-23.5 that talks about women's equal opportunity and participation in employment, wealth, market and business. So is section 25.2, which seeks to give women full control over the wealth they accumulate through earning, inheritance, loans and market management, according to Amini.[dubious ]

At a gathering on 14 July 2011, Amini, speaking about the 15th Amendment to the Constitution, which among other things restored the principle of secularism and freedom of religion, said, "People will throw the constitution, from where the name of Allah has been dropped, into dustbin [sic]".[12][13] He was sued for sedition for this remark, although he argued that it was a figure of speech.[13][14] On 26 September 2011, the High Court ordered him to surrender to authorities immediately.[15] He spent the remainder of his life under what he termed "house arrest", his movements confined by police to his home and the IOJ party office in Lalbagh Thana, Dhaka.[6][16][17]

Amini's madrasa is now used as the Dhaka coordination office of Hefazat, who are similarly against the freedom of women. Watch and download a recent video of Shafi on women[18]

WikiLeaks cable[edit]

A WikiLeaks cable[19] describing a conversation of Amini with Chammas, the US ambassador in Dhaka of 14 December 2004, reveals many unknown thoughts of the IOJ leader.

Chammas wrote to Washington in the summary: "At a chance encounter with polcouns, IOJ chairman Fazlul Haq Amini denounced Jamaat Islami as power hungry, criticized the BDG on several fronts, opposed the proposed USD 2 billion Tata investment in Bangladesh, indicated the Awami League has offered him money to quit the ruling alliance, and described in general terms his vision for Bangladesh as a truly Islamic state. How, he asked, could IOJ could improve its image in the U.S. and why is the US Government anti-madrassah?"

Death[edit]

He died in Dhaka on 12 December 2012.[1]

Following his death, his son, Abul Hasnat Amini, became actively involved with Hefazat-e-Islam.[20]

Hefazat-e-Islam, led by Amini's teacher Ahmad Shafi,[citation needed] called for a 13-point movement against the government's policies and the demand of a blasphemy law.[21]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sources differ regarding Amini's date of birth. Prothom Alo and The Bangladesh Chronicle say he died at age 70.[2][3] According to risingbd.com he was born in 1943 and died at age 69.[4] Amar Desh and The Daily Sangram say he died at age 67. The latter specifies his birth date as 15 November 1945.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Mufti Fazlul Haque Amini Died". Taza Khobor. 2012-12-11. 
  2. ^ মুফতি ফজলুল হক আমিনীর ইন্তেকাল. Prothom Alo. 2012-12-12. তাঁর বয়স হয়েছিল ৭০ বছর [He was 70 years old] 
  3. ^ "Amini laid to rest". The Bangladesh Chronicle. 2012-12-12. Amini died ... at the age of 70. 
  4. ^ "Mufti Amini passes away". risingbd.com. 2012-12-12. He was 69 ... He was born in 1943. 
  5. ^ মুফতি ফজলুল হক আমিনী আর নেই : আমরা শোকাহত. Amar Desh. 2012-12-12. ফজলুল হক আমিনী (৬৭) বুধবার দিবাগত রাত সোয়া ১২টায় ইন্তেকাল [Huq Amini (67), died Wednesday night around 1 pm] 
  6. ^ a b আজ ১১ ডিসেম্বর মুফতী আমিনী (রহ:) এর প্রথম মৃত্যুবার্ষিকী. The Daily Sangram. 2013-12-11. ১৯৪৫ সনের ১৫ নভেম্বর বি-বাড়ীয়া জেলার আমিনপুর গ্রামের এক সম্ভ্রান্ত মুসলিম পরিবারে তাঁর জন্ম [On 15 November 1945 in Brahmanbaria district, he was born into a respectable Muslim family in the village of Aminapura] 
  7. ^ "Amini may quit from JS body today". The Daily Star. 2003-08-20. Retrieved 2010-06-16. 
  8. ^ "National Women Development Policy 2011" (PDF). Ministry of Women and Children Affairs. March 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-17. 
  9. ^ "Education Policy". Ministry of Education. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  10. ^ a b Rashidul Hasan (2011-04-11). "Amini versions skewed". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  11. ^ "Dozens injured as Bangladeshi Islamists protest women's equality laws". The Daily Telegraph. London. 2011-04-04. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  12. ^ Ahamed, Emajuddin (2012). "Constitutional Amendments". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  13. ^ a b "Amini defends 'dustbin' remarks". bdnews24.com. 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2015-09-22. 
  14. ^ "Amini sued for sedition". The Daily Star. 2011-08-12. Retrieved 2015-09-22. 
  15. ^ "Sedition Case: Amini's bail petition scrapped". bdnews24.com. 2011-09-26. Retrieved 2015-09-22. 
  16. ^ "Amini calls 3 'murtad'". The Daily Star. 2011-12-14. Retrieved 2015-09-22. 
  17. ^ "IOJ chief Amini is dead". bdnews24.com. 2012-12-11. Retrieved 2015-09-22. 
  18. ^ Manik Miazee; Muktasree Chakma Sathi (2013-07-09). "Shafi's video creating storm in social media". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  19. ^ "US embassy cable - 04DHAKA4266". Cables.mrkva.eu. 2004-12-15. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  20. ^ Manik Miazee (2013-04-28). "Hefazat-e-Islam threatens to take over Bangabhaban". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 
  21. ^ Manik Miazee (2013-05-04). "Shafi terms Hefazat's 13-point charter 'commitment to faith'". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 2015-04-17. 

Further reading[edit]