Ant spider

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ant spiders
Temporal range: Palaeogene–present
Mallinella.fulvipes.female.-.tanikawa.jpg
Female Mallinella fulvipes
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Opisthothelae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Zodariidae
Thorell, 1881[1]
Diversity[2]
84 genera, 1126 species
Distribution.zodariidae.1.png

Ant spiders are members of the family Zodariidae. They are small to medium-sized eight-eyed spiders found are found in all tropical and subtropical regions of South America, Africa, Madagascar, Australia-New Guinea, New Zealand, Arabia and the Indian subcontinent.[3] Most species are daytime hunters and live together with ants, mimicking their behavior and sometimes even their chemical traits.[3]Although little is known about most zodariids, members of the genus Zodarion apparently feed only on ants; a number of other genera in the family are apparently also ant (or termite) specialists.[4]

Genera[edit]

As of April 2017, the World Spider Catalog accepted the following genera:[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Family Zodariidae Thorell, 1881 (genus list)", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2017-04-28
  2. ^ "Currently valid spider genera and species", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2017-04-28
  3. ^ a b "Zodariidae ant spiders". Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  4. ^ "zodariid ground spiders". EOL-Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 2019-11-02.