British Airways Helicopters
The unit operated timetabled mail services in East Anglia during 1948 using their Sikorsky S-51s. A scheduled passenger service was operated during 1950 between Cardiff (Pengam Moors), Wrexham and Liverpool (Speke), also utilising the S-51s. These services were followed in 1954 by a passenger service between Southampton Eastleigh Airport, London Heathrow Airport and Northolt Airport using leased Bristol 171 helicopters. The 1955 passenger service was flown between Birmingham, Heathrow and London Gatwick Airport, again with the Bristol 171s.
A separate company was formed in 1964 as BEA Helicopters Limited and operated the first service between Penzance and the Scilly Islands on 1 May 1964 with a Sikorsky S-61. The airline later expanded into offshore oil support flights from July 1965. Operations from Aberdeen started in July 1967 and in 1971 from Sumburgh. With the change of name of the parent on the 31 March 1974 the airline was renamed British Airways Helicopters. In 1981 the airline bought five Boeing Vertol BV-234 Chinooks for use on the offshore oil support flights.
The company was involved in setting up the Airlink high-frequency helicopter shuttle service between Gatwick and Heathrow airports in 1978. It was responsible for engineering and maintenance of the BAA-owned helicopter and for providing the flight crew. It later passed these responsibilities to British Caledonian Helicopters.
In 1986 the airline was sold by British Airways to Robert Maxwell's Maxwell Aviation and renamed British International Helicopters. The successor company still operated the Penzance to Isles of Scilly route forty years after it was first scheduled, until it was cancelled in 2012.
- 1964–86 Sikorsky S-61
- 1968–84 Agusta-Bell 206 JetRanger
- 1974–81 Sikorsky S-58T
- 1978–83 Bell 212
- 1980–86 Boeing Vertol BV-234
- 1979–86 Sikorsky S-76
- 1982–86 Westland 30
- 1983–86 Aerospatiale AS.332L Super Puma
Helicopter Experimental Unit
Accidents and incidents
- On 11 March 1983 a Sikorsky S-61N (G-ASNL) crashed in the North Sea, 75 nautical miles (139 km) north east of Aberdeen. All crew and passengers were rescued but the helicopter sank and had to be recovered from the sea bed.
- On 16 July 1983 a Sikorsky S-61N (G-BEON) crashed on approach to St. Mary's, Isles of Scilly with the loss of 19 passengers and one crew member.
- On 2 May 1984 a Boeing 234 (G-BISO) crashed in the East Shetland Basin of the North Sea, 8 miles (13 km) north west of the Cormorant Alpha Rig. All crew and passengers were rescued by other helicopters and boats. Although not damaged in the accident the helicopter sank after 85 minutes. The aircraft was recovered for post accident investigation and later refurbished to fly again.
- Jackson 1973, p. 261
- Holland, Douglas (16 August 2006). "The Air Links between Gatwick and Heathrow" (PDF). p. 3. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- Air Accidents Investigation Branch Report on G-ASNL[permanent dead link]
- Air Accidents Investigation Branch Report on G-BEON[permanent dead link]
- Air Accidents Investigation Branch Report on G-BISO[permanent dead link]
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