Bhangarh Fort

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Bhangarh Fort

भानगढ दुर्ग

The owner is Bhagwant Das
Rajasthan, India
BhangarhFort2.jpg
Bhangarh fort
Bhangarh Fort is located in Rajasthan
Bhangarh Fort
Bhangarh Fort
Bhangarh Fort in Rajasthan
Coordinates 27°5′45″N 76°17′15″E / 27.09583°N 76.28750°E / 27.09583; 76.28750Coordinates: 27°5′45″N 76°17′15″E / 27.09583°N 76.28750°E / 27.09583; 76.28750
Type Fort
Site information
Owner Madho Singh (prior)
Government of India (current)
Open to
the public
Yes
Condition Vacant, A Tourist spot
Site history
Built 1631
Built by During Kaccwaha Rajput
Materials Stones and Bricks

The Bhangarh Fort (Hindi/Rajasthani: भानगढ़ दुर्ग) is a 17th-century fort built in the Rajasthan state of India.[1] It was built by Bhagwant Das for his younger son Madho Singh. The fort and its precincts are well preserved.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

The Bhangarh Fort is located on the border of the Sariska Reserve in the Aravali range of hills in Alwar district[4] of Rajasthan.[5] The nearest village is Gola ka Baas.[2] The fort is situated at the foot of the hills on sloping terrain. The ruins of the King’s palace are located on the lower slope of the hills; trees surround the pond area and a natural stream falls into the pond within the premises of the palace.[6]

The fort is located 235 kilometres (146 mi) from Delhi and the approach to the entrance gate of the fort in the last 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) stretch of the road is an unpaved road.[5] The fort is 20 miles (32 km) from Thana Ghazi.[6]

Legends[edit]

Exterior of Bhangarh Fort

There are three legends related to the history of the fort city, which is reported to be haunted. No one is allowed to remain in the precincts of the fort at night, as per the notice board put up by the Archaeological Survey of India at the entrance.[1][7] l;l; One version of the legend is that, a sadhu named Baba Balau Nath lived within the fort area. It was his injunction that any house built in the precincts of the fort should not be taller than his house and if the shadow of any such house fell on his house, it would result in destruction of the entire fort town.[8]

In another version, N.K. Sinhai, the wizard who was adept in black magic, fell in love with Ratnavati, the princess of Bhangarh. She was very beautiful and had suitors to marry her from many royal families of the country. One day the princess, at 18 years of age, went shopping with her friends and was buying Ittar (scent). The wizard saw this and replaced the scent with a love potion in order to ensnare the princess. He offered the potion to her so that she would take a liking to him and marry him.[8][9] However, the princess sensed the wizard's trickery. When he offered her the bowl of potion, she threw it onto a big boulder nearby. As a result, the boulder started rolling down towards the wizard and crushed him. Before he died, he made a curse that Bhangarh would be destroyed soon and no one would be able to live within its precincts. Subsequently, Bhangarh Fort was invaded by the Mughals from the north and the city was surrounded and sacked .10,000 people lived in the fort city at that time. All the people in the fort, including the princess, were killed. The present state of the fort is attributed to the curse of the wizard and people believe the ghosts in the fort are those of the princess and the wizard.

Ghost[edit]

The fort has been associated with several horror stories and is known as the most haunted place in India. According to different local folk stories, no one is allowed to enter the fort premises once the sun goes down. The locals of Bhangarh narrate several incidents where nomads or volunteers opted for a night stay in the fort, but never made a return from the fort the next morning. Therefore, strict restrictions have been imposed; you have to leave the fort premises before dusk. The main entrance to the fort is locked and remains out of harm’s way till the next morning.[10]

Features[edit]

Entering through the main gate of the completely ruined fort city, one can find temples, palaces, and havelis. In addition, there are four more points of entry to the fort – the Lahori Gate, the Ajmeri Gate, the Phulbari Gate, and the Delhi Gate. At the entrance of the main gate are many Hindu temples such as Hanuman Temple, Gopinath Temple, Someshwar Temple, Keshav Rai Temple, Mangla Devi Temple, Ganesh Temple, and Navin Temple.[5] The Gopinath Temple is built above a 14 ft raised plinth, and yellow stones are used for the exquisite carvings of the temple.[11] The residence of the priest, called the Purohitji Ki Haveli, is located in the precincts of the temple complex. Next in order is the Nachan Ki Haveli (dancer's palace) and Jauhari Bazar (market place), followed by the Gopinath Temple. The Royal Palace is located at the extreme end of the fort's limits.[5]

Bhangarh Fort
Interior of Bhangarh Fort[12]

The temples dedicated to Hanuman and Shiv Mahadev are built in the style of cenotaphs rather than temples. Jhiri marble has been used in their constructions, but presently they had been white washed. The Muslim tomb found outside the gate of the fort is reported to be that of one of the sons of King Hari Singh.[6]

Tourism[edit]

Bhangarh Fort ranks 1st in the list of haunted places in India and is one of the main tourists attractions for people visiting Rajasthan.[citation needed] As Bhangarh Fort is known for its rich history and paranormal incidents, it is one of the most common tourist destinations in India.[citation needed]

Due to a few tragic incidents and the widespread belief that the fort is haunted, it is illegal to enter the fort after sunset and before sunrise, by Government Order.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bhangarh Fort, Rajasthan". Zee News. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Singh 2010, p. 188.
  3. ^ "View Population". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Known As The Most Haunted Place In India, Bhangarh Fort Is Not Just Another Place To Visit". Holidify. Retrieved 2016-08-12. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Bhangarh Fort: The 'most haunted' place in India?". Yahoo News. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Rajputana 1880, pp. 289-90.
  7. ^ "The Bhangarh Fort Story". Tripoto. Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  8. ^ a b Stern 2011, p. 7.
  9. ^ "किला जहां सूरज ढलते ही जाग जाती हैं आत्‍माएं Ravi" (in Hindi). Greynium Information Technologies Pvt. Ltd; Oneindia.in. 11 May 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "The Ghost Of Bhangarh Fort". TopYaps. Retrieved 2 July 2018. 
  11. ^ "The Templenet Encyclopedia - Temples of Western India". Gopinath Temple. Temple Net.com. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  12. ^ Once in a Lifetime Journey. "Sunset yoga at India's most haunted place, Bhangarh Fort". 

Bibliography[edit]