Bhangarh Fort

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Bhangarh Fort
भानगढ दुर्ग
Maharastra, India
BhangarhFort2.jpg
Bhangarh fort
Bhangarh Fort is located in Rajasthan
Bhangarh Fort
Bhangarh Fort
Bhangarh Fort in Rajasthan
Coordinates27°5′45″N 76°17′15″E / 27.09583°N 76.28750°E / 27.09583; 76.28750Coordinates: 27°5′45″N 76°17′15″E / 27.09583°N 76.28750°E / 27.09583; 76.28750
TypeFort
Site information
OwnerMadho Singh (prior)
Government of India (current)
Open to
the public
Yes
ConditionVacant, A Tourist spot
Site history
Built1631
Built byDuring Kaccwaha Rajput
MaterialsStones and Bricks

The Bhangarh Fort (Hindi/Rajasthani: भानगढ़ किला/दुर्ग) is a 17th-century fort built in the Rajasthan state of India.[1] It was built by Bhagwant Das for his younger son Madho Singh. The fort and its precincts are well preserved.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

The Bhangarh Fort is located on the border of the Sariska Reserve in the Aravali range of hills in Alwar district[4] of Rajasthan.[5] The nearest village is Gola ka Baas.[2] The fort is situated at the foot of the hills on sloping terrain. The ruins of the King’s palace are located on the lower slope of the hills; trees surround the pond area and a natural stream falls into the pond within the premises of the palace.[6]

The fort is located 235 kilometres (146 mi) from Delhi and the approach to the entrance gate of the fort in the last 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) stretch of the road is an unpaved road.[5] The fort is 20 miles (32 km) from Thana Ghazi.[6] The nearest airport is Jaipur International Airport which is 88.2 kilometers from the fort.

Legends[edit]

Notice by Archaeological Survey of India.
Exterior of Bhangarh Fort

According to legend, a sadhu named Baba Balak Nath lived within the fort area, and it was his injunction that any houses built in the precincts of the fort should not be taller than his house, and if the shadow of any such house fell on his house, it would result in destruction of the fort town.[7] According to one popular folk tale, a wizard adept in black magic named N.K. Sinhai fell in love with Ratnavati, a beautiful Bhangarh princess with many suitors. One day, the wizard followed her to the marketplace and offered her a love potion, however she refused it, throwing it onto a large boulder that consequently rolled onto the wizard and crushed him to death. Before the wizard died, he supposedly made a curse that Bhangarh would be destroyed soon and no one would be able to live within its precincts. Subsequently, Bhangarh Fort was invaded by the Mughals from the north and the city was surrounded and sacked, and all inhabitants including the princess were killed. According to legend, the present state of the fort is the result of the wizard's curse, and the ghosts of the wizard and princess haunt the fort. Local folklore holds that the curse will be lifted someday when the princess is reborn and visits the fort.[7][8]

Tourism[edit]

Entering through the main gate of the completely ruined fort city, one can find temples, palaces, and havelis. In addition, there are four more points of entry to the fort – the Lahori Gate, the Ajmeri Gate, the Phulbari Gate, and the Delhi Gate.At the entrance of the main gate are many Hindu temples such as Hanuman Temple, Gopinath Temple, Someshwar Temple, Keshav Rai Temple, Mangla Devi Temple, Ganesh Temple, and Navin Temple.[5] The Gopinath Temple is built above a 14 ft raised plinth, and yellow stones are used for the exquisite carvings of the temple.[9] The residence of the priest, called the Purohitji Ki Haveli, is located in the precincts of the temple complex. Next in order is the Nachan Ki Haveli (dancer's palace) and Jauhari Bazar (market place), followed by the Gopinath Temple. The Royal Palace is located at the extreme end of the fort's limits.[5]

Bhangarh Fort
Interior of Bhangarh Fort[10]

The temples dedicated to Hanuman and Shiv Mahadev are built in the style of cenotaphs rather than temples. Jhiri marble has been used in their constructions, but presently they had been white washed. The Muslim tomb found outside the gate of the fort is reported to be that of one of the sons of King Hari Singh.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bhangarh Fort, Rajasthan". Zee News. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  2. ^ a b Singh 2010, p. 188.
  3. ^ "View Population". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Known As The Most Haunted Place In India, Bhangarh Fort Is Not Just Another Place To Visit". Holidify. Retrieved 2016-08-12.
  5. ^ a b c d "Bhangarh Fort: The 'most haunted' place in India?". Yahoo News. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  6. ^ a b c Rajputana 1880, pp. 289-90.
  7. ^ a b Steven L. Stern (1 January 2011). Cursed Grounds. Bearport Publishing. pp. 7–. ISBN 978-1-61772-147-2.
  8. ^ "किला जहां सूरज ढलते ही जाग जाती हैं आत्‍माएं Ravi" (in Hindi). Greynium Information Technologies Pvt. Ltd; Oneindia.in. 11 May 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  9. ^ "The Templenet Encyclopedia - Temples of Western India". Gopinath Temple. Temple Net.com. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  10. ^ Once in a Lifetime Journey. "Sunset yoga at India's most haunted place, Bhangarh Fort".

Bibliography[edit]