Kolaba Fort

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Kolaba Fort
कुलाबा किल्ला
Raigad District, Maharashtra
Kolaba Fort - Alibag.JPG
Kolaba fort from Alibag
Kolaba Fort is located in Maharashtra
Kolaba Fort
Kolaba Fort
Coordinates 18°38′04″N 72°51′51″E / 18.6344°N 72.8642°E / 18.6344; 72.8642
Height sea level
Site information
Controlled by Indian Govt.
Open to
the public
Yes
Condition Fairly good
Site history
Materials stone
Garrison information
Occupants Nil

Kolaba Fort (sometimes Kulaba Fort or Alibag Fort) is an old military fortification in India. It is situated in the sea at a distance of 1–2 km from the shores of Alibag, 35 km south of Mumbai, in the Konkan region of Maharashtra, India. It is a popular tourist destination and a protected monument.[1]

History[edit]

The first mention of Kolaba fort is when it was chosen by Shivaji Maharaj to be fortified after the whole of South Konkan became free. The work of construction of the fort started in 19 March 1680. In 1662, he strengthened and fortified Kolaba fort to make it one of his chief naval stations.[2] The command of the fort was given to Darya Sagar and Manik Bhandari under whom Kolaba fort became the centre of the Maratha attacks on British ships.[3] Kolaba fort is one the fort which was captured by Shivaji Maharaj. The fort was completed by Sambhaji Maharaj after the death of Shivaji Maharaj in June 1681.[4] In 1713 under a treaty with Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath, Kolaba along with several other forts was given over to Kanhoji Angre. He used it as his main base from which to launch raids on British ships. In 17 November 1721, the British incensed at Angre's activities, joined the Portuguese in an expedition against Kolaba. A Portuguese land force of 6000 and three English ships of the line under Commodore Mathews co-operated but the attempt failed. The British blamed the failure to the "cowardice of the Portuguese". About this time Kolaba is described by Hamilton as a fort built on a rock, a little way from the mainland and at high water an island.[3] On 4 July 1729 Kanhoji Angre died on the Kolaba fort.In 1729 many buildings were destroyed due to a major fire incident near the Pinjara Bastion.In 1787 another major fire incident took place in which the Angre Wada was destroyed. In 1842 the British sold the wodden structures in the fort by Auction and used the stones for the construction of Alibag water works.

Major features[edit]

The average height of the fort walls is 25 feet. It has two main entrances, one on the sea side and the other towards Alibag. An interesting feature of this fort is that it has freshwater wells in its premises even though it is a seaside fort. In the monsoons, the fort can be reached by wading through waist-deep water at low tide. However, at high tide, boats must be used to reach it. In that fort, there are temples. Many tourists come to visit the Kolaba Fort. In that fort, there are houses of several people. People stay there and take care of that fort. The celebration of Ganesh festival. Many people come to in this festival. The fort should be visited during the low sea tide timings.There is a Dargah of Haji Kamaluddin Shah on the fort. Near the northern wall of the fort lie, two English Cannons mounted on wheels. The inscription on the cannon is " Dowson Hardy Field, Low Moor Ironworks,Yorkshire,England".The Siddhivinayak temple inside the fort was built by Raghoji Angre in 1759.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of the protected monuments of Mumbai Circle district-wise" (PDF). 
  2. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 207. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4. 
  3. ^ a b c Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency. Govt Central Press. 1883. pp. 261–265. Retrieved 2009-03-19. 
  4. ^ http:// trekshitiz.com/trekshitiz/marathi/Colaba-Trek-Raigad-District.html