List of rivers of India

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Major Rivers in India
View from space

A river is a natural watercourse, usually of fresh water, flowing towards an ocean, a lake, a sea, or another river. Rivers form part of the hydrological cycle. This is a list of rivers in India. Rivers that flow into the sea are geographically, along the coast starting from the Bay of Bengal in the east, moving along the Indian coast southward to Kanyakumari, then northward along the Arabian Sea. Tributary rivers are listed hierarchically in upstream order: the lower in the list, the more upstream.

The biggest major rivers of India are:

The remaining rivers are as follows:

  • Flowing into the Inner part of
  • Coastal rivers.

Rivers flowing into Bay of Bengal[edit]

Meghna River Basin[edit]

The Meghna-Surma-Barak River System is located in India and Bangladesh.

Brahmaputra River Basin[edit]

Ganges River Basin[edit]

Map of the Ganges (orange), Brahmaputra (violet), and Meghna (green) drainage basins.
Yamuna River drainage basin map.

West Bengal Coastal[edit]

Godavari River Basin[edit]

Godavari, Andhra Pradesh which is one of the widest river in india

Krishna River Basin[edit]

Andhra Pradesh Coastal Rivers[edit]

Rivers like vamshadhara and nagavalli are the two coastal rivers in srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh

Sharada river starts at Devarapally in visakhapatnam district and drains into the Bay of Bengal

Penner River Basin[edit]

Cauvery River Basin[edit]

Hogenakkal Falls, on the Cauvery River.

Tamil Nadu Coastal Rivers[edit]

  • Tamirbarni River
  • Palar River
  • Vaigai River
  • Vaippar river
  • Vellar
  • Vasishta Nadi
  • Sweta Nadi
  • Cooum River
  • Adyar River
  • Ponnaiyar River
  • Cauvery River
  • Noyyal River

Rivers flowing into Arabian Sea[edit]

Karnataka Coastal Rivers[edit]

The rivers flowing through three coastal districts of Karnataka join Arabian sea.

Kerala Coastal Rivers[edit]

The rivers flowing through three coastal districts of Kerala to join Arabian sea.

Coastal rivers of Goa[edit]

Mandovi River, known as Mhadai in Western Ghats of Goa and Karnataka, has three sources viz., the Degao, the Nanevadichi Nhõi (nhõi means river in Konkani) and Gavali the last two sources go dry in summer season. The main origin of the river, in the form of a spring, even during Summer season, is at Bavtyacho Dongor hills near Degao village in Khanapur Taluka of Belgaum Dist in Karnataka State.

The three streams confluence at the Kabnali village whereafter it is known as Mhadai, which has an easterly flow initially, then flows north and finally turns to the west on entering Goa. Mhadai River enters Goa between Krisnapur (Karnataka) and Kadval (Goa) villages. The tributaries of the Mhadai are the Nersa Nala, the Chapoli and Kapoli nala, the Bail Nala, the Volo Panshiro ( Karnataka), the Suko Panshiro, the Harparo, the Nanodyachi Nhõi, the Vellsachi Nhõi, the Valpoichi Nhõi, the Ghadghadyachi Nhõi, the Valvanti/ Volvot, the Divcholchi Nhõi, the Asnoddchi Nhõi, the Khandeaparchi Nhõi, the Mhapxechi Nhõi, Xinkerchi Nhõi etc. It is the longest River of Goa with a reported length of 105 km.

Maharashtra Coastal Rivers[edit]


Tapti River Basin[edit]

Narmada River Basin[edit]

Mahi River Basin[edit]

Sabarmati River Basin[edit]

Indus River Basin[edit]

Map of the main rivers of the Indus Basin.

Rivers flowing into inner part of India[edit]

Alphabetical list[edit]

A - D[edit]

E - H[edit]

I - L[edit]

M - P[edit]

Q - T[edit]

U - W[edit]

X - Z[edit]

Unsorted list by Tributary[edit]

See earlier section

See also[edit]


  • Bhalerao, S.M., Bharatiya Sarita Kosh (in Marathi), (Encyclopedia of Indian Rivers)
  • Vol. 1: Scientific Information, pages 1–788 + 16 pages of colour photographs (ISBN 978-81-89959-50-0),
  • Vol. 2: Scientific Information, pages 789-1660 + 16 pages of colour photographs (ISBN 978-81-89959-51-7),
  • Vol. 3: Scientific, Cultural, Historical Information, pages 1661-2468, + 36 pages of colour photographs (ISBN 978-81-89959-52-4)
  • Book of 60 Maps (ISBN 978-81-89959-57-9), Published Nov. 2007, Diamond Publications, 1691 Sadashiv Peth, Shankar

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