|Elevation||953 m (3,127 ft) |
|Prominence||934 m (3,064 ft) Ranked 10th in British Isles|
|Listing||Hewitt, Marilyn, Furth|
|Translation||Brendan's hill (Irish)|
|Parent range||Dingle Mountains; Brandon Range|
|Topo map||OSI Discovery #70|
Mount Brandon or Brandon Mountain (Irish: Cnoc Bréanainn, meaning "Brendan's hill") is a 952 m (3123 ft) mountain on the Dingle Peninsula in County Kerry, Ireland. It is the highest peak of the unnamed central mountain range of the Dingle Peninsula and the ninth highest peak on the island. It is also the highest Irish peak outside the Macgillycuddy's Reeks. It is classed as a Furth by the Scottish Mountaineering Club. Mount Brandon is named after Saint Brendan and is the end of a Christian pilgrimage trail known as Cosán na Naomh. The small village of Brandon lies at the foot of the mountain, on the north side.
The mountain takes its name from Saint Brendan or Bréanainn, who is said to have been born in what is now County Kerry. Brendan is chiefly known for his legendary voyage to the "Isle of the Blessed", also called Saint Brendan's Island. The tale of Brendan's voyage may be a Christianization of the earlier Voyage of Bran.
A medieval work about Brendan's life calls the mountain Sliabh nDaidche (in the Irish version Beatha Bhréanainn) or Mons Aitche (in the Latin version Vita Brendani), and Alan Mac an Bhaird has translated this as "mountain of Faithche". However, some believe the name refers to Slieve Aughty rather than Mount Brandon.
Due to its link with Saint Brendan, the mountain is popular with Irish Catholic pilgrims. The path to the peak is marked by small white crosses and the peak itself is topped by a large metal cross. The pilgrimage route called Cosán na Naomh ("The Saints Road") begins at Cill Mhic an Domhnaigh (Kilvickadowning) at the southern end of the Dingle peninsula and ends at Séipéilín Bréanainn ("Brendan's Oratory") on the mountain's peak. Sáipéilín Bréanainn is the remains of a small stone building that was believed to have been used by Saint Brendan. It is likely that the pilgrimage originated in pre-Christian times and was originally a Lughnasadh ritual. The mountain's importance may be due to the fact that, being so far west and so high, it is the last place where the sun can be seen before it sets.
In 1997, the Heritage Council set up the Pilgrim Paths project to develop walking routes along medieval pilgrimage paths. One of the routes chosen for development was Cosán na Naomh and an 18-kilometre (11-mile) long waymarked trail has been constructed between Ventry Strand and the grotto at Ballybrack at the foot of Mount Brandon. The trail has been developed to the standard required by the Irish Sports Council for National Waymarked Trails in Ireland. For safety reasons, it was decided not to mark the trail to the very end of the traditional route at the summit of Brandon but to finish at Ballybrack. The starting point of the trail at Ventry is one of the places pilgrims arriving by boat would have come ashore. The trail passes a number of important ecclesiastical heritage sites including Gallarus Oratory and Kilmalkedar monastic site. The route has the greatest concentration of stones marked with the "cross of arcs", one of the main symbols of pilgrimage in Ireland.
Brandon is in the middle of a high ridge, sometimes called the Brandon Group, which runs north-south for 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) across the peninsula. This ridge also includes the peaks of Barr an Ghéaráin at 840 metres (2,760 ft), Binn Fhaiche 822 metres (2,697 ft), Más an Tiompán at 763 metres (2,503 ft), and Piaras Mór at 748 metres (2,454 ft).
Mount Brandon owes its craggy shape to the work of local glaciers during the ice age, which gouged out a series of corries on the eastern flank of the mountain. The summit of Mount Brandon is rounded and smooth because it was a nunatuk, and presents a stark contrast to the conical top of Barr an Ghéaráin, which is almost alpine in appearance. The western slope of Mount Brandon presents a huge contrast from its eastern side, as it largely escaped the gouging effect of the glaciers, with the result that it presents an almost unbroken grassy slope.
The glen on the mountain's east side is a series of rock steps, each of which includes a small Paternoster lake. There at least ten of these lakes, which grow in size as one descends the mountain. From highest to lowest (and smallest to biggest) they are the Locha Chom an Chnoic (Coumaknock Loughs), Loch na Lice (Lough Nalacken) and Loch Cruite (Lough Cruttia).
Aircraft Crashes on Mount Brandon.
Between 1940 and 1943 a number of both Allied and Axis aircraft crashed on Mount Brandon and in the local area.
- 20 August 1940: A Luftwaffe Focke Wulf 200 ''Condor'' crash landed on the Faha Ridge above Cloghane, the crew of six survived and were the first known aircrew from Germany to land in Ireland during the Second World War. A plaque commemorating this event is on display in O'Connor's Bar and Guest House in Cloghane Village.Further Reading
- 28 July 1943: A BOAC Civilian Short Sunderland III Flying Boat crashed due to a navigation error onto the lower slopes of Mount Brandon while flying from West Africa to Foynes Flying Boat Base. Ten of the twenty five on board were killed in the wreck. A plaque commemorating the dead is on display in O'Connor's Bar and Guest House in Cloghhane Village along with an anchor recovered from the wreck. Further Reading
- 22 August 1943: A RAF Short Sunderland III Flying Boat belonging to 201 Squadron crashed while flying a patrol in the Atlantic, out of Castle Archdale. It crashed into the lower slopes of Mount Brandon. Eight of the crew of eleven were killed. A plaque commemorating those killed can be seen in O'Connor's Bar and Guest House in Cloghane, Co. Kerry. Further Reading.
- 20 December 1943: A RAF Vickers Wellington belonging to 304 Squadron based out of Predannack Airfield crashed directly into Mount Brandon. All of the six Polish crew members were killed. All that is known about the circumstances of the crash is that their last reported position was over Lismore, County Waterford, heading east-southeast presumably towards Predannack Airfield. A plaque commemorating those killed can be seen in O'Connor's Bar and Guest House in Cloghane along with one of the engines from the wreck.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mount Brandon.|
- "Mount Brandon". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2015-02-12.
- No. 70 - Kerry (Map) (2nd ed.). 1 : 60,000. Discovery Series. Ordnance Survey Ireland. 2000. ISBN 1-901496-59-7.
- Dillon, Paddy (1996) . The Moundains of Ireland. Cicerone Press. ISBN 1-85284-110-9.
- "FAQ - Highest Mountains in Ireland". Ordnance Survey Ireland. 2002. Retrieved 2009-10-12.
- Placenames Database of Ireland
- Mountains - Key Facts. The Munros, Corbetts, Grahams, Donalds & Furths at www.smc.org.uk. Accessed on 2 Feb 2013.
- Tempan, Paul. Irish Hill and Mountain Names. MountainViews.ie.
- Plummer, Charles. Slieve Aughty: Terra Secreta.
- Ordnance Survey Ireland - Online map viewer
- Harbison & Lynam 2002, p. 17.
- "The Pilgrim Paths". Heritage Council. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "Cosán na Naomh, Co. Kerry". Heritage Council. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- O Caoimh 2004, p. 8.
- Harbison & Lynam 2002, p. 19.
- Harbison & Lynam 2002, p. 25.
- Harbison & Lynham 2002, p. 22.
- O Caoimh 2004, p. 4.
- Harbison, Peter; Lynam, Joss (2002). Cosán na Naomh: The Saint's Road, Dingle Peninsula, County Kerry. Medieval Irish Pilgtim Paths. No. 1. Kilkenny: Heritage Council. ISBN 1-901137-30-9.
- O Caoimh, Thomas (2004). "The Pilgrim's Path: Promoting Sustainable Development of Walking Routes through Sacred Sites in Ireland". Learning from World Heritage: Lessons from International Preservation and Stewardship of Cultural and Ecological Landscapes of Global Significance. 7th US/ICOMOS Symposium, 25–27 March 2004, Natchitoches, Louisiana, USA. Retrieved 18 August 2011.