British Rail Class 195

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British Rail Class 195 Civity
195101 at Velim Test Track (1).jpg
Northern Unit 195101 at the Velim Test Track in September 2018
In service2019[1]
Built atIrun, Spain[2]
Newport, Wales[3]
Family nameCivity
ReplacedClass 142
Class 144
Class 153
Class 156[nb 1]
Class 185[nb 2]
Number under construction58 units to be built[6]
Formation25 x 2-car units
33 x 3-car units
DMSO+DMSOL (195/0)
Fleet numbers195001–195025 (195/0)
195101–195133 (195/1)
Capacity124 seats (195/0)
204 seats (195/1)[5]
Depot(s)Newton Heath TMD
Train length48.05 m (157 ft 8 in) (195/0)
71.4 m (234 ft 3 in) (195/1)
Maximum speed160 km/h (100 mph)
Prime mover(s)One per car, Rolls-Royce MTU 6H1800R85L[7]
Power output523 hp (390 kW) per engine[8]
TransmissionZF EcoLife
Multiple workingWithin class
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (Standard Gauge)

The Class 195 Civity[9] is a class of diesel multiple unit which is currently being constructed for Arriva UK Trains subsidiary Northern by Spanish rolling stock manufacturer CAF. A total of 58 units are to be built, 25 two-car units and 33 three-car units. Construction commenced in July 2017 with an option for additional carriages part of the order.[10]

The first Class 195 was delivered in July 2018 and in November 2018, a further three Class 195/1s were ordered, taking the order to 58 units.[11] The first units will operate services between Manchester Airport and Liverpool Lime Street via Warrington and Barrow-in-Furness to Manchester Airport. The units, along with their sister Class 331 units, were due to enter service in December 2018 but this has been pushed back to sometime in 2019 due to testing issues.[1]


The creation of new rolling stock for Northern was fuelled by the need to phase out the unpopular Pacer trains by 2020. The tender for the new franchise in 2015 originally permitted the continued use of Pacer trains as it was adjudged by the Department for Transport (DfT) that a new rolling stock order represented "poor value for money.".[12] However the House of Commons Transport Select Committee described the continued use of Pacer trains as "unacceptable" and recommended that the Secretary of State use franchise specification power to include the need for a new rolling stock order.[13] Subsequently, the then Secretary of State for Transport Patrick McLoughlin issued a ministerial directive in February 2015 to force the new franchise to include a new rolling stock order as part of the franchise agreement and which would enable the Pacer trains to be phased out.[14]

The announcement of the new trains was made by Arriva UK Trains when it was confirmed that it would become the next operator of the Northern franchise from 1 April 2016.[15] The Class 195 order was fuelled by Arriva's belief that the ageing and dilapidated state of rolling stock in Northern England is an inherent obstacle to enticing new passengers - particularly those in cars - and that investing in new modern trains for the long term represented the best strategy for enabling passenger growth.[10][16]

CAF were selected by Arriva as they were the only manufacturer able to produce both new diesel and electric (Class 331) multiple units from the same platform, the Civity, thus increasing familiarity for drivers and reducing maintenance costs once in operation.[10] Bombardier made a bid to produce electric Aventra units but was unable to offer a sister diesel unit which Arriva required.[17] Furthermore, Bombardier already had a long order book for Aventra units and Arriva believed CAF were in a stronger position to guarantee on-time delivery of the units.[17]

Construction of the bodyshells of the 195s began in Zaragoza in July 2017.[18] The wheelsets will be constructed in Beasain and final assembly of the units will take place in Irun.[19] The first completed Class 195 began undergoing tests at the Velim test track in May 2018.[20] The first of the type to be transported to the United Kingdom arrived in June 2018[21] and testing on the main line began in September.[22]



In April 2016, it was confirmed that Spanish rolling stock manufacturer CAF would construct the new diesel-powered trains, planned to operate on most Northern Connect regional express services.[23] The notable exception being the Middlesbrough-Newcastle-Carlisle route, which will be operated by refurbished Class 158s.

The Class 195s will directly replace Class 156 and 158 units, which are currently the main unit types operated on Northern's regional express routes. These released Sprinters will then replace the Class 150s, which will in turn replace Class 142 and Class 144 Pacer trains on other local and commuter lines across the Northern network.

In February 2018, it was announced that the first Class 195 trains would operate on a new direct service between Chester and Leeds in December 2018.[24] However, this new service was to be part of the December 2018 timetable change but which was postponed in July 2018 due to the widespread chaos following the May 2018 timetable change.[25]

The first unit of the class, 195001, was delivered to the United Kingdom on 25 June 2018, before moving to Edge Hill by road for final fitting and testing.[26] The first track testing run took place on the West Coast Main Line between Warrington and Carnforth on 14 September 2018.[27] As the first unit in operation on the British rail network, it will accumulate 1500 miles of testing to acquire its operation worthiness certificate before being introduced into service in December 2018; subsequent Class 195 units will require only 500 miles before gaining certification for operational use.[10]

It was announced in November 2018 that the first unit would not be entering service in December 2018 but will be introduced in "early 2019".[1]


In 2016, the open access operator Go-Op said that it would aim to procure a fleet of Class 195/1 units to operate its planned service between Taunton and Nuneaton.[28]

Fleet details[edit]

Class Operator Number Year Built Cars Unit nos.
Class 195/0 Northern 25 2017- 2 195001–195025
Class 195/1 33 3 195101–195133
Northern Class 195/0
Northern Class 195/1

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The 195s will predominantly directly replace the Class 156 which currently operate on many express routes. These surplus Class 156 units will then replace services on lines operated by the Class 142 and 144 Pacer trains which will then be retired.
  2. ^ The routes the 195s will be used on have a variety of stock used currently from Class 142 Pacers to Class 185 Desiros. However, the delivery of 195s will allow cascades to allow Northern to no longer require 142s, 143s, 144s, 153s and 185s.[4][5]


  1. ^ a b c "@northernassist on Twitter". Twitter. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  2. ^ Clinnick, Richard. "Northern unveils its first new CAF-built train". Rail Magazine. Rail Magazine. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  3. ^ Clinnick, Richard. "Northern to introduce first new trains from December". Rail Magazine. Rail Magazine. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Northern Connect - Northern".
  5. ^ a b "Northern Franchise Agreement" (PDF). Eversheds LLP. 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  6. ^ "UK railway news round-up". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  7. ^ "140 MTU PowerPacks from Rolls-Royce for CAF regional trains in the North of England". MTU. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Long Term Passenger Rolling Stock Strategy for the Rail Industry, Fourth Edition, March 2016". Rail Delivery Group. Retrieved 22 March 2016.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ a b c d Shirres, David (3 April 2018). "Northern's trains from Spain". Railway Engineer. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  11. ^ "UK railway news round-up". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  12. ^ "McLoughlin overrules officials who called Pacer replacement 'poor value'". Rail Technology Magazine. 27 February 2015.
  13. ^ "Proposals to withdraw pacer trains by 2020". House of Commons. 27 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Pacer vehicles withdrawal: confirming the ministerial direction". 27 February 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  15. ^ "Intention to award Northern franchise to Arriva". Arriva Rail North. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  16. ^ "Northern's new trains set to trigger fleet rejuvenation". Rail Magazine. 13 February 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018. However, Northern believes that withdrawal of the Pacers by the end of next year means attention will then turn to the quality of the remaining trains. There is concern that Class 150, ‘155’ and ‘156’ DMUs dating from 1985 onwards will still be in traffic into the next decade, and the operator believes the standards set by the new ‘195’ and ‘331’ fleets will generate an evaluation of what is on offer.
  17. ^ a b Lea, Robert (23 January 2016). "Spain wins £490m race to replace unloved Pacer". The Times of London. Retrieved 15 September 2018. However, the Arriva order needed a substantial number of diesel trains, too, because so much of the network in the north is not electrified. It is understood that Bombardier declined to bid for the diesel train sets. The Spanish acquisition is likely to have been determined by CAF’s ability to deliver the trains more quickly than rivals.
  18. ^ "CAF begins production of new trains for Northern".
  19. ^ RAIL magazine issue 823
  20. ^ Barrow, Keith (8 May 2018). "First CAF Civity EMU for Northern on test at Velim". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  21. ^ "First of Northern's £500m Class 195 train fleet arrives in the UK". Railway Technology. 29 June 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  22. ^ Clinnick, Richard (15 September 2018). "CAF DMUs for Northern begin main line testing". Rail Magazine. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  23. ^ "Arriva signs rolling stock contract for new Northern rail franchise". Arriva Rail North. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  24. ^
  25. ^ "Rail timetable changes scaled back to avoid further chaos". BBC News. 10 July 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018. A rail timetable overhaul planned for December has been scaled back amid fears of a repeat of the chaos seen in May when a new schedule was introduced. Timetable changes for eight franchises, including Govia Thameslink Railway and Northern, whose operations descended into chaos in May, have been postponed.
  26. ^ Richard Clinnick (29 June 2018). "First of 98 new Northern trains arrives in UK". Rail Magazine. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  27. ^ "Northern starts track-testing for next generation for new trains". Northern Rail. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  28. ^ "Open access operator Go-Op unveils plan to launch new West Country service" The Railway Magazine issue 1385 August 2016 page 9