List of British Rail electric multiple unit classes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This page lists every electric-powered multiple unit allocated a TOPS classification or used on the mainline network since 1948 (i.e. British Railways and post-privatisation). For a historical overview of electric multiple unit development in Great Britain, see British electric multiple units.

British Rail operated a wide variety of electric multiple units for use on electrified lines:

  • AC units operate off 25 kV alternating current (AC) from overhead wires. Where clearances for the overhead wires on the Great Eastern Main Line and London, Tilbury and Southend railway routes were below standard, a reduced voltage of 6.25 kV AC was used. The Midland Railway units used 6.6 kV AC. Under the computer numbering, AC units (including mixed-voltage units that can also work off a DC supply) were given a class in the range 300-399.
  • DC units operate off 650-850 V direct current (DC) from a third rail on the Southern Region and North London, Merseyside and Tyneside networks. The Manchester-Bury Railway line used 1,200 V DC from a side-contact third rail. The Manchester South Junction & Altrincham and "Woodhead" and initially the Great Eastern Railway routes used 1,500 V DC from overhead wires. Under the computer numbering, DC units were given a class in the range 400-599.

AC EMUs and dual-voltage EMUs[edit]

First generation[edit]

TransClyde branded Class 303 unrefurbished unit no. 303 089 at Wemyss Bay railway station
TOPS class Pre-TOPS class Name or Information Image Withdrawn
Ex-MR units   Lancaster-Morecambe-Heysham 1951
Class 300   Proposed parcels units
  AM1 25 kV AC prototype units 1966
Class 302 AM2 London-Tilbury-Southend LTS unit (class 302) 298 1964 Barking.jpg 1999
Class 303 AM3 Strathclyde. Also on Greater Manchester area services during 1980s/early 1990s. Kirkhill railway station in 1979.jpg 2002
Class 304 AM4 Greater Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham BR multiple unit at Altrincham station - geograph.org.uk - 199795.jpg 1996
Class 305 AM5 Chingford, Enfield 305-plat-8-broken-down-Stratford.jpg 2001
Class 306 AM6 Shenfield (inner-suburban) Class 306 Green.jpg 1980
Class 307 AM7 Southend (outer-suburban) 307-blue brute Liv-St-Stn.jpg 2000
Class 308 AM8 Eastern Region lines British Rail Class 308 at Leeds 1996.jpg 2001
Class 309 AM9 Clacton Express. Class 309 NSE & Jaffa Cake.jpg 2000
Class 310 AM10 Euston outer-suburban. Also West Midlands 310-blue-Harrow&Wealdstone2.jpg 2002
Class 311 AM11 Strathclyde 311104 at a station.jpg 1999
Class 312 Great Eastern suburban
Great Northern suburban
West Midlands (four units)
312792 at Shoeburyness.jpg 2004

Second generation[edit]

TOPS class Built for Current Operator(s) Builder Number built Image
Class 313 BR Eastern Region
(Great Northern suburban)
Southern,
First Capital Connect
BREL York 1976-1977 64 x 3-car sets Enfield Chase railway station MMB 05 313046 313030.jpg
Class 314 BR Scottish Region
(Argyle Line)
First ScotRail BREL York 1979 16 x 3-car sets Class314orange.jpg
Class 315 BR Eastern Region
(Great Eastern suburban)
Greater Anglia BREL York 1980-1981 61 x 4-car sets Unit 315838 at Ilford.JPG
Class 316 (I) (AC Networker prototype) (never used in passenger service, now out of service) converted from class 210 and 313 cars 1 x 4-car set British Rail Class 457 - unit 7001 - vehicle 67300.JPG
Class 316 (II) (test unit) (never used in passenger service, scrapped 2006) converted from class 307 1 x 3-car set
Class 317 Class 317/1 London Midland Region
Class 317/2 Network SouthEast
('Bedpan' and Great Northern lines)
Greater Anglia,
First Capital Connect
BREL York 1981-1982(317/1)
1985-1987(317/2)
72 x 4-car sets NXEA 317506 Liverpool Street AB1.JPG
Class 318 Provincial ScotRail
(for Strathclyde PTE)
First ScotRail BREL York 1986-1987 21 x 3-car sets British Rail Class 318 264 f.jpg
Class 319 Network SouthEast
(Thameslink services)
First Capital Connect BREL York 1987-1988(319/0)
1990(319/1)
86 x 4-car sets 319456 C London St Pancras.JPG
Class 320 Provincial ScotRail
(for Strathclyde PTE)
First ScotRail BREL York 1990 22 x 3-car sets Glasgow2001 6.jpg
Class 321 Network SouthEast
(Great Eastern and Euston services); and
Regional Railways
(for West Yorkshire PTE)
Greater Anglia,
Northern Rail,
London Midland,
First Capital Connect
BREL York 1988-1991 117 x 4-car sets V F CC 321404 A Hornsey TMD.JPG
Class 322 Network SouthEast
(Stansted Express service)
Northern Rail BREL York 1990 5 x 4-car sets 322485 at London Liverpool Street.JPG
Class 325 Rail Express Systems
(for Royal Mail)
DB Schenker ABB Derby 1988-1995 16 x 4-car units 325016-Crewe-01.jpg

Modern/Third generation[edit]

Class 350 no. 350101 at Watford Junction

These use electrical switching devices (thyristors and transistors) and have electronic power control.

TOPS class Built for Current Operator(s) Builder Number Built Image
Class 323 Regional Railways
(for West Midlands PTE and Greater Manchester PTE)
Northern Rail,
London Midland
Hunslet 1992-1993 43 x 3-car sets London Midland Class 323.jpg
Class 332 Heathrow Express Heathrow Express Siemens/CAF 1997-1998 9 x 4-car sets
5 x 5-car sets
Heathrow Express 332 008.jpg
Class 333 Arriva Trains Northern
(for West Yorkshire PTE)
Northern Rail Siemens/CAF 2000 16 x 4-car sets Northern-333015-03.jpg
Class 334
Juniper
ScotRail
(for Strathclyde PTE)
First ScotRail Alstom Birmingham 1999-2002 40 x 3-car sets SPT trains.jpg
Class 341
Networker
proposed units for Crossrail - (never built) -
Class 342
Networker
proposed units for CTRL Domestic Services - (never built) -
Class 345
Aventra
Crossrail 65 x 9-car sets
Class 350
Desiro
Silverlink,
Central Trains
London Midland,
First TransPennine Express
Siemens 2004-2005
2008-2009
2012-2014
87 x 4-car sets London Midland class 350 - 2007-11-16.jpg
Class 357
Electrostar
LTS Rail c2c Adtranz/Bombardier Derby 1999-2002 74 x 4-car sets 357036 at Southend Central.jpg
Class 360
Desiro
First Great Eastern,
Heathrow Connect
Greater Anglia,
Heathrow Connect
Siemens 2002-2003
2004-2005
21 x 4-car sets
5 x 5-car sets
360109 at Marks Tey.jpg
Class 365
Networker
Network SouthEast
(Great Northern and South Eastern services)
First Capital Connect ABB York 1994-1995 41 x 4-car sets Class 365 near Watlington.jpg
Class 371
Networker
proposed units for Thameslink 2000 - (never built) -
Class 375
Electrostar
Connex South Eastern,
South Eastern Trains
Southeastern Adtranz/Bombardier Derby 1999-2005 10 x 3-car sets
102 x 4-car sets
P011WlloEiv.JPG
Class 376
Electrostar
South Eastern Trains Southeastern Bombardier Derby 2004-2005 36 x 5-car sets Class376londonbridge.jpg
Class 377
Electrostar
Southern Southern,
First Capital Connect
Bombardier Derby 2001-2005
2008-2009
28 x 3-car sets
177 x 4-car sets
34 x 5-car sets
Unit 377213 Watford.JPG
Class 378
Capitalstar
London Overground London Overground Bombardier Derby 2008-2011 57 x 4-car sets Unit 378138 at Hoxton.jpg
Class 379
Electrostar
National Express East Anglia Greater Anglia Bombardier Derby 2010-2011 30 x 4-car sets 379001 at Norwich 8 January 2011.jpg
Class 380
Desiro
First ScotRail First ScotRail Siemens 2009-2011 22 x 3-car sets
16 x 4-car sets
380101 at Glasgow Central.jpg
Class 381
Networker
proposed Network SouthEast express units - (never built) -
Class 387 Thameslink franchise 29 x 4-car sets
Class 700
Desiro City
Thameslink franchise 60 x 8-car sets
55 x 12-car sets
Siemens Class 700 mock up.jpg

High speed trains[edit]

TOPS class Built for Current Operator(s) Builder Number Built Image
Class 370
APT-P
prototype APT (out of service) BREL Derby 1979 6 x 7-car half sets
2 spare cars
APT at Crewe.jpg
Class 373
TGV
Eurostar Eurostar
SNCF
various builders 1992-1996 14 x 8-car half sets
64 x 10-car half sets
1 spare car
Eurostar at St Pancras railway station.jpg
Class 374
Velaro UK
Eurostar Eurostar Siemens 2012-2015 10 x 16-car sets Eurostar e320 at Kensington Gardens 105.jpg
Class 390
Pendolino
Virgin West Coast Virgin Trains Alstom Birmingham 2001-2004
Savigliano, Italy 2009-2012
22 x 9-car sets
35 x 11-car sets
390045 at Carlisle.JPG
Class 395
Javelin
Southeastern Southeastern Hitachi 2007-2009 29 x 6-car sets St Pancras railway station MMB 31 395018.jpg
Class 800
Super Express
East Coast Mainline / Great Western Mainline East Coast Mainline / Great Western Mainline Hitachi 2016-2019 13 x 9-car sets
46 x 5-car sets
Class 801
Super Express
East Coast Mainline / Great Western Mainline East Coast Mainline / Great Western Mainline Hitachi 2016-2019 51 x 9-car sets
12 x 5-car sets

DC EMUs[edit]

Southern Region units[edit]

The Southern Railway and its successor, the Southern Region of British Rail, used three letter codes to classify their DC EMU fleets, as shown after the TOPS class numbers. Southern Region EMUs were classified in the 400 series under TOPS.

Pre-Nationalisation[edit]

4Sub unit no. 8143 at the National Railway Museum
TOPS class SR class Name or Information Image
Class 401 2-Bil 2-bil emu.jpg
Class 402 2-Hal
2-Pan[1]
2-HAL.jpg
2-Nol
2-SL South London
2-Wim Wimbledon-Croydon
3-Sub 4 sub emu3.jpg
4-Buf
Class 404 4-Cor 3131 at National Railway Museum.JPG
4-DD Double Deck EMU Class 4DD no 4902 at Ashford Steam Centre.jpg
4-Gri
4-Lav 4-lav emu.jpg
4-Res
Class 405 4-Sub 4 sub emu1.jpg
Class 403 5-Bel Brighton Belle
London Victoria-Brighton
6-Cit London Bridge-Brighton
6-Pan Pantry units
6-Pul Pullman
London Victoria-Brighton

Mark 1 and 2 bodyshell[edit]

Gatwick Express Class 489 unit no. 489110 at London Victoria
South Eastern Trains Class 411 unit no. 1586 at London Victoria
TOPS class SR class Name or Information Image
Class 410 4-Bep 1521 at Waterloo East.jpg
Class 411 4-Cep
Class 412 4-Bep
Class 413 4-Cap 2 x 2Hap permanently coupled
Class 414 2-Hap 2 hap emu.jpg
Class 415 4-EPB 4EPB set at Wimbledon.jpg
Class 416 2-EPB 416 at Dalton Kingsland1.jpg
Class 418 2-Sap 2Hap units with declassified 1st Class accommodation 2 sap emu.jpg
Class 419 MLV London-Dover/Folkestone boat trains Class419.JPG
Class 420 4-Big 1396 at Clapham Junction.jpg
Class 421 4/3-Cig
3-Cop
Last 2 units of this type in service were withdrawn in 2010
Class 422 4-Big
8-Dig
Class 423 4-Vep
4-Vop
3445 at Waterloo East.jpg
Class 427 4-Veg First stock used for Gatwick Express
Class 430 4-Rep 3005 Eastleigh Works 22-10-73.jpg
Class 431 6-Rep
Class 432 4-Rep
Class 438 3-TC
4-TC
Weymouth Quay railway station 1986.jpg
Class 480 8-Vab
Class 482 (I) 8-Mig
Class 488 Gatwick Express Trailers 8313 at London Victoria.jpg
Class 489 GLV Gatwick Express driving trailers 9107 at Wirksworth.jpg
Class 499 (I) TLV

Tube Stock[edit]

TOPS class SR class Name or Information Image
Class 482 (II) Waterloo & City Line
sold to LU
65507 at Bank LUL station.jpg
Class 483 Isle of Wight
ex LU 1938 stock
Island line.JPG
Class 485 4-Vec ex LU Standard stock Shanklinstn.jpg
Class 486 3-Tis ex LU Standard stock Rydephstn.jpg
Class 487 Waterloo & City Line 487-TSO-Blue.jpg

Modern EMUs[edit]

TOPS class SR class Name or Information Image
Class 424 Networker Classic Prototype
Class 442 5-Wes Wessex Express 2407 at Moreton, Dorset.JPG
Class 444 5-Des Desiro 444026 at Waterloo.jpg
Class 445 4-Pep Second Generation EMU prototype - 4 car 4-PEP-4002.jpg
Class 446 2-Pep Second Generation EMU prototype - 2 car
Class 447 Proposed Battersea Bullet
Class 450 4-Des Desiro 450083 at Waterloo.jpg
Class 455 Gb-BeckenhamJn-455842.jpg
Class 456 British Rail Class 456 at Victoria.jpg
Class 457 DC Networker prototype British Rail Class 457 - unit 7001 - vehicle 67300.JPG
Class 458 4-Jop Juniper 8030 at London Waterloo.JPG
Class 460 8-Gat Juniper - Gatwick Express 460002 at East Croydon.jpg
Class 465 Networker - 4 car South Eastern Trains 465238 at Greenwich 2005-12-10 02.jpg
Class 466 Networker - 2 car Maidstone West Station 04.JPG
Class 471 Proposed Networker - Main Line Express Class471MockUp006.jpg

Other DC units[edit]

The 500 series classes were reserved for miscellaneous DC EMUs not from the Southern Region. This included the DC (third/fourth rail) lines in North London, Manchester and Merseyside and the OHLE lines in Greater Manchester. The DC electric network around Tyneside had been de-electrified by the time TOPS was introduced, and the stock withdrawn or transferred to the Southern Region.

TOPS classes
Class Info Image Withdrawn Notes
Class 501 North London stock Class-501-train-B1-headcode.jpg 1985 650 V Third & Fourth Rail
Class 502 Liverpool-Southport/Ormskirk stock Class 502 EMU at Tebay.jpg 1980 650 V Third Rail
Class 503 Mersey-Wirral stock Image-British-Rail-Class-503.jpg 1985 650 V Third Rail
Class 504 Manchester-Bury stock British Rail Class 504 ManVic prior to Metrolink.jpg 1991 1.2 kV Side Contact Third Rail
(Unique on BR network)
Class 505 Manchester-Altrincham stock 1971 1.5 kV OHLE
Class 506 Manchester-Hadfield/Glossop stock Class 506 EMU and Class 104 DMU Longsight 1983.jpg 1984 1.5 kV OHLE
Class 507 Merseyside stock 507001 Hunts Cross.jpg 750 V Third Rail
Class 508 Merseyside stock 508141-LiverpoolLS-01.jpg 750 V Third Rail
Class 510 Original classification of Class 455
Pre-TOPS classes

Battery electric multiple unit (BEMU)[edit]

This was a one-off unit, withdrawn before the introduction of TOPS.

Non National Rail units[edit]

All rail vehicles operating on part of the National Rail network are required to be given TOPS codes. For this reason, both London Underground and Tyne & Wear Metro trains have their own TOPS classes:

Class Info Image Notes
Class 499 (II) London Underground rolling stock Classification given to all LU stock operating on NR, regardless of line
Class 994 Tyne & Wear Metro rolling stock Tyne and Wear Metro Train 4090 between Fellgate and Brockley Whins.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Atkinson, John. "Southern Railway's 2 HAL Units". Retrieved 15 March 2014. 

External links[edit]