Registered partnership in the Czech Republic

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The Czech Republic offers registered partnerships (registrované partnerství) for same-sex couples. Registered partnerships grant several rights of marriage, including inheritance, hospital, spousal privilege, and alimony rights, but do not allow joint adoption, widow's pension, or joint property rights. The registered partnership law was passed in March 2006 and went into effect on 1 July 2006.[1][2][3] The country also grants unregistered cohabitation status to "persons living in a common household" that gives couples inheritance and succession rights in housing.[4]

History[edit]

There had been several attempts to allow same-sex registered partnerships. In 1998, a registered partnership bill reached the Chamber of Deputies, but failed by two votes.[5] In 1999, the chamber voted against another bill.[6][7] In February 2001, the Government presented a third bill, which was rejected by Parliament in October 2001.[8][9][10]

On 11 February 2005, another bill failed by one vote. It was backed by 82 out of the 165 deputies present - most voting in favour being Social Democrats, Communists, Freedom Union members and some deputies from the opposition Civic Democratic Party (ODS).[11]

In April 2005, a new partnership bill passed its first reading in the chamber with 82 votes for and 9 against. On 16 December 2005, it passed its third reading with 86 votes for, 54 against, and 7 abstentions.[12]

16 December 2005 vote in the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic[13]
Party Voted for Voted against Abstained Nepřihlášen ('Not logged in')a/Excused (Did Not Vote)b
 G  Czech Social Democratic Party (CSSD) -
     Civic Democratic Party (ODS)
     Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM)
 G  Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU–ČSL) - -
 G  Freedom Union – Democratic Union (US–DEU) -
     Nezařazení ('Non-Inscrit')c - - -
Total 86 54 7 53
a. Based on the translation from Google Translate.
b. Key: (N) = Nepřihlášen; (E) = Excused.
c. Based on the translation from this site.


On 26 January 2006, it was passed by the Senate (65 for, 14 against).[14][15]

On 16 February 2006, President Václav Klaus vetoed the bill.[16][17][18] In response, Prime Minister Jiří Paroubek said that he would seek a parliamentary majority (101 votes) in the lower chamber to override the veto and did so successfully on 15 March 2006 with the exact number of votes needed (101) out of 177 votes cast.[19][20][21][22]

15 March 2006 vote in the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic[23]
Party Voted for Voted against Abstained Nepřihlášen ('Not logged in')a/Excused (Did Not Vote)b
 G  Czech Social Democratic Party (CSSD)
     Civic Democratic Party (ODS)
     Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM)
 G  Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU–ČSL) - -
 G  Freedom Union – Democratic Union (US–DEU) - -
     Nezařazení ('Non-Inscrit')c - - -
Total 101 57 18 21
a. Based on the translation from Google Translate.
b. Key: (N) = Nepřihlášen; (E) = Excused.
c. Based on the translation from this site.

In September 2014, a group of deputies introduced a bill to allow stepchild adoption by same-sex couples.[24] In October 2014, the Government decided to not take a stance on the bill.[25] On 24 October 2016, the Government approved its own draft bill on the issue, and introduced it to Parliament on 8 November.[26][27][28][29][30]

Statistics[edit]

By June 2009, 780 registered partnerships had been conducted in the Czech Republic.[31] By the end of 2010, that number was 1,111, 66 of which have since been annulled.[32]

In the 2011 census, 2,055 people reported being in a registered partnership.[33]

By December 2015, 2,174 registered partnerships had been performed in the country. Of these, 1,439 were between male couples and 735 were between female couples.[34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Czech) No. 115/2006 Coll.
  2. ^ Nearly weds
  3. ^ Gay marriage legalized
  4. ^ Prague
  5. ^ CZECH REPUBLIC: NO MARRIAGES FOR GAYS AND LESBIANS
  6. ^ Gay-marriage bill is rejected
  7. ^ NO TO REGISTERED PARTNERSHIP IN CZECH REPUBLIC
  8. ^ Czech Gay Bill Drafted
  9. ^ Gay marriage not likely in Czech Republic
  10. ^ Equality for same-sex couples
  11. ^ Czech Gay and Lesbian League upset about repeated rejection of same sex partnerships
  12. ^ Czech MPs approve law on same-sex partnerships
  13. ^ "51. schůze, 933. hlasování, 16. prosince 2005, 10:26 (Návrh zákona o registrovaném partnerství)" (in Czech). 16 December 2005. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  14. ^ Bill on single sex partnerships makes it through both houses of Parliament
  15. ^ Czech Gays Get Partner Rights
  16. ^ Czech Republic President Vetoes Gay Union Bill
  17. ^ Gay groups angered by president's veto of registered partnership bill
  18. ^ Czech President Vetoes Gay Partner Bill
  19. ^ Czech Parliament Overrides Veto, Passes Gay Partner Law
  20. ^ Czech MPs approve gay rights law
  21. ^ Czech Parliament Overrides Veto, Passes Gay Partner Law
  22. ^ Same-sex registered partnerships to be introduced after deputies override presidential veto
  23. ^ "54. schůze, 311. hlasování, 15. března 2006, 18:17 (Návrh zákona o registrovaném partnerství)" (in Czech). 15 March 2006. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  24. ^ (in Czech) Sněmovní tisk 320 Novela z. o registrovaném partnerství
  25. ^ (in Czech) Vláda se neshodla na novele o adopci registrovanými partnery
  26. ^ (in Czech) Vláda schválila novelu zákona o NKÚ a novelu zákona o registrovaném partnerství
  27. ^ (in Czech) Vláda schválila novelu zákona o registrovaném partnerství v otázce osvojení dítěte
  28. ^ Government approves bill on adoption of biological children in same-sex couples
  29. ^ (in Czech) Vláda odsouhlasila osvojování dětí pro homosexuální páry. Má jim zjednodušit každodenní život
  30. ^ (in Czech) Sněmovní tisk 957 Novela z. o registrovaném partnerství
  31. ^ Archive for Gay Life Statistics in Czech Republic
  32. ^ (in Czech) Česko má 1111 registrovaných partnerství
  33. ^ Preliminary Census Results
  34. ^ Thousands of Czechs enter registered partnership

External links[edit]