Clackamas County, Oregon

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Clackamas County, Oregon
Clackamas County Courthouse (Clackamas County, Oregon scenic images) (clacD0034).jpg
Clackamas County Courthouse in Oregon City
Seal of Clackamas County, Oregon
Seal
Map of Oregon highlighting Clackamas County
Location in the U.S. state of Oregon
Map of the United States highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the U.S.
Founded July 5, 1843
Seat Oregon City
Largest city Lake Oswego
Area
 • Total 1,883 sq mi (4,877 km2)
 • Land 1,870 sq mi (4,843 km2)
 • Water 13 sq mi (34 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 401,515
 • Density 201/sq mi (78/km²)
Congressional districts 3rd, 5th
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Website www.clackamas.us

Clackamas County /ˈklækəms/ is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 375,992,[1] making it the third-most populous county in Oregon. Its county seat is Oregon City.[2] The county was named after the Native Americans living in the area, the Clackamas Indians, who were part of the Chinookan people.

Clackamas County is included in the Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located in the Willamette Valley.

History[edit]

Originally named Clackamas District, it was one of the four original Oregon districts created by Oregon's Provisional Legislature on July 5, 1843 along with Twality (later Washington), Champooick (later Marion), and Yamhill. The four districts were redesignated as counties in 1845. At the time of its creation, Clackamas County covered portions of four present-day states and a Canadian province. The Columbia River became the northern boundary of the county in 1844. Soon after John McLoughlin staked a land claim in Oregon City and built a house that in 2003 became a unit of the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site.

Oregon City was also the site of the only federal court west of the Rockies in 1849, when San Francisco, California was platted. The plat was filed in 1850 in the first plat book of the first office of records in the West Coast and is still in Oregon City.

In 1902, the Willamette Meteorite was recovered from a field just outside present-day West Linn.

In contrast with the more liberal and cosmopolitan Multnomah County to the north, and the more corporate Washington County to the west, some citizens of Clackamas county have espoused a blue-collar, yet conservative political outlook of the backlash mold described by Thomas Frank. It is the headquarters of Lon Mabon, whose Oregon Citizens Alliance has worked to pass a number of anti-homosexual initiatives, and where Bill Sizemore, who has championed various anti-government initiatives for most of the 1990s, had his base before he moved to Klamath Falls. However, it is a very mixed area overall, narrowly voting for Republican George W. Bush over Democrat John Kerry in 2004, but moderately voting for Democrat Barack Obama over Republican John McCain in 2008.

As of August 2005, Clackamas is the first county in Oregon to have four models of governance for its communities. Like the rest of Oregon, it has cities (which are formally incorporated) and rural communities (some of which for federal purposes are considered census-designated places).

After completion of a process that began late in 1999, the county adopted an ordinance on August 11, 2005 which defined hamlets and villages. As of the November 30, 2005, deadline, three communities have submitted petitions to start the process of becoming a hamlet or a village. Boring petitioned to become a village. The communities along US 26 near Mount Hood from Brightwood to Rhododendron have petitioned to become "The Villages at Mount Hood". Beavercreek has become a hamlet.

Geography[edit]

Forest west of Clackamas River Valley.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,883 square miles (4,880 km2), of which 1,870 square miles (4,800 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (0.7%) is water.[3]

The county includes parts of two national forests: Mount Hood National Forest and Willamette National Forest.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,859
1860 3,466 86.4%
1870 5,993 72.9%
1880 9,260 54.5%
1890 15,233 64.5%
1900 19,658 29.0%
1910 29,931 52.3%
1920 37,698 25.9%
1930 46,205 22.6%
1940 57,130 23.6%
1950 86,716 51.8%
1960 113,038 30.4%
1970 166,088 46.9%
1980 241,919 45.7%
1990 278,850 15.3%
2000 338,391 21.4%
2010 375,992 11.1%
Est. 2015 401,515 [4] 6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 338,391 people, 128,201 households, and 91,663 families residing in the county. The population density was 181 people per square mile (70/km²). There were 136,954 housing units at an average density of 73 per square mile (28/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.27% White, 2.45% Asian, 0.71% Native American, 0.66% Black or African American, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 2.28% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. 4.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.7% were of German, 11.6% English, 9.1% Irish and 7.5% American ancestry.

There were 128,201 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $52,080, and the median income for a family was $60,791. Males had a median income of $43,462 versus $30,891 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,973. About 4.60% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.60% of those under age 18 and 5.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 375,992 people, 145,790 households, and 100,866 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 201.0 inhabitants per square mile (77.6/km2). There were 156,945 housing units at an average density of 83.9 per square mile (32.4/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 88.2% white, 3.7% Asian, 0.8% American Indian, 0.8% black or African American, 0.2% Pacific islander, 3.1% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.7% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 24.9% were German, 14.5% were English, 13.3% were Irish, 5.0% were Norwegian, and 4.9% were American.[12]

Of the 145,790 households, 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families, and 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age was 40.6 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $62,007 and the median income for a family was $74,905. Males had a median income of $53,488 versus $39,796 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,785. About 6.1% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Law and government[edit]

Clackamas County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year Republican Democratic
2012 46.8% 88,592 50.4% 95,493
2008 43.6% 83,595 53.9% 103,476
2004 50.1% 97,691 48.8% 95,129
2000 47.8% 77,539 47.1% 76,421
1996 41.0% 59,443 46.6% 67,709
1992 34.8% 53,724 39.0% 60,310
1988 49.8% 61,381 48.5% 59,799
1984 59.1% 68,630 40.7% 47,254
1980 49.4% 54,111 37.0% 40,462
1976 50.7% 47,671 45.2% 42,504
1972 53.5% 41,767 41.7% 32,540
1968 50.6% 32,363 43.7% 27,939
1964 37.3% 21,299 62.6% 35,711
1960 54.5% 28,531 45.3% 23,679

Clackamas is a bell-weather county having voted for the eventual winner for president in every election since 1964, with the exception of 1976.

Elected Officials
  • Board of County Commissioners (one chair, four commissioners; nonpartisan)
    • Chair: John Ludlow
    • Commissioner: Jim Bernard
    • Commissioner: Paul Savas
    • Commissioner: Martha Schrader
    • Commissioner: Tootie Smith
  • Treasurer: Shari Anderson
  • Assessor: Bob Vroman
  • District Attorney: John Foote
  • County Clerk: Sherry Hall
  • Sheriff: Craig Roberts

Economy[edit]

Since the county's creation, agriculture, timber, manufacturing, and commerce have been the principal economic activities. Mount Hood, the only year-round ski resort in the United States and the site of Timberline Lodge, is a major attraction for recreation and tourism. The mountain and its rivers and forests offer outdoor recreation activities, from skiing and rafting to fishing and camping.

Infrastructure[edit]

The county supports the Library Information Network of Clackamas County. The urban areas of the county are also served by Metro.

Communities[edit]

Mount Hood reflected in Trillium Lake
Clackamas River flowing through Milo McIver State Park

Several of the county's cities extend into other counties. Lake Oswego and Milwaukie include areas in Multnomah County. Lake Oswego, Rivergrove and Wilsonville include areas in Washington County. The cities of Portland and Tualatin extend into Clackamas County from Multnomah and Washington counties respectively.

In Clackamas County, hamlets and villages are models of local governance for unincorporated areas. The four hamlets in Clackamas County are Beavercreek, Molalla Prairie, Mulino, and Stafford. The county's only village is the Villages at Mount Hood.

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Hamlet[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  4. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-02-23. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°11′N 122°13′W / 45.19°N 122.21°W / 45.19; -122.21