|Hybrid parentage||'McIntosh' × 'Ben Davis'|
|Origin||Geneva, New York, USA, 1898|
'Cortland' is a cultivar of apple, that was raised at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York, USA in 1898. The apple was named after nearby Cortland County, New York. It is among the fifteen most popular in the United States.
After the many attributes of McIntosh were discovered, plant breeders began crossing it with other varieties to enhance its traits. One of the earliest was the 'Cortland'. Its flavor is sweet compared to McIntosh, and it has a flush of crimson against a pale yellow background sprinkled with short, dark red stripes and gray-green dots.
Cortland has very white flesh and is an excellent dessert apple.
Patented mutants (sports)
The original Cortland variety, introduced in 1915 by the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, produced apples which were 20—30% red, and was not patented. Since then, several sports have been identified and patented:
|Date||"Inventor"||Marketed as||Mutated From||Assignee||Habit||Pattern||Earlier||Color||Plant Patent Number|
|Jan 19, 1982||LaMont||Lamont, Starkspur||standard||Stark Bro's Nursery||spur||striped||same||same||US plant patent 4800|
|Aug 30, 1983||Nicklin||Redcort||standard||Hilltop Nursery||standard||striped||2 wk.||90% red||US plant patent 5095|
|Oct 7, 1997||Hartenhof||NS-911||standard||Adams County Nursery||standard||striped||same||red overall||US plant patent 10049|
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