Fuji (apple)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Malus pumila, Fuji
Fuji on a tree
SpeciesM. pumila
Hybrid parentageRed Delicious × Ralls Janet
OriginFujisaki, Aomori (1930s)

The Fuji apple (Japanese: リンゴふじ, Hepburn: ringo Fuji, or simply ふじ, fuji) is an apple cultivar developed by growers at the Tōhoku Research Station of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (農林省園芸試験場東北支場, Nōrinshō engei shikenjō Tōhoku-shijō) in Fujisaki, Aomori, Japan, in the late 1930s,[1] and brought to market in 1962. It originated as a cross between two American apple varieties—the Red Delicious and old Virginia Ralls Janet (sometimes cited as "Rawls Jennet") apples. According to the US Apple Association website it is one of the nine most popular apple cultivars in the United States.[2] Its name is derived from the first part of the town where it was developed: Fujisaki.[3]


Fuji apples are typically round and range from large to very large, averaging 75 millimetres (3.0 in) in diameter. They contain from 9–11% sugars by weight and have a dense flesh that is sweeter and crisper than many other apple cultivars, making them popular with consumers around the world. Fuji apples also have a very long shelf life compared to other apples, even without refrigeration. With refrigeration, Fuji apples can remain fresh for up to a year.[4]

In Japan, Fuji apples continue to be an unrivaled best-seller. Japanese consumers prefer the crispy texture and sweetness of Fuji apples (which is somewhat reminiscent of the coveted Nashi pear) almost to the exclusion of other varieties[citation needed] and Japan's apple imports remain low.[citation needed] Aomori Prefecture, home of the Fuji apple, is the best known apple growing region of Japan. Of the roughly 900,000 tons of Japanese apples produced annually, 500,000 tons come from Aomori.

Outside Japan, the popularity of Fuji apples continues to grow. In 2016 and 2017, Fuji apples accounted for nearly 70% of China's 43 million tons grown.[5] Since their introduction into the US market in the 1980s, Fuji apples have gained popularity with American consumers — as of 2016, Fuji apples ranked number 3 on the US Apple Association's list of most popular apples, only trailing Red Delicious and Gala.[6] Fuji apples are grown in traditional apple-growing states such as Washington, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York, and California. Washington State, where more than half of America's apple crop is grown, produces about 135,000 tons of Fuji apples each year, third in volume behind Red Delicious and Gala varieties.[7]

Fuji apples have recently been projected by the US Apple Association to be in 4th place as America's favorite apple.[citation needed]

In the United States and Canada, the Price look-up code (PLU code) for Fuji apples is 4131.


Mutant cultivars[edit]

Many sports (mutant cultivars) of the Fuji apple have been recognized and propagated. In addition to those that have remained unpatented, twenty had received US plant patents by August 2008:

Date "Inventor" Marketed as Mutated from Assignee Habit Pattern Earlier Color Plant patent number
Aug 29, 1989 Hiraragi Yataka Fuji Makoto Okada standard stripe 1 Month US plant patent 7001
Oct 6, 1992 Yahagi Heisei Fuji, Beni Shogun9645 Yataka7001 Nakajima Tenkoen standard solid no dark red US plant patent 7997
Nov 17, 1992 Cooper T.A.C.#114 Redsport Type 2 T.A.C. spur stripe 10–14 days more brilliant red, 80—90% US plant patent 8032
Sep 26, 1995 Fukuda Tensei Fuji Fukushima Tenkoen standard, larger stripe no same US plant patent 9298
Apr 16, 1996 Lynd Fuji-Spike Fuji Lynd spur stripe 0–5 days same US plant patent 9508
Sep 24, 1996 Van Leuven Myra unknown red strain C & O standard blush w/ subtle stripe 1 week bright pink US plant patent 9645
Dec 9, 1997 Auvil Fuji 216 T.A.C.#1148032 Auvil standard blush 5–21 days brighter red, 90—100% US plant patent 10141
Mar 24, 1998 Coopr & Perkins Fuji Compact T.A.C. #114 T.A.C.#1148032 T.A.C. spur same same same US plant patent 10291
Jan 25, 2000 Van Leuven Fiero Yataka7001 C & O standard indistinct stripe 7–10 days more intense blush US plant patent 11193
Sep 18, 2001 Snyder Snyder BC 2 Snyder semi-spur heavy stripe same same US plant patent 12098
Nov 27, 2001 Torres Triple E BC 2 standard 85—100% blush 10–14 days solid red US plant patent 12219
Apr 16, 2002 Rankin Rankin Red Yakata7001 Twin Springs Fruit Farm standard 70—90% blush 5 days more intense US plant patent 12551
Nov. 11, 2003 Teague Irene BC 2 standard solid 60 days yellow US plant patent 14299
Oct 26, 2004 Braun Brak Fuji Kiku standard striped earlier ruby red US plant patent 15261
Feb 21, 2006 Clevenger Fugachee Fuji standard 70—90% blush 14 days before Fiero US plant patent 16270
Jun 6, 2006 Banning Banning Red Desert Rose Fuji Banning standard stripe redder US plant patent 16624
Aug 14, 2007 Lee, Edwards, Delugar CABp Nagafu 6 CABp 4 standard stripe "superior" US plant patent 17914
Sep 11, 2007 Eppich Eppich 2 T.A.C. #1148032 standard blush with light stripe unclear yellow and red US plant patent 18004
Apr 29, 2008 Braun Fuji Fubrax Fuji Kiku SRL standard dark ruby red stripes and blush late green-yellow US plant patent 18761
Jul 29, 2008 Leis, Mazzola Fujiko Nagafu 12 Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti standard diffused more intense red US plant patent 19054

Unpatented Fuji mutants include:

  • BC 2
  • Desert Rose Fuji
  • Nagafu 2
  • Nagafu 6
  • Nagafu 12
  • Redsport Type 1
  • Redsport Type 2

See also[edit]

  • Grāpple — a Concord grape-flavor-infused Fuji apple


  1. ^ The Research Station moved to Morioka later; now National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, National Institute of Fruit Tree Science 果樹試験場リンゴ研究部 http://www.naro.affrc.go.jp/fruit/kin/apple/017785.html Archived 2013-03-11 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Apple varieties by the US Apple Association
  3. ^ "Root Growth Changes in the Winter Planting of Young 'Miyabi Fuji'Apple Trees". scholar.google.com. Retrieved 2021-11-16.
  4. ^ Yepsen, Roger (1994). Apples. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. ISBN 0-393-03690-1.
  5. ^ "China apple exports are expected to hit a record high in 2016 | China Fresh Fruit and Produce News". www.producereport.com. Retrieved 2017-06-11.
  6. ^ "U.S. Apple Association Forecasts a Stronger Than Average Harvest; Gala, Red Delicious and Fuji Most Popular Varieties; Honeycrisp and Pink Lady Fastest Growing - U.S. Apple Association". U.S. Apple Association. 2016-09-13. Retrieved 2017-06-11.
  7. ^ "Apples in Washington State | Chelan & Douglas Counties | Washington State University". extension.wsu.edu. Retrieved 2017-06-11.

External links[edit]