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Eurasian blue tit Lancashire.jpg
Blue tit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paridae
Genus: Cyanistes
Kaup, 1829

C. caeruleus
C. teneriffae
C. cyanus

Cyanistes is a genus of birds in the tit family Paridae. The genus was at one time considered as a subgenus of Parus. In 2005 an article describing a molecular phylogenetic study that had examined mitochondrial DNA sequences from members of the tit family, proposed that a number of subgenera including Cyanistes be elevated to genus status.[1] This proposal was accepted by International Ornithologists' Union[2] and the British Ornithologists' Union.[3]

The genus contains three species:[2]

The name Cyanistes was introduced for the subgenus by the German naturalist Jakob Kaup in 1829.[4] The word comes from the classical Greek kuanos meaning dark-blue.[5]


  1. ^ Gill, F.B.; Slikas, B.; Sheldon, F.H. (2005). "Phylogeny of titmice (Paridae): II. Species relationships based on sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene". Auk. 122: 121–143. doi:10.1642/0004-8038(2005)122[0121:POTPIS]2.0.CO;2. 
  2. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Waxwings and their allies, tits & penduline tits". World Bird List Version 6.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 25 March 2016. 
  3. ^ Sangster, G.; Collinson, J.M.; Helbig, A.J.; Knox, A.J.; Parkin, D.T. (2005). "Taxonomic recommendations for British birds: third report". Ibis. 147: 821–826. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919x.2005.00483.x. 
  4. ^ Kaup, Jakob (1829). Skizzirte Entwickelungs-Geschichte und natürliches System der europäischen Thierwelt : Erster Theil welcher die Vogelsäugethiere und Vögel nebst Andeutung der Entstehung der letzteren aus Amphibien enthält (in German). Darmstadt, Leipzig: Carl Wilhelm Leske. p. 99. 
  5. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 126. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.