Fulton Street (New York City Subway)

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This article is about the station complex in Manhattan. For the renovation of that complex, see Fulton Center. For the station on the IND Crosstown Line, see Fulton Street (IND Crosstown Line).
Fulton Street
NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg NYCS-bull-trans-4.svg NYCS-bull-trans-5.svg NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg NYCS-bull-trans-J.svg NYCS-bull-trans-Z.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
Fulton Building exterior from northwest 2014.JPG
New Fulton Center Building entrance, opened 2014
Station statistics
Address Fulton Street between Broadway & Nassau Street
New York, NY 10007
Borough Manhattan
Locale Financial District
Coordinates 40°42′36.74″N 74°0′27.88″W / 40.7102056°N 74.0077444°W / 40.7102056; -74.0077444Coordinates: 40°42′36.74″N 74°0′27.88″W / 40.7102056°N 74.0077444°W / 40.7102056; -74.0077444
Division A (IRT), B (BMT, IND)
Line       IND Eighth Avenue Line
      IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
      IRT Lexington Avenue Line
      BMT Nassau Street Line
Services       2 all times (all times)
      3 all except late nights (all except late nights)
      4 all times (all times)
      5 all except late nights (all except late nights)
      A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      J all times (all times)
      Z rush hours, peak direction (rush hours, peak direction)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M5, X1, X3, X4, X17, X19, X27, X28
Structure Underground
Levels 3 (Eighth Avenue Line platforms bisect the other 3 lines; Nassau Street platforms are on 2 levels)
Other information
Opened July 1, 1948[1]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Wireless service Wi-Fi[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2015) 21,671,684 (station complex)[3]Increase 7.8%
Rank 8 out of 422

Fulton Street is a New York City Subway station complex in Lower Manhattan. It consists of four linked stations on the IND Eighth Avenue Line, the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, the BMT Nassau Street Line and the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line. The last three cross Fulton Street at Broadway, Nassau Street, and William Street respectively; the Eighth Avenue Line station is underneath Fulton Street, between Broadway and Nassau Streets. The station is the eighth busiest in the system, as of 2015, with 21,671,684 passengers.[4]

The complex is served by the:

  • 2, 4, A, and J trains at all times
  • 3, 5, and C trains at all times except late nights
  • Z train during rush hours in the peak direction

The Fulton Center is a renovation project that improves access throughout the station complex, introduces a new station building, and provides easier access to the World Trade Center site. It links the Fulton Street subway station with the nearby Cortlandt Street and Chambers Street stations through the out-of-fare control Dey Street Passageway. The Fulton Center opened on November 10, 2014.[5]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
B1
Upper Mezzanine
Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line Mezzanine Fare control, station agents, connections between services
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevators located:
  • on the SW corner of Dey Street and Broadway for southbound NYCS-bull-trans-4.svg NYCS-bull-trans-5.svg trains only; out-of-system connection to NYCS-bull-trans-N.svg NYCS-bull-trans-R.svg NYCS-bull-trans-W.svg trains using Dey Street Passageway to Cortlandt Street. Note: All other platforms accessible by first using IND Eighth Avenue Line platform.
  • on the NE corner of Nassau and Fulton Streets. Note: IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, BMT Broadway Line, and IRT Lexington Avenue Line platform levels are accessible from this elevator by first using the IND Eighth Avenue Line platform.
  • on the SW corner of William and Fulton Streets. Note: BMT Nassau Street Line, BMT Broadway Line, and IRT Lexington Avenue Line platform levels are accessible from this elevator by first using the IND Eighth Avenue Line platform.)
B1
Nassau St Line S/B Platform
Side platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound Nassau
Street Line
NYCS-bull-trans-J.svg (NYCS-bull-trans-Z.svg AM rush hours) toward Broad Street (Terminus)
B1
Lex Ave Line Platforms
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound Lexington
Avenue Line
NYCS-bull-trans-4.svg toward Woodlawn (Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall)
NYCS-bull-trans-5.svg toward Eastchester–Dyre Avenue or Nereid Avenue (Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall)
Southbound Lexington
Avenue Line
NYCS-bull-trans-4.svg toward Crown Heights–Utica Avenue (toward New Lots Avenue late nights) (Wall Street)
NYCS-bull-trans-5.svg toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College weekdays, Bowling Green weekends (Wall Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
B2
Broadway–7th Ave Line Platforms
Northbound
Broadway – Seventh
Avenue Line
NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg toward Wakefield–241st Street (Park Place)
NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg toward Harlem–148th Street (Park Place)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound
Broadway – Seventh
Avenue Line
NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College (Wall Street)
NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg toward New Lots Avenue (Wall Street)
B2
Lower Mezzanine
East IND Mezzanine Transfers to other services
Separating wall
Northbound Nassau
Street Line
NYCS-bull-trans-J.svg (NYCS-bull-trans-Z.svg PM rush hours) toward Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer (Chambers Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
West IND Mezzanine Dey Street Passageway, transfers to other services
B3 Northbound Eighth
Avenue Line
NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg toward Inwood–207th Street (Chambers Street)
NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg toward 168th Street (Chambers Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound Eighth
Avenue Line
NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg toward Lefferts Boulevard, Far Rockaway–Mott Avenue or Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street (High Street)
NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg toward Euclid Avenue (High Street)

IRT Lexington Avenue Line platforms[edit]

Fulton Street
NYCS-bull-trans-4.svg NYCS-bull-trans-5.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Fulton Street - Lexington Avenue Platform.jpg
Uptown platform
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Services       4 all times (all times)
      5 all except late nights (all except late nights)
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened January 16, 1905; 111 years ago (1905-01-16)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station succession
Next north Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall: 4 all times 5 all except late nights
Next south Wall Street: 4 all times 5 all except late nights


Next Handicapped/disabled access north Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall: 4 all times 5 all except late nights
Next Handicapped/disabled access south Bowling Green: 4 all times 5 all except late nights
Track layout
to Brooklyn Bridge
to Wall St
An R142 in 5 service at Fulton Street, bound for Bowling Green.
Tilework trim detail

Fulton Street is a station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line with two tracks and two side platforms.

History[edit]

This station opened on January 16, 1905 as part of a one-stop extension southbound from Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall. Only the northbound platform was in use when service started at this station.[6] The southbound platform opened for service on June 12, 1905, when the subway was extended one stop to the south at Wall Street.[7][8] This marked the first time that the subway had been extended further downtown and towards Brooklyn; the previous terminus, Brooklyn Bridge, was also the original subway's southern end.

Originally, only the southbound platform was ADA-accessible. In October 2012, a new entrance on Dey Street opened for the Dey Street underpass to Cortlandt Street, and an ADA-accessible elevator was installed for the southbound platform.[9] In November 2014, the northbound platform became accessible through an elevator to the underpass that connected to the southbound platform.

Despite being on the Lexington Avenue Line, the station actually lies underneath Broadway between Cortlandt and Fulton Streets, as the line takes its name from its Upper East Side trunk avenue. A number of exits to street level are available at Dey, John, and Fulton Streets, while the connecting passage to the other stations within the Fulton Street complex lies underneath the latter.

Because the local tracks loop at the abandoned City Hall station to the north, Fulton Street has only two tracks and two side platforms. The station, which is now a registered New York City Landmark, features a mosaic of the steamboat built by Robert Fulton.[10] The southbound platform incorporates an ornate entrance to the building at 195 Broadway, which features fluted columns, engraved metal signs, ornate railings, and blacked out store windows.

Image gallery[edit]

Further reading[edit]

IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platform[edit]

Fulton Street
NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Fulton Street - Bway-7th Avenue Line Platform.jpg
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services       2 all times (all times)
      3 all except late nights (all except late nights)
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened August 1, 1918; 98 years ago (1918-08-01)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station succession
Next north Park Place: 2 all times 3 all except late nights
Next south Wall Street: 2 all times 3 all except late nights


Next Handicapped/disabled access north Chambers Street: 2 all times 3 all except late nights
Next Handicapped/disabled access south Borough Hall: 2 all times 3 all except late nights
Track layout
to Park Pl
to Wall St

Fulton Street on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line opened on August 1, 1918 as part of an extension towards Brooklyn. It originally opened to a temporary terminus at Wall Street before the Clark Street Tunnel could open.[11]

During the 1964–1965 fiscal year, the platforms at Fulton Street, along with those at four other stations on the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, were lengthened to 525 feet to accommodate a ten-car train of 51-foot IRT cars.[12]

Fulton Street station has a standard local configuration of two tracks and one island platform. Brooklyn-bound trains use track K2 while uptown trains use track K3. These designations come from track chaining which measures track distances and are not used in normal conversation. Based on this chaining, Fulton Street is about 19,700 ft (3.73 mi) from post zero at Broadway and 44th Street since this is where the West Side Line "merges" with the 42nd Street Shuttle. This is slightly non-standard signage because it is a local station using express track numbers as these tracks become the express tracks on the main line, providing a reasonable explanation.

The station has two mezzanines, separated at Fulton Street. The full-time entrance is to the south mezzanine, at the southeast corner of Fulton and William Streets. There are also part-time entrances mid-block on William Street, and through an office building on John Street. The north mezzanine is open part-time, with an entrance through an office building on the northeast corner of Fulton and William Streets. Like Wall Street, the next station south, there is a narrow island platform and a number of comparatively narrow staircases up to the mezzanine level.

There is an ADA-accessible elevator from platform level to the mezzanine at the platform's extreme south end, connecting to the mezzanine, which has elevators to the rest of the station via the IND Eighth Avenue Line platform. The Marine Grill Murals, salvaged from the restaurant of the same name in the Hotel McAlpin, reside near these elevators.

Image gallery[edit]

BMT Nassau Street Line platforms[edit]

Fulton Street
NYCS-bull-trans-J.svg NYCS-bull-trans-Z.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Fulton Street (Nassau).JPG
Broad Street-bound platform
Station statistics
Division B (BMT)
Line       BMT Nassau Street Line
Services       J all times (all times)
      Z rush hours, peak direction (rush hours, peak direction)
Levels 2
Platforms 2 side platforms (1 on each level)
Tracks 2 (1 on each level)
Other information
Opened May 29, 1931; 85 years ago (1931-05-29)[13]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station succession
Next north Chambers Street: J all times Z rush hours, peak direction
Next south Broad Street: J all times Z rush hours, peak direction


Next Handicapped/disabled access north Marcy Avenue (via Jamaica): J all times Z rush hours, peak direction
Next Handicapped/disabled access south none: J all times Z rush hours, peak direction
Jay Street–MetroTech: no regular service
Track layout
to Clark St
Superimposed track section
(Right track above left one)
to Hoyt St
Upper level
Lower level

Fulton Street on the BMT Nassau Street Line has two tracks and two side platforms, with downtown trains on the upper level and uptown trains on the lower level due to the narrowness of Nassau Street. The station has an unusual layout. The entrance for uptown trains is on the west side of Nassau Street, and the entrance for downtown trains is on the east side of Nassau Street (the reverse of what one would normally expect). It is possible to cross between the uptown and downtown sides via the IND platform, which passes underneath both levels of this station.[14]

Exits are to Nassau Street and Fulton Street. There is a south exit to John Street that is open only during rush hours and a sealed north end exit to Ann Street and passageway to Beekman Street and Pace University to the far north. This passageway was out of system and more than one block long.[14]

Image gallery[edit]

IND Eighth Avenue Line platform[edit]

Fulton Street
NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Broadway-Nassau Street.jpg
The IND Eighth Avenue Line platform. Note the name sign saying the station's former name, "Broadway – Nassau Street".
Station statistics
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Eighth Avenue Line
Services       A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened February 1, 1933; 83 years ago (1933-02-01)[15]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Former/other names Broadway – Nassau Street
Station succession
Next north Chambers Street–World Trade Center: A all times C all except late nights
Next south High Street: A all times C all except late nights


Next Handicapped/disabled access north West Fourth Street–Washington Square (Eighth): A all times C all except late nights
Next Handicapped/disabled access south Jay Street–MetroTech (8th Ave express): A all times C all except late nights
Track layout
to Chambers St
to High St

Fulton Street (formerly Broadway–Nassau Street) on the IND Eighth Avenue Line has two tracks and one island platform. The station is located approximately sixty feet (18m) below ground level. Similar to other stations near it, Fulton Street utilizes a tube station design because of its depth. The tile on this station is colored purple, with wall tiles reading "FULTON". An alternating pattern of "BWAY" and "NASSAU" was the original tiling. The station adopted the "Fulton Street" name in December 2010 to become unified with the other platforms in the station complex.[16] Overhead and column signage carry the new name.

An Arts for Transit piece Nancy Holt's Astral Grating, was formerly located on the mezzanine, but was removed during renovation.

Elevators lead from this line's platform to the mezzanines for the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platforms, both of the BMT Nassau Street Line's platforms and the IRT Lexington Avenue Line. There is an elevator to street level at the southwestern corner of William and Fulton Streets.

Image gallery[edit]

Notable places nearby[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New York Times, Transfer Points Under Higher Fare, June 30, 1948, page 19
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2015-04-25. 
  5. ^ "MTA | news | Welcome to the New Fulton Center". www.mta.info. Retrieved 2016-07-04. 
  6. ^ "Subway at Fulton Street Busy.". Retrieved 2016-09-04. 
  7. ^ "SUBWAY TRAINS RUN AGAIN THIS MORNING; Through Service Promised for the rush-Hour Crowds. TUNNEL PUMPED OUT AT LAST Big Water Main That Burst Was an Old One, Pressed Into Service Again After a Five-Hour Watch.". Retrieved 2016-09-18. 
  8. ^ "SUBWAY TO WALL ST. OPEN IN TEN DAYS; And All the Way to the Bronx by July 1. WHOLE ROAD READY IN AUGUST As to the Air Therein, William Barclay Parsons Says It Is Pure and Can't Be Bettered.". Retrieved 2016-09-18. 
  9. ^ "MTA | Press Release | MTA Headquarters | New Dey Street Entrance Opened". www.mta.info. Retrieved 2016-07-04. 
  10. ^ "The ships of the Fulton Street subway station". Ephemeral New York. 2012-12-06. Retrieved 2016-07-04. 
  11. ^ "ALL ROADS NOW LEAD TO TIMES SQUARE; Old Tube the Base of the New. The Fifth Spoke in the Hub. How the "H" Is Formed. Difficulties of the Work. Much Depends on the Public.". Retrieved 2016-07-04. 
  12. ^ Annual Report 1964–1965. New York City Transit Authority. 1965. 
  13. ^ New York Times, Mayor Drives Train in New Subway Link, May 30, 1931, page 11
  14. ^ a b "Broadway Nassau Fulton Street Complex". 2005-04-27. Archived from the original on April 27, 2005. Retrieved 2016-07-04. 
  15. ^ New York Times, City Opens Subway to Brooklyn Today, February 1, 1933, page 19
  16. ^ http://www.mta.info/nyct/service/FultonStreetStation.htm

External links[edit]

nycsubway.org:

Station Reporter:

MTA's Arts For Transit:

Google Street View: