Distinguished Flying Cross (United States)
|Distinguished Flying Cross|
|Awarded by the
Department of the Army
Department of the Navy
Department of the Air Force
Department of Homeland Security
|Type||Military medal (Decoration)|
|Awarded for||"Heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight"|
|Established||2 July 1926|
|Next (higher)||Legion of Merit|
|Next (lower)||Army: Soldier's Medal
Navy & Marine Corps: Navy and Marine Corps Medal
Air Force: Airman's Medal
Coast Guard: Coast Guard Medal
The Distinguished Flying Cross is a military decoration awarded to any officer or enlisted member of the United States Armed Forces who distinguishes himself or herself in support of operations by "heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight, subsequent to November 11, 1918."
- 1 History
- 2 World War II
- 3 Criteria
- 4 Appearance
- 5 DFC National Memorial Act
- 6 In popular culture
- 7 Notable recipients of the DFC
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The first award of the Distinguished Flying Cross was made by President Calvin Coolidge on May 2, 1927, to ten aviators of the U.S. Army Air Corps who had participated in the U.S. Army Pan American Flight, which took place from December 21, 1926 to May 2, 1927. Two of the airmen died in a mid-air collision trying to land at Buenos Aires on February 26, 1927, and received their awards posthumously. Since the award had only been authorized by Congress the previous year, no medals had yet been struck, and the Pan American airmen initially received only certificates. Among the ten airmen were Major Herbert A. Dargue, Captains Ira C. Eaker and Muir S. Fairchild, and 1st Lt. Ennis C. Whitehead.
Charles Lindbergh received the first presentation of the medal little more than a month later, from Coolidge during the Washington, D.C. homecoming reception on June 11, 1927, from his trans-Atlantic flight. The medal had hurriedly been struck and readied just for that occasion. Interestingly, the 1927 War Department General Order (G.O. 8), authorizing Lindbergh's DFC states that it was awarded by the President, while the General Order (G.O. 6) for the Pan American Flyers' DFC citation notes that the War Department awarded it "by direction of the President."
The first Distinguished Flying Cross to be awarded to a Naval Aviator was received by then Commander Richard E. Byrd, USN for his trans-Atlantic flight from June 29 to July 1, 1927 from New York City to the coast of France. Byrd, along with his pilot, Machinist Floyd Bennett, had received the Medal of Honor for their historic flight to the North Pole on May 9, 1926, but they did not receive the DFC for that flight as the DFC had not yet been created.
Numerous military recipients of the medal would later earn greater fame in other occupations—a number of astronauts, actors, and politicians (including former President George H. W. Bush) have been Distinguished Flying Cross recipients.
DFC awards could be retroactive to cover notable achievements back until the beginning of World War I. On February 23, 1929, Congress passed special legislation to allow the award of the DFC to the Wright brothers for their December 17, 1903 flight. Other civilians who have received the award include Wiley Post, Jacqueline Cochran, Roscoe Turner, Amelia Earhart, Glenn H. Curtiss and Eugene Ely. Eventually, it was limited to military personnel by an Executive Order.
Amelia Earhart became the first woman to receive the DFC on July 29, 1932 when it was presented to her by Vice President Charles Curtis in Los Angeles. Earhart received the decoration for her solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean earlier that year.
World War II
During World War II the medal's award criteria varied widely depending on the theater of operations, aerial combat, and the missions accomplished. In the Pacific oftentimes commissioned officers were awarded the DFC, while enlisted men were given the Air Medal. In Europe some crews, often received it for performances throughout a tour of duty; elsewhere different criteria were used.
During wartime, members of the Armed Forces of friendly foreign nations serving with the United States are eligible for the Distinguished Flying Cross. It is also given to those who display heroism while working as instructors or students at flying schools.
The Distinguished Flying Cross was authorized by Section 12 of the Air Corps Act enacted by the United States Congress on July 2, 1926, as amended by Executive Order 7786 on January 8, 1938. This act provided for award “to any person, while serving in any capacity with the Air Corps of the Army of the United States, including the National Guard and the Organized Reserves, or with the United States Navy, since the 6th day of April 1917, has distinguished, or who, after the approval of this Act, distinguishes himself, or herself by heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight.”
The Distinguished Flying Cross was designed by Elizabeth Will and Arthur E. DuBois. The medal is a bronze cross pattee, on whose obverse is superimposed a four-bladed propeller, 1 11/16 inches in width. Five rays extend from the reentrant angles, forming a one-inch square. The reverse is blank; it is suitable for engraving the recipient's name and rank. The cross is suspended from a rectangular bar.
The suspension and service ribbon of the medal is 1 3/8 inches wide and consists of the following stripes: 3/32 inch Ultramarine Blue 67118; 9/64 inch White 67101; 11/32 inch Ultramarine Blue 67118; 3/64 inch White 67101; center stripe 3/32 inch Old Glory Red 67156; 3/64 inch White 67101; 11/32 inch Ultramarine Blue 67118; 9/64 inch White 67101; 3/32 inch Ultramarine Blue 67118.
Additional awards of the Distinguished Flying Cross are shown with bronze or silver Oak Leaf Clusters for the Army and Air Force, and gold and sliver 5⁄16 Inch Stars for the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard.
The Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps may authorize the "V" device for wear on the DFC to denote valor in combat; Navy and Marine Corps, Combat "V". The Army does not authorize the "V" device to be worn on the DFC (even though the Army awards the DFC "for single acts of heroism" or "extraordinary achievement" while participating in aerial flight). The other services can also award the DFC for extraordinary achievement without the "V" device.
DFC National Memorial Act
In July 2014, the United States Senate passed the Distinguished Flying Cross National Memorial Act. The act was sponsored by Senator Barbara Boxer, to designate the Distinguished Flying Cross Memorial at March Field Air Museum adjacent to March Air Reserve Base in Riverside, California as a national memorial to recognize members of United States Armed Forces who have distinguished themselves by heroism in aerial flight. The act was signed into law by President Barack Obama on July 25, 2014.
In popular culture
In the movie Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian the character of Amelia Earhart (played by Amy Adams) mentions that she received "the Flying Cross". The real life Amelia Earhart did, in fact, receive the Distinguished Flying Cross and was the first woman and civilian to do so.
In the popular TV series JAG, the lead character, Commander Harmon Rabb, USN (played by David James Elliott), was a US Navy aviator and a two-time recipient of the Distinguished Flying Cross with "V" device.
In the 1946 film The Best Years of Our Lives (which won the Academy Award for Best Picture that year), Fred Derry gives his medals and citations to his father. One of them is the DFC, along with a written citation by General James Doolittle.
In the television series The Pretender, Kyle (played by Jeffrey Donovan) had a Distinguished Flying Cross supposedly given to him by his father. Before his death, Kyle gave the medal to his brother Jarod (played by Michael T. Weiss).
Notable recipients of the DFC
Note: the rank indicated is the highest held by the individual.
- Lieutenant General Thomas P. Stafford, USAF: Flew to the Moon on Apollo 10, commander of the Apollo-Soyuz mission.
- Major General Michael Collins, USAF: Command module pilot for Apollo 11 mission to the Moon.
- Major General Joe Engle, USAF: X-15 and Space Shuttle pilot.
- Rear Admiral Alan Shepard, USN: One of the original seven American astronauts, first American in space in Freedom 7, commanded Apollo 14.
- Brigadier General James McDivitt, USAF: Commander of Gemini 4 and Apollo 9.
- Colonel Buzz Aldrin, USAF: Lunar Module pilot for Apollo 11, second man to walk on the Moon.
- Colonel Frank Borman, USAF: Commander of Apollo 8.
- Colonel Eileen Collins, USAF: First woman to command two space shuttle missions.
- Colonel Gordon Cooper, USAF: One of the original seven American astronauts, pilot of Faith 7 and commander of Gemini 5.
- Colonel Guy Gardner: Space Shuttle pilot and recipient of three DFCs.
- Colonel John Glenn, USMC: One of the original seven American astronauts, first American to orbit the earth in Friendship 7, United States Senator.
- Colonel David Scott, USAF: Flew on Gemini 8, Apollo 9 and Apollo 15.
- Captain Eugene Cernan, USN: Pilot of Gemini 9A, lunar module pilot of Apollo 10 and commander of Apollo 17. One of only 3 human beings to have flown to the Moon twice.
- Captain Pete Conrad, USN: Commander of Apollo 12 and Skylab 2.
- Captain Robert Crippen, USN: Pilot on first space shuttle mission.
- Captain Mark Kelly, USN: Pilot on four space shuttle missions, commander for two, including the final mission of Space Shuttle Endeavour, and recipient of 2 DFCs.
- Captain Scott Kelly, USN: Lived for one year on the International Space Station.
- Captain Jim Lovell, USN: Astronaut on two trips to the Moon.
- Captain Wally Schirra, USN: One of the original seven American astronauts flew on Sigma 7, Gemini 6A and as commander of Apollo 7.
- Captain John Young, USN: Flew on Apollo 10 and Apollo 16, commander of the first space shuttle mission.
- Lieutenant Colonel Duane Carey, USAF: Space Shuttle pilot. Awarded with Valor Device.
- Lieutenant Colonel Gus Grissom, USAF: One of the original seven American astronauts, second American in space on Liberty Bell 7.
- Commander Scott Carpenter, USN: One of the original seven American astronauts, flew on Aurora 7, and aquanaut with SEALAB project.
- Major Deke Slayton, USAF: One of the original seven American astronauts, NASA chief astronaut and docking module pilot for the Apollo-Soyuz mission.
Note: Although astronaut Neil Armstrong's achievements as an aviator and an astronaut more than exceeded the requirements for the DFC, he was ineligible for the DFC as he was a civilian for his entire career with NASA.
- Lieutenant George H. W. Bush, USNR: President of the United States.
- Major General Patrick J. Hurley, USAR: Secretary of War.
- Rear Admiral Jeremiah Denton, USN: US Senator.
- Colonel Bruce Sundlun, USAFR: Governor of Rhode Island.
- Colonel Lloyd Bentsen, USAFR: US Senator, Secretary of the Treasury, and vice presidential candidate.
- Colonel Alexander Butterfield, USAF: Aide to President Richard Nixon.
- Captain John S. McCain, III, USN: US Senator and presidential candidate.
- Captain Jim Wright, USAAF: Speaker of the US House of Representatives.
- Captain Bruce Alger, USAAF: US Representative.
- Captain Peter H. Dominick, USAAF: US Senator.
- Captain William Hathaway, USAAF: US Senator.
- Captain Joseph McCarthy, USMC: US Senator.
- First Lieutenant George McGovern, USAAF: US Senator, presidential candidate.
- First Lieutenant Ted Stevens, USAAF: US Senator.
- First Lieutenant Richard Harding Poff, USAAF: US Representative.
- First Lieutenant John Ehrlichman, USAAF: Aide to President Richard Nixon.
- First Lieutenant Brendan Byrne, USAAC: Governor of New Jersey.
- Glenn Curtiss: Aircraft designer. Posthumously awarded in 1933.
- Amelia Earhart: Legendary aviatrix. First woman to receive the DFC by an act of Congress in 1932.
- Eugene Burton Ely: First person to make a ship-board landing in an aircraft. Posthumously awarded in 1933.
- Harold Gatty: Navigator with Wiley Post on record-breaking around the world flight. Awarded in 1932.
- Wiley Post: Completed record-breaking around-the-world flight and was the first person to fly solo around the world. Awarded in 1932.
- Roscoe Turner: Flamboyant air racing champion. Presented in 1952. (Last award of the DFC to a civilian.)
- Orville Wright: Aviation pioneer. Awarded by Act of Congress on December 18, 1928.
- Wilbur Wright: Aviation pioneer. Posthumously awarded by Act of Congress on December 18, 1928.
- Wing Commander James Blackburn RAF: Distinguished British pilot during World War II.
- Wing Commander A. Warburton, RAF: Distinguished British reconnaissance pilot during World War II.
- Colonel Francesco De Pinedo, Italian Air Force: Completed the Four Continents Flight in a flying boat in 1927.
- Lieutenant Colonel Dieudonné Costes, French Army: Completed around the world flight.
- Lieutenant Commander Joseph Le Brix, French Navy: Completed around the world flight.
- Major James Fitzmaurice, Irish Free State Air Force: Flew on first non-stop westward crossing of the Atlantic Ocean on the Bremen.
- Captain Hermann Köhl, German Army: Flew on first non-stop westward crossing of the Atlantic Ocean.
- Baron Ehrenfried Günther Freiherr von Hünefeld, German aristocrat: Flew on first non-stop westward crossing of the Atlantic Ocean.
- Major General James Stewart, USAFR: World War II B-24 pilot and Group Operations Officer. Academy Award–winning actor.
- Brigadier General Chuck Yeager, USAF: Test pilot and first human to break the sound barrier.
- Major Clark Gable, USAAF: Star of Gone with the Wind who flew on five bombing missions during World War II.
- Captain Don Herbert, USAAF: World War II B-24 pilot. Creator and host of the Watch Mr. Wizard and Mr. Wizard's World television programs.
- Captain Gene Roddenberry, USAAF: Creator of the Star Trek television series and franchise.
- Captain Dan Rowan, USAAF: P-40 Warhawk pilot and star of Laugh In.
- Captain Cal Worthington, USAAF: Legendary car salesman.
- First Lieutenant Jack Valente, USAAF: Longtime president of the Motion Picture Association of America.
- Corporal Sabu Dastagir, USAAF: Indian-American actor who served as a B-24 tail gunner during World War II.
United States Air Force, Army Air Forces and Army Air Corps
- General of the Air Force Henry H. Arnold, USAF: Commander of the US Army Air Forces during World War II.
- General Samuel E. Anderson, USAF: Commander of the 5th Air Force during the Korean War.
- General Jimmy Doolittle, USAF: leader of the Doolittle Raid.
- General Leon W. Johnson, USAF: Leader in the Ploesti Raid and commander of the Continental Air Command.
- General George S. Brown, USAF: Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
- General Ira C. Eaker, USAF: Commander of the 8th Air Force during World War II.
- General Charles A. Gabriel, USAF: Chief of Staff or the U.S. Air Force, recipient of five DFCs.
- General Daniel James, Jr., USAF: First African-American US Air Force four-star general.
- General David C. Jones, USAF: Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
- General George C. Kenney, USAF: First commander of Strategic Air Command.
- General Curtis Lemay, USAF: Air Force Chief of Staff and vice presidential candidate.
- General Seth J. McKee, USAF: NORAD commander and D-Day veteran.
- General John C. Meyer, USAF: Commander of Strategic Air Command. Seven DFCs
- General Richard B. Myers, USAF: Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
- General Joseph W. Ralston, USAF: Supreme Allied Commander for NATO.
- General Carl Spaatz, USAF: First Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force.
- General Nathan F. Twining, USAF: Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
- Lieutenant General Frank Maxwell Andrews, USAAF: Died in accident in 1943.
- Lieutenant General Royal N. Baker, USAF: Flew combat missions in World War II, Korea and Vietnam.
- Lieutenant General Lewis H. Brereton, USAF: Commander of the Ninth Air Force during World War II.
- Lieutenant General George H. Brett, USAF: Commander of the Caribbean Defense Command in World War II.
- Lieutenant General Claire Lee Chennault, USAF: Commander of the Flying Tigers.
- Lieutenant General Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., USAF: First African-American US Air Force general.
- Lieutenant General Elwood Richard Quesada, USAF: First Commander of Tactical Air Command.
- Lieutenant General George E. Stratemeyer, USAF: Commander of Far East Air Forces during the Korean War.
- Major General Orvil A. Anderson, USAF: Participant in altitude record setting Air Corps Stratospheric Balloon Flights in Explorer I and Explorer II in 1934 and 1935.
- Major General David M. Jones, USAF: Doolittle Raider and recipient of two DFCs.
- Major General Uzal Girard Ent, USAAF: Leader of the Ploesti Raid.
- Major General Caleb V. Haynes, USAF: Bomber commander of the China Air Task Force.
- Major General Frank O'Driscoll Hunter, USAAF
- Major General Robert Olds, USAAF: Father of ace Robin Olds.
- Major General Robert A. Rushworth, USAF: X-15 pilot.
- Major General Clarence A. Shoop, USAAF: WWII Observation pilot
- Major General Mele "Mel" Vojvodich, USAF: Pilot for the CIA in Vietnam, three DFCs.
- Brigadier General Frederick Walker Castle, USAAF: four DFCs.
- Brigadier General Gerald Goodfellow, USAF: B1-Lancer Offensive Systems Officer, awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for action during Operation Allied Force.
- Brigadier General Charles A. Lindbergh, USAFR: first person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
- Brigadier General Robin Olds, USAF: Combat pilot in World War II and Vietnam War and recipient of six DFCs.
- Brigadier General Richard Stephen Ritchie, USAF: Only US Air Force ace of the Vietnam War with five kills.
- Brigadier General Elliott Roosevelt, USAAF: Son of President Franklin Roosevelt.
- Brigadier General Robert Lee Scott Jr., USAF: Fighter pilot who earned three DFCs.
- Brigadier General Dale E. Stovall, USAF: Vietnam War CSAR pilot who rescued Roger Locher, deepest rescue inside North Vietnam.
- Brigadier General Paul Tibbets, USAF: Pilot of the Enola Gay.
- Colonel Bernt Balchen, USAF: pilot of first plane to fly over the South Pole.
- Colonel Kim Campbell, USAF: For successfully completing her mission supporting ground troops over Baghdad in April 2003 and successfully landing her A-10 back at base despite sustaining severe damage to her aircraft.
- Colonel Jacqueline Cochran, USAFR: Multiple record setting aviatrix, first woman to break the sound barrier and commander of the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) during World War II.
- Colonel George Day, USAF: POW during the Vietnam War.
- Colonel Merlyn Hans Dethlefsen, USAF: Vietnam War F-105 pilot.
- Colonel Bernard F. Fisher, USAF: Vietnam War A-1 Skyraider pilot.
- Colonel James P. Fleming, USAF: Vietnam War helicopter pilot.
- Colonel Joe M. Jackson, USAF: combat veteran of World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.
- Colonel John R. Kane, USAF: Leader in the Ploesti Raid.
- Colonel Gabby Gabreski, USAF: Highest scoring American ace in the European Theater with 34 kills. Recipient of 13 DFCs.
- Colonel Jose L. Holguin, USAF
- Colonel James K. Johnson, USAF: Korean war ace with 11 kills. Recipient of three DFCs.
- Colonel Charles H. MacDonald, USAF: Recipient of six DFCs.
- Colonel Ashley Chadbourne McKinley, USAF: Photographer on first flight over the South Pole.
- Colonel David C. Schilling, USAF: Recipient of 11 DFCs.
- Colonel Lowell Smith, USAAF: Conducted first aerial refueling and commanded first aerial circumnavigation of the globe.
- Colonel Richard A. Sones, USAF: Vietnam War.
- Colonel Robert E. Thacker, USAF: Pilot of record breaking flight from Honolulu to New York and recipient of three DFCs.
- Colonel Leo K. Thorsness, USAF: Vietnam War veteran.
- Lieutenant Colonel Lee Archer, USAF: First African-American fighter ace.
- Lieutenant Colonel Leaford Bearskin, USAF: Veteran of World War II and Korea and also Chief of the Wyandotte Nation.
- Lieutenant Colonel George A. Davis, USAF: High scoring Korean War ace.
- Lieutenant Colonel Michael J. Novosel, USAFR: Vietnam War helicopter pilot.
- Lieutenant Colonel Robert S. Johnson, USAFR: Recipient of nine DFCs.
- Lieutenant Colonel Arthur W. Murray, USAF: Early jet test pilot.
- Lieutenant Colonel Dick Rutan, USAF: Piloted first unrefueled non-stop around the world flight. Recipient of five DFCs.
- Lieutenant Colonel Albert William Stevens, USAAF: Participant in both the Explorer I and Explorer II stratospheric balloon flights.
- Lieutenant Colonel Boyd Wagner, USAAC: First Army Air Corps ace of World War II.
- Lieutenant Colonel Ray Shuey Wetmore, USAAF: 21 aerial victories during World War II. Received six DFCs.
- Lieutenant Colonel Gerald O. Young, USAF: Vietnam War helicopter pilot.
- Lieutenant Colonel Jay Zeamer, Jr., USAF
- Lieutenant Colonel Royce Eugene Oliver, Vietnam War, USAF
- Major Richard Bong, USAAF: highest scoring American ace of World War II.
- Major Horace S. Carswell, Jr., USAAF: World War II bomber pilot.
- Major George Andrew Davis, Jr., USAF: Ace in both World War II and the Korean War. Four DFCs.
- Major Charles J. Loring, Jr., USAF: World War II POW and Korean War F-80 Shooting Star pilot.
- Major Thomas McGuire, USAAF: second highest scoring American ace in World War II with 38 kills. Six DFCs.
- Major John Trevor Godfrey, USAAF: Shot down 18 German aircraft.
- Major Louis J. Sebille, USAF: Korean War F-51 Mustang pilot, two DFCs.
- Captain Kenneth H. Dahlberg, USAAF: Business executive and figure in the Watergate scandal, recipient of two DFCs.
- Captain Hawthorne C. Gray, USAAC: Died during altitude record breaking balloon ascent in 1927.
- Captain Joseph Kittinger, USAF: seven DFCs, served three tours in Vietnam and holder of the highest free-fall parachute jump record for 52 years.
- Captain Ken Kavanaugh, USAAF: Professional football player.
- Captain Thomas Mantell, KYANG: Died in pursuit of a UFO.
- Captain Francis Gary Powers, USAF: Captured by Soviets when his U-2 spy plane was shot down in 1960.
- Captain John S. Walmsley, Jr., USAF: Korean War B-26 pilot.
- Captain Hilliard A. Wilbanks, USAF: Vietnam War O-1 pilot.
- Captain Louis Zamperini, USAAF: POW during World War II. Inspiration for the movie Unbroken.
- First Lieutenant John Ehrlichman, USAAF: B-17 navigator, presidential aide and figure in the Watergate scandal.
- First Lieutenant Bob Hoover, USAAF: POW and record breaking pilot.
- First Lieutenant Raymond L. Knight, USAAF: World War II P-47 pilot.
- First Lieutenant Aleda E. Lutz, USAAF: World War II Army flight nurse.
- First Lieutenant Donald D. Pucket, USAAF: Died during Operation Tidal Wave.
- 2nd Lieutenant Dean Cullom Smith, USAACR: Pilot for Admiral Byrd's 1928 to 1930 Antarctic Expedition.
- Chief Master Sergeant Duane D. Hackney, USAF: Recipient of the Air Force Cross and four DFCs.
- Technical Sergeant Ben Kuroki, USAAF: Japanese-American veteran of 58 combat missions.
United States Marine Corps
- General Earl E. Anderson, USMC: Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps.
- General Keith B. McCutcheon, USMC
- General Christian F. Schilt, USMC: Director of Marine Corps Aviation.
- Lieutenant General Frank E. Petersen, USMC: First African-American Marine Corps general.
- Lieutenant General William G. Thrash, USMC
- Major General Marion Eugene Carl, USMC: First Marine Corps ace. Recipient of five DFCs.
- Major General Ross "Rusty" Rowell, USMC: 1927 Nicaragua, carried out the first coordinated dive-bombing attacks in aviation history.
- Brigadier General Joe Foss: second highest scoring Marine Corps ace of World War II and Governor of South Dakota.
- Brigadier General Robert E. Galer, USMC: Commanded VMF-224 on Guadalcanal.
- Colonel Kenneth L. Reusser, USMC: Recipient of two DFCs. Had 253 combat missions in World War II, Korea and Vietnam.
- Colonel Archie Van Winkle, USMC: World War II, Korean War and Vietnam War veteran.
- Colonel Jefferson J. DeBlanc, USMC: Shot down five planes in a single day.
- Colonel John Lucian Smith, USMC: Leader of the Cactus Air Force on Guadacanal.
- Colonel James E. Swett, USMC: Shot down 5 planes on his first combat mission and recipient of eight DFCs.
- Lieutenant Colonel John F. Bolt, USMC: Only Marine jet fighter ace.
- Major William H. May, USMCR: FAA Pioneer, recipient of seven DFCs.
- Major Stephen W. Pless, USMC
- Captain Donald N. Aldrich, USMCR: 20 kills.
- Captain Cecil A. Alexander, Jr., USMCR: Modern architect. Recipient of two DFCs during World War II.
- Captain Charles S. Whitehouse, USMCR: Diplomat, CIA officer and recipient of seven DFCs.
- First Lieutenant Robert M. Hanson, USMC: Member of the Black Sheep Squadron with 25 kills.
- Admiral Stan Arthur, USN: Vice Chief of Naval Operations and recipient of 11 DFCs.
- Admiral Thomas B. Hayward, USN: Chief of Naval Operations.
- Admiral James L. Holloway III, USN: Chief of Naval Operations.
- Admiral Thomas H. Moorer, USN: Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
- Admiral Huntington Hardisty, USN: Commander in Chief of United States Pacific Command.
- Vice Admiral Walter E. Carter Jr., USN: President of the United States Naval War College and Superintendent of the United States Naval Academy.
- Vice Admiral John T. Hayward, USN: President of the United States Naval War College.
- Vice Admiral Diego E. Hernández, USN: Vice Commander of NORAD.
- Vice Admiral Edward H. Martin, USN: POW for over five years.
- Vice Admiral James B. Stockdale, USN: President of the United States Naval War College and vice presidential candidate.
- Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, USN: Organized and led first flights over the north and south poles.
- Rear Admiral Jeremiah Denton, USN: POW in Vietnam for seven and a half years.
- Rear Admiral Wade McClusky, USN: Hero of the Battle of Midway.
- Captain Michael J. Estocin, USN: Missing in action in the Vietnam War.
- Captain Cecil E. Harris, USN: Second highest scoring Navy ace with 24 kills. Recipient of three DFCs.
- Captain David McCampbell, USN: top US Navy ace of World War II.
- Commander Everett Alvarez Jr., USN: POW in Vietnam for eight years and seven months.
- Commander Stephen Coonts, USNR: Vietnam War veteran, lawyer and author.
- Commander Eugene A. Valencia, Jr., USNR: 23 aerial victories in World War II, awarded five DFCs.
- Lieutenant Commander Ira C. Kepford, USNR: 16 aerial victories in World War II.
- Lieutenant Commander Edward "Butch" O'Hare, USN: Shot down 3 Japanese bombers and damaged two others on a single flight. Two DFCs.
- Lieutenant Commander George Otto Noville, USNR: Flew on second non-stop trans-Atlantic flight with Richard E. Byrd.
- Lieutenant Harold June, USN: Co-pilot of first flight over the South Pole.
- Lieutenant Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., USNR: brother of President John F. Kennedy.
- Ensign Jesse L. Brown, USNR: First African-American naval aviator.
United States Coast Guard
- Vice Admiral John Currier, USCG
United States Army
- General of the Army Douglas MacArthur: Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1930-1935), commander of the Southwest Pacific Area (1942-1945) and commander of United Nations forces in Korea (1950-1951). DFC awarded for one inconclusive aerial reconnaissance mission in 1950.
- General Alexander Haig, USA: NATO Supreme Allied Commander for Europe and Secretary of State.
- General Wayne A. Downing, USA: Commander of United States Special Operations Command.
- General John W. Foss, USA: Combat veteran of Vietnam and Commander United States Army Training and Doctrine Command
- General Frederick M. Franks, Jr., USA: Commander of VII Corps during Operation Desert Storm.
- General John Galvin, USA: NATO Supreme Allied Commander for Europe.
- General Frederick Kroesen, USA: Combat veteran of World War II, Korea and Vietnam and commander of 7th United States Army.
- General Gary E. Luck, USA: Commander, United States Forces Korea.
- General Edward C. Meyer, USA: Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
- General Dennis J. Reimer, USA: Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
- General Roscoe Robinson, Jr., USA: First African-American US Army four star general.
- General Bernard W. Rogers, USA: Chief of Staff of the United States Army and Supreme Allied Commander for NATO.
- General Norman Schwarzkopf, USA: Commander of Operation Desert Storm.
- General Donn A. Starry, USA: Commander of the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command.
- General Sam S. Walker, USA: Son of General Walton Walker and Superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute.
- General Walton Walker, USA: Commander of the 8th Army in Korea and recipient of two DFCs.
- General Melvin Zais, USA: Commander of the 101st Airborne Division in Vietnam.
- Lieutenant General Edward Almond, USA: Commanded X Corps during the Korean War.
- Lieutenant General Hobart R. Gay, USA: Commanded the 1st Cavalry Division in the Korean War.
- Lieutenant General David E. Grange, USA: Combat veteran of World War II, Korea and Vietnam and commander of the Sixth United States Army.
- Lieutenant General James F. Hollingsworth, USA: Combat veteran of World War II and Vietnam. Recipient of three DFCs.
- Lieutenant General Thomas Tackaberry, USA: Combat veteran of Korea and Vietnam and commander of the XVIII Airborne Corps.
- Major General Patrick Henry Brady, USA: Vietnam War helicopter pilot.
- Major General George Patton IV, USA: Son of General George S. Patton.
- Colonel David Hackworth, USA: Highly decorated Army officer, commentator and author.
- Lieutenant Colonel Bo Gritz, USA: Highly decorated Special Forces officer in Vietnam.
- Lieutenant Colonel John Paul Vann, USA: Military advisor in Vietnam.
- Lieutenant Colonel Dave Wallace, USA: three DFCs in Vietnam; Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives since 2015.
- Major Lauri Törni, USA: Veteran of the Finnish Army, Waffen SS during World War II and U.S. Army Special Forces in Vietnam.
- Chief Warrant Officer Richard McCoy, Jr., USA: Vietnam veteran and aircraft hijacker.
- Command Sergeant Major Silas L. Copeland, USA: Sergeant Major of the Army.
- "Executive Order 4601". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 26 September 2012. External link in
- "Department of Defense Manual 1348.33-V3" (PDF). US Department of Defense. 23 November 2010. pp. 17–18, 50. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
- "Distinguished Flying Cross". The Institute of Heraldry: Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the ARMY. Retrieved 2013-12-21.
- http://www.afhra.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-130506-007.pdf[permanent dead link]
- Mooney, Charles C. and Layman, Martha E. (1944). "Organization of Military Aeronautics, 1907-1935 (Congressional and War Department Action)" (PDF). Air Force Historical Study No. 25. AFHRA (USAF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-27. Retrieved 14 Dec 2010., Appendix 5, p. 127.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-01. Retrieved 2014-11-01.
- "Senator Boxer: President Obama Signs the Distinguished Flying Cross National Memorial Act". senate.gov. Archived from the original on 23 November 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- Awarded by Act of Congress March 1, 1933.
- Awarded by Act of Congress July 2, 1932.
- Awarded by Act of Congress July 11, 1932.
- Awarded by Act of Congress July 11, 1932. Died in a plane crash with Will Rogers.
- Awarded by Act of Congress in 1949 and presented in 1952.
- Awarded by Act of Congress December 18, 1928.
- MacArthur, Douglas (1964). Reminiscences. Annapolis: Bluejacket Books. pp. 372–373. ISBN 1-55750-483-0. OCLC 220661276.
- "Valor awards for James Francis Hollingsworth". militarytimes.com. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
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