|Chief of Staff of the Army|
|Department of the Army|
|Type||United States Army service chief|
|Member of||Joint Chiefs of Staff|
|Reports to||Secretary of the Army|
|Residence||Quarters 1, Fort Myer|
|Seat||The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia|
with Senate advice and consent
|Term length||4 years|
Renewable one time, only during war or national emergency
|Constituting instrument||10 U.S.C. § 3033|
|Precursor||Commanding General of the Army|
|Formation||15 August 1903|
|First holder||LTG Samuel B. M. Young|
|Deputy||Vice Chief of Staff of the Army|
The chief of staff of the Army (CSA) is a statutory position in the United States Army held by a general officer. As the highest-ranking officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Army, the chief is the principal military advisor and a deputy to the secretary of the Army. In a separate capacity, the CSA is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (10 U.S.C. § 151) and, thereby, a military advisor to the National Security Council, the secretary of defense, and the president of the United States. The CSA is typically the highest-ranking officer on active duty in the U.S. Army unless the chairman or the vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are Army officers.
The chief of staff of the Army is an administrative position based in the Pentagon. While the CSA does not have operational command authority over Army forces proper (which is within the purview of the Combatant Commanders who report to the Secretary of Defense), the CSA does exercise supervision of army units and organizations as the designee of the Secretary of the Army.
The current Chief of Staff of the Army is General Randy George, who was sworn in on 21 September 2023, having previously served as acting CSA from 4 August.
The chief of staff of the Army is nominated for appointment by the president, for a four-year term of office, and must be confirmed by the Senate. The chief can be reappointed to serve one additional term, but only during times of war or national emergency declared by Congress. By statute, the chief is appointed as a four-star general.
The senior leadership of the Department of the Army consists of two civilians—the secretary of the Army (head of the department and subordinate to the secretary of defense) and the under secretary of the Army—and two military officers—the chief of staff of the Army and the vice chief of staff of the Army.
The chief reports directly to the secretary of the Army for army matters and assists in the Secretary's external affairs functions, including presenting and enforcing army policies, plans, and projections. The chief also directs the inspector general of the Army to perform inspections and investigations as required. In addition, the chief presides over the Army Staff and represents Army capabilities, requirements, policy, plans, and programs in Joint forums. Under delegation of authority made by the secretary of the Army, the chief designates army personnel and army resources to the commanders of the unified combatant commands. The chief performs all other functions enumerated in 10 U.S.C. § 3033 under the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the Army, or delegates those duties and responsibilities to other officers in his administration in his name. Like the other service counterparts, the chief has no operational command authority over army forces, dating back to the passage of the Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1958. The chief is served by a number of Deputy Chiefs of Staff of the Army, such as G-1, Personnel. The chief's base pay is $21,147.30 per month and also received a Personal Money Allowance (Monthly Amount) of $333.33, a basic allowance for subsistence of $253.38, and a basic allowance for housing from $50.70 to $1,923.30.
Until 1903, the senior military officer in the army was the Commanding General of the United States Army, who reported to the Secretary of War. From 1864 to 1865, Major General Henry Halleck (who had previously been Commanding General) served as "Chief of Staff of the Army" under the Commanding General, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, thus serving in a different office and not as the senior officer in the army.
List of chiefs of staff of the Army
The rank listed is the rank when serving in the office.
|No.||Portrait||Name||Term||Background||Secretaries served under:||Ref.|
|Took office||Left office||Duration||War / Army||Defense|
Samuel B. M. Young
|15 August 1903||8 January 1904||146 days||Cavalry||Elihu Root||—|||
Adna R. Chaffee
|9 January 1904||14 January 1906||2 years, 5 days||Cavalry||Elihu Root|
William Howard Taft
John C. Bates
|15 January 1906||13 April 1906||89 days||Infantry||William Howard Taft||—|||
J. Franklin Bell
|14 April 1906||21 April 1910||4 years, 7 days||Cavalry||William Howard Taft|
Luke Edward Wright
Jacob M. Dickinson
|22 April 1910||21 April 1914||3 years, 364 days||Medical and cavalry||Jacob M. Dickinson|
Henry L. Stimson
Lindley Miller Garrison
William W. Wotherspoon
|22 April 1914||16 November 1914||208 days||Infantry||Lindley Miller Garrison||—|||
Hugh L. Scott
|17 November 1914||22 September 1917||2 years, 309 days||Cavalry||Lindley Miller Garrison|
Newton D. Baker
Tasker H. Bliss
|23 September 1917||19 May 1918||238 days||Field artillery||Newton D. Baker||—|||
Peyton C. March
|20 May 1918||30 June 1921||3 years, 41 days||Field artillery||Newton D. Baker|
John W. Weeks
|10||General of the Armies|
John J. Pershing
|1 July 1921||13 September 1924||3 years, 74 days||Cavalry||John W. Weeks||—|||
John L. Hines
|14 September 1924||20 November 1926||2 years, 68 days||Infantry||John W. Weeks|
Dwight F. Davis
Charles P. Summerall
|21 November 1926||20 November 1930||3 years, 364 days||Infantry and artillery||Dwight F. Davis|
James William Good
Patrick J. Hurley
|21 November 1930||1 October 1935||4 years, 315 days||Infantry and engineers||Patrick J. Hurley|
|2 October 1935||31 August 1939||3 years, 333 days||Infantry and cavalry||George Dern|
Harry Hines Woodring
|15||General of the Army|
George C. Marshall
|1 September 1939||18 November 1945||6 years, 78 days||Infantry||Harry Hines Woodring|
Henry L. Stimson
Robert P. Patterson
|16||General of the Army|
Dwight D. Eisenhower
|19 November 1945||6 February 1948||2 years, 79 days||Infantry||Robert P. Patterson (of War)|
Kenneth Claiborne Royall
(of War, 1947; of the Army, 1947–1949)
(from Sep. 1947)
|7 February 1948||15 August 1949[a]||1 year, 189 days||Infantry||Kenneth Claiborne Royall|
Louis A. Johnson
J. Lawton Collins
|16 August 1949[b]||14 August 1953||3 years, 363 days||Infantry||Gordon Gray|
Robert T. Stevens
|Louis A. Johnson|
George C. Marshall
Robert A. Lovett
Charles Erwin Wilson
Matthew B. Ridgway
|15 August 1953||29 June 1955||1 year, 319 days||Infantry and airborne||Robert T. Stevens||Charles Erwin Wilson|||
Maxwell D. Taylor
|30 June 1955||30 June 1959[c]||4 years, 0 days||Airborne and field artillery||Robert T. Stevens|
Wilber M. Brucker
|Charles Erwin Wilson|
Neil H. McElroy
Lyman L. Lemnitzer
|1 July 1959[b]||30 September 1960[a]||1 year, 91 days||Infantry and coast artillery||Wilber M. Brucker||Neil H. McElroy|
Thomas S. Gates Jr.
George H. Decker
|1 October 1960[b]||30 September 1962||1 year, 364 days||Infantry||Wilber M. Brucker|
Elvis Stahr Jr.
|Thomas S. Gates Jr.|
Earle G. Wheeler
|1 October 1962||2 July 1964[a]||1 year, 275 days||Infantry and armor||Cyrus Vance|
Harold K. Johnson
|3 July 1964||2 July 1968||3 years, 365 days||Infantry and cavalry||Stephen Ailes|
Stanley Rogers Resor
William C. Westmoreland
|3 July 1968||30 June 1972||3 years, 363 days||Airborne and field artillery||Stanley Rogers Resor|
Bruce Palmer Jr.
|1 July 1972||11 October 1972||102 days||Infantry and cavalry||Robert Froehlke||Melvin Laird|||
Creighton W. Abrams Jr.
|12 October 1972||4 September 1974 †||1 year, 327 days||Armor||Robert Froehlke|
James R. Schlesinger
Frederick C. Weyand
|5 September 1974||4 October 1974||29 days||Infantry and intelligence||Bo Callaway
Martin R. Hoffmann
|James R. Schlesinger
|27||4 October 1974||30 September 1976||1 year, 362 days|||
Bernard W. Rogers
|1 October 1976||21 June 1979||2 years, 263 days||Infantry||Martin R. Hoffmann|
Clifford Alexander Jr.
Edward C. Meyer
|22 June 1979||21 June 1983||3 years, 364 days||Infantry and airborne||Clifford Alexander Jr.|
John O. Marsh Jr.
John A. Wickham Jr.
|23 June 1983[b]||23 June 1987||4 years, 0 days||Infantry and cavalry||John O. Marsh Jr.||Caspar Weinberger|||
Carl E. Vuono
|23 June 1987||21 June 1991||3 years, 363 days||Field artillery||John O. Marsh Jr.|
Michael P. W. Stone
Gordon R. Sullivan
|21 June 1991[b]||20 June 1995||3 years, 364 days||Armor and mechanized infantry||Michael P. W. Stone|
Togo D. West Jr.
William J. Perry
Dennis J. Reimer
|20 June 1995||21 June 1999||4 years, 1 day||Artillery and mechanized infantry||Togo D. West Jr.|
|William J. Perry|
Eric K. Shinseki
|21 June 1999[b]||11 June 2003||3 years, 355 days||Cavalry||Louis Caldera|
Thomas E. White
Peter J. Schoomaker
|1 August 2003||10 April 2007||3 years, 252 days||Special operations||Thomas E. White|
Francis J. Harvey
George W. Casey Jr.
|10 April 2007||11 April 2011||4 years, 1 day||Armor and mechanized infantry||Pete Geren|
John M. McHugh
Martin E. Dempsey
|11 April 2011||7 September 2011[a]||149 days||Armor and armored|
|John M. McHugh||Robert Gates|
Raymond T. Odierno
|7 September 2011||14 August 2015||3 years, 341 days||Armor and field artillery||John M. McHugh||Leon Panetta|
Mark A. Milley
|14 August 2015||9 August 2019[a]||3 years, 360 days||Armor and light infantry||John M. McHugh|
Ryan D. McCarthy
James C. McConville
|9 August 2019[b]||4 August 2023||3 years, 360 days||Aviation and cavalry||Ryan D. McCarthy|
Randy A. George
|4 August 2023||21 September 2023||48 days||Infantry and airborne||Christine Wormuth||Lloyd Austin|||
|41||21 September 2023||Incumbent||77 days|||
- Army Staff Senior Warrant Officer
- Sergeant Major of the Army
- Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army
- Law.cornell.edu, 10 USC 3033. Chief of Staff
- "General George Casey - Chief of Staff Army". Archived from the original on 11 September 2007. Retrieved 22 September 2007.
- Law.cornell.edu, 10 USC 165. Combatant commands: administration and support
- Bell 2005, p. 186-187.
- "Acting chief of staff held Vietnam posts". Ventura County Star-Free Press. Camarillo, CA. United Press International. 5 September 1974. p. B-7 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Weyand OKd". The Honolulu Advertiser. Honolulu, HI. United Press International. 4 October 1974. p. C-1 – via Newspapers.com.
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- Garamone, Jim (12 April 2011). "Dempsey lays out themes for tenure as Army chief". U.S. Army. American Forces Press Service. Archived from the original on 4 October 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Smith, Derek (9 September 2011). "Familiar face accepts new role: Gen. Odierno becomes Army Chief of Staff". U.S. Army. 362nd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment. Archived from the original on 4 October 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Callahan, Guv (20 August 2015). "The new boss: Army welcomes Milley on JBM-HH and says goodbye to a 'moral giant'". U.S. Army. Joint Base Myer-Henderson Hall Public Affairs. Archived from the original on 3 October 2022. Retrieved 3 October 2022. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Dickstein, Corey (9 August 2019). "McConville, Grinston sworn in as Army's top uniformed soldiers". Stars & Stripes. Archived from the original on 3 October 2022. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
- "Webcast: Relinquishment of Responsibility for GEN James McConville / Change of Responsibility SMA Michael Grinston". DVIDS. Retrieved 28 July 2023. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Sword, Michael (21 September 2023). "Army Gen. Randy George sworn in as 41st Army Chief of Staff". DVIDS. Alaska: 11th Airborne Division. Retrieved 22 September 2023.
- Appointed as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
- Served prior as Vice Chief of Staff of the Army.
- Appointed Military Representative of the President from 1959 to 1962; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1962 to 1964.
- In capacity as Vice Chief of Staff of the Army.
- Last World War II veteran to serve as Chief of Staff.
- Last Vietnam War veteran to serve as Chief of Staff.
- Recalled to active duty to serve as Chief of Staff. Schoomaker previously served as Commander in Chief, United States Special Operations Command from 1997 to 2000.
- Bell, William Gardner (2005) . "Appendix B: Chronological List of Senior Officers of the United States Army". Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff 1775-2005: Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army's Senior Officer. United States Army Center of Military History. ISBN 0-16-072376-0. CMH Pub 70-14.
- Hewes Jr., James E. From Root to McNamara: Army Organization and Administration, 1900–1963 (1975) .
- Semsch, Philip L. "Elihu Root and the General Staff." Military Affairs (1963): 16–27.
- Skowronek, Stephen. Building a New American State: The Expansion of National Administrative Capacities, 1877–1920 (Cambridge University Press, 1982) pp 212–247.
- Watson, Mark Skinner. Chief of Staff: Prewar Plans and Preparations. United States Army in World War II. Washington D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. Archived from the original on 13 December 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2010. - full text
- White, Richard D. "Civilian management of the military: Elihu Root and the 1903 reorganization of the army general staff." Journal of Management History (1998) 4#1 (1998), pp. 43–59.