Dover Corporation

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Dover Corporation
Public
Traded asNYSEDOV
S&P 500 Component
IndustryConglomerate
Founded1955[1]
Headquarters,
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Michael F. Johnston
(chairman of the board)[2]
Richard J. Tobin
(president), (CEO) & (director)
Revenue
  • Increase US$7,752.728 million (2014) [3]
  • Increase US$7,155.096 million (2013) [3]
  • Increase US$1,215.484 million (2014) [3]
  • Increase US$1,045.986 million (2013) [3]
  • Decrease US$775.235 million (2014) [3]
  • Increase US$1,003.129 million (2013) [3]
Total assets
  • Decrease US$9,090.385 million (2014) [3]
  • Increase US$10,855.181 million (2013) [3][4]
Total equity
  • Decrease US$3,700.725 million (2014) [3]
  • Increase US$5,377.396 million (2013) [3]
Number of employees
29,000 [5] (2017)

Dover Corporation is an American conglomerate manufacturer of industrial products.[6] Founded in 1955 in New York City,[1] Dover is now based in Downers Grove, Illinois,[6] and employs more than 26,000 people worldwide.[1] Dover's business is divided into five segments; ENGINEERED PRODUCTS, FUELING SOLUTIONS[buzzword], IMAGING & IDENTIFICATION, PUMPS & PROCESS, SOLUTIONS[buzzword], REFRIGERATION & FOOD EQUIPMENT.[6] Each segment holds operating companies that are run like independent companies. Dover is a constituent of the S&P 500 index[7] and trades on the New York Stock Exchange under "DOV". Dover is ranked 360th on the Fortune 500.[5] The company relocated its headquarters to Illinois from New York in mid-2010.[8]

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

In the 1930s and 1940s, George Ohrstrom Sr., a New York City stockbroker, bought four manufacturing companies: C. Lee Cook Company (seals and piston rings), Rotary Lift (automotive lifts), C. Norris (oil-well pump-sucker rods),[9] and Peerless (space heaters).[10] Dover Corporation was incorporated in 1947,[11] and in 1955, Ohrstrom brought in the former owner and president of C. Lee Cook Company, Fred D. Durham, to manage his four companies. Later that same year, the Dover Corporate offices opened in Washington, D.C., and Dover Corporation went public on the New York Stock Exchange.[9] As such, the year 1955 marks the company's official founding.[original research?]

Fred Durham influenced Dover's corporate culture, emphasizing autonomy, decentralization, and few corporate staff members. As a result, divisions were run in an independent fashion, each with its own president.[9] Today, Dover is still known for its decentralized management structure, in its governance of operating companies, and for its acquisitive approach.[12]

Between 1955 and 1979, Dover acquired fourteen companies.[9] A great deal of this acquisition activity served to build the Dover Elevator business. This elevator growth began in 1955, as Dover Elevator split from Rotary Lift and became an independent operating company within Dover.[10] Dover's purchase of the Shepard Warner Elevator Company in 1958 marked the beginning of an effort to grow the elevator business.[13] In 1963, Dover acquired Acme Elevator, and then Elevator Service,[10] Reddy Elevator Company in 1964, and Hunter-Hayes Elevator Company in 1970. With these purchases, Dover soon became the third largest elevator company in the U.S. and remained so for many years.[9] Dover continued to expand its elevator division throughout the 1960s and 1970s with the purchases of Moody & Rowe, Burch, Turnbull, Burlington, Hammond & Champness, Louisiana Elevator, and W.W. Moore.[10] Ultimately, Dover sold its elevator business in 1999 to Thyssen AG for $1.1 billion.[14] Dover Elevator had a pretax operating profit of $93 million in 1997[15] and the sale was mutually beneficial: it allowed Dover to focus on building its other businesses and moved ThyssenKrupp Elevator Americas to the number three spot worldwide in the elevator and escalator industry.[16][clarification needed]

Acquisitions[edit]

Dover's acquisition history reaches beyond the elevator industry. With a focus on diversification in the 1960s,[13] such as the acquisition of Ohio Pattern Works & Foundry Company in 1961, came notable purchases of companies that continue to be a significant part of Dover Corporation today. The company was shorthanded to OPW, and in 1949 one of its engineers, Leonard H. Duerr, invented the automatic shutoff fuel-dispensing nozzle valve.[17] Today, the basic technology of Duerr's invention continues to exist in automatic shutoff nozzles,[18] and OPW is still a part of Dover, specializing in the design and manufacture of commercial and retail-fueling solutions.[buzzword][19]

In 1962, Dover made two notable acquisitions: Detroit Stamping Company, now DE-STA-CO, specializing in the design and manufacture of clamping, gripping, transferring, and robotic tooling solutions[buzzword];[20] and Alberta Oil Tool, now part of Dover Artificial Lift.[21] Today, Alberta Oil Tool produces specialty drive rods, Norris tubular fittings, Norriseal control valves, and other products.[22]

1964 marked a significant year, as OPW's former leader Thomas Sutton became president of Dover and corporate headquarters were relocated to New York City. The 1970s were characterized by Dover's intent to expand beyond its principle industries of building materials, equipment, and industrial components. A result of this effort included the acquisition of Dieterich Standard, which manufactured liquid-measurement instruments and whose president, Gary Roubos, went on to become Dover's chief operating officer (COO) and president in 1977. Later, Roubos became Dover's chief executive officer (CEO) in 1981.[13]

Another significant acquisition included Sargent Industries, a manufacturer of control devices for aerospace and industrial end-markets, purchased in 1984 for $68 million.[23] The Sargent Aerospace & Defense unit persisted as a global supplier of precision-engineered components and aftermarket services, performing critical functions on a variety of commercial and military aircraft, submarines, and land-based vehicles.[24]

In the 1980s, Dover also began to focus more on electronics. This period was marked by the acquisitions of K&L Microwave in 1983, Dielectric Laboratories in 1985, and NURAD in 1986.[13] Dover later chose to spin off DOVatron in 1993 to shareholders,[25] as the company specialized in circuit-board assembly and had become a source of competition for Dover customers.[13]

That same year, Dover acquired Phoenix Refrigeration Systems, which then acquired Hill Refrigeration in 1994 to form Hillphoenix. Hillphoenix now manufactures commercial refrigeration systems and mechanical centers, electrical distribution products, walk-in coolers and freezers, and specialty display cases and fixtures.[26] The company is a partner of the EPA's GreenChill initiative, which focuses on reducing refrigerant emissions and climate-change impact.[27] Hillphoenix has more equipment installed at GreenChill Certified retail stores than any other refrigeration manufacturer.[28]

Also in 1994, Dover's COO and President, Thomas Reece, became CEO of the company.[13] The following year, Dover purchased an 88 percent interest in the French company Imaje Printing Products for $200 million;[9] this acquisition marks the largest in Dover's corporate history.[13] In 2006, Dover acquired Markem Corporation which specializes in identification solutions.[buzzword][29] One year later, the companies merged and were renamed Markem-Imaje, and have since focused on product coding, labeling, and traceability solutions.[buzzword][30]

2000s[edit]

While Dover acquired more than seventy companies between 1998 and 2002, the company's acquisition rate slowed in the early 2000s. Dover sold eight companies in 2001 for a total of $400 million. The early 2000s also marked a leadership change: Ronald Hoffman, Dover's vice president, and former president and CEO of Dover Resources, become president and COO of Dover Corporation in 2003. In 2005, he was appointed to the position of CEO.[13] The financial crisis hit Dover hard, but the company recovered quickly.[31][clarification needed]

Dover focused on growing target areas from 2007 to 2009, including electronic communication, energy and fluids, product identification, and refrigeration.[13] Dover continued to grow its refrigeration business with the 2012 purchase of Anthony International for $602.5 million. Anthony designs and manufactures specialty glass, commercial-glass refrigeration and freezer doors, lighting systems, and display equipment.[32]

In 2008, Robert Livingston was appointed Dover's new CEO and president. Livingston's Dover career began twenty-nine years earlier with the acquisition of K&L Microwave, where he was a vice president.[33] After joining Dover, Livingston also served as COO and vice president of Dover Corporation, president and CEO of Dover Engineered Systems, and president and CEO of Dover Electronics.[34] Under Livingston's leadership, Dover moved its corporate headquarters from New York City to the Chicago area in 2010. Factors at play in this decision included Chicago's central location, wide variety of housing options for employees, quality of life, and nearby air service to national and global destinations.[35] The choice to move to Downers Grove, Illinois, was also partially impacted by an effort to consolidate operations, and reduce administration costs,[36] as the move brought all four segment headquarters under one roof.[35]

From 2008 to 2012, Dover acquired almost twenty-five companies. Livingston's corporate development strategy sought to strengthen promising businesses and divest those that were either growing slowly or had significant exposure to highly volatile industries. As a result, Dover was able to apply greater focus to growing four or five targeted end-markets. Livingston also worked to reduced expenses by consolidating back office operations, metal purchases, and freight transportation.[33] Inpro/Seal, a producer of bearing isolators, was purchased by Waukesha Bearings Corporation in 2009, which included 150,991 shares of Dover's common stock being issued to Inpro/Seal shareholders.[37] In 2010, KMC Inc. and Bearings Plus Inc. were acquired by Waukesha Bearings Corporation with the expectation of synergizing their bearing seal technologies with Dover.[38] In addition, between 2008 and 2010, Dover spent approximately $436 million to purchase a total of sixteen businesses, while only $100 million was earned from the sale of eight businesses.[31]

In 2011, Dover expanded its acoustic components business with the purchase of Sound Solutions, a manufacturer of dynamic speakers and receivers for mobile phones and other consumer electronics, for $855 million.[39] Dover had acquired Knowles, a designer and manufacturer of hearing-aid technology and other acoustical componentry, six years earlier for $750 million.[40] Together, Sound Solutions and Knowles gave Dover the necessary scale to develop integrated solutions[buzzword] for the rapidly evolving mobile-electronics industry.[33] In 2014, Dover spun off Knowles,[41] which had a $2.6 billion market cap post-spin.[42] Today, Knowles continues to be a global supplier of communication-technology components, such as MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical systems), microphones, speakers, receivers, transducers, capacitors and oscillators.[43] Dover CEO and president Robert Livingston described the spinoff as allowing both Knowles and Dover to more aggressively pursue their individual growth strategies.[44]

In 2015, Dover sold Sargent Aerospace & Defense to RBC Bearings.[45]

Segments and operating companies[edit]

Dover's organization and segment structure has changed over its history. For example, in 1985 Dover restructured into five major subsidiaries to reflect its key markets of interest. For reporting purposes, these five major subsidies were represented in four sections: building industries (Dover Elevator International); electronic products (Dover Technologies); petroleum (Dover Resources); and industrial and aerospace products (Dover Industries, Dover Sargent). In 1989, Dover re-segmented into six sectors based on market activity changes: Dover Elevator International, Dover Technology, Dover Resources, Dover Industries, Dover Diversified, and Corporate Companies. After selling Dover Elevator, these segments became Diversified, Electronics, Industries, Resources, Systems and Technologies.[46] In 2007, Dover reported four segments: Industrial Products, Engineered Systems, Fluid Management, and Electronic Technologies.[47] By 2012, Dover had re-segmented again into Dover Communication Technologies, Dover Energy, Dover Engineered Systems, and Dover Printing & Identification.[citation needed]

In 2014, Dover Corporation has operated with four segments: Energy, Engineered Systems, Fluids, and Refrigeration & Food Equipment.[48] The operating companies that reside within each segment are run like independent companies.[12]

Again, as in 1985, during 2020, Dover's business was divided into five segments; ENGINEERED PRODUCTS, FUELING SOLUTIONS, IMAGING & IDENTIFICATION, PUMPS & PROCESS, SOLUTIONS, REFRIGERATION & FOOD EQUIPMENT.[6]

FUELING SOLUTIONS[edit]

Providing a comprehensive[citation needed] portfolio of high-quality[citation needed] and cutting-edge[citation needed] products and solutions[buzzword] for the retail fueling and other adjacent markets incorporates Dover Fueling Solutions and OPW. Dover Fueling Solutions (DFS)[49] is advancing fueling operations[citation needed] worldwide[citation needed] through innovative[citation needed] dispensing technologies, point-of-sale (POS) systems, automatic tank gauging and wet stock management solutions. OPW Delivers the most comprehensive[citation needed] and highest-quality[citation needed] line of fluid handling and car wash equipment

ENGINEERED PRODUCTS[edit]

The Engineered Systems segment delivers equipment, components and software serving the vehicle service, environmental solutions[buzzword] and other end markets. JK Group, Markem-Imaje, MS Printing Solutions, and OK International all serve the printing and identification markets. Environmental Solutions Group develops solutions[buzzword] for the transportation and transformation of solid waste. De-Sta-Co manufactures work-holding and flexible-automation solutions[buzzword], such as clamps and grippers. Microwave Products Group serves defense, aerospace, and telecommunications markets. Lastly, Performance Motorsports Inc., Texas Hydraulics, Vehicle Service Group, and Warn each develop solutions[buzzword] for the automobile and vehicle-service industry.[50]

IMAGING & IDENTIFICATION[edit]

Leading the design and manufacture of equipment, consumables and software, in addition to providing support services for the marking & coding and digital textile printing markets. Imaging & identification incorporates Markem-Imaje who manufacture product identification and traceability solutions[buzzword], including inkjet, thermal transfer, laser, print & apply label systems, and engineering systems. It also includes Dover Digital Printing who deliver effective printing solutions[buzzword] through innovative software, inks and consumables, along with printing systems for the digital textile, soft signage and specialty materials markets.[51]

PUMPS & PROCESS SOLUTIONS[edit]

Creating performance-critical solutions and products for the safe handling of fluids across the chemical, hygienic, oil & gas and industrial markets. Incorporates CPC provides quick disconnect couplings, fittings and connectors for life sciences and industrial applications. Dover Precision Components delivers performance-critical solutions for rotating and reciprocating machinery across the oil & gas, power generation, marine, industrial, chemical and general processing markets. Magg Group develops and manufactures innovative customized solutions for gear and screw pumps, pelletizing and filtration systems, as well as pulverizers for the plastics industries. Finally, PSG enables the safe and efficient transfer of critical, valuable fluids and materials that require optimal performance and peace-of-mind reliability in applications where it matters most. [52]

REFRIGERATION & FOOD EQUIPMENT[edit]

Developing and supplying innovative and energy-efficient equipment and systems serving the commercial refrigeration, food service & beverage equipment and heating & cooling markets. This segment incorporates Belvac, who develop creative and flexible solutions[buzzword] directly for beverage container manufacturers and brand owners around the world. Dover Food Retail who design and manufacturing commercial glass refrigerator and freezer doors, refrigeration equipment, lighting systems and display equipment. SWEP who design and manufacture brazed plate heat exchangers for HVAC, refrigeration and other industrial markets. Finally, Unified Brands partner with customers to find smart, differentiated food equipment solutions[buzzword] that result in better meals, an elevated consumer experience and an exponential return on investment. [53]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]