Downtown (Petula Clark song)

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"Downtown"
Downtown by Petula Clark UK vinyl A-side.jpg
A-side label of UK vinyl release
Single by Petula Clark
from the album Downtown
B-side "You'd Better Love Me" (non-LP track)
Released November 1964
Format Vinyl
Recorded 16 October 1964, Pye Studios, London
Genre Soul
Length 3:05
Label Pye 7N 15722
(United Kingdom)
Warner Bros. 5494
(United States)
Vogue EPL.8301 (France)
Vogue DV 14256 (Netherlands)
Vogue DV 14297 (West Germany)
Vogue STU 42207 (Denmark)
Vogue US-105 (Japan)
Writer(s) Tony Hatch
Producer(s) Tony Hatch
Petula Clark singles chronology
"True Love Never Runs Smooth"
(UK-1964)
"Downtown"
(1964)
"I Know a Place"
(1965)
Audio sample
file info · help

"Downtown" is a song composed by Tony Hatch which, as recorded by Petula Clark in 1964, became an international hit, reaching No. 1 in Billboard Hot 100 and No. 2 in UK Singles Chart. Hatch received the 1981 Ivor Novello award for Best Song Musically and Lyrically.[1]

The song has been covered by many singers, including Dolly Parton and Emma Bunton.

Background[edit]

Composition[edit]

Clark in 2012

Tony Hatch had first worked with Petula Clark when he assisted her regular producer Alan A. Freeman on her 1961 #1 hit "Sailor". In 1963 Freeman had asked Hatch to take over as Clark's regular producer: Hatch had subsequently produced five English-language singles for Clark none of which had charted.

In the autumn of 1964 Hatch had made his first visit to New York City, the purpose being to seek material from music publishers for the artists he was producing. Hatch would recall: "I was staying at a hotel on Central Park and I wandered down to Broadway and to Times Square and, naively, I thought I was downtown. Forgetting that in New York especially, downtown is a lot further downtown getting on towards Battery Park. I loved the whole atmosphere there and the [music] came to me very, very quickly".[2] According to Hatch he was standing on the corner of 48th St waiting for the traffic lights to change, looking towards Times Square when "the melody first came to me, just as the neon signs went on."[3]

Hatch envisioned his embryonic composition "as a sort of doo wop R&B song" which he thought to eventually pitch to the Drifters:[4] Hatch had scored his biggest success to date with the Searchers' "Sugar and Spice" modeled on the Drifters' hit "Sweets for My Sweet", and had also produced a cover of the Drifters' "Up on the Roof" for Julie Grant. It has been said that Hatch gave Julie Grant the opportunity to record "Downtown" which Grant turned down [5] but this does not accord with Hatch's statement that he played "Downtown" for Petula Clark within a few days of conceiving the melody and only completed the song's lyrics after Clark had asked to record it: also Hatch has said that prior to Clark's expressed interest in "Downtown" "it never occurred to me that a white woman could even sing it."[4]

Within a few days of his New York City junket Hatch visited Paris to present Clark with three or four songs he'd acquired from New York publishers for Clark to consider recording at a London recording session scheduled for 16 October 1964 which was roughly two weeks away. Hatch said of the meeting: "she was not very enthusiastic about [the material] and asked me if I was working on anything new myself. Reluctantly (because the song was still so unfinished)"[6] – according to Clark besides the title lyric Hatch had only written "one or two lines"[7] – "I played her the tune of my New York inspiration and slipped in the word 'Downtown' in the appropriate places."[6] Clark, who first heard "Downtown" from her kitchen having stepped away to make a pot of tea, told Hatch: "That's the one I want to record"[6] – "Get that finished. Get a good lyric in it. Get a great arrangement and I think we’ll at least have a song we’re proud to record even if it isn’t a hit."[8]

Recording[edit]

"Downtown" was recorded 16 October 1964 at the Pye Studios in Marble Arch. Thirty minutes before the session was scheduled, Hatch was still touching up the song's lyrics in the studio's washroom. Of his arrangement for the session Hatch would recall: "I had to connect with young record buyers...but not alienate Pet[ula]'s older core audience...The trick was to make a giant orchestra sound like a rock band." [3] The session personnel for the recording of "Downtown" who were assembled in Studio One of Pye Recording Studios – Hatch insisted that all session personnel on his productions be recorded performing together – included eight violinists, two viola players and two cellists, four trumpeters and four trombonists, five woodwind players with flutes and oboes, percussionists, a bass player and a pianist: also playing on the session were guitarists Vic Flick, Jimmy Page and Big Jim Sullivan and also drummer Ronnie Verrell, while the Breakaways served as vocal chorale. Hatch's assistant Bob Leaper acted as conductor.[8] According to Petula Clark, the session for "Downtown" consisted of three takes with the second take ultimately chosen as the completed track [yet, elsewhere, an "extended" version, instrumental+backing vocal track, most likely from a session tape makes claims questionable].[9]

Impact[edit]

Tony Hatch would recall playing the completed "Downtown" track for Pye Records executives saying: "Nobody knew what to make of it and no release date was set. Then Pye's general manager called and said Joe Smith – Warner Bros.' head of A&R – was in London looking for British material. When Joe heard Pet[ula]'s record, he loved it and scheduled the single for urgent release in the [United] States".[3] When Hatch, surprised by Smith's enthusiasm for releasing "Downtown" in the US, asked if Smith didn't consider "Downtown" to be a "very English record" Smith replied: "It's perfect. It's just an observation from outside of America and it's just beautiful and just perfect." [2]

In the wake of Smith's interest "Downtown" was released in the UK in November 1964. It entered the UK Top 50 dated 14 November 1964, ending a virtual two-year UK chart absence for Clark; of the ten singles she'd had released in the UK during that period only one, "Chariot", had appeared in even the lower charts (No. 39 the spring of 1963). "Downtown" rose to No. 2 UK in December 1964, remaining there for three weeks, kept out of the #1 position by the Beatles' "I Feel Fine". Certified a Gold record for sales in the UK of 500,000, "Downtown" also reached #2 in Ireland and #1 in Australia, New Zealand, Rhodesia and South Africa, and was also a hit in Denmark (#2), India (#3), the Netherlands (#4) and Norway (#8).

But "Downtown" had its greatest significance in the reception it was afforded in the United States, where it was released by Warner Bros. in November 1964: after early regional break-outs, notably in Detroit, Miami, and Washington D.C., "Downtown" debuted at #87 on the Hot 100 chart in the Billboard issue dated 19 December 1964. Despite the Christmas season typically being the worst time to break a new hit, "Downtown" shot up to #41 in its second week on the Hot 100 chart ascending in its third and fourth charting weeks to respectively #12 and #5; then after a subsequent single point advance to #4 "Downtown" leapt to #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 dated 23 January 1965, retaining that position a further week before being overtaken by the ascendancy of The Righteous Brothers' "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'". The song became the first #1 hit for the year 1965.[10] Petula Clark thus became the first UK female artist to have a US #1 hit during the rock and roll era and the second in the annals of US charted music, Vera Lynn having hit #1 US with "Auf Wiederseh'n Sweetheart" in 1952. "Downtown" also made Clark the first UK female artist to have a single certified as a Gold record for US sales of one million units. "Downtown" would be the first of fifteen consecutive hits Clark would place in the US Top 40 during a period when she'd have considerably less chart impact in her native UK, there reaching the Top 40 eight times.

Petula Clark, who had been playing to her French speaking fans in small venues in Quebec when "Downtown" entered the US charts, swiftly cut non-English versions of the song for the markets in France, Italy and Germany; the absence in each region's language of a two-syllable equivalent of "downtown" necessitated a radical lyric recasting for the versions aimed at France ("Dans le temps"), Italy ("Ciao Ciao", winning the Festivalbar, a juke-box contest) and Spain ("Chao Chao") which respectively charted at #6, #2 and – for three weeks – #1: "Dans le temps" also reaching #18 on Belgium's French-language chart. The title and lyric "Downtown" was retained for an otherwise German version which was the most successful foreign-language version, reaching #1 in Germany, #3 in Austria, and #11 on the charts for the Flemish region of Belgium.

It was used in the commercial for the video game WWE 2K17, whose tagline was "Welcome To Suplex City", featuring cameos from various WWE Superstars; including, Sheamus, Dean Ambrose, Erick Rowan, Paul Heyman, and the game's cover star, Brock Lesnar.

Charts and certifications[edit]

Preceded by
"Come See About Me"
by The Supremes
Billboard Hot 100 number one single
23 January 1965 (two weeks)
Succeeded by
"You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'"
by The Righteous Brothers
Preceded by
"You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'"
by The Righteous Brothers
RPM number one single
February 1965 (one weeks)
Succeeded by
"Let's Lock the Door"
by Jay and the Americans

Accolades[edit]

  • Grammy Award for "Best Rock and Roll Song" 1965
  • Ivor Novello Award for "Outstanding Song of the Year" 1964
  • Silver Record (1964) Awarded for 250,000 UK sales
  • Gold Record (1965) Awarded for 400,000 UK sales
  • Gold Record (1965) Awarded for One Million US sales [23]
  • Cash Box International Gold Award (1965)
  • Radio Caroline Bell Award (UK) (1965)
  • Festivalbar 1965 winner ("Ciao ciao")
  • Grammy Hall of Fame (2003)
  • Film & TV Music Award for Best Use of a Song in a Television Program (2007)

Downtown '88[edit]

"Downtown '88"
Petula Clark - Downtown 88.jpg
Single by Petula Clark
from the album My Greatest
Released June 6, 1988 (1988-06-06)
Genre
Length 3:25
Label PRT Records
Producer(s) Peter Slaghuis
Petula Clark singles chronology
"Life's A Game"
(1988)
"Downtown '88"
(1988)
"I Couldn't Live Without Your Love '89"
(1989)

In addition, the original 1964 recording was remixed and re-released in 1988, titled "Downtown 88" – reached #10 in the UK also charting in Australia (#58),[24] Belgium (Dutch chart #19), Finland (#3), Germany (#13) and Ireland (#14).

Charts[edit]

Chart (1988) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[11] 62
Germany (Official German Charts)[15] 13
Ireland (IRMA)[16] 14
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[20] 10

Other re-recordings[edit]

Petula Clark has re-recorded "Downtown" seven times, in 1976 (with a disco beat), in 1984 (with a new piano and trumpet intro that leads into the song's original opening), in 1988 with Dutch producer Eddy Ouwens for the album "My Greatest" for exclusive UK/Germany/Benelux release, in 1996 and in 2013. In October 2011 Clark recorded several lines of "Downtown" for inclusion in the remake by Irish band the Saw Doctors which was credited to the Saw Doctors featuring Petula Clark – (see below). Clark's 2013 album release Lost in You features a new version of "Downtown": Clark said she was uninterested when it was first suggested she again record "Downtown", then "I was played this beautiful [instrumental] track ...And I said it was lovely, and they told me it was [intended for] 'Downtown.' I got to the microphone and I didn't know how I was going to sing it, and it really feels like a new song." [25] Reviewing Lost in You for MusicOHM.com, Philip Matusavage writes of the "Downtown" remake: "already a song loaded with melancholy, the stately version here acquires new meaning with its weary but amiable delivery summoning forth powerful nostalgia and the sense of someone fondly remembering their youth." [26]

Reportedly an overture was made to Petula Clark to sing on "Cheltenham" a 2010 charity single recording of a lyrically abridged version of "Downtown" referencing Cheltenham Festival and featuring a chorale of British and Irish horse-racing personalities: however Clark did not participate in the recording of "Cheltenham" which was released in March 2010 credited to the Favourites and featuring Laura Critchley as lead vocalist.[27]

Dolly Parton version[edit]

"Downtown"
Dollydowntown.jpg
Single by Dolly Parton
from the album The Great Pretender
B-side "The Great Pretender"
Released April 1984
Recorded December 1983
Genre Country
Label RCA Nashville
Writer(s) Tony Hatch
Producer(s) Val Garay
Dolly Parton singles chronology
"Save the Last Dance for Me"
(1983)
"Downtown"
(1984)
"Tennessee Homesick Blues"
(1984)

Dolly Parton recorded "Downtown" in Nashville in October 1983 in the sessions for her covers album The Great Pretender, a Val Garay production which focused on hits from the 1950s and 1960s. "Downtown" served as the album's second single release in April 1984 reaching #36 on the Billboard C&W chart and crossing over to #80 on the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart: to date "Downtown" marks Parton's final solo Hot 100 appearance. Parton's version altered some of the lyrics: "Listen to the rhythm of a gentle bossa nova" became "Listen to the rhythm of the music that they're playing". Petula Clark has described Parton's take on "Downtown" as "cute, because she didn’t even try to sound like my recording." [28]

Chart positions[edit]

Chart (1984) Peak
position
US Billboard Hot Country Singles 36
US Billboard Hot 100 80
US Billboard Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks 20
Canadian RPM Country Tracks 20

Emma Bunton version[edit]

"Downtown"
DowntownEmmaBuntonCover.jpg
Single by Emma Bunton
from the album Life in Mono
B-side
Released 13 November 2006
Format
Recorded 2006
Genre Soul
Label Universal
Writer(s) Tony Hatch
Producer(s) Simon Franglen
Emma Bunton singles chronology
"Crickets Sing for Anamaria"
(2004)
"Downtown"
(2006)
"All I Need to Know"
(2007)
Music video
"Downtown" on YouTube

Background[edit]

BBC News announced 20 October 2006 that Emma Bunton would record a remake of the Petula Clark hit "Downtown" to be the 2006 official BBC Children in Need single, with Bunton quoted as saying: "I've always loved 'Downtown'...and I'm really looking forward to putting my own stamp on it. The track's good fun and one everyone will know." [29] Bunton, whose admiration for Petula Clark was evident on the 2004 Free Me album, recorded "Downtown" at AIR Studios (Lyndhurst) with Simon Franglen producing; the orchestra for the track was recorded at Angel Studios with Gavin Wright conducting. The track was released on 13 November 2006 and Bunton premiered her version of "Downtown" on the 2006 Children in Need telethon which began broadcast 17 November 2006.

Although Bunton would allege knowing "Downtown" composer Tony Hatch "quite well",[30] Petula Clark would state that neither she [i.e. Clark] nor Hatch had prior knowledge of Bunton's remake.[31] Clark also stated that she considered Bunton's remake to be an "outright copy" [28] of Clark's original recording: "I could ask: 'What's the point'...but Emma's recording is wonderful and...for a great cause" [31] (i.e. Children in Need).

Impact[edit]

"Downtown" by Emma Bunton debuted on the UK singles chart 25 November 2006 at #24. Central FM noted Bunton's chart debut, declaring "Downtown" "the song she was born to cover...One of the all time great pop songs, ['Downtown'] was long overdue for a revival and Emma Bunton pays it the respect it deserves." The Spanish radio station predicted "Downtown" would rise to the Top 3 in its second week and the single did indeed jump to #3 on the chart for 2 December 2006 having sold 30,582 units in the relevant week: the mid-week stats had ranked "Downtown" at #2 behind "Patience" by Take That but on the chart for the full week Bunton was bested not only by Take That at #1 but by the previous week's #1, "Smack That" by Akon, which outsold "Downtown" by 57 copies.[32]

While affording Bunton her highest charting single since her #1 solo debut "What Took You So Long?" in 2001, "Downtown" would prove to have little staying power, spending only three weeks in the Top 20, performances by Bunton on a Christmas Day broadcast of Top of the Pops and New Year Live failing to significantly buoy its popularity. Total UK sales for "Downtown" by Emma Bunton were tallied at 77,039 units.

Music video[edit]

Directed by Harvey & Carolyn, (the directors who also directed her video for her single "Maybe") the sexually suggestive music video for the single is set in a hotel bedroom featuring Bunton as a maid. It includes appearances from contestants from the BBC's reality television show Strictly Come Dancing and features cameos from Matt Dawson, Louisa Lytton, Carol Smillie, Spoony, Mark Ramprakash, Claire King, Peter Schmeichel, Craig Revel Horwood, Anton du Beke, Brendan Cole, Erin Boag, Lilia Kopylova, Karen Hardy, and Darren Bennett. According to Mark Ramprakash the video was shot at "a big house near Baker Street".[38]

The video drew negative reaction for evidently skewing the phrase "go downtown" into a sexual term. Bunton would constantly evade or deny this allegation, as when Michael Baggs of Popjustice put to her: "The dancers in the 'Downtown' video seem to know you very well indeed. So well that they are all pointing at your fanny. Was this your idea?", Bunton's response being: "I don't understand where this has come from. It is a dance routine and it is nothing to do with anything like that. It is everyone else's dirty little minds. Especially yours. It worries me because it is a classic and you can't make classics rude." [30] Singer Jann Arden who recorded "Downtown" for her 2007 album Uncover Me reacted to Bunton's "Downtown" video with the statement: "Petula Clark would slap [Bunton's] face" [39] though in fact Clark herself would state to being untroubled by Bunton's evidently salacious interpretation of "Downtown": "It's a pop song, for God's sake. It's not a hymn!" [28]

Saw Doctors version[edit]

In October 2011 Irish band the Saw Doctors remade "Downtown" with Petula Clark singing some lines: the track is credited to the Saw Doctors featuring Petula Clark. According to Saw Doctors' member Leo Moran the group habitually played snippets of well-known songs during their encore numbers: "One night for no particular reason we did 'Downtown' and you could see people loved it. All ages. You could see it brought joy to people’s faces." [40] Some time later the Saw Doctors learned their producer Philip Tennant was friends with Petula Clark's manager John Williams and an invitation was conveyed to Clark to sing on a Saw Doctors' remake of "Downtown"; Clark being agreeable, a session was booked in a London recording studio to allow the Irish group to liaison with the European-based Clark and "Downtown" was recorded over two days with Clark arriving to record her vocal on the second day. Moran recalls: "We [the Saw Doctors] did a whole lot of work the first day. [Petula Clark] came in the second evening and we discovered that the song was in the wrong key. So we had to scrap all of the first day's work and put down the backing track with Petula because she only had a few hours that evening and wasn’t able to come back the following day. It was exciting, exhilarating, scary and privileged … rolled into one." [41]

Top Irish cinematographer Eugene O' Connor (Father Ted) directed the video for the Saw Doctor's "Downtown" which was uploaded to YouTube on 17 November 2011. Shot on the nights of 9–10 November 2011, the video focuses on the band's members walking through the town center of Galway (lead vocalist Davy Carton is also seen briefly riding in a car). Footage of Clark was shot in Paris and spliced into the completed video in which she mainly appears on the screens of televisions displayed in a shop window (the shop is in fact clothing retailer Anthony Ryans) outside of which the Saw Doctors perform on the street in the company of eight members of the Galway City Cougars cheerleading squad and also a fire juggler.[42]

Radio presenter Ray Foley (Today FM) began a campaign to make the Saw Doctors' "Downtown" the Christmas #1 in Ireland for 2011 encouraging sales of the track upon its 16 December 2011 release with the intent of propelling it to the #1 position on the Irish Singles Chart for the week ending 22 December 2011 and the Saw Doctors' "Downtown" was indeed #1 on iTunes Ireland for the relevant period. However, on the Irish Singles Chart dated 22 December 2011 the track debuted at #2 with "Cannonball" by Little Mix retaining the #1 position largely because of "Cannonball"'s greater availability as a CD single – 10,000 units as opposed to "Downtown"'s 2000 – making "Cannonball" a more attractive prospect for gift-buyers.[43][44][45]

On the Irish Singles Chart dated 29 December 2011 "Downtown" by the Saw Doctors featuring Petula Clark was ranked at #43 in its second and final week on the chart.[45]

Other versions[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]