Eastend

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Eastend
Town
Storefronts on main street Eastend
Storefronts on main street Eastend
Nickname(s): Dinocountry
Eastend is located in Saskatchewan
Eastend
Eastend
Location of Eastend in Saskatchewan
Eastend is located in Canada
Eastend
Eastend
Eastend (Canada)
Coordinates: 49°30′50″N 108°49′10″W / 49.5139°N 108.8195°W / 49.5139; -108.8195Coordinates: 49°30′50″N 108°49′10″W / 49.5139°N 108.8195°W / 49.5139; -108.8195
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
Region Saskatchewan
Census division 4
Rural Municipality White Valley
Post Office Founded 1914-01-01
Government
 • Mayor Jesse Gordon[1]
 • Administrator Edna Laturnus
 • MLA Cypress Hills Doug Steele
 • MP Cypress Hills—Grasslands David L. Anderson
Area
 • Total 2.71 km2 (1.05 sq mi)
Population (2016)[2]
 • Total 503
 • Density 185.8/km2 (481/sq mi)
Time zone CST
Postal code S0N 0T0
Area code(s) 306
Highways Highway 13
Highway 18
Waterways Frenchman River
Climate Dfb
Website Eastend, Saskatchewan
[3][4]

Eastend is a town in southwest Saskatchewan, Canada. It is situated approximately 55 kilometres (34 mi) north from the Montana border and 85 kilometres (53 mi) from the Alberta border.

The town is best known for the nearby discovery of a Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton nicknamed "Scotty" in 1994. The town has used the discovery of this fossil as the main centrepiece in the construction of a museum called the T.rex Discovery Centre, which opened on May 30, 2003. The centre is operated by the Royal Saskatchewan Museum, and contains the RSM Fossil Research Station. Eastend has been home to many famous residents, including the writer Wallace Stegner, who lived in the town between 1917 and 1921 and featured it as the village Whitemud in his book Wolf Willow. Today, the former home of Stegner is used as an artists retreat which can be rented out by artists to focus on their work.

History[edit]

The Eastend Area is rich in history and geology, and is rife with paleontological sites. A Métis settlement developed north of Eastend, and in the 1870’s a Hudson’s Bay Company trading post was established in the region. In the mid 1880’s as bison populations were being decimated on the eastern plains, the area became an important hunting ground that nearby First Nations tribes regularly fought over. The post only lasted one season, due to hostilities between the neighboring tribes. Many years later, this site became known as Chimney Coulee – the name being derived from the remnants of stone chimneys that were once a part of Métis homes.

In the late 1870’s the Northwest Mounted Police established a satellite detachment of the Fort Walsh site in Chimney Coulee, and gave the area the name of "East End", due to its location on the East End of the Cypress Hills. When the Mounties moved to the nearby townsite years later, they condensed the name into one word, and the town was christened "Eastend". The first ranch was established in the area in 1883, and a ranch house was built in the town in 1902, the community’s first residence, which remains occupied to this day. Surveyors came to the area in 1905, a precursor to the expansion of the railway.

In 1913, construction of the railway in the area began. Lumber was freighted from Gull Lake, Saskatchewan to Eastend until the railroad reached town in May, 1914. Many young people began coming to the townsite, and tents were placed across the river to accommodate them. J.C. Strong, the original owner of the townsite, donated land to build the first church, cemetery and a lot for the first baby born in Eastend. She was born in June, 1914 and was named Eastena. On her 21st birthday she donated the lot given to her to the United Church.

Flood of 1952[edit]

In the fall and winter of 1951 the town saw a record amount of snow. In the spring of 1952, unusually warm weather melted the snow quickly and caused a massive flood in Eastend. The town was evacuated and residents found refuge with friends and family that lived in nearby towns. The water receded after three days, leaving immense amounts of destruction in its wake. A few years later a dike was constructed along the river, to prevent history repeating itself.

Geography[edit]

Eastend is located south-east of the Cypress Hills, east from Ravenscrag Butte and south from Anxiety Butte. It lies at an elevation of 915 meters (3,002 ft), in the valley of the Frenchman River. The Eastend Reservoir was built upstream from the community.

The Eastend Formation, a stratigraphical unit of the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin was named for the town and was first defined in outcrops close to the settlement. The Eastend Formation was the final marine deposit on the plains, and was home to many marine animals.

Demographics[edit]

Canada census – Eastend community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 503 (-4.6% from 2011) 527 (11.9% from 2006) 471 (-18.2% from 2001)
Land area: 2.71 km2 (1.05 sq mi) 2.71 km2 (1.05 sq mi) 2.71 km2 (1.05 sq mi)
Population density: 185.8/km2 (481/sq mi) 194.7/km2 (504/sq mi) 174.0/km2 (451/sq mi)
Median age: 56.6 (M: 54.7, F: 59.4) 56.8 (M: 53.3, F: 58.5)
Total private dwellings: 329 332 304
Median household income: $40,639
References: 2016[5] 2011[6] 2006[7] earlier[8]

Infrastructure[edit]

Saskatchewan Highway 13 and highway 614 intersect in Eastend. The Canadian Pacific Railway tracks also pass through the town. The nearest major airports are Saskatoon John G. Diefenbaker International Airport, Regina International Airport and Calgary International Airport.

Attractions[edit]

  • T.rex Discovery Centre is a world class facility to house the fossil record of the Eastend area started many years before the discovery of "Scotty" the T.Rex in 1994.[9]
  • The Eastend Community Swimming Pool was built in 1971, and remodeled in 2016. It now features a 25m outdoor swimming pool, a splash park and two waterslides.
  • Jones Peak is located six miles SW of Eastend. It was named after H.S. "Corky" Jones for his tireless work as an amateur paleontologist and in preserving the history of Eastend.

Regional attractions[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

  • John W. Bascom (1869–1948), frontier lawman, rancher, rodeo pioneer, rodeo stock contractor, Hall of Fame inductee
  • Melvin Bascom (1903–1987), rodeo pioneer and champion, rancher, Hall of Fame inductee
  • Raymond Bascom (1901–1943), rodeo pioneer, champion chariot racer, rancher, race horse trainer, Hall of Fame inductee
  • Sharon Butala, Canadian author who resides on a ranch outside of Eastend
  • George Haddad (1918–2010), world-renowned pianist, born and raised in Eastend[15]
  • Wallace Stegner, Pulitzer Prize–winning writer and environmentalist who lived in Eastend from 1917 and 1921
  • Clark Stork (1979–present), voice of the Humboldt Broncos
  • Séan Virgo, poet and novelist who was born in Malta and has lived in South Africa, Malaya, Ireland, and the UK; his work has won various national and international awards[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Town of Eastend, Saskatchewan
  2. ^ "2016 Census Profile". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-18. 
  3. ^ National Archives, Archivia Net. "Post Offices and Postmasters". Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  4. ^ Government of Saskatchewan, MRD Home. "Municipal Directory System". Archived from the original on 2016-01-15. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  5. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2017-03-18. 
  6. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  7. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 
  9. ^ T.rex Discovery Centre
  10. ^ Yanko, Dave. "The Badlands". Virtual Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2010-05-11. 
  11. ^ Harel, Claude-Jean (2006). "Big Muddy Valley". Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Great Plains Research Center. Retrieved 2010-05-11. 
  12. ^ Cypress Hills Vineyard & Winery
  13. ^ Great Sandhills Archived 2011-08-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ Robsart Art Works Archived 2013-06-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=U1ARTU0001484
  16. ^ Gowan, Jessi. "Eastend author shortlisted for Saskatchewan Book Award (Prairie Post 27 February 2013)". Retrieved 2014-06-01. 

External links[edit]