Elections in Madhya Pradesh

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Elections in Madhya Pradesh, a state in India are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India. The Assembly of Madhya Pradesh creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India. In addition, the state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament according to Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and President's rule may be imposed.

Main Political Parties Over The Years[edit]

While some parties are currently active in the politics of Madhya Pradesh, some have been dissolved.

Sr.No. Party Status Abbreviation & Color
1. Indian National Congress Active INC
2. Bharatiya Janata Party Active BJP
3. Bahujan Samaj Party Active BSP
4. Samajwadi Party Active SP
5. Bharatiya Jana Sangh Dissolved BJS
6. Janata Party Dissolved JP
7. Janata Dal Dissolved JD
8. Swatantra Party Dissolved SWA
9. Bharatiya Lok Dal Dissolved BLD
10. Communist Party of India Active CPI
11. Communist Party of India (Marxist) Active CPI(M)
12. Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad Dissolved RRP
13. Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party Dissolved KMPP
14. Gondwana Ganatantra Party Active GGP
15. Samyukta Socialist Party Dissolved SSP
16. Samyukta Vidhayak Dal Dissolved SVD

Lok Sabha elections[edit]

Lok Sabha Year Total Seats INC BJP Others PM elect PM's Party
1. 1951 29 28 - - Jawaharlal Nehru INC
2. 1957 35 34 - HMS : 1 Jawaharlal Nehru INC
3. 1962 36 24 - BJS : 3
PSP : 3
Jawaharlal Nehru INC
4. 1967 37 25 - BJS : 10
SWA : 1
IND : 1
Indira Gandhi INC
5. 1971 37 21 - BJS : 11
IND : 4
Indira Gandhi INC
6. 1977 40 1 - JP : 38
IND : 1
Morarji Desai JP
7. 1980 40 35 - JP : 4 Indira Gandhi INC
8. 1984 40 40 0 - Rajiv Gandhi INC
9. 1989 38 8 27 JD : 3 V. P. Singh JD
10. 1991 40 27 12 BSP : 1 P. V. Narasimha Rao INC
11. 1996 40 8 27 BSP : 2 Atal Bihari Vajpayee BJP
12. 1998 40 10 30 - Atal Bihari Vajpayee BJP
13. 1999 40 11 29 - Atal Bihari Vajpayee BJP
14. 2004 29 4 25 - Manmohan Singh INC
15. 2009 29 12 16 BSP : 1 Manmohan Singh INC
16. 2014 29 2 27 - Narendra Modi BJP
17. 2019 29

Vidhan Sabha elections[edit]

Colour key for parties
  BJP
  INC
  JP
  SVD
Legislative Assembly Year Total Seats INC BJP Others Chief Minister Party
1. 1952 232 194 - KMPP - 8
RRP - 3
SP - 2
SKP - 2
IND - 23
Ravishankar Shukla
Bhagwantrao Mandloi
Kailash Nath Katju
INC
2. 1957 288 232 - PSP - 12
BJS - 10
HM - 7
RRP - 5
CPI - 2
IND - 20
Kailash Nath Katju INC
3. 1962 288 142 - JS - 41
PSP - 33
SOC - 14
RRP - 10
HM - 6
SWA - 2
CPI - 1
IND - 39
Bhagwantrao Mandloi
Dwarka Prasad Mishra
INC
4. 1967* 296 167 - BJS - 78
SWA - 7
SSP - 10
Govind Narayan Singh
Nareshchandra Singh
Shyama Charan Shukla
SVD
5. 1972 296 220 - BJS - 48
SSP - 7
CPI - 3
IND - 18
Prakash Chandra Sethi
Shyama Charan Shukla
INC
6. 1977 320 84 - JP - 230
RRP - 1
IND - 5
Kailash Joshi
Virendra Kumar Saklecha
Sundar Lal Patwa
JP
7. 1980 320 246 60 JP - 2
CPI - 2
JP(S) - 1
RPK - 1
IND - 8
Arjun Singh INC
8. 1985 320 250 58 JP - 5
INC(S) - 1
IND - 6
Arjun Singh
Motilal Vora
INC
9. 1990 320 56 220 JD - 28
CPI - 3
BSP - 2
KSM - 1
IND - 10
Sunder Lal Patwa BJP
10. 1993 320 174 117 BSP - 11
JD - 4
CPI - 2
CPI(M)- 1
CMM - 1
KSM - 1
RPI(K) - 1
IND - 8
Digvijaya Singh INC
11. 1998 320 172 119 BSP - 11
JD - 4
SP - 4
GGP - 1
ABP - 1
JP - 1
RPI - 1
IND - 8
Digvijaya Singh INC
12. 2003 230 38 173 BSP - 2
SP - 7
GGP - 3
RSD - 2
IND - 2
Uma Bharti
Babulal Gaur
Shivraj Singh Chouhan
BJP
13. 2008 230 71 143 BSP - 7
BJSP - 5
SP - 1
IND - 3
Shivraj Singh Chouhan BJP
14. 2013 230 58 165 BSP - 4
IND - 3
Shivraj Singh Chouhan BJP
15. 2018 230 114 109 BSP - 2
IND - 4
SP - 1
Kamal Nath INC
  • In the elections held in the year 1967, the INC won 167 seats but its leader Govind Narayan Singh broke away with the party and formed the SVD, which along with other parties formed the government with Govind Narayan Singh as the Chief Minister.

References[edit]

External links[edit]