List of political parties in India

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India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and district level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India. Registered parties are upgraded as recognised national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognised party enjoys privileges like a reserved party symbol,[A] free broadcast time on state run television and radio, a consultation in setting of election dates and giving input in setting electoral rules and regulations.[1]

This listing is according to the 2019 Indian general election and Legislative Assembly elections and any party aspiring to state or national party status must fulfil at least one of the concerned criteria. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status.[1] As per latest publication from Election Commission of India, the total number of parties registered was 2598, with 8 national parties, 52 state parties and 2538 unrecognised parties.[2][3][4][5][6]

All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 28 states of the country along with the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, National Capital Territory of Delhi and Puducherry have elected governments unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.

National Parties[edit]

A registered party is recognised as a national party only if it fulfils any one of the three conditions listed below:[7]
  1. A party should win 2% of seats in the Lok sabha from at least three different states.[8]
  2. At a general election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in any four or more states and in addition it wins four Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as a state party in four states.
8 recognised national parties[2][4]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
year
Founder(s) Party Supremo [D] Party symbol Headquarters
All India Trinamool Congress[E] AITC 1998
All India Trinamool Congress symbol.svg
Kolkata office: 36G, Topsia Road, Kolkata-700039
Central office: 30B, Harish Chatterjee Street, Kolkata-700026
New Delhi office: 61, South Avenue, New Delhi-100011
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1984
Elephant
12, Gurdwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980 BJP election symbol.svg -783x768.png 6-A, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, Mandi House, New Delhi-110002 (Delhi)
Communist Party of India CPI 1925 Indian Election Symbol Ears of Corn and Sickle.png Ajoy Bhavan, 15, Indrajit Gupta Marg, New Delhi-110002, (Delhi)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 1964 Indian Election Symbol Hammer Sickle and Star.png 27-29, A. K. Gopalan Bhavan, Bhai Vir Singh Marg, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
Indian National Congress INC 1885 Hand INC.svg 24, Akbar Road, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
National People's Party[E] NPP 2013 Indian Election Symbol Book.svg M. G. Avenue, Floor, MDU Building, Imphal- 795001 (Manipur)
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 1999 Nationalist Congress Party Election Symbol.png 10, Bishambhar Marg, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)

A party recognised as a National party can be derecognised if it fails to maintain the criteria. For example, RJD received the status of recognised national level party in 2008,[9] but was derecognised in 2010.[10]

State Parties[edit]

A party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a state party:
  1. A party should secure at least 6% of valid votes polled in an election to the state legislative assembly and win at least 2 seats in that state assembly.
  2. A party should secure at least 6% of valid votes polled in an election to Lok Sabha and win at least 1 seat in Lok Sabha.
  3. A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly, which ever is higher.
  4. A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.
  5. Under the liberalised criteria, one more clause that it will be eligible for recognition as state party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the state.[11]
53 recognised state parties[2][4][5][6]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
year
Current leader(s) Recognised in State/Union Territory Symbol
Aam Aadmi Party AAP 2012 AAP Symbol.png
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 1972 Indian election symbol two leaves.svg
All India Forward Bloc AIFB 1939 Indian Election Symbol Lion.png
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM 1927 Indian Election Symbol Kite.png
All India N.R. Congress AINRC 2011 Indian Election Symbol Jug.svg
All India United Democratic Front AIUDF 2004 Indian Election Symbol Lock And Key.svg
All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU 1986 Indian Election Symbol Banana.svg
Asom Gana Parishad AGP 1985 Indian Election Symbol Elephant.png
Biju Janata Dal BJD 1997 Indian Election Symbol Conch.svg
Bodoland People's Front BPF 1985 Indian Election Symbol Nangol.svg
Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Liberation CPI(ML)L 1974
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam DMDK 2005 Indian Election Symbol Nagara.svg
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 1949 Indian Election Symbol Rising Sun.png
Goa Forward Party GFP 2016 Indian election symbol Coconut.svg
Hill State People's Democratic Party HSPDP 1968 Indian Election Symbol Lion.png
Indian National Lok Dal INLD 1999 Indian Election Symbol Spectacles.png
Indian Union Muslim League IUML 1948 Indian Election Symbol Lader.png
Indigenous People's Front of Tripura IPFT 2009 Indian Election symbol Dao.svg
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC 1932 Indian Election Symbol Plough.png
Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP 1982 Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party JKPDP 1998 Indian Election Symbol Ink Pot and Pen.png
Janta Congress Chhattisgarh JCC 2016 Farmer Ploughing (within square farm)
Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) 1999 Indian Election Symbol Lady Farmer.png
Janata Dal (United) JD(U) 1999 Indian Election Symbol Arrow.png
Jannayak Janta Party JJP 2018 Indian election symbol Key.svg
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 1972 Indian Election Symbol Bow And Arrow.png
Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) 1979 Indian election symbol two leaves.svg
Lok Janshakti Party LJP 2000 Indian Election Symbol Bungalow.png
Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS 2006 Indian Election Symbol Railway Engine.png
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP 1963 Indian Election Symbol Lion.png
Mizo National Front MNF 1959 Indian Election Symbol Star.png
Mizoram People's Conference MPC 1972 Indian Election Symbol Bulb.png
Naga People's Front NPF 2002 Rooster Indian Election Symbol Cock.png
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party NDPP 2018 Globe
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 1989 Indian Election Symbol Mango.png
People's Democratic Alliance PDA 2012 Crown
People's Democratic Front PDF 2017
  • P. N. Syiem
Candles
People's Party of Arunachal PPA 1987 Indian Election Symbol Maize.svg
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 1997 Indian Election Symbol Hurricane Lamp.png
Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD 1998 Indian Election Symbol Hand Pump.png
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP 2013 Indian Election Symbol Ceiling Fan.svg
Rashtriya Loktantrik Party RLP 2018 Water bottle RLP election symbol.svg
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1940 Indian Election Symbol Spade and Stoker.png
Samajwadi Party SP 1992 Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 1920 Indian Election Symbol Scale.png
Shiv Sena SS 1966 Indian Election Symbol Bow And Arrow.png
Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 1993 Indian Election Symbol Umberlla.png
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM 2013 Table lamp
Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS 2001 TRS-Party-Symbol-CAR1.jpg
Telugu Desam Party TDP 1982 Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
United Democratic Party UDP 1972 Indian Election Symbol Drums.png
YSR Congress Party YSRCP 2011 Indian Election Symbol Ceiling Fan.svg
Zoram Nationalist Party ZNP 1997 Indian Election Symbol Sun without Rays.png

Unrecognised Parties[edit]

Unrecognised registered notable parties[C][2][3][4][5]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
year
Current leader(s) States/UT
Revolutionary Communist Party of India RCPI 1934 Saumyendranath Tagore
Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League ABGL 1943 Bharati Tamang
Praja Socialist Party PSP 1952
Naam Tamilar Katchi NTK 1958 Seeman
Manipur Peoples Party MPP 1968 Sovakiran N.
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi VCK 1972 Thol. Thirumavalavan
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal UKD 1979 Kashi Singh Airy
Gorkha National Liberation Front GNLF 1980 Subhash Ghisingh
Amra Bangali AMB 1983 Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar
Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh BMSM 1983 Sundar Shaekhar
Kerala Congress (B) KC(B) 1989 R. Balakrishna Pillai
Gondwana Ganatantra Party GGP 1991 Hira Singh Markam
Kerala Congress (Jacob) KC(J) 1991 Anoop Jacob
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam MDMK 1992 Vaiko
Puthiya Tamilagam PTK 1996 K. Krishnasamy
Tamil Maanila Congress TMC(M) 1996 G. K. Vasan
Kongunadu Makkal Katchi KMK 2000 A. M. Raja
People's Democratic Front PDF 2001 Ajoy Biswas
Tamil Nadu Kongu Ilaingar Peravai KIP 2001 U. Thaniyarasu
Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party SBSP 2002 Om Prakash Rajbhar
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha RSP 2003 Mahadev Jankar
Lok Satta Party LSP 2006 Jaya Prakash Narayana
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha GJM 2007 Roshan Giri
Peace Party of India PECP 2008 Mohamed Ayub
Rashtriya Ulama Council RUC 2008 Aamir Rashadi Madni
Manithaneya Makkal Katchi MMK 2009 M. H. Jawahirullah
Naam Tamilar Katchi NTK 2009 Seeman
Social Democratic Party of India SDPI 2009 M. K. Faizy
Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi IJK 2010 T.R. Pachamuthu
Samajwadi Janata Dal Democratic SJDD 2010 Devendra Prasad Yadav
Hindu Sena HS 2011 Vishnu Gupta
Welfare Party of India WPI 2011 S. Q. R. Ilyas
Indian Gandhiyan Party IGP 2012 Aashin U S
Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi KMDK 2013 E. R. Eswaran
Odisha Janmorcha OJM 2013 Pyarimohan Mohapatra
Jana Sena Party JSP 2014 Pawan Kalyan
Param Digvijay Dal PDD 2014 Adhyatmik Neta Krishna Mohan Shankar Yogi
All India Hindustan Congress Party AIHCP 2015 Buddh Prakash Sharma
Jan Adhikar Party Loktantrik[13] JAP 2015 Pappu Yadav
Jan Shakti Party of India[14] JSPI 2015 Gurjeet Singh Azad
Hindustani Awam Morcha[15] HAM 2015 Jitan Ram Manjhi
Apna Dal (Sonelal) AD(S) 2016 Anupriya Patel
Swaraj India SI 2016 Yogendra Yadav
All India Mahila Empowerment Party MEP 2017 Nowhera Shaik
Amma Makkal Munnettra Kazagam AMMK 2018 V. K. Sasikala
Jansatta Dal Loktantrik Jansatta Party 2018 Raghuraj Pratap Singh
Makkal Needhi Maiam MNM 2018 Kamal Haasan
Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party (Lohiya) PSP(L) 2018 Shivpal Singh Yadav
Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi VBA 2018 Prakash Ambedkar
Vikassheel Insaan Party VIP 2018 Mukesh Sahani
Hind Janata Party HJP 2020 Subhash Bharatiya
Jammu and Kashmir Apni Party JKAP 2020 Altaf Bukhari
Jammu and Kashmir Workers Party JKWP 2020 Mir Junaid
Plurals Party PP 2020 Pushpam Priya Choudhary
Shiromani Akali Dal (Democratic) SAD(D) 2020 Sukhdev Singh Dhindsa
Shiromani Akali Dal (Taksali) SAD(T) 2018 Ranjit Singh Brahmpura
Punjab Ekta Party PEP 2019 Sukhpal Singh Khaira
Nawan Punjab Party NPP 2019 Dharamvir Gandhi
Lok Insaaf Party LIP 2019 Simarjit Singh Bains
Raijor Dol RD 2020 Akhil Gogoi
Loktantrik Janata Dal LJD 2018 Sharad Yadav
Samajwadi Janata Dal Democratic SJDD 2010 Devendra Prasad Yadav

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • A If a party is recognised as a national or state party, its symbol is reserved for its exclusive use in the country or in the state.[16][17]
  • B In all States/U.T.s except in the State of Assam, where its candidates will have to choose a symbol from out of the list of free symbols specified by the Commission.
  • C In addition to those included, the total is 1,761.
  • D Current leaders are presidents of their respective parties and not necessarily the leaders of their legislative group in the Indian Parliament.
  • E Recently Trinamool Congress and National People's Party were also recognised as National parties by the Election commission of India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Registration of political Parties". FAQs. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d "List of Political Parties & Symbol MAIN Notification". Election Commission of India. 15 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Amendment Notificaiton - List of Registered Unrecognised Parties and Symbols after 15 March 2019". Election Commission of India. 1 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "Amendment Notificaiton - List of Registered Recognised Parties and Symbols & List of Registered Unrecognised Parties and Symbols after 1 April 2019". Election Commission of India. 25 September 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "Amending notification regarding political parties and their eletion symbol dated 10.01.2020". Election Commission of India. 15 January 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Merger of Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik), a recognized State Party in the State of Jharkhand with the Bharatiya Janata Party". Election Commission of India. 6 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Dynamics of elevation of political parties to State or National Party". Press Information Bureau. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  8. ^ "When is a Political Party recognized as a National or State Party?". FACTLY. 28 January 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  9. ^ National level party
  10. ^ Balaji, J. "RJD-derecognised-as-national-party". The Hindu. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  11. ^ "Amendment of the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968. Allotment of common symbol to candidates of registered un-recognized political parties". Press Information Bureau. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Contact Us". Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  13. ^ "Allotment of Common Symbol -10B letter dt 15.9.15" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  14. ^ "June 2015 Notification" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 2. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  15. ^ "Manjhi's HAM recognised by poll panel". The Statesman. 19 July 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  16. ^ "Names of National, State, registered-unrecognised parties and the list of free symbols" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 12 March 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  17. ^ "State Party List" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 13 December 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 February 2017.

Further reading[edit]

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V. B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: but parties have to be 70per of decision A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.