List of political parties in India

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India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India. Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registered parties are upgraded as recognized national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognized party enjoys privileges like reserved party symbol,[a] free broadcast time on state run television and radio, consultation in setting of election dates and giving inputs in setting electoral rules and regulations. [2]

This listing is according to the Indian general election, 2014 and Legislative Assembly elections[1][3] and any party aspiring to State or National party status must fulfil at least one of the concerned criteria. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status.[2] As of 16 September 2014, the total number of parties registered was 1761, with six national, 49 state[1] and 1706 unrecognised parties.[3][4]

All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 29 states of the country along with the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi have elected governments unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.


A registered party is recognised as a National Party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions:[5]

  1. The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (as of now, 11 seats) from at least 3 different States.
  2. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States and in addition it wins 4 Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as State Party in four or more States.

Recognised national parties as of 16 September 2014:[1]

No. Name Abbreviation Symbol Foundation
Current leader(s)
1 Bharatiya Janata Party BJP BJP election symbol.svg
1980 Amit Shah
2 Indian National Congress INC Indian National Congress.svg
1885 Sonia Gandhi
3 Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI-M Indian Election Symbol Hammer Sickle and Star.png
sickle and star
1964 Sitaram Yechury
4 Communist Party of India CPI Indian Election Symbol Ears of Corn and Sickle.png
Ears of corn
and sickle
1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
5 Bahujan Samaj Party BSP Indian Election Symbol Elephant.jpg
1984 Mayawati
6 Nationalist Congress Party NCP NationalistCongressParty.PNG
1999 Sharad Pawar


A registered party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a State Party:

  1. A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly.
  2. A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.
  3. A political party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled during general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least one Lok Sabha, and two Legislative Assembly seats in that election,
  4. Under the liberalized criteria, one more clause has been added to provide that even if a Party fails to win any seat in a State in a general election to the Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly of the State, the party will still be eligible for recognition as State Party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the State.[6]

Recognised state parties as of 16 September 2014:[1][3]

No. Name Abbreviation Symbol Foundation
Current leader(s) States/UT
1 Aam Aadmi Party AAP Aam aadmi party symbol.png
2012 Arvind Kejriwal Delhi, Punjab
2 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK AIADMK Two Leaves.png
Two Leaves
1972 Jayalalithaa Puducherry, Tamil Nadu
3 All India Forward Bloc AIFB Indian Election Symbol Lion.png
1939 Debabrata Biswas West Bengal
4 All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM Indian Election Symbol Kite.png
1927 Asaduddin Owaisi Telangana
5 All India N.R. Congress AINRC Indian Election Symbol Jug.svg
2011 N. Rangasamy Puducherry
6 All India Trinamool Congress AITC All India Trinamool Congress symbol.svg
Flowers & Grass
1998 Mamata Banerjee Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, West Bengal
7 All India United Democratic Front AIUDF Indian Election Symbol Lock And Key.svg
Lock & Key
2004 Badruddin Ajmal Assam
8 All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU Indian Election Symbol Banana.svg
1986 Sudesh Mahto Jharkhand
9 Asom Gana Parishad AGP Indian Election Symbol Elephant.jpg
1985 Prafulla Kumar Mahanta Assam
10 Biju Janata Dal BJD Indian Election Symbol Conch.png
1997 Naveen Patnaik Odisha
11 Bodoland People's Front BPF Indian Election Symbol Nangol.svg
1985 Hagrama Mohilary Assam
12 Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam DMDK Indian Election Symbol Nagara.svg
2005 Vijayakanth Tamil Nadu
13 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK Indian Election Symbol Rising Sun.png
Rising Sun
1949 M. Karunanidhi Tamil Nadu, Puducherry
14 Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) HJC(BL) HJC flag.jpg
2007 Kuldeep Bishnoi Haryana
15 Hill State People's Democratic Party HSPDP Indian Election Symbol Lion.png
1968 H.S. Lyngdoh Meghalaya
16 Indian National Lok Dal INLD Indian Election Symbol Spectacles.png
1999 Om Prakash Chautala Haryana
17 Indian Union Muslim League IUML Indian Election Symbol Lader.png
1948 E. Ahamed Kerala
18 Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC Indian Election Symbol Plough.png
1932 Omar Abdullah Jammu & Kashmir
19 Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
1982 Bhim Singh Jammu & Kashmir
20 Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party JKPDP Indian Election Symbol Ink Pot and Pen.png
Ink Pot & Pen
1998 Mufti Mohammed Sayeed Jammu & Kashmir
21 Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) Indian Election Symbol Lady Farmer.png
Lady Farmer
1999 H.D. Deve Gowda Karnataka, Kerala
22 Janata Dal (United) JD(U) Indian Election Symbol Arrow.png
1999 Sharad Yadav Bihar
23 Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM Indian Election Symbol Bow And Arrow.png
Bow & Arrow
1972 Shibu Soren Jharkhand
24 Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) JVM(P) Indian Election Symbol Comb.png
2006 Babu Lal Marandi Jharkhand
25 Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) Indian Election Symbol Two Leaves.png
Two Leaves
1979 C.F. Thomas Kerala
26 Lok Janshakti Party LJP Lok Janshakti party.png
2000 Ram Vilas Paswan Bihar
27 Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS Indian Election Symbol Railway Engine.png
Railway Engine
2006 Raj Thackeray Maharashtra
28 Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP Indian Election Symbol Lion.png
1963 Shashikala Kakodkar Goa
29 Manipur State Congress Party MSCP Indian Election Symbol Cultivator Cutting Crop.png
Cultivator Cut Crop
1997 Wahengbam Nipamacha Manipur
30 Mizo National Front MNF Indian Election Symbol Star.png
1959 Pu Zoramthanga Mizoram
31 Mizoram People's Conference MPC Indian Election Symbol Bulb.png
Electric Bulb
1972 Pu Lalhmingthanga Mizoram
32 Naga People's Front NPF Indian Election Symbol Cock.png
2002 Neiphiu Rio Manipur, Nagaland
33 National People's Party NPP Indian Election Symbol Book.svg
2013 P.A. Sangma Meghalaya
34 Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK PMK Mango.png
1989 G. K. Mani Puducherry
35 People's Party of Arunachal PPA Indian Election Symbol Maize.svg
1987 Tomo Riba Arunachal Pradesh
36 Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Indian Election Symbol Hurricane Lamp.png
Hurricane Lamp
1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav Bihar, Jharkhand
37 Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD Indian Election Symbol Hand Pump.png
Hand Pump
1996 Ajit Singh Uttar Pradesh
38 Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP Indian Election Symbol Ceiling Fan.svg
Ceiling Fan
2013 Upendra Kushwaha Bihar
39 Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP Indian Election Symbol Spade and Stoker.png
Spade & Stoker
1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan Kerala, West Bengal
40 Samajwadi Party SP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
1992 Mulayam Singh Yadav Uttar Pradesh
41 Shiromani Akali Dal SAD Indian Election Symbol Scale.png
1920 Parkash Singh Badal Punjab
42 Shiv Sena SS Indian Election Symbol Bow And Arrow.png
Bow and Arrow
1966 Uddhav Thackeray Maharashtra
43 Sikkim Democratic Front SDF Indian Election Symbol Umberlla.png
1993 Pawan Kumar Chamling Sikkim
44 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM Table lamp SKM 2014-05-12 01-11.jpg
Table Lamp
2013 Prem Singh Tamang Sikkim
45 Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS Saab95deliveryvan.jpg
2001 Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao Telangana
46 Telugu Desam Party TDP Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
1982 N. Chandra Babu Naidu Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
47 United Democratic Party UDP Indian Election Symbol Drums.png
1972 Donkupar Roy Meghalaya
48 YSR Congress Party YSRCP Indian Election Symbol Ceiling Fan.svg
Ceiling Fan
2009 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
49 Zoram Nationalist Party ZNP Indian Election Symbol Sun without Rays.png
Sun (without rays)
1997 Lalduhoma Mizoram


Unrecognised registered notable parties (including these, the total is 1761) as of 16 September 2014:[1][3][4]

Name Abbreviation Symbol Foundation
Current leader(s) States/UT
All India Samathuva Makhal Katchi AISMK Star R Sarathkumar Tamil Nadu
The Future India Party FIP 2012 Subi Tamil Nadu
Jai Samaikyandhra Party JSP Footwear 2014 Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy Andhra Pradesh
Jana Sena Party JSP Jana Sena Party Logo.jpeg
2014 Pawan Kalyan Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Jan Shakti Party of India[7] JSPI - 2015 Gurjeet Singh Azad Punjab
Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi KMDK Tamil Nadu
Kongunadu Makkal Katchi KMK Tamil Nadu
Kongunadu Munnetra Kazhagam KNMK Gas Cylinder Tamil Nadu
Lok Satta Party LSP Whistle 2006 Jayaprakash Narayan Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Rayalaseema Parirakshana Samithi RPS Tree 2013 Byreddy Rajasekhar Reddy Andhra Pradesh
Manipur Peoples Party MPP Samajwadi.PNG
1968 Sovakiran N. Manipur
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam MDMK Top 1992 Vaiko Tamil Nadu
Naam Tamilar Katchi NTK Leaping Tiger Seeman Tamil Nadu, Puducherry
Odisha Janmorcha OJM Kite 2013 Pyarimohan Mohapatra Odisha
Puthiya Tamilagam PTK Lock and Key 1996 K . Krishnasamy Tamil Nadu
Tamilnadu Kongu Ilaingar Peravai KIP Tamil Nadu
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal UKD Chair 1979 Kashi Singh Airy Uttarakhand
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi VCK Candles 1972 Thol. Thirumavalavan Tamil Nadu

See also[edit]


  1. ^ If a party is recognised as a national or state party, its symbol is reserved for its exclusive use in the country or in the state.[1]
  2. ^ In all States/U.T.s except in the State of Assam, where its candidates will have to choose a symbol from out of the list of free symbols specified by the Commission


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Names of National, State, registered-unrecognised parties and the list of free symbols" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Registration of political Parties". FAQs. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Amendment notification" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "List of political parties registered after 16.09.2014 till 26.09.20" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "Dynamics of elevation of political parties to State or National Party". Press Information Bureau. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "Amendment of the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968. Allotment of common symbol to candidates of registered un-recognized political parties". Press Information Bureau. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  7. ^ "June 2015 Notification" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved August 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V.B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.