List of political parties in India

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India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and District level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India. Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registered parties are upgraded as recognized national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognized party enjoys privileges like reserved party symbol,[A] free broadcast time on state run television and radio, consultation in setting of election dates and giving inputs in setting electoral rules and regulations. [1]

This listing is according to the Indian general election, 2014 and Legislative Assembly elections[2][3] and any party aspiring to State or National party status must fulfil at least one of the concerned criteria. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status.[1] As of 16 September 2014, the total number of parties registered was 1761, with six national, 49 state[2] and 1706 unrecognised parties.[3][4]

All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 29 states of the country along with the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi have elected governments unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.

National[edit]

A registered party is recognised as a National Party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions:[5]

  1. The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (as of 2014, 11 seats) from at least 3 different States.
  2. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States and in addition it wins 4 Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as State Party in four or more States.
Recognised national parties as of 2 September 2016[2][6][7]
No. Name Abbreviation Foundation
year
Current leader(s)
1 Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980 Amit Shah
2 Indian National Congress INC 1885 Sonia Gandhi
3 Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI-M 1964 Sitaram Yechury
4 Communist Party of India CPI 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
5 Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1984 Mayawati
6 Nationalist Congress Party NCP 1999 Sharad Pawar
7 All India Trinamool Congress AITC 1998 Mamata Banerjee

State[edit]

A registered party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a State Party:

  1. A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly.
  2. A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.
  3. A political party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled during general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least one Lok Sabha, and two Legislative Assembly seats in that election,
  4. Under the liberalized criteria, one more clause has been added to provide that even if a Party fails to win any seat in a State in a general election to the Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly of the State, the party will still be eligible for recognition as State Party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the State.[8]
Recognised state parties as of 16 September 2014[3]
No. Name Abbreviation Foundation
Year
Current leader(s) States/UT
1 Aam Aadmi Party AAP 2012 Arvind Kejriwal Delhi, Punjab
2 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 1972 Jayalalithaa Puducherry, Tamil Nadu
3 All India Forward Bloc AIFB 1939 Debabrata Biswas West Bengal
4 All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM 1927 Asaduddin Owaisi Telangana
5 All India N.R. Congress AINRC 2011 N. Rangasamy Puducherry
6 All India United Democratic Front AIUDF 2004 Badruddin Ajmal Assam
7 All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU 1986 Sudesh Mahto Jharkhand
8 Asom Gana Parishad AGP 1985 Prafulla Kumar Mahanta Assam
9 Biju Janata Dal BJD 1997 Naveen Patnaik Odisha
10 Bodoland People's Front BPF 1985 Hagrama Mohilary Assam
11 Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam DMDK 2005 Vijayakanth Tamil Nadu
12 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 1949 M. Karunanidhi Puducherry, Tamil Nadu
13 Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) HJC(BL) 2007 Kuldeep Bishnoi Haryana
14 Hill State People's Democratic Party HSPDP 1968 H.S. Lyngdoh Meghalaya
15 Indian National Lok Dal INLD 1999 Om Prakash Chautala Haryana
16 Indian Union Muslim League IUML 1948 E. Ahamed Kerala
17 Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC 1932 Omar Abdullah Jammu & Kashmir
18 Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP 1982 Bhim Singh Jammu & Kashmir
19 Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party JKPDP 1998 Mehbooba Mufti Jammu & Kashmir
20 Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) 1999 H.D. Deve Gowda Karnataka, Kerala
21 Janata Dal (United) JD(U) 1999 Nitish Kumar Bihar
22 Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 1972 Shibu Soren Jharkhand
23 Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) JVM(P) 2006 Babu Lal Marandi Jharkhand
24 Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) 1979 C.F. Thomas Kerala
25 Lok Janshakti Party LJP 2000 Ram Vilas Paswan Bihar
26 Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS 2006 Raj Thackeray Maharashtra
27 Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP 1963 Shashikala Kakodkar Goa
28 Manipur State Congress Party MSCP 1997 Wahengbam Nipamacha Manipur
29 Mizo National Front MNF 1959 Pu Zoramthanga Mizoram
30 Mizoram People's Conference MPC 1972 Pu Lalhmingthanga Mizoram
31 Naga People's Front NPF 2002 Neiphiu Rio Manipur, Nagaland
32 National People's Party NPP 2013 Agatha Sangma Meghalaya
33 Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 1989 G. K. Mani Puducherry, Tamil Nadu
34 People's Party of Arunachal PPA 1987 Tomo Riba Arunachal Pradesh
35 Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav Bihar, Jharkhand
36 Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD 1996 Ajit Singh Uttar Pradesh
37 Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP 2013 Upendra Kushwaha Bihar
38 Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan Kerala, West Bengal
39 Samajwadi Party SP 1992 Mulayam Singh Yadav Uttar Pradesh
40 Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 1920 Parkash Singh Badal Punjab
41 Shiv Sena SS 1966 Uddhav Thackeray Maharashtra
42 Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 1993 Pawan Kumar Chamling Sikkim
43 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM 2013 Prem Singh Tamang Sikkim
44 Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS 2001 Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao Telangana
45 Telugu Desam Party TDP 1982 N. Chandra Babu Naidu Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
46 United Democratic Party UDP 1972 Donkupar Roy Meghalaya
47 YSR Congress Party YSRCP 2011 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
48 Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) SJP 1990 Chandra Shekhar Uttar Pradesh

Unrecognised[edit]

Unrecognised registered notable parties[C] as of 16 September 2014[2][3][4]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
Year
Current leader(s) States/UT
All India Samathuva Makhal Katchi AISMK 2007 R. Sarathkumar Tamil Nadu
Amra Bangali AMB 1983 Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar West Bengal
Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh BMSM 1994 Haji Mastan Mirza Maharashtra
The Future India Party FIP 2012 Subi Tamil Nadu
Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi IJK

2010

T.R. Pachamuthu

Tamil Nadu

Jai Samaikyandhra Party JSP 2014 Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy Andhra Pradesh
Jana Sena Party JSP 2014 Pawan Kalyan Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Jan Shakti Party of India[9] JSPI 2015 Gurjeet Singh Azad Punjab
Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi KMDK 2013 E. R. Eswaran Tamil Nadu
Kongunadu Makkal Katchi KMK 2001 A.M. Raja Tamil Nadu
Kongunadu Munnetra Kazhagam KNMK 2001 Kangayam Thangavel Tamil Nadu
Lok Satta Party LSP 2006 Jayaprakash Narayan Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Rayalaseema Parirakshana Samithi RPS 2013 Byreddy Rajasekhar Reddy Andhra Pradesh
Manipur Peoples Party MPP 1968 Sovakiran N. Manipur
Manithaneya Makkal Katchi MMK 2009 M. H. Jawahirullah Tamil Nadu
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam MDMK 1992 Vaiko Tamil Nadu
Naam Tamilar Katchi NTK 2010 Seeman Puducherry, Tamil Nadu
Odisha Janmorcha OJM 2013 Pyarimohan Mohapatra Odisha
Param Digvijay Dal PDD 2014 Adhyatmik Neta Krishna Mohan Shankar Yogi Uttar Pradesh
Peace Party of India PPI 2008 Mohamed Ayub Uttar Pradesh
Puthiya Tamilagam PTK 1996 K. Krishnasamy Tamil Nadu
Tamilnadu Kongu Ilaingar Peravai KIP 2001 U. Thaniyarasu Tamil Nadu
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal UKD 1979 Kashi Singh Airy Uttarakhand
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi VCK 1972 Thol. Thirumavalavan Tamil Nadu

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • A If a party is recognised as a national or state party, its symbol is reserved for its exclusive use in the country or in the state.[2]
  • B In all States/U.T.s except in the State of Assam, where its candidates will have to choose a symbol from out of the list of free symbols specified by the Commission.
  • C In addition to those included, the total is 1761.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Registration of political Parties". FAQs. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Names of National, State, registered-unrecognised parties and the list of free symbols" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Amendment notification" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "List of political parties registered after 16.09.2014 till 26.09.20" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "Dynamics of elevation of political parties to State or National Party". Press Information Bureau. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "Trinamool Congress recognised as national party..". The Hindu. The Hindu. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "Recognition of 'All India Trinamool Congress, as a National party" (PDF). ECI. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  8. ^ "Amendment of the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968. Allotment of common symbol to candidates of registered un-recognized political parties". Press Information Bureau. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "June 2015 Notification" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V. B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.