European Parliament election, 1984 (Italy)
All 81 Italian seats to the European Parliament
European election results map. Red denotes those with a Communist plurality, Light Blue denotes provinces with a Christian Democratic plurality, Gray denotes those with an Autonomist plurality.
The pure party-list proportional representation was the traditional electoral system of the Italian Republic since its foundation in 1946, so it had been adopted to elect the Italian representatives to the European Parliament too. Two levels were used: a national level to divide seats between parties, and a constituency level to distribute them between candidates. Italian regions were united in 5 constituencies, each electing a group of deputies. At national level, seats were divided between party lists using the largest remainder method with Hare quota. All seats gained by each party were automatically distributed to their local open lists and their most voted candidates.
The public emotion caused by Berlinguer's death resulted in an extraordinary strength for the PCI: for the first time in Western Europe since the French election of 1956, and for the first time ever in Italian history, a Communist party received a plurality by a democratic vote.
However, in opposition, this result reinforced the moderate government ruling the country: the Socialist Party of Prime Minister Bettino Craxi had maintained its vote, and its major ally, the defeated Christian Democracy, did not want to take any chances of a political crisis that could lead to dangerous general election.
|National party||European group||Main candidate||Votes||%||+/–||Seats||+/–|
|Italian Communist Party||COM||11,714,428||33.33||3.76||27||3|
|Italian Socialist Party||SOC||3,940,445||11.21||0.18||9||0|
|Italian Social Movement||ER||2,274,556||6.47||1.02||5||1|
|Italian Liberal Party – Italian Republican Party||LD||2,140,501||6.09||2.46||5||2|
|Italian Democratic Socialist Party||SOC||1,225,462||3.49||0.83||3||1|
|South Tyrolean People's Party||EPP||198,220||0.56||0||1||0|
|Blank and invalid votes||1,928,073||5.20|
|Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout||44,948,253||82.47||2.91|
|Source: Italian Ministry of the Interior|