Friston

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Friston
St Mary Magdalene C of E, Friston - geograph.org.uk - 1436210.jpg
St Mary Magdalene Church, Friston
Friston is located in Suffolk
Friston
Friston
Friston shown within Suffolk
Population 344 2011 Census
Civil parish
  • Friston
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SAXMUNDHAM
Postcode district IP17
EU Parliament East of England
Website http://www.friston.org.uk/
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°11′24″N 1°31′41″E / 52.190°N 1.528°E / 52.190; 1.528Coordinates: 52°11′24″N 1°31′41″E / 52.190°N 1.528°E / 52.190; 1.528
20th Century Map of Friston
Old Water Tower, Friston

Friston is a village and civil parish in the Suffolk Coastal district, in the county of Suffolk, England. It is 3 miles (5 km) southeast of Saxmundham, its post town, and 4 miles (6 km) northwest of Aldeburgh. The River Alde bounds the village on the south. The surrounding land is chiefly arable. The soil becomes partly marshy in the lower grounds. The village is noted for its early nineteenth century post mill.[1] It is located next to the village of Knodishall.

Its name is recorded in the Domesday Book as Frisetuna and seems to come from Anglo-Saxon Frīsa tūn = "the farmstead of the Frisians"; some of them may have come with the Angles and Saxons. An alternative name for the parish is Freston.[2]

In 1887, John Bartholomew described Friston as:

Friston, par. and vil., E. Suffolk, 3 miles SE. of Saxmundham, 1846 ac., pop. 385; P.O.; in NW. vicinity of vil. is Friston Hall.[3]

Population[edit]

According to the most recent census in 2011, the parishes male population was 164 and the female population was 180.[4] The historical reports show that Friston's total population in 1841 was 455 with 210 people being under 20 and 245 people being 20 years and upwards indicating the parishes young population.[5] The population graph from 1801 to 2011 shows an increase in population from 1801 to 1850 where it declined to just under 400 people. After this point the population of Friston fluctuated but continued increasing before the huge decline in the villages population around the 1970s which was common in most rural areas due to people migrating to metropolitan areas with higher accessibility for social and economic activities.

Industry[edit]

The 1881 occupational graph demonstrates that the most common occupations for men were in agriculture and commodities with approximately 30 men working in each of these occupations. The second most popular occupation was house construction with 9 men working in that occupation. Females occupations differ in comparison with 17 females employed in domestic services such as transporters of messages and 56 females without specified occupations suggesting they worked around their homes.[6]

Community[edit]

Friston is located in a rural area close to the sea, rivers and woodland area. Friston is close to a famous bird sanctuary in Minsmere and is also home to its own wind mill dating back to the 19th century called 'Frison Post Mill'. The village has its own church, called St Mary's Church. The village which once had nine shops has now seen closure to its school and its post office, it is however close to surrounding towns with shops and supermarkets. There are two cinemas and a theatre within four miles of the village. Friston has a village Parish Council which hosts an annual general meeting with its seven members and the clerk.[7] The village has a thriving pub called 'Old Chequers Pub' with a traditional log burner and was referred to as a 'community asset' after fears of it being sold for residential development in 2014.[8]

Occupation of Friston's population by gender, 1881

Housing[edit]

Friston is a desirable location which has meant that there is a big amount of non-residential housing and properties are at a premium.[7] On average a three bedroom semi-detached house costs £375,000 and to rent a two bedroom house costs approximately £700 per calendar month.

Friston Population, 1801-2011

Church[edit]

The Church at Friston, called St Mary's Church dates back to the Norman period with the main body of the church dating back to the 14th century. The church is built with a nave, chancel, west tower and south porch which is the ideal parish church plan. The Church contains a Tudor Bible written in 1550 and is possibly the first bible to have ever been used in St Mary's church. The church also has a churchyard which has several graves of the Bowater family members, of which three were Lord Mayors of London.[9]

Friston Post Mill

Friston Post Mill[edit]

Friston post mill was built in 1812 and is the tallest of its type in England. It was said to have been built by John Collins before getting sold to Joseph Colling of Bramfield and then getting sold to John Wells of Halesworth for £40 in 1813. The Mill has been repaired ever since it was built, in 1976 there were 7 major repairs because it was effected by Deathwatch beetle infestation. The Mill was updated in August 1983 and was described as:

Post Windmill, Early C19; partly restored 1977. Timber framed and weather boardered body on 3-storey painted brick roundhouse. Fantain and sails removed. The principal machinery, which drove 3 pairs of millstones, remains intact. An outstanding landmark.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (401005)". Images of England. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Place names". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  3. ^ Bartholomew, John (1887). Gazetteer of the British Isles. Edinburgh: Bartholomew. 
  4. ^ "Friston (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Enumeration abstract, 1841 Page 302". Online Historical Population Reports. 1841. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  6. ^ GB Historical GIS. "Friston CP/AP through time | Industry Statistics | Occupation data classified into the 24 1881 'Orders', plus sex". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Welcome to the Friston village website". Friston: A tranquil village. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  8. ^ Hirst, Andrew (3 April 2014). "Friston: Villagers in Legal fight to save Old Chequers Inn". East Anglian Daily Times. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  9. ^ Ross, David. "Friston, St Mary's Church". Britain Express. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  10. ^ Historic England. "Friston Post Mill (1215741)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Friston at Wikimedia Commons