Halesworth

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Halesworth
Halesworth - Church of St Mary the Virgin.jpg
Church of St Mary, Halesworth
Halesworth is located in Suffolk
Halesworth
Halesworth
Location within Suffolk
Area4.47 km2 (1.73 sq mi)
Population4,726 (2011 Census)
• Density1,057/km2 (2,740/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTM388773
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHALESWORTH
Postcode districtIP19
Dialling code01986
PoliceSuffolk
FireSuffolk
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°20′31″N 1°30′22″E / 52.342°N 1.506°E / 52.342; 1.506Coordinates: 52°20′31″N 1°30′22″E / 52.342°N 1.506°E / 52.342; 1.506

Halesworth is a small market town, civil parish and electoral ward in the northeastern corner of Suffolk, England. The population was measured at 4,726 in the 2011 Census.[1] It is located 15 miles (24 km) south west of Lowestoft, and stands on a small tributary of the River Blyth, 9 miles (14 km) upstream from Southwold. The town is served by Halesworth railway station on the IpswichLowestoft East Suffolk Line. Halesworth is twinned with both Bouchain in France and Eitorf in Germany.

A Roman settlement, Halesworth has a medieval church; St Mary's with Victorian additions and a variety of houses, from early timber-framed buildings to the remnants of Victorian prosperity. Former almshouses used to house the Halesworth & District Museum (open from May to September) but this has now been moved to Halesworth railway station. The Town Trail walk provides opportunity to discover the history of Halesworth.

Halesworth is the home to the New Cut Arts Centre, which hosts the annual Halesworth Arts Festival.[citation needed]

Halesworth has the largest Millennium Green in the UK with around 44 acres (18 ha) of grazing marsh providing a haven for wildlife close to the town centre.[citation needed] The rivers in this area are home to grey herons, common kingfishers and Eurasian otters.

Nearby villages include Cratfield, Wissett, Chediston, Walpole, Blyford, Linstead Parva, Wenhaston, Thorington, Spexhall and Bramfield. The village of Holton is 1-mile (1.6 km) away with a large open space for walking called Holton Pits.

History[edit]

The place-name 'Halesworth' is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086, where it appears as Healesuurda and Halesuuorda. The name means 'Hæle's homestead'.[2]

The town's Angel Hotel dates to the sixteenth century.[3]

Joseph Dalton Hooker, the botanist and traveller, lived in Halesworth with his family.[4]

Town placard, as of July 2012.

In 1862 the only murder of modern times was recorded. Ebenezer Tye (died 25 November 1862, aged 24) was a policeman who was trying to stop a burglary in Chediston Street. However he was beaten to death and is now buried in Halesworth Cemetery. The murderer, John Ducker, was caught and was the last person to be publicly hanged in Suffolk.[5] The archives of the Diocese of Norwich record the murder of a chantry priest in Halesworth in medieval times.

In 1862 the Rifle Hall was presented to the town by the family of a late captain of the rifle corps, Andrew Johnston. It is so called because it was used as a drill hall by the rifle corps. The hall was originally built in 1792 as a theatre and was used from 1812–44 by the theatre manager David Fisher. He owned an itinerant theatre group which travelled a circuit of theatres in East Anglia (including the Fisher Theatre in Bungay which has now been fully restored). It would take the company two years to complete the circuit travelling with their costumes, props and sets and publicising their plays as they went.[citation needed]

A Halesworth bank used to issue its own banknotes. A 5 guinea banknote (£5.25), issued by the Suffolk and Halesworth Bank in 1799, is to be found in the Coins and Medals Collection at the British Museum, and the Museum also holds later examples.[6][7]

A short distance to the north east of the town itself, in Holton, lies the Second World War airfield of RAF Halesworth. The airfield was constructed in 1942-1943, and initially the 56th Fighter Group of the United States 8th Army Air Force were stationed there. Later, in 1944, it became the base of the 489th Bomb Group flying B24 Liberators. They played a part in the buildup to and during D-Day on 6 June 1944. From July they switched to strategic offensive bombing until November, when they ceased operations to return to America.

Between January and June 1945, the 5th Emergency Rescue Squadron operated from the base, flying "war-weary" P47 and B17 aircraft. Their mission was to carry dinghies and smoke markers to aid downed crews found at sea.

The airfield closed for flying in February 1946. Today it is an industrial site owned by Bernard Matthews, and while it is still closed for flying, there is a museum staffed by locals who help to keep alive the memories of those it hosted.

Government[edit]

Since 2019, Halesworth has been governed by East Suffolk district council and Suffolk County Council. Between 1974 and 2019 it was part of the Waveney district. Prior to 1974, local government functions had been carried out by Halesworth Urban District Council.

Halesworth Town Council was also formed in 1974. The 12 Town Councillors are elected every four years. The chairman and vice-chair are elected by fellow councillors and usually serve for two years in office.[8]

The Thoroughfare[edit]

Excavations outside the White Hart pub in 1991 discovered part of a causeway – probably dating from the late Saxon period.[citation needed] A piece of oak pile from these excavations is in the Halesworth & District Museum.

There are fine examples of 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th century buildings in the Thoroughfare.

Number 8 is a former ironmonger's. This shop belonged to the grandfather of Sir David Frost and the name of William Frost can still be seen underneath the archway next to the shop.

A block of four shops next to this was originally built in 1474 as the Guildhall. This was the home of the Guild of St John the Baptist and Guild of St Love and St Anthony. The original line of the building can be seen.

Railways[edit]

Halesworth railway station is connected to Ipswich and Lowestoft. It was voted the best unstaffed railway station for 2004 and 2005.[citation needed] Services are available to Lowestoft and Ipswich and are run by Abellio Greater Anglia.

1854 – the railway arrives in Halesworth.

1859 – the railway station moves to its present position as the line is extended to Lowestoft.

1888 – a moveable platform is installed (renewed in 1922 and restored in 1999) This device allowed the platforms to be extended across the adjacent level crossing. The moveable platform sections could be swung to one side to open the road for traffic.[citation needed]

1958 – Norwich Road railway bridge opens providing an alternative to the level crossing by the railway station with its moveable platform gates.

From 24 September 1879 until 11 April 1929 the narrow-gauge Southwold Railway connected Halesworth to Southwold. There were plans by the Southwold Railway Society to revive the railway, partly on the original track and partly on new formation, but these have now been abandoned in favour of a railway park, to be situated at Southwold.[9]

St Mary's Church[edit]

There has probably been a church on the site of St Mary's, since Saxon times. Halesworth is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 recording Ulf the priest to be in charge of the parish.

The present church is essentially early 15th century with outer aisles built and restoration taking place in the late 19th century. At the time of the restoration, some evidence was uncovered of a round-tower church on the site. The carved Danestones in the church, depicting hands clutching foliage or tails, were found in the church during the 19th century and could be part of a cross shaft.Their original location is unknown, as is their date. However, Pevsner in "The Buildings of England" mentions them as being part of an Anglo-Saxon frieze, with a suggested date of the later 9th century.[10]

St Mary's became the centre of the Halesworth Team Ministry of eight parishes in the 1980s; following the addition of the parishes of Bramfield, Thorington, and Wenhaston in 1996, it is now part of the Blyth Valley Team Ministry of eleven parishes.[11]

A statue of the Madonna and Child in the Lady chapel was fashioned from driftwood by Peter Eugene Ball.

Pubs[edit]

There are historical records of some 30 pubs in Halesworth.[12]

Presently there are 4 public houses, the White Hart, the Swan, the Angel, & the Triple Plea.

Sports[edit]

Halesworth has a 27-hole golf club.

Halesworth Town F.C. and Wenhaston United F.C. are the local football clubs.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Town and ward population 2011". Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  2. ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.212.
  3. ^ "The Angel Hotel". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  4. ^ Endersby, J. "Hooker, Sir Joseph Dalton (1817–1911)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33970. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. ^ "John Ducker, the last man hanged publicly in Suffolk". Suffolk Archives. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  6. ^ "Banknote, issuer Halesworth and Suffolk Bank, Museum number 2010,4116.13". British Museum. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  7. ^ "Halesworth and Suffolk Bank-related objects". British Museum. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  8. ^ "Halesworth Town Council". Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  9. ^ "Replica of historic Southwold loco being built". Eastern Daily Press. 10 March 2010.
  10. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1961). The Buildings of England - Suffolk. Penguin Books Limited. ISBN 0-14-071020-5.
  11. ^ "Blyth Valley Team Ministry". Blyth Valley Team Ministry. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  12. ^ http://www.halesworth.net/museum/pubs/index.php

External links[edit]