Sutton shown within Suffolk
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Sutton is a village and a civil parish on the B1083 road, in the Suffolk Coastal district, in the county of Suffolk, England. Sutton has a pub, a mobile post office and a place of worship. There is also the hamlet of Sutton Street and the Sutton Common estate nearby.
Sutton in Old English means "Southern Farm"; 'sut' meaning south and 'ton' meaning farmstead or settlement.
John Marius Wilson described Sutton in the Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1868) as
- "a parish, with a village, in Woodbridge district, Suffolk; on the river Deben, 3 miles SE of Woodbridge r. station. It has a post-office under Wood-bridge. Acres, 6,410; of which 430 are water.
The Doomsday is the oldest public record, the book features information on Sutton as early as 1086. In 1086 there were 77 families living in Sutton and the Lord of Sutton was a Lord Robert Mallet.
According to the 1831 Enumeration there were 680 people living in Sutton. 100 of the 126 Families in Sutton at the time were said to be "..chiefly employed in Agriculture. All parishes within the hundred of Wilford, including Sutton, according to this information had families working primarily in agriculture. Arthur Young toured Suffolk in 1784 and wrote three accounts of farmers he was introduced to in Sutton of which: "Mr. William Waller, of Sutton, one of the greatest farmers in the neighbourhood, has 2700 acres, ploughs 1000, and has above 1000 sheep. Other statistics taken from the 1831 Census were Social status. These statistics state that over three quarters of the people living in Sutton were labourers and servants. Meanwhile only a very small fraction of the population made up the middling sorts, that is owners of small farms. These statistics are based upon the contemporary ideas of social status not as people would judge them today.
All Saints church was built in 1555 and was largely reconstructed by the Victorians. This medieval church has a font that dates back before the Reformation which is strange as the Church now belongs to the Church of England. The font is the only remnants of a pre-Reformation church as it burnt down in the 17th century. There is also a small Baptist Church called the Chapel located on Main Road that was founded in 1813.
Brian Forster Morton Franks DSO MC TD (1910-1982), a former Lieutenant Colonel in the Special Air Service and an agent of MI6 is buried in the churchyard.
He was educated at Eton College in Windsor, Berkshire. He fought in the Second World War and was awarded a Military Cross (MC) in 1943. He gained the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the service of the Middlesex Yeomanry and added a Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in 1944. He was further decorated with the awards of the Legion d'Honneur and the Croix de Guerre. He gained the rank of Honorary Colonel in the service of the 21st SAS Regiment.
In 1954 a Memorial Hall was built to commemorate all the soldiers from Sutton who fought in the Second World War. The hall was built by local people; both men and women participated in plastering the walls, donating electric heaters and buying curtains. The opening ceremony was held on 30 October 1958.
Sutton is situated between the River Deben and Rendlesham Forest with the famous Sutton Hoo estate to the North of Sutton which is the site of an Anglo-Saxon ship burial. According to the 2011 census the parish has a population of 1,804. The most common occupations in Sutton, according to the 2011 census, are Associate Professionals and Technical occupations especially in the Protective services.
Within Sutton there is a town hall known as Memorial Hall, a pub called the Plough Inn, the All Saints Church and a smaller Baptist church known as the Chapel. Nearby there are tourist attractions such as the Sutton Hoo burial site, Rendlesham Forest and the River Deben.
The Memorial hall is used to host community clubs. Clubs include a Ladies group that meet every second Thursday of each month and a computer group. The hall is also used for Pilates and dance classes. The Recreation ground behind the hall is used by Sutton Heath Football club for their Under-14 and Under-12 teams as their original ground at Holesley is too small to accommodate all the teams since the club has expanded. There is also a local bowls club that play on the green on the recreation ground. The bowls club have received a Lottery grant to refurbish their hut for their closing tournament in September 2014.
The forest is owned by the Forestry Commission who have created many different walking and cycling trails, events and play areas throughout the forest. The fForest is 1500 hectares large and in 1980 was the site of a UFO sighting (Rendlesham Forest incident).
In 2012 a new parish boundary was created. Residents sent a petition to the Suffolk Coast District council for a new parish in the north-east of Sutton. The new parish is called Sutton Heath and was created because it is more urban than its surrounding area in Sutton and therefore has different needs.
The Sutton Hoo Estate is 225 acres and contains the burial site of an Anglo-Saxon ship. Archaeologist Basil Brown from the Ipswich Museum discovered the Anglo-Saxon Burial at Sutton Hoo in 1940. The site is believed to be the final resting place of the king of East Anglia, Redwald. Most of the artifacts excavated now reside in the British Museum. The burial site is now owned by the National Trust and is a major tourist attraction with facilities such as a cafe, parking and a gift shop.
RAF Bentwaters is an inactive military base located in Rendlesham Forest. The site is privately owned by a family business called Bentwaters Parks. Bentwaters Parks hires the site out to television and film making companies who wish to make use of the military style buildings located at RAF Bentwaters. The military base was the last to be built before the end of the Second World War. The area was chosen because of its flat terrain and because it was sparsely populated; suitable for building the runways the base required. The base had a large impact on the population of Sutton from its opening in 1941 men came to work on the base and the population of sutton increased drastically as shown in population graph.
- "Sutton". Key to English place names. University of Nottingham. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
- "Sutton, Suffolk". A Vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
- "Place: Sutton". Open Doomsday. Open Doomsday. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "Enumeration Abstract 1831". Online Historical Population report. University of Essex. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- "A five days Tour to Woodbridge, &c.". A Vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "Social Status based on 1831 occupational statistics". A Vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "All Saints Sutton- Church of England". Genuki Uk and Ireland Genealogy. Genuki. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "All Saints Sutton". Suffolk Churches. Simon Knott. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "Chapel, Sutton - Baptist". Genuki Uk and Ireland Genealogy. Genuki. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "Memorial Hall History". Sutton. Sutton Suffolk Council. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- "The Sutton Website". Sutton Suffolk Council. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
- "Occupation (minor groups) 2011". Neighbourhood statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- "Clubs". Sutton. Sutton Suffolk Council. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "Rendlesham Forest". Forestry Commission England. Forestry Commission. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "Suffolk Parish Boundary Review". Suffolk Coastal.. Where quality of life counts. Suffolk Coastal. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- "All Saints, Sutton". Suffolk Churches. Simon Knott. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "record view from Suffolk County Council Archaeological service". Suffolk Heritage Site. Suffolk Record Office. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
- "Welcome to Bentwaters". Bentwaters Parks. Bentwaters Parks Ltd. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- "RAF Bentwaters History". Bentwaters Cold War Museum. Bentwaters Cold War Museum. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- Philip's Street Atlas Suffolk, 2007 edition. p. 85.