German federal election, 2002
All 603 seats in the Bundestag
302 seats were needed for a majority
|Turnout||79.1% (voting eligible)|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
German federal elections took place on 22 September 2002, to elect members to the 15th Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. Gerhard Schröder's centre-left "red-green" governing coalition retained a narrow majority.
Issues and campaign
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Several issues dominated the campaign, with the opposition CDU/CSU attacking the government's performance on the economy which fell back into recession due to the Telecoms crash and the introduction of the euro. As well as campaigning on family values issues and against taxes (particularly on fuel). The government, on the other hand, was helped by broad support for its opposition to the Iraq War, continued media attention on the CDU funding scandal and by Gerhard Schröder's personal popularity relative to the opposition's candidate for Chancellor, CSU leader Edmund Stoiber.
Early in the campaign, Guido Westerwelle, leader of the Free Democrats, declared himself a "Chancellor Candidate," usually a title reserved for the main election leaders of the SPD and CDU/CSU. This was met with general derision.
Although the opposition gained seats, and the result was in doubt for most of the election night, the governing coalition retained a narrow majority. In particular, the SPD was able to partially offset declines in their vote share in the West with an increase in the East, with the PDS falling below both the 5% threshold and the 3-seat threshold, either of which is required to qualify a party for top-up seats. Consequently, the PDS held only two directly-elected seats.
|Parties||Constituency||Party list||Total seats|
|Social Democratic Party (SPD)||20,059,967||41.9||−1.9||171||−41||18,488,668||38.5||−2.4||80||−6||251||−47||41.6|
|Christian Democratic Union (CDU)||15,336,512||32.1||−0.1||82||+8||14,167,561||29.5||+1.1||108||−16||190||−8||31.5|
|Christian Social Union (CSU)||4,311,178||9.0||+1.7||43||+5||4,315,080||9.0||+2.2||15||+6||58||+11||9.6|
|Alliance '90/The Greens||2,693,794||5.6||+0.6||1||+1||4,110,355||8.6||+1.9||54||+7||55||+8||9.1|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||2,752,796||5.8||+2.8||0||±0||3,538,815||7.4||+1.1||47||+4||47||+4||7.8|
|Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS)||2,079,203||4.3||−0.6||2||−2||1,916,702||4.0||−1.1||0||−32||2||−34||0.3|
|Party for a Rule of Law Offensive (Schill party)||120,330||0.3||+0.3||0||±0||400,476||0.8||+0.8||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|The Republicans (REP)||55,947||0.1||−0.5||0||±0||280,671||0.6||−1.2||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|National Democratic Party (NPD)||103,209||0.2||+0.1||0||±0||215,232||0.4||+0.1||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Animal Protection Party||8,858||0.0||±0||0||±0||159,655||0.3||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|The Grays – Gray Panthers (GRAUE)||75,490||0.2||−0.1||0||±0||114,224||0.2||−0.1||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Party of Bible-abiding Christians (PBC)||71,106||0.1||±0||0||±0||101,645||0.2||+0.1||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Ecological Democratic Party (ödp)||56,593||0.1||−0.2||0||±0||56,898||0.1||−0.1||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Feminist Party (DIE FRAUEN)||2,264||0.0||±0||0||±0||36,832||0.1||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Family Party (FAMILIE)||15,138||0.0||±0||0||±0||30,045||0.1||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Christian Centre (CM)||2,413||0.0||±0||0||±0||15,440||0.0||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Bavaria Party (BP)||6,757||0.0||±0||0||±0||9,379||0.0||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Party for Pension Justice and Family (PRG)||4,363||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||7,499||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Departure for Civil Rights, Freedom and Health (AUFBRUCH)||2,895||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||4,697||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Centre Party (Zentrum)||1,823||0.0||±0||0||±0||3,127||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Humanist Party (HP)||1,385||0.0||±0||0||±0||2,485||0.0||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|The Violets (Violetten)||840||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||2,412||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Communist Party (KPD)||686||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||1,624||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|German Social Union (DSU)||6,003||0.0||±0||0||±0||–||–||–||–||–||0||±0||0|
|German Communist Party (DKP)||3,953||0.0||±0||0||±0||–||–||–||–||–||0||±0||0|
|Freedom Party (FP Deutschlands)||2,003||0.0||±0||0||±0||–||–||–||–||–||0||±0||0|
|Alliance for Germany (Deutschland)||571||0.0||±0||0||±0||–||–||–||–||–||0||±0||0|
|Electoral groups and independents||43,116||0.1||±0||0||±0||–||–||–||–||–||0||±0||0|
|Source: Federal Returning Officer|
The coalition between the SPD and the Greens continued in government with Gerhard Schröder as chancellor. However, due to the slim majority in the Bundestag, the governing coalition was not stable.
- Pulzer, Peter (April 2003). "The devil they know: The German federal election of 2002". West European Politics. 26 (2): 153–164. doi:10.1080/01402380512331341151.
- "Voter turnout by election year". Website of the Federal Returning Officer's Office. The Federal Returning Officer. Retrieved 7 November 2014.