Hat Khanom–Mu Ko Thale Tai National Park
|Hat Khanom–Mu Ko Thale Tai National Park|
|Location||Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Surat Thani Province|
|Nearest city||Nakhon Si Thammarat|
Hat Khanom–Mu Ko Thale Tai (Thai: หาดขนอม-หมู่เกาะทะเลใต้) is a national park in the process of being established as of 2015[update]. It is in southern Thailand, covering territory of the districts Khanom and Sichon of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province and Don Sak and Ko Samui of Surat Thani Province.
The name of the park refers to the two major parts of the park. Hat Khanom refers to the beaches of Khanom District, and the Thale Tai archipelago consists of eight islands in the Gulf of Thailand (Ko Mut Tang, Ko Mut Kong, Ko Rap, Ko Hua Ta Khe, Ko Wang Nai, Ko Wang Nak, Ko Noi, and Ko Ta Rai, all in the Sichon and Khanom District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, and Ko Samui District, Surat Thani) between Khanom and Ko Samui.
Most of the area is covered with primary forest which is the provenance of many creeks. The park contains limestone mountains and mangrove forests.
Southwesterly and northeasterly winds result in rainfall almost all year round. There are two seasons, summer (February–April) and rainy season (May–January).
Flora and fauna
Primary forests consist of plants such as Intsia palembanica, Dipterocarpus sp., Ironwood, Sandoricum Koetjape and Indian Oak. Mangrove forests with valuable plants such as mangroves, taboon and Thespesia populneoides. Limestone mountain contain plants such as chanpah and Opuntia elatior.
Mammals – Sus scrofa (wild pig), monkey, semno, squirrel, Menetes berdmorei (Indochinese ground squirrel), Naemorhedus sumatraensis, Muntiacus muntjak, Ursus malayanus, tiger, barking deer, gibbon, and Malayan sun bear. Birds – Spilornis cheela (crested), Treron curvirostra (thick-billed pigeon), Copsychus saularis (Oriental), shama, dove, cormorant, Nicobar pigeon, seagull, Egretta sacra (Pacific Reef-Egret) and Ducula aenea (Green Imperial) Reptiles – tortoise, snakes and chameleon. Amphibians – different kinds of frogs, Bufo asper. Other aquatic life – Channa striatus (Sepenthead), crab, shrimp, saltwater fish, brook carp, and snakeheads.