Thale Ban National Park

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Thale Ban National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Thale Ban National Park
Map showing the location of Thale Ban National Park
Location in Thailand
Location Satun Province, Thailand
Nearest city Satun
Coordinates 6°28′22″N 100°8′2″E / 6.47278°N 100.13389°E / 6.47278; 100.13389Coordinates: 6°28′22″N 100°8′2″E / 6.47278°N 100.13389°E / 6.47278; 100.13389
Area 196 km2 (76 sq mi)
Established 27 October 1980

Thale Ban National Park (Thai: ทะเลบัน) is a forested area south of the Banthat Mountains in southern Thailand, in the south of Satun Province bordering Malaysia. The park was established on 27 October 1980. It covers an area of 196 square kilometres (76 square miles) of Khuan Don and Mueang Satun districts.[1]

The nearest town to the park is Satun, west of the park and approximately 30 km (20 mi) southwest of park headquarters.

Geography[edit]

The park is located around a valley which formed the historic link between Thailand and Malaysia. According to local lore, 300 years ago an earthquake formed the lake in the valley, probably due to a landslide which created a natural dam. Submerged trees found in the lake seem to confirm this story.[1]

The limestone hills contain several caves. Tham Ton Din is a river cave near park headquarters. The highest elevation within the park is Chin Mountain with an elevation of 756 metres (2,480 feet).[1]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The park features forest types including tropical rain forest, mixed deciduous forest and coastal mangrove forests. The rain forest is home to species of Dipterocarpus, Hopea, Shorea, Parashorea, Alstonia, Caryota and Calamus. The deciduous forest, unusual in southern Thailand, has species of Caryota, Lagerstroemia, Pterocymbium, Vitex, Schima and Dillenia. The coastal forest is home to mangrove species such as Rhizophora mucronata, R. apiculata, Bruguiera cylindrica and species of Avicennia.[2]

The park is known to contain 64 mammal species, 282 bird species (including 8 hornbill species), 40 reptile species and 20 amphibian species.[1]

Mammals include the endangered Malayan tapir, threatened Sumatran serow and protected marbled cat.[1] Other mammals include tiger, leopard cat and sun bear. Birds in the park include chestnut-bellied malkoha, orange-breasted trogon, Gould's frogmouth, blue-winged pitta, blue-crowned hanging parrot, white-crowned hornbill, oriental pied hornbill, brown boobook, black-and-red broadbill, Asian green broadbill, banded broadbill and hill myna. Reptiles include the common house gecko, large forest gecko, reticulated python, king cobra, soft-shelled turtle and the endangered sunburst turtle.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Thale Ban National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "National Parks in Thailand: Thale Ban National Park" (PDF). Department of National Parks (Thailand). 2015. pp. 285–286. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 

External links[edit]