Hokkaido 1st district

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Hokkaidō 1st District
Parliamentary constituency
for the Japanese House of Representatives
衆議院小選挙区 北海道拡大枠.svg
Numbered map of Hokkaidō Prefecture single-member districts
衆議院小選挙区 北海道石狩振興局.svg
Sapporo-area detail
Prefecture Hokkaidō
Proportional District Hokkaidō
Electorate 493,140 (2015)
Current constituency
Created 1994
Seats One
Party Constitutional Democratic Party
Representative Daiki Michishita
Created from Hokkaidō's 1st "medium-sized" district
Municipalities Sapporo's Chūō Ward, Minami Ward, and Nishi Ward

Hokkaidō 1st district (北海道[第]1区, Hokkaidō-[dai-]ikku) is a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the national Diet of Japan. It is located in Western Hokkaidō and consists of Sapporo city's Chūō ("Centre"), Minami ("South") and Nishi ("West") wards. As of 2015, 493,140 eligible voters were registered in the district, giving it the lowest electoral weight in Hokkaidō.[1]

Since 2017, the district has been represented by Daiki Michishita of the CDP. This seat was almost continuously held by former Hokkaidō governor Takahiro Yokomichi between 1996 and 2017, except for a brief period from 2012 to 2014. Yokomichi was the leader of the ex-Socialist faction within the Democratic Party of Japan and Speaker of the House of Representatives from 2009 to 2012. Before the 1994 House of Representatives electoral reform, Sapporo city had been part of the six-member 1st district that covered Ishikari and Shiribetsu subprefectures. Yokomichi and previously his father Setsuo had represented the pre-reform multi-member 1st district for the Socialists from 1952 until the 1983 gubernatorial election, interrupted by two years after Setsuo Yokomichi's death in 1967. In the 2009 general election, Yokomichi's main challenger was LDP's Gaku Hasegawa, who lost the race and also failed to win a proportional seat, but went on to become Councillor for Hokkaidō in 2010. In 2005, Muneo Suzuki's regionalist New Party Daichi nominated ski jumper Masahiro Akimoto in the district. In 2000, former Olympic weightlifter and current Hokkaidō assemblyman Nobuyuki Hatta ran unsuccessfully as a candidate for Ichirō Ozawa's Liberal Party. In 2012, Olympic speed skater Hiroyasu Shimizu ran for the district as a member of the New Party Daichi – True Democrats. Yokomichi lost the seat in the 2012 election to Toshimitsu Funahashi of the LDP but regained it in 2014. He stepped down in 2017.

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Dates Notes
Takahiro Yokomichi DPJ 1996 – 2012
Toshimitsu Funahashi LDP 2012 – 2014
Takahiro Yokomichi DPJ 2014 – 2016
DP 2016 – 2017
Daiki Michishita CDP 2017 – Incumbent

Election results[edit]

2017[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Constitutional Democratic Daiki Michishita[note 1] 139,110 53.48 Increase10.01
Liberal Democratic Toshimitsu Funahashi (endorsed by Kōmeitō and NPD) 120,987 46.52 Increase6.97
Majority 18,123 6.96 Increase2.74
Turnout 60.27 Increase4.04
Constitutional Democratic hold Swing Increase1.52
2014[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Takahiro Yokomichi 116,398 43.47 Increase14.58
Liberal Democratic Toshimitsu Funahashi (endorsed by Kōmeitō) 105,918 39.55 Increase8.88
Communist Hiroyuki Norota 32,031 11.96 Increase4.98
Independent Yoshihiro Īda 13,444 5.02 N/A
Majority 10,480 3.92 Increase1.74
Turnout 56.23 Decrease2.48
Democratic gain from Liberal Democratic Swing Increase2.85
2012[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democratic Toshimitsu Funahashi (endorsed by Kōmeitō) 86,034 31.07
Democratic Takahiro Yokomichi (endorsed by PNP) (elected by PR) 79,994 28.89
Restoration Tomokazu Ōtake (endorsed by Your Party) 46,681 16.86
New Party Daichi Hiroyasu Shimizu (endorsed by TPJ) 44,845 16.20
Communist Hiroyuki Norota 19,340 6.98
2009[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Takahiro Yokomichi (endorsed by PNP) 183,216 51.9
Liberal Democratic Gaku Hasegawa (endorsed by Kōmeitō) 124,343 36.8
Communist Hideaki Matsui 25,803 7.6
Happiness Realization Kazue Takamoto 4,083 1.2
Turnout 342,870 72.1
2005[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Takahiro Yokomichi 143,564 45.7
Liberal Democratic Takayuki Mishina 128,166 40.8
Communist Hiroko Yokoyama 25,481 8.1
New Party Daichi Masahiro Akimoto 16,698 5.3
Turnout 319,360 69.3
2003[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Takahiro Yokomichi (endorsed by SDP) 143,907 55.4
Liberal Democratic Takayuki Mishina 89,758 34.6
Communist Hiroko Yokoyama 25,995 10.0
Turnout 266,485 59.1
2000[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Takahiro Yokomichi 132,514 50.7
Liberal Democratic Yoshitaka Kimoto (endorsed by NCP) 76,047 29.1
Communist Teizō Komura 32,267 12.3
Liberal Nobuyuki Hatta 20,554 7.9
1996[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Takahiro Yokomichi 102,577 45.9
Liberal Democratic Eiichi Masugi 56,265 25.2
Communist Teizō Komura 32,703 14.6
Independent Gaku Hasegawa 32,019 14.3
Turnout 233,995 56.7

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The CDP is the successor party of the DP in this district, therefore the voting figures of the DP incumbent are used as a reference.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC): [1] (in Japanese)
  2. ^ 小選挙区開票速報:北海道(定数12) (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 2017-11-27. 
  3. ^ 小選挙区:北海道 - 開票速報 - 2014総選挙: 朝日新聞デジタル (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 2016-05-24. 
  4. ^ 第46回衆議院議員選挙 - 北海道1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). Heartbeats. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  5. ^ 第46回総選挙>小選挙区開票速報:北海道. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  6. ^ 第45回衆議院議員選挙 - 北海道1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). K.K. VoiceJapan. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  7. ^ 第44回衆議院議員選挙 - 北海道1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). K.K. VoiceJapan. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  8. ^ 第43回衆議院議員選挙 - 北海道1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). K.K. VoiceJapan. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  9. ^ 第42回衆議院議員選挙 - 北海道1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). K.K. VoiceJapan. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  10. ^ 第41回衆議院議員選挙 - 北海道1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). K.K. VoiceJapan. Retrieved 2012-01-02.