Hoshiarpur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hoshiarpur
Í
Landmarks Of Hoshiarpur
Nickname(s): 
Land Of Saints, HSP
Hoshiarpur is located in Punjab
Hoshiarpur
Hoshiarpur
Location of Hoshiarpur City in Punjab, India
Hoshiarpur is located in India
Hoshiarpur
Hoshiarpur
Hoshiarpur (India)
Coordinates: 31°32′N 75°55′E / 31.53°N 75.92°E / 31.53; 75.92Coordinates: 31°32′N 75°55′E / 31.53°N 75.92°E / 31.53; 75.92
Country India
StatePunjab
Region of PunjabDoaba
DistrictHoshiarpur
Settled by British1846 A.D.
Founded In1325–1351 A.D.
Founded byHargovind Ram & Ram Chand (Dewans of Muhammad bin Tughluq)[1]
Named forHoshiar Khan Of Bajwara
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyMunicipal Corporation Hoshiarpur
 • MayorShiv Sood (BJP)[2]
Elevation
296 m (971 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total168,443
Demonym(s)Hoshiarpuria, Hoshiarpuri
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi, Hindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
146001
Area code(s)+91-1882
Vehicle registrationPB07
Websitehttp://www.hoshiarpur.nic.in/

Hoshiarpur (Punjabi: [ɦʊʃɪˈaːɾpʊɾ] (About this soundlisten)) is a city and a municipal corporation in Hoshiarpur district in the Doaba region of the Indian state of Punjab. It was founded, according to tradition, during the early part of the fourteenth century.[3] In 1809 it was occupied by the forces of Maharaja Karanvir Singh and was united into the greater state of Punjab in 1849.[3]

Hoshiarpur has an average elevation of 296 metres (971 ft). Hoshiarpur district is located in the north-east part of the Indian state of Punjab. It falls in the Jalandhar Revenue Division and is situated in the Bist Doab portion of the Doaba region. Hoshiarpur shares a boundary with Kangra district, and Una district of Himachal Pradesh in the northeast. In the southwest, it borders Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district, Jalandhar district, and Kapurthala district, and in the northwest it borders Gurdaspur district.

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Hoshiarpur City [4]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
75.67%
Sikhism
21.45%
Jainism
0.93%
Islam
0.78%
Others
1.17%

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Hoshiarpur City had a population of 168,443 out of which 88,290 were males and 80,153 were females. The literacy rate was 89.11 per cent.[5]

As of 2011 India census,[6] Hoshiarpur had a population of 189,371. Males constitute 50.9% of the population and females 49.1%. Hoshiarpur has an average literacy rate of 85.40%, compared to 81.00% of 2001. Male literacy is 89.90%, and female literacy is 80.80%. In Hoshiarpur, 10% of the population is under 11 years of age.

  • Females per 1,000 males: 962
  • Density of population ( per km2.): 396
  • Percentage increase in population (2001–2011): 7.1%
  • Child sex ratio (0–6 Age): 859

The Scheduled Caste population in this district is 34.3%[7][8]

History[edit]

The archaeological explorations made during the recent years have revealed the antiquity of the Hoshiarpur District to the Harappan Period. On the basis of surface exploration, the following new sited have been brought on the Archaeological map of India and the traces of the selfsame people as at Harappa and Mohenjadaro have also been detected in the Hoshiarpur District.[9]

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Bhagwan Valmiki ISBT

Hoshiarpur's Bus Stand is Bhagwan Valmiki Interstate Bus Terminal, which has a large network of bus services of Punjab Roadways, Himachal Roadways, Delhi, Haryana Roadways, P.R.T.C,[10] Chandigarh Transport Undertaking, Jammu & Kashmir Roadways, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators.

Rail[edit]

Hoshiarpur railway station is a main railway station serving Hoshiarpur. Its code is HSX. It serves Hoshiarpur city. The station consists of one platform. The platform is not well sheltered. The station was constructed in 1905.The station has direct railway connectivity to Delhi, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Ferozpur.

Air[edit]

The closest airport to Hoshiarpur is Adampur Airport,[11] 25 km (16 mi) south-west of the city. Adampur Airport, is a regional airport which serves one daily flight by Spicejet to Delhi Airport. The nearest full fledge International Airport is Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport in Amritsar,which is situated around 125 km North-West of Hoshiarpur.

Education[edit]

Universities[edit]

Panjab University Regional Centre

Notable people from Hoshiarpur[edit]

This list only includes notable people from Hoshiarpur City, for those born in Hoshiarpur district see that article.

Politics[edit]

Business[edit]

Arts and culture[edit]

Monica Bedi is from the city

Army[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipal Council Hoshiarpur – About us". Municipal Council Hoshiarpur. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Shiv Sood of BJP elected as first mayor of Hoshiarpur municipal corporation". hindustantimes.com. 11 March 2015. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  3. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hoshiarpur" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 787–788.
  4. ^ "Hoshiarpur City Population Census 2011 – Punjab".
  5. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  7. ^ "State-wise, District-wise List of Blocks with >40% but less than 50% SC population". Archived from the original on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  8. ^ "Jat Sikhs: A Question of Identity". Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  9. ^ "History & Culture".
  10. ^ "PEPSU Road Transport Corporation, Patiala".
  11. ^ "How to reach".
  12. ^ "THE GREAT REVOLUTIONARY BABU MANGU RAM MUGOWALIA".
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 November 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "India News, Latest Sports, Bollywood, World, Business & Politics News – Times of India".
  15. ^ http://pbplanning.gov.in/pdf/MPLAD%20MPR%2031-5-2010.pdf

External links[edit]