Kapurthala district

Coordinates: 31°22′46″N 75°23′05″E / 31.37944°N 75.38472°E / 31.37944; 75.38472
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Kapurthala district
Kapurthala Sainik School, former palace of the Maharajas of Kapurthala
Kapurthala Sainik School, former palace of the Maharajas of Kapurthala
Location in Punjab
Location in Punjab
Coordinates: 31°22′46″N 75°23′05″E / 31.37944°N 75.38472°E / 31.37944; 75.38472
Country India
Named forNawab Kapur Singh
 • Deputy commissionerD P S Kharbanda IAS
 • Total1,633 km2 (631 sq mi)
 • Total815,168
 • Density500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • OfficialPunjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationPB-09

Kapurthala district is a district of Punjab state in northern India. The city of Kapurthala is the district headquarters.

Kapurthala District is one of the smallest districts of Punjab in terms of both area and population, with 815,168 people by the 2011 census. The district is divided into two noncontiguous parts, the main Kapurthala-Sultanpur Lodhi portion and the Phagwara tehsil or block.

The Kapurthala-Sultanpur Lodhi part lies between north latitude 31° 07' and 31° 22' and east longitude 75° 36'. In the north it is bound by Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur, and Amritsar districts, in the west by the Beas River and Amritsar district, and in south by the Sutlej River, Jalandhar district, and Hoshiarpur district.

Phagwara tehsil lies between north latitude 31° 22' and east longitude 75° 40' and 75° 55'. Phagwara lies on the National Highway No 1, and the tehsil is much more industrially developed than the remainder of Kapurthala District. Phagwara is situated at a distance of 19 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of Jalandhar, and the tehsil is bounded on two sides by Jalandhar District whereas north by Hoshiarpur district and east by S B S nagar district.

The district has three subdivisions/tehsils: Kapurthala, Phagwara, and Sultanpur Lodhi. The total area of the district is 1,633 km (1,015 mi) of which 909.09 km2 (351.00 sq mi) is in Kapurthala tehsil, 304.05 km2 (117.39 sq mi) is in Phagwara tehsil and 451.0 km2 (174.1 sq mi) is in Sultanpur Lodhi tehsil. The economy of the district is still predominantly agricultural.


Photograph of rural life in Kapurthala in 1927, a true-colour photograph taken by Albert Kahn

According to the 2011 census Kapurthala district has a population of 815,168,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Comoros[2] or the US state of South Dakota.[3] This gives it a ranking of 481st in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 501 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,300/sq mi).[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 8.37%.[1] Kapurthala has a sex ratio of 912 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 80.2%. Scheduled Castes made up 33.94% of the population.[1]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Religion in Kapurthala district (2011)[5]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

Sikhs are the majority in Kapurthala district, and dominate rural areas. Hindus are the majority in urban areas.[5]

The table below shows the numbers of different religious groups in the urban areas of Kapurthala district, through the years.[6][7][8][9][10][11]

Absolute numbers of various religious groups in urban areas of Kapurthala district by census year[12]
Year Hindu Sikh Christian Muslim Other Religions
2011 1,83,623 89,331 1,900 3,965 3,643
2001 1,50,751 89,421 1,406 2,461 2,488
1991 1,06,614 55,075 566 573 590


Languages of Kapurthala district (2011)[13]

  Punjabi (91.20%)
  Hindi (7.23%)
  Others (1.57%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 91.20% of the population spoke Punjabi and 7.23% Hindi as their first language.[13]


No. Constituency Name of MLA Party Bench
26 Bholath Sukhpal Singh Khaira Indian National Congress Opposition
27 Kapurthala Rana Gurjeet Singh Indian National Congress Opposition
28 Sultanpur Lodhi Rana Inder Pratap Singh Independent politician Opposition
29 Phagwara (SC) Balwinder Singh Dhaliwal Indian National Congress Opposition

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "District Census Hand Book – Kapurthala" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Comoros 794,683 July 2011 est.
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 18 November 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. South Dakota 814,180
  4. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  5. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population by Religious Community: Punjab". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  6. ^ https://punjab.data.gov.in/catalog/district-wise-population-religion-punjab
  7. ^ https://punjab.data.gov.in/resource/district-wise-no-hindu-urban-population-1991-2011
  8. ^ https://punjab.data.gov.in/resource/district-wise-no-sikh-urban-population-1991-2011
  9. ^ https://punjab.data.gov.in/resource/district-wise-no-muslim-urban-population-1991-2011
  10. ^ https://punjab.data.gov.in/resource/district-wise-no-christian-urban-population-1991-2011
  11. ^ https://punjab.data.gov.in/resource/district-wise-no-other-religion-urban-population-1991-2011
  12. ^ https://punjab.data.gov.in/catalog/district-wise-population-religion-punjab
  13. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Punjab". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.

External links[edit]