Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district

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Nawanshahr district
ਨਵਾਂਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਾ
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar
ਸ਼ਹੀਦ ਭਗਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਨਗਰ
District
Located in the eastern part of the state
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 31°7′31″N 76°6′59″E / 31.12528°N 76.11639°E / 31.12528; 76.11639Coordinates: 31°7′31″N 76°6′59″E / 31.12528°N 76.11639°E / 31.12528; 76.11639
Country  India
State Punjab
Region of Punjab Doaba
Named for

meaning ‘New City’ because people shifted from the old town of Rahon avoiding the ravages of

Sutlej River.
Headquarters Nawanshahr
Government
 • Deputy Commissioner Vipul Ujwal IAS
Area
 • Total 1,266 km2 (489 sq mi)
Population (2011)‡[›]
 • Total 612,310
 • Density 480/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 01823 for Nawanshahr and Banga
01885 for Balachaur
Literacy 80.3%
Website nawanshahr.nic.in

Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district (formerly Nawanshahr district) is one of the districts in Doaba region of the state of Punjab in North-West Republic of India. It consists of three Sub -Divisions Nawanshahr, Banga and Balachaur. There are three legislative seats in the district, Nawanshahr, Balachaur and Banga. They fall under the Anandpur Sahib Lok Sabha Constituency.

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Punjab (out of 22), after Barnala and Fatehgarh Sahib.[1]

History[edit]

Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district was carved out of Hoshiarpur and Jalandhar districts of Punjab on 7 November 1995, as the sixteenth district of Punjab State named from the headquarters town of Nawanshahr. Nawanshahr was founded by the migrants from Rahon near the Sutluj river as Rahon was in danger of being flooded. They named it Nawanshahar (New City). Nawanshahr has been the stronghold of the Ghorewaha Rajputs allied to king Akbar via kinship ties.

Dewan Banna Mal Misr (Gautam) was born in Gautam Brahmin family of Nawanshahr. Dewan Banna Mal was manager with full sovereign powers of His Highness Maharaja Sir Randhir Singh Bahadur of Kapurthala's Estates in Oudh and served as Chief Minister Of Kapurthala State. Dewan Banna Mal built the beautiful temple Shivala Banna Mal near Municipal Committee office, Nawanshahr. It was built in the year 1862 and tall and huge structure Haveli Banna Mal Di Haveli in Vaidan Mohalla in Nawanshahr. Dewan Banna Mal's sons Dewan Acchru Mal Gautam and Dewan Sundri Mal Gautam (both Revenue Minister of Kapurthala State has built Brahmkund Mandir at backside of Shalimar Bagh in Kapurthala. There is a village in Mand area of Kapurthala on the Bank of River Beas "Bana Mal Wala" after Dewan Banna Mal Gautam's name and Brahampur villages in Tehsil Phagwara which was accorded as Jagir by Maharaja Sir Randhar Singh Bahadur. Dewan Banna Mal's descendants are prominent citizens today settled in Kapurthala, Phagwara, Dehradun and Delhi.

The Scheduled Caste population is more than 40%, one of the highest percentage in India.

Nawanshahr became the District in 1995 during S.Harcharan Brar Govt., with the strong efforts of the late S.Dilbag Singh, former Cabinet Minister and the then MLA of Nawanshahr. People of this district are economically sound. Large numbers of families from the district have settled abroad. Consequently, huge remittance is being received back in India which contributes to the district's economic development and prosperity. The prosperity of Doaba area can be appreciated by the fact that price of land here is high, and far more than most of the districts in the state except Ludhiana, and Chandigarh. Nawanshahr is rising due to the currency coming from NRI Punjabi people who have settled abroad. Nawanshahr also has a rail track connecting it with Jalandhar, Rahon and Jaijon.

This region has abundant health facilities. Private clinics and nursing homes not only surprise with their numbers but also some of them claim to have the latest medical equipment. There is an adequate number of Government Hospitals, Dispensaries and Primary Health Centers in this area. The hospitals in Nawanshahr have capacity of 64 beds and are equipped with latest medical tools. Banga and Balachaur hospitals are having capacity of 30 beds each. Also Mukandpur, Urapar, Sujjon, Saroya and Muzzaffarpur are providing all kinds of health services. Even for every village of the district, health services are available. Veterinary hospitals are available in Nawanshahr, Rahon, Saroya and Balachaur.

On 27 September 2008 at Khatkar Kalan, 8 km from Nawanshahr, the Punjab government announced that a district in the state would be named after freedom fighter Bhagat Singh. The announcement was made by Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal to mark Bhagat Singh's 101st birth anniversary and Nawanshahr district was renamed as Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar.

Geography[edit]

Nawanshahr district is located at 31°48′N 76°42′E / 31.8°N 76.7°E / 31.8; 76.7.[2]

Area and population[edit]

  • Total area (km².) 1,258[3]
  • Total population (2001 Census) 587,468[3]
  • Male 306,902[3]
  • Female 280,566[3]
  • Female per 1000 male: 913[3]
  • Density of population (per km².) 439[3]
  • Percentage increase in population (1991–2001) 10.43.[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district has a population of 614,362,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[4] or the US state of Vermont.[5] This gives it a ranking of 522nd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 479 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,240/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 4.58%.[1] Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar has a sex ratio of 954 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 80.3%.[1]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district[6]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
65.55%
Sikhism
  
31.50%
Islam
  
1.12%
Buddhism
  
0.96%
Christianity
  
0.24%
Jain
  
0.11%
Other
  
0.51%

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ "Nawanshahr District Location". nawanshahr.nic.in. Retrieved 2007-04-15. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Nawanshahr District Census 2001". nawanshahr.nic.in. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Solomon Islands 571,890, July 2011 est. 
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Vermont 625,741 
  6. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/592-shahid-bhagat-singh-nagar.html

External links[edit]