House of Representatives of Belarus

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House of Representatives of the National Assembly of Belarus

Палата Прадстаўнікоў Нацыянальнага сходу Рэспублікі Беларусь
National Assembly of Belarus
Type
Type
History
Founded1997
Preceded bySupreme Soviet of Belarus
Leadership
Chairman of the House
Vladimir Andreichenko
since October 2008
Structure
Seats110
Belarus House of Representatives 2019.svg
Political groups
Government (110)
  Independents (89)
Length of term
4 years
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
2019
Meeting place
Зал заседаний Палаты представителей Белоруссии.png
House of Representatives of Belarus.jpg
Government House, Minsk
Website
http://house.gov.by
Coat of arms of Belarus (2020).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Belarus
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus portal

Under the 1996 Constitution, the House of Representatives (Belarusian: Палата Прадстаўнікоў, Palata Pradstawnikow, Russian: Палата Представителей, Palata Predstaviteley) is the lower house of the parliament of Belarus.

It consists of 110 deputies elected to four year terms on the basis of direct electoral suffrage by secret ballot (art. 91).[1] It is a majoritarian system, with the outcome decided by overall majorities in single-member constituencies. Any citizen of 21 years is eligible for election (art. 92). The functions of the House are to consider draft laws and the other business of government; it must approve the nomination of a prime minister (art. 97); and it may deliver a vote of no confidence on the government (art. 97).

The upper house is the Council of the Republic.

The House of Representatives was established in 1997 to replace Supreme Soviet of Belarus.[2]

Powers[edit]

Bills adopted by the House of Representatives are sent to the Council of the Republic for consideration within five days, where they are considered within no more than twenty days.

Special powers accorded only to the House of Representatives are:

  • consider draft laws put forward by the President or submitted by no less than 150 thousand eligible voters, to make amendments and alterations in the Constitution and give its interpretation;
  • consider draft laws, including the guidelines of the domestic and foreign policy of the Republic of Belarus; the military doctrine; ratification and denunciation of international treaties;
  • call elections for the Presidency;
  • grant consent to the President concerning the appointment of the Prime minister;
  • consider the report of the Prime minister on the policy of the Government and approve or reject it; a second rejection by the House of the policy of the Government is an expression of non-confidence to the Government.

Since constitutional amendments in 1996, the House of Representatives has little real power. Notably, the House has little control over government spending; it cannot pass a law to increase or decrease the budget without presidential consent. Additionally, if it rejects the president's nominee for prime minister two times, the president has the right to dissolve it.[3] In practice, nearly all governing power is concentrated in the hands of President Alexander Lukashenko, and the House of Representatives does little more than approve the president's policies.

In the aftermath of the 2019 Belarusian parliamentary election, the Belarusian opposition lost all of its seats in the assembly, as every single elected deputy was deemed to support President Lukashenko.[4] The House has been comprised entirely of Lukashenko supporters for all but one term since 2004, and even before 2004 there had been little substantive opposition to presidential decisions.

Speakers of the House of Representatives[edit]

Name Entered Office Left Office
Anatoly Malofeyev December 28, 1996 November 21, 2000
Vadim Popov November 21, 2000 November 16, 2004
Vladimir Konoplev November 16, 2004 October 2, 2007
Vadim Popov October 2, 2007 October 27, 2008
Vladimir Andreichenko October 27, 2008 Present

Fraction[edit]

(2019 7th convocation).

Party Number of Deputies
2012 2016 2019
Liberal Democratic Party 0 1 1
United Civic Party 0 1 0
BPF Party 0 0 0
Communist Party of Belarus 3 8 11
Belarusian Left Party "A Just World" 0 0 0
Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Hramada) 0 0 0
Republican Party of Labor and Justice 1 3 6
Belarusian Patriotic Party 0 3 1
Belarusian Green Party 0 0 0
Conservative Christian Party - BPF 0 0 0
Party "Belarusian Social Democratic Hramada» 0 0 0
Social Democratic Party of Popular Accord 0 0 0
Republican Party 0 0 0
Agrarian Party 1 0 1
Belarusian Socialist Sporting Party 0 0 0
Belarusian Liberal Party of Freedom and Progress 0 0 0
Belarusian Christian Democracy Party 0 0 0
Belarusian Party of Workers 0 0 0
Belarusian Social Democratic Party (People's Assembly) 0 0 0

Members (since 1990)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elections of Deputies of the House of Representatives of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus".
  2. ^ https://iacis.ru/eng/parliaments/parlamenty_uchastniki/respublika_belarus/
  3. ^ Wilson, Andrew (6 December 2011). "Belarus: The Last European Dictatorship". Yale University Press.
  4. ^ Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Belarus election: No seats for opposition as Lukashenko maintains power | DW | 18.11.2019". DW.COM. Retrieved 2019-11-18.

External links[edit]