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|Cultivar group||Alboglabra Group|
|Cultivar group members||unknown|
|Hanyu Pinyin||gàilán, jièlán|
|Cantonese Jyutping||gaai3 laan4*2|
|Literal meaning||mustard orchid|
|Vietnamese alphabet||cải làn or cải rổ|
Gai lan (also written as kai-lan; Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra) is the Chinese name for a vegetable that is also known as Chinese broccoli or Chinese kale. It is a leaf vegetable featuring thick, flat, glossy blue-green leaves with thick stems with flower heads, similar to but much smaller than broccoli. Broccoli and gai lan belong to the same species Brassica oleracea, but gai lan is in the group alboglabra (from Latin albus "white" and glabrus "hairless"). Its flavor is very similar to that of broccoli, but slightly more bitter. It is also noticeably stronger.
Broccolini is a hybrid between broccoli and gai lan, produced by Mann Packing Company, Inc.
Gai lan can be sown in late summer for early-winter harvesting. Seedlings planted in autumn will last all winter.
Gai lan is eaten widely in Chinese cuisine, Common preparations include gai lan stir-fried with ginger and garlic, and boiled or steamed and served with oyster sauce. It is also common in Vietnamese, Burmese and Thai cuisine.
Baby gai lan served Cantonese style
Phak khana mu krop: Thai style fried Chinese broccoli with crispy pork
- "Brassica oleracea L. var. alboglabra (L. H. Bailey) Musil". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- "Chinese Kale (Gai Lan, Chinese Broccoli)". Evergreen Seeds. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
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