Turnip cake

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Turnip cake
Food (25455396733).jpg
Alternative namesRadish cake
CourseDim sum
Place of originSouthern China
Region or stateChinese-speaking areas
Main ingredientsshredded radish (typically Chinese radish), plain rice flour
VariationsFried and steamed
Turnip cake
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese蘿蔔糕
Simplified Chinese萝卜糕
Hanyu Pinyinluóbo gāo
Jyutpinglo⁴ baak⁶ gou¹
Literal meaningradish cake
Alternative Chinese name
Burmese name
Vietnamese name
Vietnamesebánh củ cải

Turnip cake (traditional Chinese: 蘿蔔糕; simplified Chinese: 萝卜糕; pinyin: luóbo gāo; Cantonese Yale: lòbaahk gōu) is a Chinese dim sum dish. The less commonly used radish cake is a more accurate name, as Western-style turnips are not used in the dish but rather shredded radish (typically Chinese radish) and plain rice flour. It is traditionally called carrot cake in Singapore.

Turnip cake is commonly served in Cantonese yum cha, usually cut into rectangular slices and sometimes pan-fried before serving. Each pan-fried cake has a thin crunchy layer on the outside from frying, and is soft on the inside. The non-fried version is soft all over. It is one of the standard dishes found in the dim sum cuisine of China as well as overseas Chinatown restaurants. It is also commonly eaten during Chinese New Year, since the word for radish (菜頭, chhài-thâu) is a homophone for "good fortune" (好彩頭, hó-chhái-thâu) in the Hokkien language.[1] In Taiwan, turnip cake is also commonly eaten as part of a breakfast.


To prepare a turnip cake, roots of Chinese radish are first shredded.[2] Chinese radish, either the white-and-green variety or the all-white variety, is one of the key ingredients since it makes up a large portion of the cake. The other key ingredients are water and rice flour. Corn starch is sometimes added as it aids in binding the cake together, especially when a large number of additional ingredients (see list below) are added. The ingredients are stirred together until combined.

Additional ingredients that provide umami flavouring can be also added. They include diced or minced pieces of:

These flavoring ingredients may first be stir-fried before being added to the radish and flour/starch mixture. Somewhat more luxurious cakes will add larger amounts of these ingredients directly to the mixture. Cheaper variants, especially those sold in dim sum restaurants, will often just have a sprinkling on the top, to keep costs down.

This combined mixture is then poured in a steamer lined with greased aluminum foil or cellophane, and steamed at high heat for 40 to 60 minutes until it solidifies into a gelatinous mass.

For those with allergies to radishes, some recipes substitute turnip for radish.[citation needed] Taro or pumpkin cakes are other variants to it.


Although the steamed turnip cakes can be consumed straight with soy sauce, they are commonly cooked again to add additional flavors. For instance, turnip cake can be sliced into rectangular pieces when cooled and then pan-fried until both sides turn golden. It is served with chili sauce and/or hoisin sauce on the side as condiments.

Turnip cake made into dark (with dark soy and molasses) and light (salt and fish sauce)-styled chai tow kway

Turnip cake can also be stir-fried and made into the dish chai tow kway.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bartholomew, Ian (24 January 2008). "New Year's Eve dinner: easy as pie". Taipei Times. p. 13. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
  2. ^ "Turnip or Radish Cake with Chinese Sausages". tastehongkong.com. February 23, 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2012.

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