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|Literal meaning||roasted items|
Siu mei (Chinese: 燒味; Cantonese Yale: sīuméi) is the generic Cantonese name of meats roasted on spits over an open fire or a large wood-burning rotisserie oven. It creates a unique, deep barbecue flavor and the roast is usually coated with a flavorful sauce (a different sauce is used for each variety of meat) before roasting. Siu mei is very popular in Hong Kong and Macau, and overseas Chinatowns especially with Cantonese emigrants. In Hong Kong, the average person eats siu mei once every four days, with char siu being the most popular, followed by siu yuk (Roast pork or pork belly) in second, and roast goose being third. Siu mei is also known colloquially as siu laap (烧腊; 燒臘; shāo là; siu1 laap6), as the latter term encompasses siu mei, lou mei, and other Cantonese-style cooked and preserved meats.
After meetings held between the Food Hygiene Select Committee, the Markets and Abattoirs Select Committee and the Street Traders Select Committee on the topic of "Sale of Cooked Food, Siu Mei, and Lo Mei in Public Markets" in 1978, siu mei shops officially entered into Hong Kong public markets. The public market is a popular place for ordinary citizens to buy siu mei.
Siu mei is part of the family of Cantonese-style cooked meats known collectively as siu laap (烧腊; 燒臘; shāo là; siu1 laap6, which also includes lou mei and preserved meat, such as orange cuttlefish and white cut chicken. The latter dishes are not roasted at all, but are often prepared in the same kitchen and sold alongside siu mei, in what are often known as siu laap establishments or Chinese BBQ shops.
As siu mei takes a great deal of resources to prepare, requiring large ovens and rotisserie-like utilities for cooking the meat, few homes in Hong Kong, mainland China, or overseas have the equipment for it. Usually meat of this type is prepared and sold from siu laap shops located in hawker centres (in Hong Kong), food courts (overseas Chinese malls such as Pacific Mall), ethnic supermarkets (for example, the T & T Supermarket chain in Canada) and restaurants.
Take-out is quite common as customers order or prepare their own plain white rice to accompany the siu mei; a siu mei meal comprises meat atop plain white rice or noodles, and often with vegetables (napa cabbage, choy sum, or gai lan), usually served in a plastic foam take-out container or on a plate. In Chinese fine dining and banquet halls, the barbecue platter (yu chu (roasted suckling pig) or siu yuk (roasted pig belly), often in combination with char siu, soy sauce chicken, and siu aap (roasted duck), and jellyfish), is an appetizer that comprises the first dish in the ten-course Chinese banquet meal, while varieties of siu laap can also be ordered as full dishes à la carte (usually a half or whole chicken/duck/goose).
Varieties of siu laap, including siu mei and lou mei
- Char siu (叉燒) - barbecued pork
- Siu ngo (燒鵝) - roasted goose
- Siu aap (燒鴨) - roasted duck
- White cut chicken (白切雞) - marinated steamed chicken
- Soy sauce chicken (豉油雞) - chicken cooked with soy sauce
- Siu yuk (燒肉) - roasted pig, with crisp skin
- Yu chu (乳猪) - roasted suckling pig, with crisp skin
- Orange cuttlefish (鹵水墨魚) - marinated cuttlefish
- Lou sui aap yik (滷水鴨翼) - braised duck wings in master stock
- Zoe Li (29 August 2011). "Hong Kongers eat 66,000 tons of siu mei a year". CNN Go. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- Food Hygiene Select Committee, Markets and Abattoirs Select Committee, and Street Traders Select Committee. (1978). Sale of Cooked Food, Siu Mei and Lo Mei in Public Market (Committee Paper FH/58/78; MAB/75/78; ST/55/78). Retrieved 7 March 2019.