Kanchipuram district

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Kancheepuram District
District (District in Chennai)
Waters of Chembarambakkam Lake Chennai limit
Waters of Chembarambakkam Lake Chennai limit
Location in Tamil Nadu, India Kancheepuram District and its Assembly Constituency
Location in Tamil Nadu, India Kancheepuram District and its Assembly Constituency
Coordinates: 12°49′N 79°43′E / 12.82°N 79.71°E / 12.82; 79.71Coordinates: 12°49′N 79°43′E / 12.82°N 79.71°E / 12.82; 79.71
CountryIndia India
StateTamil Nadu
Established1 July 1997
Founded byM. Karunanidhi
HeadquartersKancheepuram
TaluksKancheepuram, Sriperumbudur, Uthiramerur, Walajabad
Government
 • District CollectorP. Ponniah IAS
Area
 • Total1,448 km2 (559 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,441,829
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
631 501
Telephone code044
ISO 3166 code?
Vehicle registrationTN-21, TN-87
Coastline87.2 kilometres (54.2 mi)
Largest MetroKanchipuram
Sex ratioM-50.6%/F-49.4% /
Literacy75.34%
Legislature typeelected
Legislature Strength11
Lok Sabha constituencyKancheepuram(SC), Sriperumbudur
Precipitation1,213 millimetres (47.8 in)
Avg. summer temperature36.6 °C (97.9 °F)
Avg. winter temperature19.8 °C (67.6 °F)
Websitewww.kanchi.nic.in

Kancheepuram district is one of the districts in the northeast of the state of Tamil Nadu in India. The area comprising the present day Kancheepuram district was earlier a part of Chingleput district. The original Chingleput district was split in the year 1997 to form the present day Kancheepuram and Tiruvallur districts [1].

On 18 July 2019, Chengalpattu district was carved out of Kanchipuram district, with suburbs from Chengalpet towards Chennai under the district headquarters in Chengalpet. The separation came into effect from 29th of November which was done by Chief Minister Mr. Edappadi K Palaniswami [2].

Geography[edit]

Kancheepuram district is situated on the North East coast of Tamil Nadu. It is bounded by Chengalpattu district in the East, Chennai district in the northeast, Ranipet and Tiruvannamalai districts in the west and Thiruvallur district in the north. It lies between 11° 00' to 12° 00' latitudes and 77° 28' to 78° 50' longitudes. The district has a total geographical area of 4,43,210 hectares and a coastline of 57 km.

The table below shows the maximum and minimum temperatures experienced in the district during different seasons.

Summer Winter
Max. 38.5 °C (101.3 °F) 27.7 °C (81.9 °F)
Min. 29.1 °C (84.4 °F) 19.0 °C (66.2 °F)

The pre-monsoon rainfall is almost uniform throughout the district. The coastal regions receive more rainfall than the interior ones. The district is mainly dependent on the monsoon rains. Failure of monsoon leads to distress condition. Northeast and Southwest monsoon are the major donors, with 54% and 36% contribution each to the total annual rainfall. During normal monsoon, the district receives a rainfall of 1200 mm.

The Palar river is the most important river running through the district. Through most of the year it remains dry, attributed to the construction of dams across the river in Andhra Pradesh. There are only a few hills of considerable elevation in the district. The southern part of Maduranthakam taluk contains small hills. The total forest area in the district is 23,586 hectares.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chennai, India (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.4
(93.9)
36.7
(98.1)
40.6
(105.1)
42.8
(109.0)
45.1
(113.2)
43.3
(109.9)
41.1
(106.0)
40.0
(104.0)
38.9
(102.0)
39.4
(102.9)
35.4
(95.7)
33.0
(91.4)
45.0
(113.0)
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
30.9
(87.6)
32.9
(91.2)
34.5
(94.1)
37.1
(98.8)
37.0
(98.6)
35.3
(95.5)
34.7
(94.5)
34.2
(93.6)
32.1
(89.8)
29.9
(85.8)
28.9
(84.0)
33.1
(91.6)
Average low °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
22.2
(72.0)
24.2
(75.6)
26.6
(79.9)
28.0
(82.4)
27.5
(81.5)
26.4
(79.5)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
24.6
(76.3)
23.1
(73.6)
21.9
(71.4)
24.8
(76.6)
Record low °C (°F) 13.9
(57.0)
15.0
(59.0)
16.7
(62.1)
20.0
(68.0)
21.1
(70.0)
20.6
(69.1)
21.0
(69.8)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
16.7
(62.1)
15.0
(59.0)
13.9
(57.0)
13.9
(57.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 25.9
(1.02)
3.4
(0.13)
3.5
(0.14)
14.4
(0.57)
34.2
(1.35)
55.8
(2.20)
103.8
(4.09)
126.8
(4.99)
147.7
(5.81)
315.6
(12.43)
399.9
(15.74)
177.4
(6.98)
1,382.9
(54.44)
Average rainy days 1.4 0.8 0.3 0.8 1.8 4.0 6.5 7.7 7.3 10.9 11.5 5.8 58.8
Average relative humidity (%) 73 72 70 69 62 57 64 66 72 77 78 77 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 268.3 268.1 293.6 290.2 279.9 202.6 185.2 193.6 198.6 194.6 182.7 204.3 2,761.7
Source #1: India Meteorological Department (temperatures and precipitation)[3][4]
Source #2: NOAA (sunshine duration and humidity 1971–1990)[5]

Governance[edit]

Kancheepuram, the temple city, is the district headquarters. For administrative purpose, the district has been divided into 4 revenue divisions consisting of 11 taluks with 1,214 revenue villages. For development purpose, it is divided into 13 development blocks with 648 Village Panchayats.[6]

Revenue Divisions and Taluks[edit]

Kancheepuram District consists of 2 Revenue Divisions and 5 taluks:

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Kancheepuram district had a population of 3,998,252 with a sex-ratio of 986 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[7] A total of 431,574 were under the age of six, constituting 220,341 males and 211,233 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 23.71% and 1.03% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 75.37%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[7] The district had a total of 1,006,245 households. There were a total of 1,673,814 workers, comprising 74,761 cultivators, 162,494 main agricultural labourers, 41,149 in house hold industries, 1,088,974 other workers, 306,436 marginal workers, 14,582 marginal cultivators, 110,020 marginal agricultural labourers, 13,583 marginal workers in household industries and 168,251 other marginal workers.[8]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901708,782—    
1911759,794+0.70%
1921798,408+0.50%
1931871,546+0.88%
1941956,996+0.94%
19511,030,559+0.74%
19611,167,491+1.26%
19711,499,744+2.54%
19811,898,021+2.38%
19912,415,010+2.44%
20012,877,468+1.77%
20113,998,252+3.34%
source:[9]

Economy[edit]

Hyundai's manufacturing plant at Irungattukottai, near Sriperumbudur

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people with 47% of the population engaged in it. Paddy is the major crop cultivated in this district. Groundnuts, Sugarcane, Cereals & Millets and Pulses are the other major crops cultivated. 76.50 Metric Tonnes lands are cultivated in Fuel wood and 8.039 Tonnes in Cashew. Palar river along with Tanks and wells are the main sources of irrigation in this district.

More than 70 percent of the 163 notified areas (megalithic sites) in the state of Tamil Nadu are in Kancheepuram district, including those at, Erumaiyur, Nandampakkam, Sirukalathur, Sikarayapuram, Ayyancheri, Kilambakkam and Nanmangalam.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.kanchi.tn.nic.in/history.html
  2. ^ https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/palaniswami-inaugurates-chengalpattu-district/article30119335.ece
  3. ^ "Chennai- Climatological Information". India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. ^ India Meteorological Department. "Ever Recorded Maximum Temperature, Minimum Temperature and 24 Hours Heaviest Rainfall up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department, Pune. p. 67. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2014.[dead link]
  5. ^ "Madras (Chennai) Climate Normals 1971–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  6. ^ kanchipuram profile
  7. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  8. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Kancheepuram district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  9. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  10. ^ Madhavan, D. (20 December 2012). "National Institute of Siddha modifies expansion plan". The Hindu. Chennai: The Hindu. Retrieved 23 Dec 2012.

External links[edit]