Kim Gordon

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Kim Gordon
Kim Gordon ATP 2008.jpg
Gordon performing in 2008 with Sonic Youth
BornKim Althea Gordon
(1953-04-28) April 28, 1953 (age 65)
Rochester, New York, U.S.
ResidenceLos Angeles, California, U.S.[1]
Alma mater
Occupation
  • Singer
  • musician
  • visual artist
  • actress
Years active1981–present
Spouse(s)
Thurston Moore
(m. 1984; div. 2013)
Children1
Musical career
Genres
Occupation(s)
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • bass
Years active1981–present
Labels
Associated acts

Kim Althea Gordon (born April 28, 1953) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, visual artist, and actress. She rose to prominence in the late 1980s as a bassist, guitarist, and vocalist in the alternative rock band Sonic Youth.

Born in Rochester, New York, Gordon was raised in Los Angeles, California, where her father was a professor at the University of California, Los Angeles. After graduating from Los Angeles's Otis College of Art and Design, Gordon moved to New York City to begin an art career. There, she formed Sonic Youth with Thurston Moore in 1981. She and Moore married in 1984, and the band released a total of six albums on independent labels before the end of the 1980s. They would subsequently release nine studio albums on the major label DGC Records, beginning with Goo in 1990. Gordon was also a founding member of the musical project Free Kitten, which she formed with Julia Cafritz in 1993.

Sonic Youth released their sixteenth and final studio album, The Eternal (2009), on Matador Records before disbanding in 2011 after Gordon and Moore separated. Following the dissolution of Sonic Youth and her divorce from Moore, Gordon formed the experimental duo Body/Head with Bill Nace, releasing their debut album Coming Apart in 2013. She subsequently formed Glitterbust with Alex Knost, releasing a self-titled debut album in 2016. Body/Head released their second studio album, The Switch, in 2018.

In addition to her work as a musician, Gordon has had ventures in record producing, fashion, and acting, and has worked consistently as a visual artist throughout her musical career. She debuted as a producer on Hole's debut album Pretty on the Inside (1991), and founded the Los Angeles-based clothing line X-Girl in 1993. Beginning in the mid-2000s, Gordon began acting, making minor appearances in such films as Last Days (2005) and I'm Not There (2007), followed by guest-starring appearances on several television series. In February 2015, she published a memoir, Girl in a Band, by HarperCollins imprint Dey Street Books.

Life and career[edit]

1953–1978: Early life[edit]

Kim Althea Gordon was born April 28, 1953[2] in Rochester, New York, the second child of Althea (d. 2002) and Calvin Wayne Gordon (1915—1998).[3][4][5] At the time of her birth, Gordon's father, a native of Kansas,[5] was a professor in the sociology department at the University of Rochester.[6][7] Her mother, a descendant of American pioneers of the West Coast,[8] learned to sew during her upbringing in the Great Depression, and worked as a seamstress throughout Gordon's childhood.[3][9] She was described by Gordon as "reserved and usually anxious" and "an unfulfilled artist."[3] Gordon has one older brother, Keller (b. 1949),[3] whom she described as "brilliant, manipulative, sadistic, arrogant, almost unbearably articulate," and "the person who more than anyone else in the world shaped who I was, and who I turned out to be."[10]

At age five, Gordon's family relocated to Los Angeles, California when her father was offered a professorship in the sociology department at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA),[11][10] where he later became the Dean of Faculty.[3] As a child, Gordon attended University Elementary School, a progressive elementary school affiliated with UCLA, which she described as "learn[ing] by doing. So we were always making African spears and going down to the river and making mud huts, or skinning a cowhide and drying it and throwing it off the cliff at Dana Point."[12] In her memoir, Gordon recounts spending summers with her family in Klamath, California, near the Oregon border.[13] The family also lived in Hong Kong for one year during her childhood.[3]

Gordon attended University High School in Los Angeles, and dated classmate Danny Elfman while a student there.[14] After graduating high school, she attended Santa Monica College for two years[15] before transferring to York University in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.[16] Gordon soon grew homesick and chose to drop out of York at the end of the school year and return to Los Angeles.[17] "I was less and less happy as the bleak Toronto winter moved in," she recalled. "Without the benefit of California sunshine, my hair grew darker and darker, and I had no idea how to dress for the cold."[18] She decided to enroll at the Otis College of Art and Design,[19] which she said "changed my life."[18] Gordon lived in Culver City and Venice, Los Angeles, and worked at an Indian restaurant to pay her tuition.[18] She also briefly worked for art dealer Larry Gagosian as a side-job.[20] She graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 1977.[21]

While she was a student at Otis, Gordon's older brother Keller suffered a psychotic episode on the day of his graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, where he had earned a Master's degree in classics.[3] He was subsequently diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, and for a time lived in halfway houses before becoming a ward of the state of California.[3] The song "Schizophrenia," which appeared on Sonic Youth's fourth studio album, Sister (1987), was partly inspired by her brother.[3]

1979–1994: Sonic Youth and X-Girl[edit]

After graduating from the Otis Art Institute, Gordon moved to New York City in 1980, hoping to pursue a career in art.[1] There, she took art-related jobs to earn an income, such as working as a writer for Artforum,[22] and launched a "D.I.Y. project called Design Office, doing low-fi artistic interventions" in friends' apartments.[1] In 1981, she curated an exhibition at White Columns Gallery[1] that involved contributions from Mike Kelley and Tony Oursler, among others. Around 1981, Gordon became interested in "no-wave" bands, recalling: "When I came to New York, I’d go and see bands downtown playing no-wave music. It was expressionistic and it was also nihilistic. Punk rock was tongue-in-cheek, saying, ‘Yeah, we’re destroying rock.’ No-wave music is more like, ‘NO, we’re really destroying rock.’ It was very dissonant. I just felt like, Wow, this is really free. I could do that."[12]

Gordon performing with Sonic Youth in Leeds, 1992

In 1981, Gordon joined the short-lived band CKM,[23] with Christine Hahn and Stanton Miranda, and met her future Sonic Youth bandmates Lee Ranaldo and Thurston Moore through Miranda. At the time, Gordon, then 27 years old, had never played an instrument.[24] Gordon began dating Moore and, together with Ranaldo, the couple then formed Sonic Youth in 1981.[12] Originally the band released their first two albums, Confusion is Sex (1983) and Bad Moon Rising (1985) on Neutral and Homestead Records, respectively, before signing with SST to release EVOL (1986) and Sister (1987). Gordon and Moore married in 1984, three years after beginning Sonic Youth.[25] In October 1988, the band released Daydream Nation through Enigma Records.

In 1989, Sonic Youth signed onto DGC Records, a subsidiary of Geffen, and released Goo (1990), which became the group's first commercial hit.[26] Also in 1989, Gordon, Sadie May, and Lydia Lunch formed Harry Crews, and released the album Naked in Garden Hills.[27] To promote Goo, Gordon toured with Sonic Youth extensively between 1990 and 1991, and a documentary titled 1991: The Year Punk Broke documented the band's tour with Nirvana, Babes in Toyland, Dinosaur Jr., Gumball and Mudhoney.[28] In early 1991, Courtney Love, who had been influenced by Sonic Youth and the no wave scene, sent Gordon a letter asking her to produce her band Hole's debut record, Pretty on the Inside. Gordon, along with assistance from Don Fleming, produced the album in March 1991, which received critical acclaim and later achieved cult status.[12] Gordon commented on the recording sessions that Love "was either charming and nice or screaming at her band" but that she was "a really good singer and entertainer and front person."[29] In 1992, Gordon released a single, "Electric Pen," with Mirror/Dash, a short-lived project she formed with Moore.[30]

Beginning in 1993, Gordon co-owned, with Daisy von Furth, a women's streetwear clothing company in Los Angeles, called X-Girl.[31] The company was a spin-off of X-Large, a men's streetwear company co-founded by Michael Diamond of the Beastie Boys.[32] The first X-Girl store was opened in Los Angeles in 1994.[33] Actress Chloë Sevigny served as a model for several pieces in the clothing line.[34] Also in 1993, Gordon formed the musical project Free Kitten with Julia Cafritz.[35] On July 1, 1994, Gordon gave birth to a daughter, Coco Hayley Gordon Moore.[36]

1995–2008: Music, art, and acting[edit]

Free Kitten released their debut studio album, Nice Ass, in 1995, followed by Sentimental Education (1997), both on the independent label Kill Rock Stars.[37] In 1996, Gordon co-directed The Breeders' "Cannonball" music video with Spike Jonze,[38] and was also involved in an exhibition entitled Baby Generation at Parco gallery in Tokyo. Gordon's exhibition Kim's Bedroom was shown at MU in the Netherlands, and included drawing and paintings alongside live music and special guests.[39]

Gordon performing with Sonic Youth in Seattle, 2009

As a part of Sonic Youth, Gordon released several albums in the mid–late 1990s, including Experimental Jet Set, Trash and No Star (1994), Washing Machine (1995), and A Thousand Leaves (1998), all on DGC Records.[40] They subsequently released NYC Ghosts & Flowers in 2000, and Murray Street in 2002.[41] In 1999, after selling her share of X-Girl,[3] Gordon relocated with Moore from New York City to Northampton, Massachusetts, to raise their daughter.[1] Around 2002, Gordon became involved with The Supreme Indifference, a musical collaboration that involved Gordon, Jim O'Rourke and Alan Licht.[42] The band appeared on the 2002 compilation Fields and Streams, though their contribution was deemed "annoying" and the project "self-indulgent" by critic Adrian Begrand of PopMatters.[42]

In 2003, Gordon was featured in the Gothenburg Biennale and exhibited Club In The Shadow, an installation art collaboration with artist Jutta Koether, at Kenny Schachter's Contemporary Gallery in New York City.[43] In 2005, she submitted another collaboration with Koether for the Her Noise exhibition in London, United Kingdom, entitled "Reverse Karaoke."[44] In the same year, an artist's book Kim Gordon Chronicles Vol. 1 was published and featured photos of Gordon throughout her life.[45] The following year, Kim Gordon Chronicles Vol. 2 was released and featured her drawings, collages, and paintings.[46]

Beginning in 2005, Gordon began appearing in minor or supporting parts in films, first as a record executive in Gus Van Sant's Last Days.[47] She then had a small role portraying a textile exporter in the 2007 French thriller film Boarding Gate,[48] and in Todd Haynes's I'm Not There (2007), inspired by the life of Bob Dylan.[49] The same year, she played a street troubadour in the season six finale of the television series Gilmore Girls, along with husband Moore and their daughter Coco, performing the song "What a Waste" from the album Rather Ripped.[50]

In September 2008, Gordon launched a limited edition fashion line called Mirror/Dash (also the name of a musical side project that was created with Moore),[30] inspired by Françoise Hardy and based on the idea that "there's a need for clothes for cool moms."[51]

2009–2011: Dissolution of Sonic Youth; personal struggles[edit]

Sonic Youth released their final studio album, The Eternal, in 2009.[52] Rolling Stone journalist Will Hermes wrote of the album: "It’s amusing to think that the fiercely freaky Sonic Youth were a major-label act for nearly 20 years. The Eternal marks their literal return to indie rock —and that’s no big whoop, since they’ve always done pretty much what they want anyway. The irony is that The Eternal might be their most concise record ever. It’s also a rock & roll ass-kicker."[53] The same year, Gordon, along with the rest of Sonic Youth, made an appearance in the television series Gossip Girl and performed an acoustic version of the song "Starpower".[54]

In October 2011, it was confirmed that that Gordon and Moore had separated after 27 years of marriage.[55] The following month, bandmate Ranaldo revealed that Sonic Youth had formally disbanded,[56] after having been together 30 years.[a] Gordon revealed details about her separation from Moore, after their divorce was finalized in April 2013: she stated she had first confronted Moore about a text message that she discovered from an unnamed woman; this was followed by counseling sessions, and the separation then occurred as a result of Moore's not ceasing his extra-marital relationship. Gordon explained that she felt her ex-husband was "like a lost soul."[12]

She also revealed that she had been diagnosed with DCIS breast cancer during her divorce, which was successfully treated with surgery.[12][57]

2012–present: Body/Head and other projects[edit]

Gordon performing with Body/Head, 2018

Following the announcement of Sonic Youth's hiatus, Gordon commenced touring with Ikue Mori, Tokyo-born drummer of late-1970s band DNA—Gordon had performed with Mori previously at events such as the NoFunFest in 2004.[58][59][60] The duo completed a European tour in mid-2012 and Gordon explained during a corresponding interview: "You sorta want to get lost and you hope that the audience gets lost with you ... You can feel if they’re listening, you can feel if there’s some connection."[61] Together with Bill Nace, Gordon and Mori were selected for the June 2013 All Tomorrow's Parties event that was curated by the band Deerhunter.[62] Around 2012, Gordon formed a noise guitar project with Nace, entitled Body/Head, and a single called "The Eyes, The Mouth" was released in 2012 on Belgian label Ultra Eczema.[63] The band's debut album Coming Apart was released on September 10, 2013, on the Matador Records label and the band completed a US tour during the fall of 2013.[64]

I almost feel like I’m making up for lost time. I feel like I owe it to myself. Because my whole life I wanted to be a visual artist. I really got sidetracked into music.

–Gordon on her artistic aspirations being precluded by her career as a musician, 2018[1]

Gordon also immersed herself in producing art, having felt that music had "sidetracked" her career as a visual artist.[1] She held several art exhibitions in 2013, including "The Show Is Over," at Gagosian Gallery in London, and the survey "Design Office with Kim Gordon–Since 1980," at White Columns, New York,[12] the latter a revival of a project she had began in 1980.[1] In 2014, she presented newly created Wreath Paintings throughout Rudolf Schindler's iconic Fitzpatrick-Leland House under the byname of Design Office.[65] In January 2014, she appeared in the season three premiere of the series Girls as Mindy, a recovering drug addict in a rehab support group.[66] She then appeared as herself in a March 2014 episode of Portlandia.[67]

Gordon published a memoir, Girl in a Band, on February 24, 2015, by HarperCollins imprint Dey Street Books.[68] The memoir explores her childhood, life in art and Sonic Youth, and marriage to and divorce from Thurston Moore. Its title, Girl in a Band, stems from a lyric in "Sacred Trickster" from Sonic Youth's final album, The Eternal (2009). The lyric goes, "What's it like to be a girl in a band?/ I don't quite understand."[69] The same year, Gordon appeared in The Nightmare (2015), a German horror film in which she portrayed a schoolteacher, which was released at the Locarno International Film Festival.[70] In November that year, Gordon relocated from the Massachusetts home she had shared with Moore and their daughter to her hometown of Los Angeles, purchasing a home in the Franklin Hills neighborhood.[71]

Also in 2015, Gordon formed the experimental musical group Glitterbust with guitarist Alex Knost, releasing a self-titled debut album in March 2016.[72] Gordon then appeared in Tony Oursler's film Imponderable, which screened at the Museum of Modern Art in June 2016.[73] On September 12, 2016, Gordon released her first solo single, "Murdered Out".[74] In 2017, Gordon had a small role on the HBO series Animals,[75] followed by a supporting role in Gus Van Sant's comedy-drama film Don't Worry, He Won't Get Far on Foot.[76]

Artistry[edit]

Gordon possesses a contralto vocal range.[3] A 2016 review from Pitchfork noted her voice as "one of the great instruments in post-punk history, though she doesn’t always get credit for the variety of her technique."[77] Despite her prolific career in music, Gordon told journalist Evan Smith in a 2015 interview that she never considered herself a musician, explaining that she had been "drawn into the world" of the music scenes happening in the 1980s, and that she "felt like an outsider" once part of it.[78] Gordon's instrumental work as a guitarist has been described as "free-form"[79] and experimental.[80]

Influences[edit]

Several female musicians influenced Gordon. She stated in 2015:

Public image[edit]

Gordon has been noted as a popular culture icon, epitomizing an "ineffable, magnetic coolness"[1] and "a certain brand of aloof, downtown cool."[82] Some journalists have noted her as a public figure who has "never given much away" about herself.[81] Adam Horovitz of the Beastie Boys commented on Gordon's persona, stating: "Wherever Kim ends up, she is the coolest person in the room. But I know her, and I know she’d rather be at home grilling hot dogs."[3]

Gordon has also been cited as "a modest polymath" given her varied career pursuits in art, music, fashion, and acting.[83] While observations were made by the media of Gordon being "dauntingly impressive and self-assured" during her tenure with Sonic Youth, she commented in a retrospective interview that she was "pretty insecure about my image and where I fitted in."[83] Describing her image, she said: "I knew I couldn’t achieve some kind of cool, stylised image, that just wasn’t me...  It was a reaction to corporate style. So it was kind of just being yourself, you know walking on stage wearing a t-shirt."[81]

Upon the release of her 2015 memoir, Gordon received some criticism for comments made about other musicians,[84] among them Lana Del Rey: "Naturally, [she]'s just a persona. If she really truly believes it’s beautiful when young musicians go out on a hot flame of drugs and depression, why doesn’t she just off herself?"[85] Gordon also reflected on working with Courtney Love in 1991, writing: "No one ever questions the disorder behind her tarantula LA glamour – sociopathy, narcissism – because it’s good rock and roll, good entertainment! I have a low tolerance for manipulative, egomaniacal behavior, and usually have to remind myself that the person might be mentally ill."[85] Gordon clarified her comments on Love in a subsequent interview, stating: "Initially it was about just seeing something in the paper… something about how rock stars should just like kill themselves with drugs, and Frances Bean [Cobain] had really reacted to that and I felt really actually weirdly protective of Frances. So I was basically just trying to point out that it was a persona and I just offhandedly said what I said...  I guess I could have articulated the whole thing a lot better."[85]

Honors[edit]

On May 21, 2015, Gordon was honored at The Kitchen's Spring Gala.[86]

The following year, on May 5, 2018, she received an Honorary Doctorate from the Emily Carr University of Art and Design.[87]

Legacy and influence[edit]

Gordon and her contributions in Sonic Youth are considered by critics and music scholars to have been key influences in the development of grunge music and riot grrrl, both musical movements which began in the early 1990s.[83][88] Among those who have cited her as an influence are filmmaker Sofia Coppola,[89] musician Kathleen Hanna, and Irish singer Róisín Murphy.[90] Hanna explained in 2013:

She was a forerunner, musically. Just knowing a woman was in a band trading lead vocals, playing bass, and being a visual artist at the same time made me feel less alone. As a radical feminist singer, I wasn’t particularly well liked. I was in a punk underground scene dominated by hardcore dudes who yelled mean shit at me every night, and journalists routinely called my voice shrill, unlistenable. Kim made me feel accepted in a way I hadn’t before. Fucking Kim Gordon thought I was on the right track, haters be damned. It made the bullshit easier to take, knowing she was in my corner.[12]

Discography[edit]

Sonic Youth

Free Kitten

Body/Head

Glitterbust

  • Glitterbust (2016)

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes Ref.
1989 Weatherman '69 Bernadine Dohrn [91]
1992 1991: The Year Punk Broke Herself Documentary film [92]
2005 Last Days Record Executive [47]
2006 Gilmore Girls Cool Mom Troubadour Episode: "Partings" [50]
2007 Boarding Gate Kay [48]
2007 I'm Not There Carla Hendricks [49]
2009 Gossip Girl Herself Episode: "Rufus Getting Married" [93]
2013 Une Danse Des Bouffons Maria Martins Short film [94]
2014 Girls Mindy Episode: "Females Only" [66]
2014 Portlandia Herself Episode: "Pull-Out King" [67]
2015 The Nightmare Lehrerin German title: "Der Nachtmar" [70]
2016 Imponderable Madame Vesta [73]
2017 Animals Tulip Episode: "Rats" [75]
2018 Don't Worry, He Won't Get Far on Foot Corky [76]

Publications[edit]

  • Gordon, Kim (2014). Is It My Body? – Selected Texts. Dijon, France: Les presses du réel. ISBN 978-3-95679-038-6.
  • Gordon, Kim (2015). Girl in a Band: A Memoir. New York: Dey Street Books. ISBN 978-0-062-29590-3.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sonic Youth was founded by Gordon and Moore in 1981, and the group formally disbanded in 2011.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Felsenthal, Julia (July 12, 2018). "Kim Gordon Wanted to Be a Visual Artist. Then She Got 'Sidetracked.'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2018. closed access publication – behind paywall
  2. ^ George-Warren & Romanowski 2005, p. 912.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Halberstadt, Alex (June 3, 2013). "Next Stage". The New Yorker. Retrieved August 17, 2018. closed access publication – behind paywall
  4. ^ Gordon, Kim (March 26, 2015). "Interview with Kim Gordon". WTF with Marc Maron (Interview). Interviewed by Marc Maron.
  5. ^ a b "In Memoriam: C. Wayne Gordon". University of California, Los Angeles. February 24, 1998. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
  6. ^ Gordon 2015, p. 15.
  7. ^ "3 Groups to Study Center for Alcoholics". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. March 25, 1956. p. 3B – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  8. ^ Gordon 2015, p. 4.
  9. ^ People Staff (June 10, 1996). "Rockabye Baby". People. Vol. 45 no. 23. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  10. ^ a b Gordon 2015, p. 14.
  11. ^ "Wayne C. Gordon". University of California. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Goodman, Lizzy (April 22, 2013). "Kim Gordon Sounds Off". Elle. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  13. ^ Gordon 2015, pp. 25–26.
  14. ^ Coscarelli, Joe. "Kim Gordon, Sonic Youth's Antifrontwoman, on the Band and Breakups". The New York Times. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  15. ^ Friedman, Ann (February 4, 2015). "Even Kim Gordon Doesn't Have It All". The New Republic. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  16. ^ Barclay, Michael (July 2002). "Sonic Youth Time Takes Its Crazy Toll". Exclaim.ca. Ontario Media Development Corporations. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  17. ^ Gordon 2015, pp. 72–73.
  18. ^ a b c Gordon 2015, p. 73.
  19. ^ Gaar 2002, p. 370.
  20. ^ Brooks, Katherine (September 3, 2013). "Kim Gordon works with Larry Gagosian". The Huffington Post. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  21. ^ "Interview with Alumna Kim Gordon". Otis College of Art and Design. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  22. ^ Molon 2007, p. 15.
  23. ^ Ratcliffe, Ben (September 6, 2013). "A Lasting Experiment with Music". The New York Times. Retrieved August 15, 2018. closed access publication – behind paywall
  24. ^ Hall, Molly (June 14, 1995). "Gordon sonic mentor, mother". The World. Coos Bay, Oregon: Associated Press. p. 9 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  25. ^ Nagy, Evie (October 15, 2011). "Sonic Youth's Kim Gordon and Thurston Moore Announce Split". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  26. ^ Robins 2008, pp. 258–260.
  27. ^ Foege 1994, p. 266.
  28. ^ Yarm 2011, pp. 297–299.
  29. ^ Browne 2009, p. 272.
  30. ^ a b Foege 1994, p. 306.
  31. ^ Harford, Sonia (December 20, 1995). "Kim Gordon rocks a male music world". The Age. Melbourne, Victoria – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  32. ^ France, Kim (May 30, 1994). "The beauty of the Beasties". New York Magazine. Vol. 27 no. 22. p. 50. ISSN 0028-7369.
  33. ^ Thompson, Elizabeth; Swerdloff, Alexia (August 20, 2012). "An Oral History of X-Girl". Paper. Archived from the original on May 19, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  34. ^ Johnson, Rebecca (July 1, 2016). "The X-Girl Factor: How the Cult '90s Label Set the Standard for Skater-Girl Style". Vogue. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  35. ^ Blush 2016, p. 362.
  36. ^ Fricke, David (September 22, 1994). "The Rolling Stone Interview: Sonic Youth's Thurston Moore". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  37. ^ Christgau 2000, p. 109.
  38. ^ Mayshark 2007, p. 138.
  39. ^ "MU past exhibitions: Kim's Bedroom". Archived from the original on June 25, 2007. Retrieved November 13, 2007.
  40. ^ Bogdanov, Woodstra & Erlewine 2002, p. 1041.
  41. ^ Bogdanov, Woodstra & Erlewine 2002, pp. 1041–1042.
  42. ^ a b Begrand, Adrian (July 11, 2002). "Various Artists: Fields and Streams". PopMatters. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  43. ^ Molon 2007, pp. 138, 271.
  44. ^ Jones & Heathfield 2012, p. 307.
  45. ^ "Kim Gordon: Chronicles Vol.1". Artbook. Artbook LLC. August 15, 2005. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  46. ^ "Chronicles Vol.2 Kim Gordon (Northampton, USA)". Nieves. Nieves. 2006. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  47. ^ a b Perez, Rodrigo (July 22, 2005). "Sonic Youth Revisit Their Friend Kurt Cobain in Last Days". MTV. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  48. ^ a b Levy, Shawn (April 4, 2008). "Review: "Boarding Gate" a Portal to Nowhere". The Oregonian. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  49. ^ a b Scott, A.O. (November 21, 2007). "Another Side of Bob Dylan, and Another, and Another ..." The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2018. closed access publication – behind paywall
  50. ^ a b "Sonic Youth Gigs with Gilmore Girls". Billboard. April 6, 2006. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  51. ^ "Sonic Youth's Kim Gordon launches clothing line". NME. September 22, 2008. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  52. ^ Weglarz & Pedelty 2016, p. 158.
  53. ^ Hermes, Will (May 26, 2009). "The Eternal". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  54. ^ Vineyard, Jennifer (December 11, 2012). "Kim Gordon Just Couldn't Keep Up With Gossip Girl". Vulture. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  55. ^ Tartar, Andre (October 15, 2011). "Sonic Youth's Moore and Gordon Separating". New York Magazine. Retrieved February 19, 2012.
  56. ^ Perpetua, Matthew (November 28, 2011). "Lee Ranaldo on the Future of Sonic Youth". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  57. ^ Michaels, Sean (April 23, 2013). "Kim Gordon reveals why she split from Thurston Moore". The Guardian. London. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  58. ^ Dave Heaton (1999–2013). "Kim Gordon / Ikue Mori / DJ Olive: self-titled". PopMatters. Spin Music, a division of SpinMedia. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  59. ^ "SYR4: GOODBYE 20th CENTURY". Sonic Youth. Sonic Youth. 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  60. ^ HolgerXregloH (July 4, 2010). "Ikue Mori & Kim Gordon w/ The Sweet Ride (NoFunFest 2004)" (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
  61. ^ Lunch, Lily (July 27, 2012). "A gig to remember: Kim Gordon and Ikue Mori live in Belgrade". B turn. B turn. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
  62. ^ "ATP curated by Deerhunter". All Tomorrow's Parties Festival. June 2013. Archived from the original on August 17, 2015. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
  63. ^ Pelly, Jen (August 23, 2012). "Kim Gordon's Body/Head Announce European Tour". Pitchfork. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
  64. ^ Pitchfork Advance (September 2, 2013). "Body/Head Via Pitchfork Advance". Pitchfork. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
  65. ^ "Kim Gordon: Design Office "Coming Soon", April 5 - 26, 2014". Gagosian Gallery, Los Angeles. Archived from the original on April 22, 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  66. ^ a b Cooper, Leonie (January 13, 2013). "Kim Gordon appears on opening episode of 'Girls' series three". NME. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  67. ^ a b Ziemba, Christine M. (March 20, 2014). "Portlandia Review: "Pull Out King"". Paste. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  68. ^ Questlove (March 15, 2015). "Kim Gordon's 'Girl in a Band'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2018. closed access publication – behind paywall
  69. ^ Pelly, Jenn (October 8, 2014). "Kim Gordon's Memoir Girl in a Band to Be Published in February, Cover Art Revealed". Pitchfork. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  70. ^ a b Rife, Katie (August 4, 2015). "Kim Gordon to play a schoolteacher in German horror film". The A.V. Club. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  71. ^ David, Mark (November 11, 2015). "Alt Rock Queen Kim Gordon Snags L.A. Base". Variety. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
  72. ^ Pelly, Jen (March 9, 2016). "Glitterbust: Glitterbust". Pitchfork. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  73. ^ a b Museum of Modern Art (April 2014). "Tony Oursler: Imponderable". MoMA Press. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  74. ^ Lozano, Kevin (September 12, 2016). "Listen to Kim Gordon's New Song "Murdered Out"". Pitchfork. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
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External links[edit]